• Title, Summary, Keyword: Environmental Impact Assessment

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A Study of Effective Collection of Public Opinion on Environmental Impact Assessment (환경영향평가상의 효율성 주민의견 수렴에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Heon-Seok;Joo, Yong-Joon;Jeong, Seong-Hoon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.311-319
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    • 2002
  • Procedures to establish well-balanced development and effectiveness of environmental impact assessment need include various stakeholder's participation in writing and reviewing document of environmental impact assessment, collecting public opinion, and post monitoring. Accordingly, to encourage effective and efficient collection of resident's opinion analyze present conditions and problems and suggest institutional and politic alternative proposals of it. This study resulted in following conclusions. In institutional aspects, (1) Proposal for drafting document of environmental impact assessment (2) Composition of committee for collecting and regulating stakeholder's opinion (3) Width of civil participation scale. In politic aspects, (1) Use of local community (2) Guide of local information from local society and environmental specialist (3) Understandable document and data of environmental impact assessment (4) Strength of roles and duties of local government.

A Method of Improving Air Quality Impact Assessment and Prediction (대기질 영향평가와 예측방법에 대한 개선방향)

  • Park, Jong-Kil;Won, Gyeong-Mee;Kim, Seong-Su
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 1994
  • When we conduct environmental impact assessment, main contents consist of summary, project outline, environmental conditions, environmental impacts due to the project, mitigation devices, and alternative measures of harmful impact on environment. In this Paper, to understand how they really conduct air quality impact assessment and prediction and examine their effectiveness, we considered the provisions and actual case of environmental impact assessment in Korea with that in Japan. As a result, we propose a method of improving air quality impact assessment and Prediction, such as reflection of the result in environmental impact assessment, detailed assessment focused on relatively important environmental impact elements, field measurement investigation over four season and seven sucessive days, the uniformity of units, the proper model development to predict environmental concentration and a biennial environmental impact assessment for ex post management.

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Regulatory Development of Environmental Impact Assessment in Korea (한국 환경 영향평가제도의 변천)

  • Chang, Chun-Ki;Lee, Jae-Woon;Kwon, Myeong-Hee;Jeong, Dong-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 1993
  • EIA has been introduced as a tool for environment protection into promulgation of the Environment Preservation Act in 1977, which replaced the Pollution Control Act in Korea. EIA system has been improved with the enlargement of project type, public participation, guideline improvement, and regulatory development. Recently, Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) Act will have an important role for sustainable development. This article deals with regulatory development, implementation order, EIA project type, and EIS preparation guidelines by Act promulgated and amended, also it explains comparison analysis of Environmental Policy Act and Environment Impact Assessment Act Major results are summarized in the table.

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Metropolitan Area Development Planning and Environmental Impact Assessment in Korea : With Special Reference to Pusan and Asan-Bay Metropolitan Area Development Planning (광역개발계획과 환경영향평가 : 아산만권 및 부산권 광역개발계획을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.47-57
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    • 1995
  • This study analyzes the problems of environmental laws, development planning laws, Metropolitan Area Development Planning(MADP), and the level of environmental pollution at Pusan and Asan-Bay Metropolitan Area where MADP will be realized in the near future. In order to prevent the environmental pollution by realization of MADP, Environmental Impact Assessment Act and environmental impact assessment systems in Korea should be revised so as to reflect the followings. First, the impact of national landuse planning change on the environment should be considered at the beginning of environmental impact assessment procedures. Second, the overlapping and greater impact of many projects, whose part is the subject of environmental impact assessment, upon surrounding metropolitan area should be simultaneously evaluated and the environmental pollution protection and abatement alternatives must be made according to the above impact of the projects. Thirdly, total effluent regulation of water pollution, air pollution and solid wastes should be enforced based on the self-purification of the metropolitan area environment.

