• Title, Summary, Keyword: Entrapment

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Relationships among Daily Hassles, Social Support, Entrapment and Mental Health Status by Gender in University Students (성별에 따른 대학생의 일상적 스트레스, 사회적 지지, 속박감 및 정신건강의 관계)

  • Cheon, Suk-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.223-235
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was designed to examine the relationships among daily hassles, social support, entrapment and mental health status in relation to gender in university students. Methods: Data were collected via a self- administered questionnaire from 118 male and 98 female college students in Kangwon province. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 18.0 program for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: There were significant differences in daily hassles, entrapment and depression between male and female group. Also, there were significant relationship between entrapment and mental health status (i.e. depression, anxiety, hostility, somatization) in both groups. In male students, internal entrapment was the significant predictor of depression and anxiety, and external entrapment was the significant predictor of hostility and somatization whereas, in female students external entrapment was the significant predictor of depression, and internal entrapment was the significant predictor of anxiety, hostility and somatization. Conclusion: These results suggest that entrapment is an important factor for psychological maladaptation due to stressful life events. Therefore, strategies that reduce perception of entrapment according to gender should be developed for psychological adaptation.

A Study on Perceived Entrapment, Anger and Depression in Adolescent Women (청소녀의 지각된 속박감, 분노 및 우울의 관계)

  • Cheon, Suk-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.239-247
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The study was designed to examine the relationship of perceived entrapment to anger and depression in adolescent women. Method: Seven hundred sixty-five adolescent women were recruited from two high schools located in Seoul, Korea for a descriptive study. The instruments used were The Entrapment Scale for perceived entrapment, Spielberger's state trait anger expression inventory-Korean version for state anger and trait anger, and The Center for Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale(CES-D) for depression. Results: The score of perceived entrapment significantly correlated with state anger, trait anger and depression. The significant predictors of depression in adolescent women were perceived entrapment, state anger and trait anger explaining 47.6% of the variance in depression. Conclusion: This study showed that perceived entrapment is an important predictor for depression. Therefore, in order to reduce depression in adolescent women, it is necessary to design an intervention program that helps with coping and reduces perceived entrapment.

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Inferiority, Depression and Psychosomatic Symptoms in Female Adolescents: The Mediating Effect of Perceived Entrapment (청소년 여학생의 열등감, 우울 및 정신신체 증상의 관계 - 지각된 속박감(perceived entrapment)의 매개효과 -)

  • Cheon, Suk-Hee;Cha, Bo-Kyoung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.343-351
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This descriptive correlation study was designed to examine the relationship of inferiority to depression and psychosomatic symptoms in female adolescents. In addition, this study investigated the mediating effect of perceived entrapment in relation to inferiority and other variables. Method: Data were collected from 526 female high school students. Self-report questionnaires, which were constructed to include demographic factors, inferiority, perceived entrapment, depression and psychosomatic symptoms, were used for data collection. Results: Students with high inferiority showed significantly higher perceived entrapment, depression and psychosomatic symptoms. here were significant positive correlations among the variables. Perceived entrapment had a significant mediating effect in relation to inferiority, depression and psychosomatic symptoms. Conclusion: Further study is necessary to develop effective nursing interventions for managing inferiority and perceived entrapment in this population.

