• Title, Summary, Keyword: Exercise

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A Case Study on the Relationship between an Exercise Program and the Exercise Cognition of Aged Persons (노인의 운동인식과 운동교육에 관한 사례연구)

  • Yoon Suk Rye
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.119-134
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    • 1996
  • A case study on the relationship between an exercise program and the exercise cognition of the aged persons at a community center for the elderly in Seoul was carried out to get some basic data for a better exercise program. The frequencies and time of exercise and the exercise cognition before and after the exercise program were compared. The program included exercise training and education 2 or 3 times a week for three months with 6 different kinds of exercise machines. 32 persons were interviewed. and the results. which were analyzed using SPSS package program. showed frequencies. percentages and Wilcoxon rank sum test. The following conclusions were obtained: 1. After the exercise program. the exercise frequency and time were increased. and the leisure life was changed positively. 2. $96.9\%$ of the interviewees understood well the necessity of the exercise, and the most reasonable reason why they do exercise was to keep their physical strength and health. And more persons of the group who do exercise everyday than those of the group who do not exercise everyday. felt that they are healthy. 3. It was responded that the most important factor to promote the exercise activity of aged persons was to provide exercise facilities and rooms. and exercise trainers. Accordingly. the exercise facilities and rooms. and exercise trainers should be provided, and various exercise programs should be developed. for the regular exercise of aged persons in their lives. Therefore. qualitative life and well-being of aged persons should be improved.

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Predictors of Allied Health Science Students' Exercise Behavior: An Application of Pender's Health Promotion Model (Pender의 건강증진모형을 근간으로 한 보건계열 대학생의 운동행위 예측요인)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra;Kim, Wan-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.34-43
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was performed to examine predictors of allied health science students' exercise behavior using Pender's Health Promotion Model. Method: The subjects were 203 university students majoring in nursing, emergency medical service, and exercise prescription. The hypothetical model was based on the HPM(Pender, 1996). Exogenous variables of the model were exercise habit and role belief. Endogenous variables were exercise-related affect, exercise self-efficacy, exercise barrier, exercise intention, and exercise behavior. The data were analyzed by SAS PC program and LISREL 8.12 program. Result: The degree of exercise behavior was low(mean 1.86, range 1~4). The overall fit of the model to the data was acceptable. Exercise habit, exercise self-efficacy and exercise-related affect were significant predictors of exercise intention and exercise behavior. Conclusion: This study shows the necessity of the program to increase the level of exercise participation of university students majoring in allied health science. The model constructed in this study is applicable to explain exercise behavior of university students majoring in allied health science, and suggests that we should focus on exercise habit, exercise self-efficacy and exercise-related affect to increase the level of exercise behavior of this group.

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Effect of Bridging Stabilization Exercises on Trunk Muscles Activity On and Off a Swiss Ball (교각운동 시 공 적용이 체간근 활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Moung-Jin
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of bridging stabilization exercises on trunk muscles activity on and off a Swiss ball. 20 healthy university students volunteered to participate in this study. Subjects were required to complete following four exercises: exercise 1, single bridging exercise; exercise 2, feet on ball bridging exercise; exercise 3, calf on ball bridging exercise; exercise 4, back on ball bridging exercise. Surface electromyography from selected trunk muscles was normalized to maximum voluntary isometric contraction. A repeated measures of ANOVA with post-hoc Bonferroni's correction was used to determine the influence of exercise type on muscle activity for each muscle and descriptive statistics was used to determine local/global muscle ratios. The rectus abdominis of exercise 4 showed significantly higher muscle activity than rectus abdominis of exercise 1, 2, 3 (p<.05). The external oblique of exercise 2, 4 showed significantly higher muscle activity than external oblique of exercise 1 (p<.05). The internal oblique of exercise 2, 4 showed significantly higher muscle activity than internal oblique of exercise 1 (p<.05). The erector spinae of exercise 2, 3, 4 showed significantly higher muscle activity than erector spinae of exercise 1 (p<.05). Median of internal oblique/rectus abdominis ratio of exercise 1 was 1.16, exercise 2 was 2.43, exercise 3 was 2.45, exercise and 4 was 1.27. Median of internal oblique/external oblique ratio of exercise 1 was 1.01, exercise 2 was .91, exercise 3 was .99, and exercise 4 was .93. Muscle activity can be influenced by addition of a Swiss ball in bridging exercises. It is recommend to use a Swiss ball for trunk stabilization exercise.

