• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ethical Issues

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Developing Active Role of Science Museum in Educating on Ethical Issues on Science and Technology: Four Case Studies

  • Choi, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine a) each of the selected science museums for its role in educating on ethical issues in science and technology, b) what are the most frequently dealt ethical themes in science and technology; c) how were those themes presented (via exhibition, play, panel, movies, etc); and d) identify common characteristics in the selected science museums' presentations of ethical issues. The results indicated that selected museums present ethical issues related to technology development, mainly on biotechnology and environmental issues. The type of presentations dealing with ethical issues most frequently were exhibitions, panels and simulations, followed by demonstrations and lectures. All of the selected museums had common characteristics for actively taking an educational role in ethical issues in science. The study suggests that efforts to communicate the ethical issues in various areas should be reinforced to educate students and the public, and that it may be the museum's role to expose ethical aspects of technology related to human rights, dignity, health and development issues from the early stage of its development.

Elementary School Teachers' Ethical Sensitivity on Socio-scientific Issues (초등 교사의 과학 관련 사회적 쟁점에 대한 윤리적 민감성)

  • Park, Jisun;Song, Jinwoong
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.416-425
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    • 2016
  • As curriculum statements require addressing ethical and social issues which are raised by modern science and technology, the ability to perceive ethical and social issues regarding science is necessary for teachers to introduce socio-scientific issues (SSI) in their science class. The purpose of this study is to explore elementary school teachers' ethical sensitivity on SSI and attempts to give implications for teacher education. To explore the ethical sensitivity in the context of SSI, the revised version of the Test for Ethical Sensitivity on Science (TESS) was used. Two socio-scientific issues (genetic engineering and radioactive waste) were provided to read and write down five possible questions they believed should be considered before reaching a decision. Data was collected from eighty-two elementary school teachers in Korea. To analyze the ethical sensitivity, the responses including ethical considerations were analyzed by situation and ethical issues. The result showed that 81 out of 82 teacher participants provided at least more than one ethical consideration on each scenario of this study. However, not many teacher could raise various ethical issues and situation that ethical issue might occur. There were only a few teaches who could consider all the situations, 'process of scientific research', 'application of science and technology', and 'science influenced by society', that ethical issues might occur. Especially, teachers failed to consider that the ethical issue can occur in the situation when science is influenced by society. Based on the results, we suggest that during teacher education teachers need to experience finding various ethical issues that can occur in the context of SSI and especially considering the ethical issues when science is influenced by society.

A Survey on the Ethical Issues and Needs for Ethics Education of Nurses in Long-term Care Hospitals (요양병원 간호사의 윤리적 이슈와 윤리교육 요구조사)

  • Shin, Ja-Hyun;Seo, Myoung-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.180-192
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study is aimed to identify the ethical issues and needs for ethical education of nurses in long-term care hospitals. Methods: Data were collected in 2015. Participants were 142 nurses working in nine long-term care hospitals. The Ethical Issues in Clinical Practice Tool was used. Data analysis was performed using SPSS WIN 24.0. Results: The degree of experienced ethical issues was 1.23 out of 3, and 'Providing care with a possible risk to your health' was an ethical problem most frequently experienced in nurses. In addition, the ethical problem that the nurse most disturb was identified by 'Determining when death occurs'. The degree of needs for ethical education was 3.11 out of 4, and the highest ethical topic was 'Legal/ethical issues in the use of restraints'. Ethical issues and needs for ethical education were not statistically significant differences according to the characteristic of participants. Conclusion: In this study, we identified the ethical problems and necessity of ethics education experienced by nurses working in long-term care hospitals. The results of this study can be used as basic data for the development of customized ethical education contents for nurses in long-term care hospitals.

An Exploration of the Teaching/Learning Methods of Bioethics Appropriate for Ethical Theories and Socio-scientific Issues in Biological Sciences (윤리학 이론과 생명과학 관련 사회과학적 논쟁거리에 적절한 생명윤리 교수-학습 방법의 탐색)

  • Shim, Mee-Young;Cho, Hee-Hyung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.513-530
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    • 2009
  • Many kinds of teaching methods have been used to instruct ethical issues that arise in the field of science and technology. However, few teaching methods of bioethics have been validated by ethical theories, or justified based on practical utility in bioethics teaching. The aim of this article is to suggest teaching methods of bioethics that are appropriate for ethical theories and socio-scientific issues related to biological sciences in secondary schools. In the article, the teaching methods are classified into three types of ethical theories and into three types of socio-scientific issues in biological sciences. The characteristics of nine teaching/learning methods are then described in terms of appropriate bioethical issues or contexts, and ethical theories or principles.

A Study on Ethical Issues in Health Education Practice (보건교육사업 수행과 윤리문제에 관한 고찰 - 이론과 적용을 중심으로 -)

  • 장영미
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.90-108
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    • 1995
  • In the recent years, there has been a remarkable growth in the popularity of health education and health promotion. Health educators are increasingly confronting serious ethical quandars. Health educators need to be fully prepared to meet the challenges presented by these situations. The objectives of this study are as follows: 1. It explores some fundamental concepts concerning ethics, morals, and values. 2. It identifies several critical ethical issues confronting the field of health education with which individual health educators must wrestle during the course of their careers. 3. It examines the process of applying ethical principles to guide rational resolution of complex value-laden issues and moral dilemmas. 4. Collectively, these provide health educators with a basic understanding of ethics and how ethics may be used to facilitate sound decision making. This study challenges health educators to consider the ethical issues and implications associated with certain practices or advances in the field of education.

