• Title, Summary, Keyword: Evidence-based practice

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Hospital Nurses' Uses of Evidence, and Barriers to and Enablers of Evidenced-based Practice (병원 간호사들의 근거활용 경험 및 장애요소와 촉진요소에 대한 탐색)

  • Hwang, Jee-In
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.292-303
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore nurses' experience of evidence-based nursing practice in general hospitals. Methods: Data were collected from 13 nurses through in-depth interviews about their experiences with evidence-based practice. The research questions were "What kind of evidence are you using in your practice?" and "What are the barriers to and enablers of evidence-based practice that you have experienced?" Qualitative data from field and transcribed notes were analyzed using qualitative content analysis methodology. Results: Major themes of using evidence were identified as 'research as primary valid evidence', 'information from local context and internet as realistic evidence', and 'clinical experience as pragmatic evidence'. Patient experience was not used as evidence in solving nursing problems. Barriers to and enablers of evidence-based practice were linked. They included both external, organizational factors and individual factors. Main issues were 'lack of evidence and poor work environment', and major facilitating factors were 'improving knowledge and skills related to evidence-based practice' and 'communicating and sharing evidence'. Conclusion: The study findings provide useful information for understanding nurses' experience of using external and internal evidence along with their meaning. A multidimensional approach is needed to overcome barriers to and implement evidence-based practice.

Development of Evidence Based Clinical Practice Guideline to Improve Quality of Critical Care Nursing (중환자 간호실무 질 향상을 위한 근거중심 임상실무지침서의 개발)

  • Park, Myong-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.68-78
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    • 2009
  • Evidence based clinical practice guideline are designed to help healthcare practitioners evaluate and implement the increasing amount of evidence on best practice. Critical care area is one of the clinical sites where evidence based clinical practice guideline is needed most. This paper reviewed the definition of evidence based clinical practice guidelines, the development method of evidence based clinical practice guideline, and the current trends in guideline developing. Traditional method of guideline development is consensus based but it moves into evidence based development. Evidence based guideline is based on best available evidence and uses the strongest method to determine its effect on clinical outcomes. The current trends in guidelines is to develop the guideline at regional/national level and do subsequent modification to suit local circumstances. There is an urgent need of exploring the method of guideline development and adaptation which are appropriate for Korean clinical setting.

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Factors influencing Evidence-Based Practice Attitudes among Undergraduate Nursing Students (간호대학생에서 근거기반실무 태도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Choi, Mi-Hyang;Kim, Young-Hae;Son, Hyun-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.274-282
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study is aimed at identifying factors influencing attitudes of Evidence-Based Practice among nursing students. Methods: 202 nursing students were recruited from B city and G district. The questionnaires included critical thinking dispositions, information retrieval skills, knowledge and attitudes of Evidence-Based Practice, and characteristics. Data were analyzed by SPSS/Win 21.0 using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regressions. Results: The average score of undergraduate nursing students for Evidence-Based Practice attitudes was $32.92{\pm}4.57$. Evidence-Based Practice attitudes had positive correlation with critical thinking disposition (r=.53, p<.001), information retrieval skills (r=.45, p<.001) and Evidence-Based Practice knowledge (r=.42, p<.001). Factors influencing Evidence-Based Practice attitudes were critical thinking dispositions (${\beta}=.45$) and Evidence-Based Practice knowledge (${\beta}=.30$). Total variance was explained about 35.3% (F=55.80, p<.001). Conclusion: These results show that teaching strategies that enhance critical thinking dispositions are recommended to improve Evidence-Based Practice attitudes among nursing students. Also, nursing education should include a regular Evidence-Based Practice curriculum to improve Evidence-Based Practice knowledge as is necessary for students to improve information retrieval skill. Reading nursing articles can help nursing students comprehend the up-to-data evidence of clinical practice.

