• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ethanol Extraction

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Effect of Ethanol Concentration on Extraction of Vlolatile Components in Cinnamon (에탄올의 농도가 계피가 향기성분 용출에 미치는 영향)

  • 김나미;김영희
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2000
  • In order to select the optimum ethanol concentration for extraction of volatile components in cinnamon, the dried cinnamon was extracted with water and 30∼90% ethanol. The volatile components of cinnamon extracts were isolated by the simultaneous distillation extraction method using Likens and Nickerson's extraction apparatus, and analyzed by GC-MS. In cinnamon bark powder 45 components were detected and 21 components were identified. The major component of cinnamon bark powder was cinnamic aldehyde. In water extract of cinnamon, volatile components were not extracted sufficiently. The volatile components of cinnamon were increased with the increment of ethanol concentraction upto 70%. The volatile component of 70% ethanol extract showed similar pattern and amount to cinnamon bark powder. But in 90% ethanol extracts, the number and amount of volatile component were reduced. The above data suggested that 70% ethanol was the most effective solvent for volatile components extraction of cinnamon.

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Extraction of Phenolic Compounds from grape Seed Using Supercritical $CO_2$ and Ethanol as a Co-solvent (초임계 이산화탄소와 에탄올 보조용매를 이용한 포도씨로부터의 페놀성 화합물의 추출)

  • Lee, Won-Young;Chang, Kyu-Seob;Choi, Yong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.177-183
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    • 2000
  • A supercritical fluid extraction was performed for the extraction of phenolics from grape seeds which up to now have been discarded. The optimum condition for extraction process was predicted through response surface methodology using central composit experimental design. The extraction amount of grape seed phenolics was increased by increasing extraction temperature, pressure, and concentration of co-solvent (ethanol). The optimum extraction conditions were 84.83$^{\circ}$C, 51.50MPa and 1.27% ethanol. The yield of phenolics using SFE was higher with 3 folds than ethanol and 4 folds than hexane but less than 80% methanol. In the respects of food poisoning, the approved solvents were restricted to ethanol and hexane. So, SFE for extraction of phenolics could be powerful alternative method for solvent extraction.

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Extraction Yields and Functional Properties of Garlic Extracts by Response Surface Methodology

  • Lim, Tae-Soo;Do, Jeong-Ryong;Kwon, Joong-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Ku
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.379-383
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    • 2008
  • Extraction characteristics of garlic and functional properties of corresponding extract were monitored by response surface methodology (RSM). Maximum extraction yield of 26.41% was obtained at microwave power of 146.29 W, ethanol concentration of 63.31 %, and extraction time of 5.88 min. At microwave power, ethanol concentration, and extraction time of 114.84 W, 58.83%, and 1.42 min, respectively, maximum electron-donating ability (EDA) was 72.86%. Maximum nitrite-scavenging ability was 94.62% at microwave power, ethanol concentration, and extraction time of 81.83 W, 2.65%, and 3.83 min, respectively. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) showed maximum pseudo-activity of 49.12% at microwave power of 34.23 W, ethanol concentration of 33.11 %, and extraction time of 4.40 min. Based on superimposition of 4-dimensional RSM with respect to extraction yield, electron-donating ability, nitrite-scavenging ability, and pseudo-activity of SOD, optimum ranges of extraction conditions were microwave power of 0-100 W, ethanol concentration of 40-70%, and extraction time of 2-8 min.

Optimization of Ethanol Extraction Conditions from Propolis (a Bee Product) Using Response Surface Methodology (반응표면분석법을 이용한 프로폴리스의 에탄올 추출조건 최적화)

  • Kim, Seong-Ho;Kim, In-Ho;Kang, Bok-Hee;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Lee, Sang-Han;Lee, Dong-Sun;Cho, So-Mi K.;Hur, Sang-Sun;Kwon, Taeg-Kyu;Lee, Jin-Man
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.908-914
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    • 2009
  • A central composite design was used to optimize extraction of propolis materials using ethanol. The independent variables in extraction experiments were ethanol concentration (50, 60, 70, 80, 90%, v/v) and extraction time (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 h). Higher ethanol concentration and shorter extraction time increased total polyphenol content, but total polyphenol concentration began to decrease when ethanol concentration was higher than 80% (v/v). Ethanol concentration was more important than extraction time in optimization of total polyphenol content in propolis extracts. Electron-donating ability increased with ethanol concentration and shorter extraction time, with ethanol concentration being of greater significance. Antioxidant ability in extracts was optimal at an ethanol concentration of 65 - 75% and with an extraction time of 2.2 - 3.6 h. Nitrite-scavenging ability was increased with use of higher ethanol concentration and shorter extraction time. Total flavonoid content was maximized with an ethanol concentration of 68 - 82% and an extraction time of 2.4 - 3.7 h. Total flavonoid content was affected by both ethanol concentration and extraction time. By superimposition of contour plots, an ethanol concentration of 72 - 82% and an extraction time of 2.2 - 3.3 h were optimal for preparation of propolis extracts.

