• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental impact assessment system

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Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Information System (환경영향평가와 환경정보체계)

  • Kim, Myung-Jin;Han, Eui-Jung
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 1995
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Korea has worked toward environmental conservation and decision making since the Environmental Impact Statement of 1981. In order to implement the EIA process effectively, we have developed a system for and various methods of EIA. Among these methods, the Environmental Information System, which was introduced recently in Korea, can be used to integrate geographic and attribute data effectively. This study includes methods by which we may use the Environmental Information System. First of all, it explains building EIA factors on the natural environment, the living environment, and the socio-economic environment defined by Environmental Impact Statement regulations in Korea. This study also presents some applications of the assessment methods concerning suitability analysis of landfill sites. Finally, it shows the effectiveness of the Environmental Information System in odor impact assessment. Based on these analysis, the study makes some conclusions for the applications of the Environmental Information System.

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A Study on the History and the Future Improvement of Environmental Impact Assessment in Korea (우리나라 환경영향평가제도의 발전과정과 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mu-Choon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2000
  • The Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) System has grown up as an adult today in Korea(ROK). It seems that we have only focused on the specific and technical aspects of the assessment without looking at the whole concept during the past 20 years. Thus we have accomplished quantitative growth but not qualitative development at all. This is the right time we should reconstruct the concept and move into the step for qualitative development. It is expected that the corpulence of the EIA system would be enlarged due to the introduction of integrated impact assessment system. It is necessary to introduce a newly designed method into the EIA methodology and improve the Environmental Impact Assessment based on in order to accomplish and manage more effective EIA system. To the conclusion, it is highly necessary to formulate a wholly new system which can be useful to improve the existing various systems and to follow the fundamental concept of EIA.

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Integration of Total Pollution Load Management System and Environmental Impact Assessment related System (수계 오염총량관리제와 환경영향평가제도의 통합운영방안)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.359-367
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    • 2003
  • The total pollution load management system of watershed has been implemented upon Special Law pertaining to the Han River Watershed Water Quality Improvement and Residents Support, Special Law pertaining to the Nakdong River Watershed Water Management and Residents Support, Special Law pertaining to the Youngsan River Watershed Water Management and Residents Support, and Special Law pertaining to the Seomjin River Watershed Water Management and Residents Support in Korea since 2002. But many other similar systems with total pollution load management system of watershed are being operated separately or independently, even though its purpose is nearly same with those of the total maximum pollutants load management in Law on Water Quality Environmental Protection, environmental impact assessment(EIA) in Law of Impact Assessment on Environment, Transportation and Disaster and Pre-environmental assessment of Environmental Policy Act. Therefore the contents of total pollution load management system of watershed and many other related systems could be overlapped and at some times have inconsistency among them. This study suggests first the integrated operation of total pollution load management system of watershed, EIA, pre-environmental assessment, urban planning, and sewage planning and secondly EIA system development by integration of EIA and pre-environmental assessment and strategic environmental assessment(SEA).

A Comparative Study on the Local Governments' Environmental Impact Assessment Systems between Korea and Japan I - forcusing on target projects and assessment items - (한국과 일본의 지방자치단체 환경영향평가 제도 비교 연구 I - 대상사업 및 평가항목을 중심으로 -)

  • Sung, Hyun-Chan;Kang, Myung-Soo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.57-71
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    • 2004
  • This study aims to review the environmental impact assessment systems of Japanese local governments, to compare its outcome with the systems of Korean local governments, and to suggest the development direction for the environmental impact assessment systems of Korean local governments based on the result. The study results showed that, first, due to distinction in the political systems of Japan and Korea, while Japan has bottom-up environmental impact assessment systems, Korea has topdown environment impact assessment systems. Second, although introduction of national systems on planning was put on hold as a future initiative, local governments including Tokyo and Saitama are experimenting evaluation procedures tailored to local features by legislating them as regulations. On the other hand, while 'prior environmental review system' was in effect as a national system, nothing was practiced at all by local governments. Third, in a total of 47 Japanese local governments, about 45 projects and 44 assessment items were added to local government environmental impact assessment only and designated as target projects and assessment items. Fourth, in both national and local environment impact assessment systems in Japan, screening procedures to determine assessment by separating into Type 1 projects and Type 2 projects and scoping procedures to discuss assessment items in advance were introduced and in effect. This Japanese EIA system may serve as a good reference to the Korean national and local government EIA systems.