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The Influence of Exercise Intention, Exercise Habits, and Exercise Self-efficacy on Regular Exercise Behaviors in the Elderly (노인의 운동의도, 운동습관, 운동자기효능감이 규칙적 운동행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Song Mi;Eun, Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.232-240
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise intention, exercise habit, exercise self-efficacy on exercise behavior with elders at welfare center. Methods: The subjects were 152 elders at the welfare center at J city. Data were collected using the questionnaires which consisted of the Exercise intention scale and the Exercise habit scale developed by Lee and Gu (2018), and the Exercise self-efficacy scale developed by Lee and Chang (2001). The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS/WIN 22.0 program, which was used for frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, x2 test, and multiple logistic regression. Results: The regular exercise group consisted of 92 elders (62.5%) and the irregular exercise group of 60 elders (39.5%). The scores for exercise intention, exercise habits, exercise self-efficacy were 3.28±0.70, 3.92±0.61, 2.80±0.88 in regular exercise group, and 2.38±0.99, 3.00±1.07, 2.04±0.73 in irregular exercise group, respectively. Two groups were significantly different between the two groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that exercise intention (OR: 2.26, 95% CI:1.19~4.28), exercise habits (OR: 1.79, 95% CI:1.01~3.15), exercise self-efficacy (OR: 1.99, 95% CI:1.11~3.57) were affecting factors for regular exercise in elders. Conclusion: To increase the regular exercise behaviors of the elderly at the welfare center, it is needed the strategies to increase exercise intention, exercise self-efficacy, and exercise habits.

Effects of Aquatic Exercise versus Sling Exercise on Spinal Angle and Flexibility in Young Adults with Scoliosis (수중운동과 슬링운동이 척주옆굽음증을 가진 젊은 성인의 척추각과 유연성에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Ki-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.183-193
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    • 2019
  • PURPOSE: This study assessed the exercise programs for improving the spinal angle and trunk flexibility by applying the aquatic exercise and sling exercise to young adults with scoliosis. METHODS: The subjects were 14 participants diagnosed with scoliosis. They were assigned randomly either to an aquatic exercise group (n=7) that received the WATSU exercise program or to a sling exercise group (n=7) that received a sling exercise program. The exercise program was 50 minutes once, three times a week, 12 times for four weeks. The spinal angle and flexibility were measured using the Cobb's angle and modified sit and reach test, respectively. Two variables were analyzed before and after the intervention, and the aquatic exercise group and sling exercise group were compared. RESULTS: After the intervention, the Cobb's angle decreased significantly, and the flexibility increased significantly in both groups (p<.05). A larger increase in flexibility was observed in the aquatic exercise group than in the sling exercise group (p<.05). CONCLUSION: These results showed that the two exercise programs improved the spine angle and flexibility. The increased flexibility showed that aquatic exercise was more effective than the sling exercise. Therefore, aquatic exercise and sling exercise can be used in the treatment and prevention of scoliosis.

Effects of Dance Exercise on Exercise Intention and Exercise-related Affect of Postmenopausal Women (댄스운동 경험이 폐경여성의 운동의도와 운동관련 정서에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.1092-1096
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: A dance exercise program was performed to investigate the effects of exercise on exercise intention and exercise-related affect as these are important determinants of exercise behavior. Method: The subjects were overweight (23$\leq$BMI<25) or obese (BMI$\geq$25) postmenopausal women (n=14), who participated in an exercise program from May, 2003 through November, 2003 at one public health center located in Kyong-gi Province. Data was analyzed with an SAS PC program. Result: Exercise intention was significantly increased after the exercise program (t=-2.24, P=0.04). Exercise-related affect was also increased, but there was no statistically significant change (t=1.81, P=0.09). Conclusion: This study suggests that exercise participation can increase the level of future exercise behavior by increasing exercise intention and exercise-related affect.

Effects of the Exercise Self-Efficacy and Exercise Benefits/Barriers on doing Regular Exercise of the Elderly (운동 자기효능감과 운동 유익성 및 장애성이 노인대상자의 운동 수행에 미치는 효과)

  • Hwang, Eun-Hee;Chung, Yeo-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.428-436
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects af exercise self-efficacy and exercise benefits/barriers on doing regular exercise among elderly. Methods: The subjects were 484 older adults who were eligible and agreed to. participate in this study. Data were collected from July 27 to. September 21, 2007 by face-to-face, and private interviews. The questionnaires consisted of Exercise Self-efficacy, and Exercise Benefits/Barriers. The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS 13.0 program, which was used for frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, and logistic regression. Results: The major findings af this study were as follows: 1) Approximately 56.8% of participants were doing regular exercise. Study participants' exercise self-efficacy mean scare was 36.30, exercise benefits 2.74, and exercise barriers 2.03; 2) There was significant correlation between exercise self-efficacy and exercise benefits; 3) Significant factors influencing regular exercise were self-efficacy, exercise benefits and exercise barriers. Conclusion: These results suggested that nurses should emphasize exercise benefits/barriers and reinforce self-efficacy to improve regular exercise in the elderly.