Effects of Ethanol Addition on the Efficiency of Subcritical Water Extraction of Proteins and Amino Acids from Porcine Placenta

  • Park, Sung Hee;Kim, Jae-Hyeong;Min, Sang-Gi;Jo, Yeon-Ji;Chun, Ji-Yeon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.265-271
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    • 2015
  • In a previous study, hydrolysates of porcine placenta were obtained and the extraction efficiency for proteins and amino acids was compared between sub- and super-critical water extraction systems; optimum efficiency was found to be achieved using subcritical water ($170^{\circ}C$, 10 bar). In this study, the effects of adding ethanol to the subcritical water system were investigated. The lowest-molecular-weight extraction product detected weighed 434 Da, and the efficiency of extraction for low-molecular-weight products was increased when either the concentration of ethanol was decreased, or the extraction time was lengthened from 10 min to 30 min. The highest concentration of free amino acids (approximately 8 mM) was observed following 30 min extraction using pure distilled water. The concentration of free amino acids was significantly lower when ethanol was added or a shorter extraction time was used (p<0.05). Color change of the solution following extraction was measured. There were no significant differences in color between lysates produced with different extraction times when using distilled water (p>0.05); however, using different extraction times produced significant differences in color when using 20% or 50% ethanol solution for subcritical extraction (p<0.05). The range of pH for the hydrolysate solutions was 6.4-7.5. In conclusion, the investigated extraction system was successful in the extraction of $\leq$ 500 Da hydrolysates from porcine placenta, but addition of ethanol did not yield higher production of low-molecular-weight hydrolysates than that achieved by DW alone.

Recovery of Acetic Acid from An Ethanol Fermentation Broth by Liquid-Liquid Extraction (LLE) Using Various Solvents

  • Pham, Thi Thu Huong;Kim, Tae Hyun;Um, Byung-Hwan
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.695-702
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    • 2015
  • Liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) using various solvents was studied for recovery of acetic acid from a synthetic ethanol fermentation broth. The microbial fermentation of sugars presented in hydrolyzate gives rise to acetic acid as a byproduct. In order to obtain pure ethanol for use as a biofuel, fermentation broth should be subjected to acetic acid removal step and the recovered acetic acid can be put to industrial use. Herein, batch LLE experiments were carried out at $25^{\circ}C$ using a synthetic fermentation broth comprising $20.0g\;l^{-1}$ acetic acid and $5.0g\;l^{-1}$ ethanol. Ethyl acetate (EtOAc), tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO), tri-n-octylamine (TOA), and tri-n-alkylphosphine oxide (TAPO) were utilized as solvents, and the extraction potential of each solvent was evaluated by varying the organic phase-to-aqueous phase ratios as 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0. The highest acetic acid extraction yield was achieved with TAPO; however, the lowest ethanol-to-acetic acid extraction ratio was obtained using TOPO. In a single-stage batch extraction, 97.0 % and 92.4 % of acetic acid could be extracted using TAPO and TOPO when the ratio of organic-to-aqueous phases is 4:1 respectively. A higher solvent-to-feed ratio resulted in an increase in the ethanol-to-acetic acid ratio, which decreased both acetic acid purity and acetic acid extraction yield.

Optimization of Extraction Conditions for Physicochemical Properties of Ethanol Extracts from Chrysanthemum boreale (산국(山菊) 에탄올 추출물의 이화학적 특성에 대한 추출조건의 최적화)

  • 권중호;박난영;이기동;정용진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.585-590
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    • 1998
  • To renew interest in Chrysanthemum boreale as a traditional food material, response surface methodology was used for optimizing extraction conditions and monitoring physicochemical properties of ethanol extracts from Chrysanthemum petal. The phenolic compounds of ethanol extracts were minimized in 87ml/g(solvent per sample), 21%(ethanol concentration), and 15 hours(extraction time). The physicochemical properties of ethanol extracts were maximized in the conditions of 115ml/g, 98% and 16 hours on yellow color intensity, 143ml/g, 75% and 19 hours on carotenoid content, and 148ml/g, 53% and 18 hours on soluble solid content. Optimum ranges of extraction condition for physicochemical properties of Chrysanthemum boreale were 130~150ml/g, 70~85% and 20~28 hours, respectively. Predicted values at the optimum extraction condition were in good agreement with experimental values.

