• Title, Summary, Keyword: Europe

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A Method of Controlling the Diffusing Reflector Properties for Reflective Displays

  • Masutani, Akira;Roberts, Tony;Schuller, Bettina;Durr, Michael;Yasuda, Akio;Sakaigawa, Akira
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.415-418
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    • 2004
  • The performance of dichroic sponge polymer dispersed liquid crystals (D-SPDLC) can be improved further by modifying the TFT diffusing reflector using a $TiO_2$ layer. A metal-like glare was suppressed, and a wider viewing angle than previously reported was achieved. The display showed above newspaper-standard reflectivity and contrast ratio.

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Making Sense of Loss and Belongingness: Korean Transracial Adoptees' Journey from Europe to Korea

  • Favre, Beatrice;Park, Hye Jun
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2016
  • From 1953 to 2015, approximately 200,000 children born in Korea were adopted into foreign countries. Many studies have focused on Korean adoptees growing up in the US, as the majority of these children were adopted by American families. In comparison, research on Korean transracial adoptees raised in European countries is limited. Thus, the current study aims to highlight the journey of Korean transracial adoptees from Europe to Korea. Three participants narrated their life stories as adoptees in two separate interview sessions. The findings of this study call attention to the adoptees' ongoing reconsideration of their identity as they assimilate life experiences within two disparate cultural settings in Europe and Korea. The study found that ambiguous loss faced by the adoptees from their childhood in Europe continued to their adulthood in Korea. Major themes of the participants' narratives in their journey from Europe to Korea focused on their feelings of loss and the lack of belongingness. This study found that the sense of loss and the lack of belongingness changed over time. Participants were active agents in the process of their journey from Europe to Korea, as they constantly worked to adapt to and improve their situation in face of adversity.

EU’s Information Policy: Focusing on the eEurope (EU의 정보화정책: eEurope을 중심으로)

  • Lee, E.K.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2003
  • 미국에 비해 지식정보사회에 대한 대응능력이 크게 떨어지는 유럽은 성장잠재력을 축적하고 미국과의 정보화 격차를 좁히기 위해 유럽연합 차원과 개별 회원국 차원을 연계한 정보화전략을 추진하고 있다. EU차원에서는 eEurope으로 대표되는 종합계획을 수립.추진하고 있으며, 개별국가들은 이 종합계획의 기본방향 위에서 자국의 여건과 능력에 적합한 국가계획을 추진하고 있다. 본 고에서는 EU의 정보화정책을 eEurope을 중심으로 분석해 보고 우리에게 주는 시사점을 도출한다.

A Study on the General Characteristics of Folding Screen (병풍의 일반적 특성 고찰)

  • Choi, Leessoung;Shin, Young Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2017
  • A folding screen, which spread from china, is varied by many country. Each country make folding screen to fit their culture. Since oriental culture spread to europe, Chinoiserie and Japonism arise in europe at 18C, 19C. Specifically, Chinoiserie arise at 18C, after rococo. And Japonism arise at 19C, after World's fair. But korean culture, even if korea is part of the orient, doesn't found in europe. Korean folding screen doesn't found neither. Chinoiserie and Japonism are not special to oriental people. It's just customs for them. But europe feel it is special because their customs is not familiar to europe. We have to research about our familiar customs and diffuse it to world. That is our task. So this research will compare symbolic meaning and frame between each country's-korea, china, japan, europe- folding screen at formal concept angle. This research will be a basement data about what we concentrate for find korean's own culture style. Because this research is about folding screen, which stimulate western people's interest and has deep oriental color. Also this research help to make modern explication about korean old tradition.

서구의 장기에너지전망

  • Korea Petroleum Association
    • Korea Petroleum Association Journal
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    • no.4
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    • pp.91-94
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    • 1983
  • 이 자료는 Esso Europe Inc.와 DRI Europe Ltd.가 각가 작성 ㆍ발표한 서구의 장기에너지 수급전망을 취합 ㆍ요약한 것을 번역한 것이다. <편집자 주>

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Current status, challenges and the way forward for dairy goat production in Europe

  • Morales, Francisco de Asis Ruiz;Genis, Jose Maria Castel;Guerrero, Yolanda Mena
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.8_spc
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    • pp.1256-1265
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this review is to show the evolution of the dairy goat sector in Europe from all perspectives. Starting from the current situation, the challenges and future potential of this livestock system are presented, as well as strategies to overcome the difficulties faced. Europe holds 1.9% of the world goat population and produces 15.1% of goat milk recorded worldwide. The goat species plays a fundamental economic, social and environmental role in many regions of Europe. The wide diversity of production systems and autochthonous breeds makes the sector very heterogeneous. In order to improve viability, a number of strategies need to be adopted to solve the current problems such as a low profitability, absence of generational change and a little or no recognition of the social and environmental role of the sector. Some strategies to improve the situation of the European goat sector include: i) generating market value that will recognise the diversity of the dairy goat sector (breeds, feeding models, derived products${\ldots}$); ii) promoting and raising awareness of the functional attributes of goat milk and derived products so as to increase consumption; iii) assigning an economic value to environmental and social functions; iv) improving working conditions through technological innovation to make goat farming more attractive to young people; and v) processing more milk into cheese or other dairy products in production areas.