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A Developmental Methodology of Environmental Impact Assessment: Application of Health Risk Assessment (환경영향평가에 있어서 건강위해성평가 기법의 활용방안에 관한 연구)

  • Koo, J.K.;Chung, Y.
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 1992
  • Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) is defined as an activity designed to identify and predict the impact on the environment. In the process of an EIA, the quantitative evaluation is generally performed for the air and water quality which have the national environmental quality standards. But the predicted values for the air and water quality are simply compared to the environmental standards. At present, the EIA process of Korea has no consideration for the possible human health risk resulting from the development projects. Environmental Health Impact Assessment(EHIA) is an applied methodology of EIA to estimate the acceptable health risk caused by a specified level of environmental pollutants. Estimating the excessive lifetime risk that is a possibility of dying of a certain disease by environmental contaminants, is useful as an evaluation technique of EHIA. It is recommanded the decision-makers to make efficient use of EHIA not only the development projects but also legislative proposals, policies and programmes in future.

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A Comparative Study on the Local Governments' Environmental Impact Assessment Systems between Korea and Japan I - forcusing on target projects and assessment items - (한국과 일본의 지방자치단체 환경영향평가 제도 비교 연구 I - 대상사업 및 평가항목을 중심으로 -)

  • Sung, Hyun-Chan;Kang, Myung-Soo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.57-71
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    • 2004
  • This study aims to review the environmental impact assessment systems of Japanese local governments, to compare its outcome with the systems of Korean local governments, and to suggest the development direction for the environmental impact assessment systems of Korean local governments based on the result. The study results showed that, first, due to distinction in the political systems of Japan and Korea, while Japan has bottom-up environmental impact assessment systems, Korea has topdown environment impact assessment systems. Second, although introduction of national systems on planning was put on hold as a future initiative, local governments including Tokyo and Saitama are experimenting evaluation procedures tailored to local features by legislating them as regulations. On the other hand, while 'prior environmental review system' was in effect as a national system, nothing was practiced at all by local governments. Third, in a total of 47 Japanese local governments, about 45 projects and 44 assessment items were added to local government environmental impact assessment only and designated as target projects and assessment items. Fourth, in both national and local environment impact assessment systems in Japan, screening procedures to determine assessment by separating into Type 1 projects and Type 2 projects and scoping procedures to discuss assessment items in advance were introduced and in effect. This Japanese EIA system may serve as a good reference to the Korean national and local government EIA systems.

New Environmental Impact Assessment Technology (신환경영향평가기술(新環境影響評價技術)의 개발방향(開發方向))

  • Han, Sang-Wook;Lee, Jong-Ho;Nam, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.277-290
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the problems of environmental impact assessment(EIA) and to suggest new EIA technology. The problems of EIA in Korea can be summarized as follows. First, the EIA does not reflect the impact of policy, plan and program on environment. Second, the project EIA does not consider the cumulative impacts such as additive impacts, synergistic impacts, threshold/saturation impacts, induced and indirect impacts, time-crowded impacts, and space-crowded impacts. Third, the EIA techniques in Korea are not standardized. Finally, the present EIA suggests only alternatives to reduce adverse impacts. To solve above-mentioned problems, the development of new EIA technology is essential. First, the new EIA technology should be developed toward pollution prevention technology and comprehensive and integrated environmental management technology. Second, new fields of EIA for pollution prevention contain strategic environmental assessment, cumulative impacts assessment, socio-economic impact assessment, cyber EIA and EIA technology necessary after the reunification of Korean Peninsula. Third, EIA technology for integrated environmental management contains the development of integated environment assessment system and the development of packaged EIA technology. The EIA technology for integrated environmental assessment system contains (1) development of integrated impact assessment technology combining air/water quality model, GIS and remote sensing, (2) integrated impact assessment of EIA, traffic impact assessment, population impact assessment and disaster impact assessment. (3) development of integrated technology combining risk assessment and EIA (4) development of integrated technology of life cycle assessment and EIA, (5) development of integrated technology of spatial planning and EIA, (6) EIA technology for biodiversity towards sustainable development, (7) mathematical model and GIS based location decision techniques, and (8) environmental monitoring and audit. Furthermore, there are some fields which need packaged EIA technology. In case of dam development, urban or industrial complex development, tourist development, landfill or combustion facilities construction, electric power plant development, development of port, road/rail/air port, is necessary the standardized and packaged EIA technology which considers the common characteristics of the same kind of development project.