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Extraction Yields of Ginseng Saponins in the Extracts of Crude Drug Preparations with Various Concentrations of Ethanol (생약복방제의 에탄을 농도별 엑스중 인삼 사포닌의 이행량 조사)

  • 최강주;고성룡
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.192-196
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    • 1991
  • As a part of studios on the Quality control of index components in crude drug preparations, extraction yields of ginseng saponins from crude drug extracts were identified by TLC and quantified by HPLC. So-Shi-Ho-Tang(小柴胡湯), Sa-Kun-Ja-Tang(四君子湯), Yook-Kun-Ja-Tang(六君子湯) and In-sam-Tang(人蔘湯) were extracted with water, 30%-ethanol, 50%-ethanol, 80%-ethanol and absolute ethanol to analyze ginseng saponins in the crude drug extracts prepared with various concentrations of ethanol. Ginseng saponins were extracted considerably more from the extracts with higher concentrations of ethanol than those with water or lower concentrations of ethanol. Extraction yields of ginseng-side-Rb$_1$, -Rb$_2$ and -R$_c$ from four crude drug preparations were the lowest as 4.9~45.9%, 5.0~40.1, and 6.3~43.7% in water extract and the highest as 29.5~62.6%, 26.7~61.4% and 31.4~62.0% in absolute ethanol extract, compared with those of 80%-methanol extracts.

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The effect of propolis concentration on the antibacterial activity (프로폴리스 농도가 항균활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Byoung-Moon;Song, Kun-Ho;Lee, Kwang-rae
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.27 no.B
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    • pp.161-167
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    • 2007
  • The objetives of this study are to set up optimum extraction temperature, time and organic solvent for propolis extraction, to investigate chemical properties, and to develop health foods from propolis preparation. In this study, ethanol and ultrasonic extracts method performed to optimum extraction temperature was at 60, $20^{\circ}C$, optimum extraction time was at 12, 4 hours and optimum extraction amount of solvent was at 20, 15 times of propolis weight. When various ethanol solutions were used, whereas flavonoid content was highest in 70, 80% aqueous ethanol, respectively. So the ultrasonic extracts method used gave better results than the ethanol extracts method in this work. Extraction of propolis with etanol and ultrasonic extracts method was performed by using the water and various concentrations of aqueous ethanol as solvent. Sensitivity of propolis samples to Staphylococcus aureus was investigated and the results were shown. Samples of water extract did not inhibit microbial growth, where as 50% aqueous ethanol extract the largest inhibitory zone for Staphylococcus aureus, then decreased inhibition with increasing ethanol concentrations.

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Multi-response Optimization for Unfertilized Corn Silk Extraction Against Phytochemical Contents and Bio-activities

  • Lim, Ji Eun;Kim, Sun Lim;Kang, Hyeon Jung;Kim, Woo Kyoung;Kim, Myung Hwan
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.256-266
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    • 2017
  • This study was designed to optimize ethanol extraction process of unfertilized corn silk (UCS) to maximize phytochemical contents and bioactivities. The response surface methodology (RSM) with central composite design (CCD) was employed to obtain the optimal extraction conditions. The influence of ethanol concentration, extraction temperature and extraction time on total polyphenol contents, total flavonoid contents, maysin contents, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) radical scavenging activities and tyrosinase inhibition were analyzed. For all dependable variables, the most significant factor was ethanol concentration followed by extraction temperature and extraction time. The following optimum conditions were determined by simultaneous optimization of several responses with the Derringer's desirability function using the numerical optimization function of the Design-Expert program: ethanol concentration 80.45%, extraction temperature $53.49^{\circ}C$, and extraction time 4.95 h. Under these conditions, the predicted values of total polyphenol contents, total flavonoid contents, maysin contents, DPPH radical scavenging activity and tyrosinase inhibition were $2758.74{\mu}g\;GAE/g$ dried sample, $1520.81{\mu}g\;QUE/g$ dried sample, 810.26 mg/100g dried sample, 56.86% and 43.49%, respectively, and the overall desirability (D) was 0.74.