An Architecture Supporting Adaptation and Evolution in Fourth Generation Mobile Communication Systems

  • Prehofer, Christian;Kellerer, Wolfgang;Hirschfeld, Robert;Berndt, Hendrik;Kawamura, Katsuya
    • Journal of Communications and Networks
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.336-343
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    • 2002
  • A major challenge for next generation mobile communication is capturing the system architecture’s complexity with all its internal and external dependencies. Seamless integration of heterogeneous environments in all system parts is a key requirement. Moreover, future systems have to consider the different evolution cycles of individual system parts. Among those, services are expected to change the fastest. With respect to these considerations, we propose an overall architecture for next generation mobile communication systems. It covers all system parts from wireless transmission to applications including network and middleware platform. Our approach focuses on adaptability in terms of recon- figurability and programmability to support unanticipated system evolution. Therefore, we consider abstraction layers which consist of adaptable cooperating components grouped by open platforms rather than rigid system layers. In addition to that, we introduce cross-layer cooperation allowing an efficient use of the available resources. Specific scenarios illustrate the feasibility of our approach.

Statistical non-parametric mapping in sensor space

  • Wagner, Michael;Tech, Reyko;Fuchs, Manfred;Kastner, Jorn;Gasca, Fernando
    • Biomedical Engineering Letters
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.193-203
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    • 2017
  • Establishing the significance of observed effects is a preliminary requirement for any meaningful interpretation of clinical and experimental Electroencephalography or Magnetoencephalography (MEG) data. We propose a method to evaluate significance on the level of sensors whilst retaining full temporal or spectral resolution. Input data are multiple realizations of sensor data. In this context, multiple realizations may be the individual epochs obtained in an evoked-response experiment, or group study data, possibly averaged within subject and event type, or spontaneous events such as spikes of different types. In this contribution, we apply Statistical non-Parametric Mapping (SnPM) to MEG sensor data. SnPM is a non-parametric permutation or randomization test that is assumption-free regarding distributional properties of the underlying data. The method, referred to as Maps SnPM, is demonstrated using MEG data from an auditory mismatch negativity paradigm with one frequent and two rare stimuli and validated by comparison with Topographic Analysis of Variance (TANOVA). The result is a time- or frequency-resolved breakdown of sensors that show consistent activity within and/or differ significantly between event or spike types. TANOVA and Maps SnPM were applied to the individual epochs obtained in an evoked-response experiment. The TANOVA analysis established data plausibility and identified latencies-of-interest for further analysis. Maps SnPM, in addition to the above, identified sensors of significantly different activity between stimulus types.

A Study on the Peculiarities by themes of Ecomuseums in Europe (유럽 에코뮤지엄의 테마별 특징에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Hyunyo;Jung, Jinju;Choi, Hyoseung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2006
  • Ecomuseums come into close relationship with resident and community. Progress of heritage concept brings on the change of valuation standard in heritage, that life style of residents become most important element of cultural heritage. The change of display method has caused the generation of various experience programs in ecomuseum which are display and education based on participation of visitors and residents. Ecomuseums in Europe during progress have conceptual peculiarities by themes to keep the cultural identity and protect folk culture in regional community. 'Europe Ecomuseum Network' seriously affected by social change and development is new alternative to promote regional identity and cultural exchange among Europe countries. People participation with all residents is decisive factor to promote identity and attachment in native place, as well as collaboration with residents, experts, administrators and NGO is one factor for sustainable development and the realization of ecomuseum, activation of regional economy, and also is the root of efforts to protect and activate regional community.

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THE JHR, A NEW MATERIAL TESTING REACTOR IN EUROPE

  • Iracane Daniel
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.437-442
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    • 2006
  • European Material Test Reactors (MTRs) have provided essential support for nuclear power programs over the last 40 years. MTRs are now ageing in Europe and they cannot ensure the securing of experimental capability for the next decades. In this context, a new Material Testing Reactor, named Jules Horowitz Reactor -JHR-, operated as an international user-facility, is under development in Europe. The European MTRs context and the JHR objectives and status will be presented. Emphasis will be put on experiments in the field of nuclear fuels and materials irradiation which are developed in the framework of European and international collaboration.