Current Status and Direction for Future Development of Evidence-based Nursing in Korea (국내 근거기반간호의 현황과 발전 방향)

  • Choe, Myoung-Ae;Bang, Kyung-Sook;Park, Yeon-Hwan;Kang, Hyun-Ju
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.129-138
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the current status of evidence-based research, education, and practice, and to suggest a directions for the future development of evidence-based nursing. Methods: To examine the current status of evidence-based nursing research, experimental research among studies published in the Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing from 2008 to 2010 were analyzed. We suggested a direction for the future development of evidence-based research based on the analysis and literature reviews. We also suggested a direction for the future development of evidence-based education and practice based on literature reviews. Results: The results showed that designs and methods of studies were insufficient to use evidences derived from the studies in terms of evidence-based research, and experimental studies consistent with themes were found to be deficient. In the future, the methods and rationale for the design of experimental studies need to be clearer In addition, a test for intervention effects through repetitive studies and a connection between the intervention effects and a protocol for clinical practice will be required. In terms of evidence-based education, curriculum revision and development of teaching methods including contents related to evidence-based practice and research methodology in undergraduate and graduate programs will be required. Evidence-based practice in Korea was less actively done than with that of foreign countries. Some large hospitals have recently attempted systemic activities to promote evidence-based nursing practice in clinical settings. To activate evidence-based practice, the perception of nurses for evidence-based practice needs to be changed and support for education and administration of the program is required. Also, evidence-based practice guidelines, protocols, and assessment tools need to be developed. Conclusion: Evidence-based nursing in Korea is in the process of evolving. To realize evidence-based nursing, we need to develop nursing science based on evidences of closer communication and cooperation in terms of nursing research, education, and practice.

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Knowledge Management, Beliefs, and Competence on Evidence-Based Practice, Evidence-Based Decision Making of Nurses in General Hospitals (간호조직의 지식관리, 간호사의 근거기반실무 신념 및 역량이 근거기반 의사결정에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, In-Sook;Park, Myonghwa
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.83-94
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how knowledge management of hospital and nurses' beliefs and competences on evidence-based practice can affect evidence-based decision making. Methods: In this descriptive study, a total of 184 nurses who were working in the five general hospitals participated. The data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire in September, 2014. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and step-wise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN Statistics 21.0 program. Results: Evidence-based decision making was correlated with EBP beliefs (r=.55, p<.001), EBP competence (r=.57, p<.001), and knowledge management (r=.50, p<.001). Hierarchical regression analysis showed that EBP beliefs (${\beta}=.18$, p=.005), EBP competence (${\beta}=.37$, p<.001), organizational knowledge management (${\beta}=.27$, p<.001) explained 48.6% of evidence based decision making (p<.001). Conclusion: The study results indicated that evidence-based practice competences, organizational knowledge management, and evidence-based practice beliefs were important factors on evidence-based decision making. In order to improve evidence-based practice among nurses through organizational knowledge management, EBP beliefs and competence at individual level need to be considered and incorporated into any systemic training of EBP.

Nurses' Usage of Clinical Practice Guideline and Demand of Evidence Based Clinical Practice Guideline (간호사의 임상실무지침서 사용현황과 근거중심 임상실무지침서 요구도 조사)

  • Ha, Mi Suk;Park, Myong Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.582-592
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to offer the baseline data for developing a systematic and high quality of clinical practice guideline by exploring how nurses utilize clinical guidelines and what they need for. Method: This study has been done with 242 nurses of a university hospital in Daegu using a self-administered questionnaire. The instrument used in this study was developed by researchers based on the results of the previous studies. Data analysis was done with SPSS 11.0 Program. Results: Nurses felt that clinical guidelines were not sufficiently disseminated to update their clinical knowledge education. Nurses showed the strong demand for developing clinical practice guidelines with the newest and systematic evidence. However, a relatively low number of nurses knew evidence-based nursing and evidence-based clinical guidelines. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop an educational program for evidence-based nursing and an evidence-based nursing clinical practice guideline for nurses and to explore the strategies for development and dissemination of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines to solve the urgent and frequent clinical problems.