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Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Information System (환경영향평가와 환경정보체계)

  • Kim, Myung-Jin;Han, Eui-Jung
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 1995
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Korea has worked toward environmental conservation and decision making since the Environmental Impact Statement of 1981. In order to implement the EIA process effectively, we have developed a system for and various methods of EIA. Among these methods, the Environmental Information System, which was introduced recently in Korea, can be used to integrate geographic and attribute data effectively. This study includes methods by which we may use the Environmental Information System. First of all, it explains building EIA factors on the natural environment, the living environment, and the socio-economic environment defined by Environmental Impact Statement regulations in Korea. This study also presents some applications of the assessment methods concerning suitability analysis of landfill sites. Finally, it shows the effectiveness of the Environmental Information System in odor impact assessment. Based on these analysis, the study makes some conclusions for the applications of the Environmental Information System.

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Studies for International Trends in Health Impact Assessment and Linking HIA and EIA (지속성을 위한 보건영향평가의 국제적인 동향 고찰 및 환경영향평가와의 연계방안 연구)

  • Kim, Im-Soon;Kim, Choong-Gon;Kang, Seon-Hong;Han, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.275-289
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    • 2005
  • In Korea, health-related items under current EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) system can only be found in the categories of hygiene and public health. However, environment and public health are not adequately connected and also health is underestimated even though health is an important component of environmental assessments. As a result, health is not well integrated within criteria for investigating the impacts on environment. International trends in HIA (Health Impact Assessment) to strengthen the connection between environment and health were investigated in this research. Definitions, functions, circumstances, and merits of HIA in foreign countries were compared. By collecting and analyzing international organizations' and other countries' data related with HIA and EIA, preceding conditions and execution plans were suggested to link EIA and HIA from SEA (Strategic Environmental Assessment) aspects and to successfully accomplish EIA in Korea. According to this research, EHIA (Environmental Health Impact Assessment) can predict and manage the results of economical development only under the principles of inhabitants' participation, sustainability, and social justice. EHIA should be modified and improved towards increasing regional and national capabilities. For this, preparation of adequate procedure is required to connect EIA and HIA.

A Study on the National and International Research Trend of Biodiversity Assessment method and Its Application of Environmental Impact Assessment (생물다양성 평가기법의 국내외 연구동향 분석 및 환경영향평가 적용가능성에 대한 연구)

  • Koo, Meehyun;Lee, Dong-Kun
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.119-132
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    • 2012
  • Biodiversity is a key element of ecosystem of which function provides essential product and service in human life. In the course since development projects often causes damages to biodiversity, environmental impact assessment technique must be capable of accurately assessing potential impact from flora and fauna and to entire ecosystem. Korea needs improvement of its assessment technique that is compatible with Korean environmental regulatory standard that is generally stricter than that of most countries. This study attempts to explore both domestic and overseas biodiversity assessment techniques and analyze each stage of environmental impact assessment. The data is collected from numbers of literatures selected by navigating both domestic and overseas literature database with certain keywords. Among the 44 selected papers, overseas publications outnumber those of domestics, and there are more researches on assessment methodology of biodiversity than assessment tool and model. In terms of environmental impact assessment, the number of papers on environmental impact forecast exceeds the numbers of papers on current state of environment and the impact minimizing solution. Therefore, contents and trends of those researches in the different stages of environmental impact assessment discussed in this paper not only suggest potential impact on biodiversity and minimization solutions in detail, but is also a valuable resource particularly for biodiversity relevant environmental assessment technique improvement in Korea. Proposing of a new direction of improvement in biodiversity assessment techniques makes this study significant, and further research for preservation of biodiversity should follow up to provide an improvement scheme for biodiversity assessment techniques in the future.