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Effects of Health-Promoting Behaviors of Grandmothers Participating in Their Grandchildren's Nurture on Entrapment (손자녀 양육에 참여하는 조모의 건강증진행위가 속박감에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Mi Ae;Park, Ok Im;Moon, Hee;Kim, Jin Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.457-469
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the effects of health-promoting behaviors of grandmothers participating in their infant grandchildren's nurture and provides data for enhancing the quality of their lives. The sample included 218 consenting subjects who understood the purpose of the study. These subjects resided in three cities in Jeollanam-do, Korea, and were grandmothers entrusted by their adult children with a considerable amount of nurturing for their preschool-aged grandchildren under the age of six. First, the subjects scored an average of 3.05 for health-promoting behaviors and 2.42 for entrapment. Second, the entrapment measurement based on general characteristics showed a higher level of entrapment for those with better health, a lower education level, no religion, male grandchildren to nurture, and unsatisfactory compensation. Third, health-promoting behaviors and entrapment (r=-.304) were negatively correlated. Fourth, the analysis results for effects of health-promoting behaviors of grandmothers on entrapment based on general characteristics of grandmothers as a control variable reveal a significant effect of health-promoting behaviors on entrapment. In other words, the greater the employment of health-promoting behaviors, the less likely the entrapment was to be perceived. Fifth, the results for effects of subcriteria for health-promoting behaviors on entrapment reveal a decrease in entrapment when the subjects engaged in an appropriate level of physical activity with a relaxed state of mind. These results suggest that health-promoting behaviors of grandmothers participating in their infant grandchildren's nurture are likely to influence entrapment and thus that grandmothers should make efforts to actively engage in health-promoting behaviors to reduce any maladaptive effects on nurturing. Social support and related programs should be fostered to enable grandmothers to better practice health-promoting behaviors while nurturing their grandchildren.

The Relationship among Perceived Entrapment, Depression and Subjective Well-being of Women as Family Caregivers Caring for Dementia Elderly (치매노인을 돌보는 여성가족수발자의 지각된 속박감과 우울 및 주관적 안녕감의 관계)

  • Cheon, Suk-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.285-293
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was designed to examine the relationship between perceived entrapment to depression and subjective well-being of women as family caregivers caring for elderly dementia patients. Methods: One hundred and sixty-nine women family caregivers were recruited from two high schools located in Seoul, Korea for this descriptive study. The instruments used were The Entrapment Scale, The Center for Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and Subjective well-being scale. Results: The score of perceived entrapment significantly correlated with depression and subjective well-being. The significant predictor of depression in women caregivers was perceived entrapment, 50.3% of the variance in depression. Also, perceived entrapment was predictor of subjective well-being in women caregivers, explaining 41.4% of the variance in depression. Conclusion: This study showed that perceived entrapment is an important predictor for depression and subjective well-being. Therefore, in order to reduce depression in women caregivers, it is necessary to design an intervention program that helps with coping and reduces perceived entrapment.

The Triple Entrapment Syndrome of the 5th Lumbar Spinal Nerve

  • Jang, Jee-Soo;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.258-262
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    • 2005
  • Objective: The 5th lumbar spinal nerve can be entrapped in the intraspinal zone, foraminal zone, and the extraforaminal zone simultaneously. The failure to recognize that the nerve root can be compressed in such manners may be the reason of a number of failures of surgical decompression. Here we describe a microsurgical method for the decompression of the triple entrapment of the L5 spinal nerve in 21 patients. Methods: Clinical manifestations and surgical results of twenty-one patients treated surgically under the diagnosis of the triple entrapment of the L5 spinal nerve were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were treated by the posterior midline approach for the intraspinal entrapment and by the paraspinal approach for the foraminal and the extraforaminal entrapment. Results: Pain relief was obtained in all patients immediately after surgery. The mean follow-up period after the surgery was 13 months, ranged from 6 to 24 months. The mean Numeric Rating Scale (pain score) improved from 8.9 before the surgery to 1.4 (P<0.0001). The mean ODI scores improved from 76.2 before the surgery to 13.1 (P<0.0001). Nineteen patients were satisfied with their result at the last follow-up examination. Neither complications related to the surgery, nor the spinal instability was detected. Conclusion: The triple entrapment of the 5th lumbar spinal nerve is an important pathologic entity to identify for the treatment of L5 radiculopathy. Combined medial and lateral approaches are safe, minimally invasive and it provide the complete decompression of triple entrapment of the L5 spinal nerve without causing secondary instability like after complete facetectomy.