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A critique: The good and bad of a review

  • McMullen, Debbie;McClean, Rhett;Pak, Sok Cheon
    • CELLMED
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.16.1-16.3
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    • 2015
  • Evidence based medicine involves using both the individual clinician's expertise and the current best available external clinical evidence from systematic research in deciding on the appropriate care for individual patients. The current approach to evidence based practice in healthcare adds a third component which is patient values. Evidence based practice is thus a triad, in which the practitioner's expertise, research evidence and the patient's values are all given consideration. The balance to be struck between them depends on the individual case. The literature indicates that complementary medicine practitioners are moving away from traditional knowledge and towards the use of evidence based practice in their clinical discussions. In the context of the daily practice of complementary medicine practitioners and their continuing development of their knowledge base of evidence based practice, this short review discusses the good and bad of a review journal article.

A Survey of Evidence-Based Practice of Physical Therapist (물리치료사의 증거에 근거한 물리치료 실태조사)

  • Kwon, Mi-Ji
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe physical therapists' self-reported: (1) attitudes and beliefs about evidence~based practice(EBP), (2) education, knowledge, and skills related to obtaining and evaluating evidence, (3) attention to the literature relevant to practice, (4) access to and availability of information and (5) perceptions of the barriers to evidence-based practice. Methods: Our study sample consisted of a random sample of 90 physical therapists in gwang-ju and junnam. Participants completed a questionnaire. Responses were summarized for each item, and logistic regression analyses were used to examine relationships among variables. Results: According to the respondents, the primary barrier to implementing EBP was lack of time. The results suggest they believe that the use of evidence in practice was necessary, that the literature is helpful to them in their practice and decision making, and that quality of patient care is better when evidence is used. Many of the beliefs, skills and behaviors we examined were related to the education courses and sex. The majority of the respondents had access to online information at home. Conclusion: They noted that they needed to increase the use of evidence in their daily practice.

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The Effects of Characteristics of Nurses on Knowledge and Nursing Performance Evaluation of Evidence Based Hemodialysis Nursing Practice in Hemodialysis Unit Nurses (혈액투석실에서 근무하는 간호사의 특성이 근거기반 혈액투석간호지식과 수행정도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hee Soo;Jung, Eun Sook;Choi, Kyong Ah;Yu, Seung Oh
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.225-237
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of characteristics of nurses on knowledge and nursing performance of evidence based hemodialysis nursing practice among hemodialysis unit nurses. Methods: The participants were 180 nurses working in hemodialysis unit for more than 6 months in 23 private and general hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggido. Data were collected from March 30th to April 15t in 2016 and were analyzed using stepwise regression analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA. Results: Nurses' knowledge on evidence based hemodialysis nursing practice was $15.87{\pm}4.52$ out of 23 points. Type of hospitals working in and adherence to evidence based hemodialysis guidelines were significant factors to knowledge and these two factors explained 30.0%. Nurses' nursing performance on evidence-based hemodialysis nursing practice was 4.52 out of 5 points. The performace level was significantly related to total nurisng career and necessity of hemodialysis nursing education and these two factors explained 8.0%. Conclusion: A development of guideline and continuing education is necessary for improving knowledge and performance of evidence based hemodialysis nursing practice.

Nurses′ Research Activities and Barriers of Research Utilization (임상 간호사들의 연구 관련 활동 실태 및 연구결과 활용의 장애 요인)

  • 오의금;오현주;이윤정
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.838-848
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was to describe nurses' research activities, perceptions and performances of evidence-based practice and barriers to the use of research evidence in nursing practice in Korea. Method: A cross-sectional survey design was used. A questionnaire, except for Barriers Scale, was developed for the study. Data was collected from a convenient sample of 437 registered nurses working at research and education oriented university hospitals. Result: Nurses' research-related activities were relatively low compared to previous studies. Also perceptions and performances of evidence based nursing practice were low. Preferred informational resources for clinical decision making were identified as ward manuals/clinical guidelines, manager/senior nurses, and literature/research. The major barriers to research utilization were a lack of implication for practice along with inadequate facilitation to implement research evidence and difficulty understanding research written in English. Priorities of barriers factor were Administrator, Communication, Adopter, and Research. Conclusion: The findings provide directions for future training, education, and managerial policy to achieve successful evidence based nursing practice.