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Experiences of Ethical Issues and Needs for Ethics Education in Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 윤리적 이슈 경험과 윤리교육 요구)

  • Shin, Ja Hyun;Jeong, Seok Hee;Lee, Myung Ha;Yang, Youngran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.327-339
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the experiences of ethical issues and needs for ethics education in clinical nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used and data were collected in 2013. Participants were 428 clinical nurses working in the general units of seven medical hospitals. The Ethical Issues in Clinical Practice Tool was used. Data analysis was performed using SPSS/WIN 19.0. Results: 'Providing care with a possible risk to your health' was the most frequent and disturbing ethical problems for nurses. The highest helpful ethical topic was 'the patients' right, autonomy and informed consent'. The ethical issue experience was significantly different according to education level, work units, and type of employment. The necessity of ethics education was statistically different according to age, religion, level of education, duration of working as RN, position, shift type, and continuing education about nursing ethics. Conclusion: The results of this study show that nursing educators need to provide practical ethics education based on frequent ethical issues and helpful education topics. These findings can be used in developing effective education strategies for clinical nurses and nursing organizations to improve nurses' ethical decision-making abilities.

Types of Perception toward Ethical Issues in Perioperative Nurses: Q-Methodological Approach (수술실 간호사의 윤리적 이슈에 대한 인식 유형: Q방법론적 접근)

  • Kim, Jin Nam;Jeong, Seok Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.679-691
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was aimed at identifying the types of perceptions of ethical issues among perioperative nurses. Methods: Q-methodology focusing on individual subjectivity was used with data collected in November 2016. Thirty-four Q-statements were selected and scored by the 35 participants on a 9-point scale with normal distribution. Participants were perioperative nurses working in advanced general hospitals and general hospitals. The data were analyzed using the PC-QUANL program. Results: A total of 35 perioperative nurses were classified into 4 factors based on the following viewpoints: self-centered (type 1), onlooking and avoiding (type 2), patient-centered (type 3), and problem-centered (type 4). The 4 factors accounted for 57.84% of the total variance. Individual contributions of factors 1, 2, 3, and 4 were 41.80%, 7.18%, 5.20%, and 3.66%, respectively. Conclusion: The major contribution of this study is the clarification of perioperative nurses' subjective perceptions of ethical issues. These findings can be used in formulating effective strategies for nursing educators, professional nurses, and nursing administrators to improve ethical decision-making abilities and to perform ethical nursing care by the appropriate management of ethical issues in everyday nursing practice.

Ethical Fashion Research Trend Using Text Mining: Network Analysis of the Published Literature 2009-2019 (텍스트 마이닝을 활용한 윤리적 패션 연구동향: 2009-2019 연구 네트워크 분석)

  • Choi, Yeong-Hyeon;Lee, Kyu-Hye
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.181-191
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    • 2020
  • The fashion industry has faced environmental, social, and ethical issues due to increased interest in ethical consumption. Numerous ethical studies have been conducted in the fashion industry. This study looked at the current state of research by year, academic journal, and detail in major related papers published in Scopus, KCI and KCI between 2009 and 2019. Ethical fashion studies began to appear in 2009 and were concentrated in certain academic journals and focused on fashion marketing and fashion design. Topics in ethical fashion were terms such as sustainable, eco-friendly, up-cycling, recycling, eco, zero-waist, and organic. In ethical fashion studies, environmental studies were conducted most often; in addition, the terms used along with ethical fashion tend to be frequently used for each particular major. Looking at key words used in research by period, the study showed that research was most diverse between 2016 and 2019. In particular, environmental and social issues of ethical fashion and convergence with animal protection, new distribution, science and technology sectors were newly added between 2016 and 2019. This study used text mining and network analysis to understand the overall trends of ethical fashion studies in Korea. In conclusion it is important to realize the relationship between the main words along with the current status analysis.

The Effects of Ethical Education in Science Classes on Middle School Students' Attitude toward Science (과학의 윤리적 특성교육이 중학생들의 과학과 관련된 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Kyung-Hee;Cho, Hee-Hyung;Kim, Ji-Hyun
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.642-651
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of teaching science ethical issues relevant to the middle school science curriculum. The experimental subjects were 132 second grade middle school students in Seoul, who were divided into two groups without any statistical differences. The results of this study indicated that teaching ethical issues in science had a positive influence on students' attitudes toward science and fostered a positive impression of science education. Also, the students showed a positive attitude in dealing with ethical problems in science and technology. Regardless, the results of this study suggest that ethical education in science classes is effective in increasing positive attitude toward science and the ability of the students in addressing and resolving ethical problems in science and technology. As such, we strongly recommend that the science curriculum for middle school students be changed to integrate ethical issues in the science class.

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Ethical considerations in publication of medical papers (의학논문 출판윤리)

  • Bae, Chong-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.447-451
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    • 2008
  • It is fair to say that there are many ethical issues concerning the publication of medical papers. To define the best practice in the ethics of scientific publishing and a proper understanding of appropriate reporting in medical papers, this review should be useful for authors dealing with ethical issues which involve the protection of human and animal rights, the protection of confidentiality and informed consent, fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, author and authorship, copy right transfer, duplicate publication, conflict of interest, and dealing with misconduct cases.