Radial nerve neuropathy (요골신경병증)

  • Jang, Hyo Seok;Lee, Young Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Medical Association
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    • v.60 no.12
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    • pp.958-962
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    • 2017
  • Radial nerve entrapment or compression in the upper extremity is relatively rare compared to medial nerve or ulnar nerve entrapment and compression. Various syndrome types are defined according to the location of radial nerve entrapment and the pattern of symptom expression. In the upper arm, Saturday night palsy or honeymoon palsy occurs. Around the elbow, posterior interosseous nerve entrapment syndrome, which involves pure motor symptoms, and radial tunnel syndrome, which mainly involves pain symptoms, can develop. Finally, superficial radial nerve entrapment occurs in the distal forearm and has the symptom of painful or abnormal sensory disturbances of the hand. Conservative treatment is usually the first choice for radial nerve neuropathy, unless there is motor paralysis. Surgical treatment can be considered if there is no improvement after adequate conservative treatment.

Depression Status of Academic High School Students in Seoul: Mediating Role of Entrapment (서울시내 인문계 고등학생의 우울 실태 및 속박감의 매개효과)

  • Park, Young-Joo;Shin, Nah-Mee;Han, Kuem-Sun;Kang, Hyun-Cheol;Cheon, Sook-Hee;Shin, Hyun-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.663-672
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: Purpose of this study was to investigate the status of depression in academic high school students and path analysis model for exploring the mediating role of entrapment to depression in relation to academic stress and perceived social support. Methods: Measurements were four reliable questionnaires measuring academic stress, social support, entrapment, and depression. Data were collected from students in 17 high schools in Seoul. Results: Students (n=5,346) completing the questionnaires indicated depression & entrapment from academic stress. Depression was more prevalent in girls, those whose parents' household income was less than two million won, who did not live with father or mother or both due to divorce, separation, or death, and those who smoked or used alcohol. Entrapment was more prevalent in students similar to cases of depression and in seniors. According to the proposed path model, 48.6% of depression was explained by academic stress, social support, and entrapment. The indirect effect of entrapment as a mediator between academic stress and depression was verified and larger than the direct effect of academic stress on depression. Conclusion: Considering levels of depression and entrapment demonstrated by these students, better mental health programs with diverse strategies should be developed for their psychological well-being.

Pharmacoacupuncture Treatment of Coccygodynia Caused by Perforating Cutaneous Nerve Entrapment Syndrome: Two Cases Report (관통피부신경 포착으로 발생한 꼬리뼈 통증 환자 약침치료 치험 2예)

  • Moon, Sori;An, Sunjoo;Choi, Seonghwan;Park, Seohyun;Keum, Dongho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.149-156
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    • 2019
  • This study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacoacupuncture treatment of coccygodynia caused by perforating cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome. Two patients were diagnosed as coccygodynia caused by perforating cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome which pain was within the anatomical field of the nerve, worsened by pressure-inducing posture, no objective sensory loss and in presence of pin-point tenderness. They were treated by pharmacoacupuncture at perforating cutaneous nerve region penertrating the sacrotuberous ligament and local tenderness point of coccyx. The evaluation of clinical outcome was done by pain intensity numerical rating scale (PI-NRS), pressure pain threshold (PPT) and EuroQol five dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D) index. After treatment, their PI-NRS was decreased, PPT and EQ-5D index were increased. The pharmacoacupuncture therapy at entrapment point of perforating cutaneous nerve could be an effective way to treat coccygodynia caused by perforating cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome.

Factors Affecting Learned Helplessness in Undergraduates (대학생의 학습된 무력감에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Choi, Jung;Cha, Bo Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.509-521
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was conducted in order to define factors influencing learned helplessness in undergraduates. Independent variables including external entrapment, internal entrapment, social support, trait anger, state anger, and anger expression were used to predict learned helplessness. Methods: Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. A total of 241 undergraduates recruited from September to November 2012 were included in the study. Results: Four factors of learned helplessness were founded to show significant correlation with external entrapment, internal entrapment, social support, trait anger, state anger and anger expression. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that 64% of the variance in learned helplessness was significantly accounted for by internal entrapment, social support and anger expression. Conclusion: This study showed that perceived entrapment and social support are important predictors of learned helplessness. Therefore, in order to reduce learned helplessness in undergraduates, it is necessary to design an intervention program with strategies to help in coping with and reducing perceived entrapments.