Prediction Model of Exercise Behavior in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (류마티스 관절염 환자의 운동 행위 예측 요인)

  • 이은옥;김인자;김종임;강현숙;배상철
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.681-691
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    • 2001
  • Purpose: The exercise status in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, associations between exercise behavior and personal factors, and associations between exercise behavior and exercise-specific cognitions and their effects were assessed. Method: Four hundred thirty nine outpatients with rheumatoid arthritis were studied. The exercise status was measured by a single item. The intensity was multiplied by the frequency and duration of each exercise. The product of these intensity values for all exercises was defined as exercise behavior. Based on the Pender's revised health promotion model, exercise benefit, barrier, self-efficacy, enjoyment and social support were chosen as exercise specific cognitions and affect variables. Path analysis was used to identify the predictors of exercise behavior. Results: Compared to the duration before being diagnosed, the number of subjects who exercised regularly increased after being diagnosed. However over half of the subjects refrain from any sort of exercise and the type of exercise is very limited. Among the variables, exercise barrier, self-efficacy, and social support were found to be significant predictors of exercise behavior, and only previous exercise experience was found to be significant predictors of all behavior specific cognitions and affect variables. Conclusion: These findings suggest that studies should explore exercise behaviors and strategies to emphasize the cognitive-motivational messages to promote exercise behaviors.

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Influencing Factors of Exercise Behavior Change in Nursing Students (간호학생의 운동변화 단계 요인)

  • Suh, Boo Deuk
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.573-581
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was to predict the stage of exercise behavior change in undergraduate students and to identify the factors affecting exercise behavior change by using the trans theoretical Model. Method: The subjects were 193 undergraduate students at K and D university in D city. Data were collected by questionnaire surveys using convenience sampling and analyzed by SPSS 12.0 program. Results: 77.7% of 193 nursing students do not exercise or they exercise irregularly. Exercise self-efficacy score and exercise benefits score were decreased with advancing exercise stage, on the other hand exercise barriers score and the process of exercise behavior change score were increased. In addition to this, the results revealed that stage of exercise behavior was significantly correlated with the process of exercise behavior change, exercise benefits, exercise barriers and exercise self-efficacy. Conclusion: These results suggested that the process of exercise behavior change, exercise decisional balance and exercise self-efficacy can be potential affecting factors for the stages of behavior change in university students. Therefore, these findings give useful information for educating nurse to construct nursing service programs focused on the stage of behavior change.

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Related Factors of Exercise Injury from Hospital Patients (일부지역 병원 환자조사를 통한 운동상해 관련요인 연구)

  • Kim, Nam-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.135-147
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    • 2006
  • Objective: This study was performed to identify the related factors of exercise injury throughout the actual cases among patients. Method: The subjects of the study consisted of 304 patients(209 male and 95 female) over 20's in seoul and kyonggi area, and data collected by using questionnaires were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 11.0 program. To prove the relative factors of exercise injury from hospital patients Results: 1) It was found that the general degree of exercise injury showed significant difference regarding gender, age and education level. In other words, if it was male, young and high school graduate, the portion of exercise injury for the person was higher than others. On the other hand, the duration of medical treatment for the patient, who is male, old and college graduate took longer than the others. 2) It demonstrated that the lower extremity was most intensively damaged due to the exercise injury, especially, knees and ankles had the most portion of exercise injury and a sprain was the most common form of exercise injury for these body parts. 3) The degree of exercise injury regarding of exercise maintains significant difference with the frequency of exercise. In fact, the more exercise was done by a person such as 3 to 4 days a week, the less duration of medical treatment for the person was taken. 4) It also showed that there was significant difference between the habit of exercise and the degree of exercise injury. In other words, a person had better exercise habit, it took the person less duration of medical treatment. As well, if someone had better warming up, he or she had lower degree of exercise injury after all. Conclusion: Consequently, according to the data, the research suggested that the male needed more carefulness than the female in exercise. Old age people needed to be more careful of getting sprain of knee and ankle in particular. As well, it concluded that people needed not only enough warming up before doing exercise but also positive habit of exercise in order to minimize the exercise injury.