A Study on the Alternative Environmental Assessment System in KOREA : Applying New Conceptual Model(APEMI IA MODEL) into Impact Assessment for Better Integrated Decision-Making (대안적 환경평가 시스템 연구: 통합적 의사결정을 위한 새로운 개념의 영향평가모형(APEMI IA MODEL)의 국내 적용방안 탐색)

  • Kim, Im Soon;Han, Sang Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.179-193
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    • 2005
  • As the world's attention turns to sustainability and the considerations of cumulative effects, the concept of Strategic Environmental Assessment(SEA) has become more significant and urgent and increasing number of countries and international organizations now undertake some forms of SEA. The term SEA, however, is variously defined and understood; generally it means a formal process of systematic analysis of the environmental effects on development policies, plans, programmes and other proposed strategic actions. This process extends the aims and principles of EIA upstream in the decision-making process, beyond the project level in which major alternatives are still open. There is a shift toward more integrative approaches and greater use of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) as sustainability tools in cooperation with Environmental Management System (EMS). Currently, Korea has EIA system and Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) which is different type of SEA as Environment Assessment (EA) system. APEMI IA MODEL integrated following three pillar(refer to attached figure.1) ; First pillar symbolized decision making cycle with planning process. Second pillar symbolized integrated assessment which tying SEA and EIA with specific impacts assessment(eg: social impact assessment, economic impact assessment, health impact assessment etc) in cooperation with EMS. Third pillar symbolized EA best practical procedure of International Association for Impact Assessment(IAIA). Considering the above, we applied new conceptual model(APEMI IA MODEL) into Impact Assessment for better integrated decision-making in KOREA as an alternative IA system(IS IA MODEL A and B refer to attached figure 4, 5).

Assessment of Documentation Status of the Statement on the Sea Area Utilization according to Artificial Structure Installation in Public Water (공유수면 인공구조물 설치에 따른 해역이용협의서 작성실태 평가)

  • Eom, Ki-Hyuk;Lee, Dae-In;Kim, Gui-Young;Yoon, Sung-Soon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.265-276
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    • 2013
  • This study assessed documentation status of each environmental assessment items by analyzing the 243 case of marine EIS on the Consultation System of Sea Area Utilization. Observed rate of tidal elevation, current, temperature, salinity in maine environment were below 20%. The EFDC tool is applied substantially in hydrodynamic modeling. The verification process, however, is very insufficient using the recent observed data. Also, in-situ assessment rate of pelagic organism such as phytoplankton was below 50%, and assessment for Chlorophyll a was not accomplished. Ecological index evaluation for zooplankton and benthic ecosystem were not considered in statements. Especially, the rational assessment on the fisheries resources and protected species were very limited. It was necessary that the core assessment items (checklists) were established for environmental scoping. Furthermore, suggestion of information related to development, regional coastal management plan, aquaculture farms, and facilities were enhanced. The redundancy problem of proceedings between Environmental Impact Assessment and Sea Area Utilization Assessment System was improved.

Integrated Approaches of Health Impact Assessment as part of Environmental Assessment in Korea (한국에서 환경평가의 부분으로서 건강영향평가의 통합적 접근에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Park, Joo-Hyun;Han, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.309-322
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    • 2006
  • During the last decade, Health Impact Assessment (HIA) has been discussed worldwide as being an important tool for the development of healthy public policy. HIA has been advanced as a means of bringing potential health impacts to the attention of policy makers, particularly in sectors where health impacts may not otherwise be considered. HIA, a systematic assessment of potential health impacts of proposed public polices, programs, and projects, offers a means to advance population health by bringing public health research to bear on questions of public policy. In Korea, health-related items under current EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) system can only be found in the categories of hygiene and public health. However, environment and public health are not adequately connected and also health is underestimated even though health is an important objective component for the implementation of Environmental Assessments (EA). As a result, health is not well integrated within criteria for investigating the impacts on environment. This study examines linkages for HIA from the related and relatively well-developed field of Prior Environmental Review System (PERS) which is similar to SEA and EIA in Korea.

Use of Environmental Geospatial Information to Support Environmental Impact Assessment Follow-Up Management (환경영향평가의 사후관리 지원을 위한 환경공간정보 활용 방안)

  • Cho, Namwook;Maeng, Jun Ho;Lee, Moung Jin
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.33 no.5_3
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    • pp.799-807
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    • 2017
  • Environmental impact assessment is a regulation that is implemented to reduce harmful environmental impacts of development projects. However, The environmental value is difficult to quantify and the uncertainty, There is a problem of objectivity and reliability of the system is consistently pointed out. Therefore, the necessity of the data-based environmental impact assessment system is gradually increasing. Especially, environmental impact assessment is highly applicable to environmental spatial information because it contains about the development of a particular area. Also with the introduction of EIA Follow-up management system, there is a demand for a system for providing and utilizing environmental information in a time series. This study derives the necessity of information provision system and analyz existing environmental information utilization system based on the institutional characteristics of environmental impact assessment. And suggest ways to provide environmental spatial information to find policy implications for improving the limit of environmental impact assessment system.

Studies on Environmental Impact Assessment Using Environmental Information System(I) : GIS Application (환경정보체계를 이용한 환경영향평가에 관한 연구(I) : GIS 활용을 중심으로)

  • Kim, K.G.;Kim, M.J.;Kim, I.S.;Seo, C.W.
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 1992
  • Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) is developing as a tool for environmentally sound and sustainable development in Korea. For more effective implementation of it, we try to apply Environmental Information System (EIS) to EIA process. EIS is composed of geographic and attribute data related to environment and Geographic Information System(GIS), and it will be applied to scoping, prediction, and alternative assessment, etc. in EIA. This study focuses on application of geographic data using GIS in suitability analysis of alternative assessment. We use TIN, buffering, and overlaying in GIS functions.

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