• Title, Summary, Keyword: Enlightenment

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Study of Fraction in Arithemetic Enlightenment (산학계몽에 나타난 분수고찰)

  • Park Bae Hun;Park Geun Duk
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.101-125
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    • 1991
  • Arithemetic Enlightenment is written for school beginner and has given much influence to Korea. this article makes a review of fraction in Arithemetic Enlightenment. Difference of the way of thinking between the West and the Orient, fraction in Njne Chapter of Arithemetic, overview of Arithemetic Enlightenment, fraction education in Arithemetic Enlightenment, all of which are described in this article.

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Points of Views on Women in Enlightenment Discourse of the Equality of Sexes during the Enlightenment Period of Korea (개화기 ‘남녀동등’담론에 나타난 여성에 대한 계몽의 시각)

  • 전미경
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.87-101
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    • 2002
  • This paper serves to analyze the points of views un women in enlightenment discourse of the equality of sexes during the enlightenment period of Korea (1860 1910). The discourses of newspapers that are the text of this study have been analyzed with qualitative research technique. The major conclusions that are derived from the study are as follows. First, enlightenment discourse of the equality of sexes criticized women’s inferior status in family and in society. Second, the discourse, however, claimed the women's rights with the view of national interests, which meant that the ultimate goal of the discourse was not the enhancement of women's rights. Women during the enlightenment period were recognized as a member of a nation while they should also role as a member of If. The discourse also claimed that the equality of sexes could be realized through education and emphasized especially women's role as a mother who should raise a member of a nation. Third, enlightenment discourse would not understand the women's every day lives that resulted in demanding women more roles in the name of civilization.

A Study of the Use of the Family in Enlightenment Discourses: an analysis of Taehan Maeil Sinbo (개화기 계몽담론에 나타난 ′가족′에 대한 단상 - 대한매일신보를 중심으로 -)

  • 전미경
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.87-99
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    • 2002
  • This is a study of discourses on the family used during the Enlightenment period in Korea. To this end, 1 have conducted a qualitative analysis of the editorials taken from the Taehan Maeil Sinbo of that period. The major findings are as follows: First, these Enlightenment period discourses claimed that civilized nations evolved from a family in primitive society. This concept of family is different from the concept of family in a Confucian society. Civilized societies believed the family is less important than the nation. At that time, Korean Press used the term bumoguk (Parental nation) to refer to the nation in an attempt to equate national loyalty to filial piety. Second, the Enlightenment period claimed that the nation belonged in the Public sphere while the family belonged in the private sphere. However, it was stated that it was the duty of the family to discipline the members and make them into good citizens. Finally, Enlightenment discourses used familyism as the basis of their arguments.

A Study on Enlightenment's Influence upon the Ideal City of C. N. Ledoux (르두의 이상 도시에 미친 18세기 계몽주의의 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Son, Hyson-Ju;Lee, Kang-Up
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.87-101
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    • 1996
  • This study aims at showing how C.N.Ledoux applied architecturally the idea of Enlightenment in the Ideal City. Enlightenment of 18th century not only developed neo-classicism in the field of art, but also brought about the changes of ideology and philosophy of the era. C.N.Ledoux, one of the most influential architects of this period, expressed abstractly and symbolically the essential idea of Enlightenment; the skepticism of God's authority, the liberty and equality of man, charity and the willingness of controlling the power of nature, and so on.

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School Mathematics and Mathematics Education Focusing on the Change in the Enlightenment Period (개화기를 중심으로 살펴본 학교수학과 수학교육)

  • Cha Joo-Yeon
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 2006
  • Mathematics can be divided into practical mathematics and logical mathematics. The 'Enlightenment Period' is the period in which our mathematics shifted from practical mathematics to logical mathematics. Considering the change of our school mathematics and mathematics education in the enlightenment period, we reach the following conclusions. First, the contents and forms of mathematics books followed to Western style, but the attitudes adhered to on. Second, making much of results than process, we are afraid of proof. Third, we necessitate the mathematics culture of enjoying itself.

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The Transition of Late 18th Century Women's Costume and Enlightenment, with Reviewing the Portraiture of Marie Antoinette - Focused on 1770-1793 - (Marie Antoinette의 초상화를 통해 본 18세기 후기 여성 복식의 변화와 계몽주의 사상 - 1770-1793을 중심으로 -)

  • Bae, Soo-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.62 no.1
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    • pp.120-136
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    • 2012
  • This thesis takes an aim to investigate the relationship between the costume and enlightenment ideology by studying the change of costume, and reviewing the portraiture of Queen Marie Antoinette. The method of this research is to select the 29 pieces among the portraitures from 1770 to 1793, and to analyze the headdress, shape of robes and ornaments. The results are as follows. The first period(1770-1774): The costume in this period of Dauphin of France is described as vivid, and simple like her characters, and also represents her active lifestyle. The ideology of equality between the two sexes from the enlightenment slightly influence the costumes seen inside the portrait of Dauphin. The second period (1775-1779): This is the early period of the Queen's enthronement and also before her childbirth. The relatively small number of portraits showed her as an authoritative figure because her skirts were expanded with huge panier, the waist were tightened with corset, and her headdress was enlarged. Thus, this period could not be defined as the one of enlightenment philosophies in light of the persistent unsanitary construction of costumes distorting the body. The third period(1780-1789): There are many portraits depicting the Queen and her children. It is noteworthy that the English style picturesque garden was illustrated as a background while the costume was simple and sanitary, both being affected by the enlightenment. The last period(1789-1793): This is the period between the French revolution and the death of the Queen. The form of costumes was transformed into the neoclassic style, headdress was reduced in size, and was simplified as a result of complete change of costume for the enlightenment. This research is to be interpreted as a tool of study about the relationship of costume, society and ideological streams and also be a means of elucidating the contemporary times in view of the past ones.

A Study on concubinage discourses during the enlightenment period: Based on newspapers and Shinsoseol (개화기 축첩제 담론분석: 신문과 신소설을 중심으로)

  • 전미경
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.67-82
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    • 2001
  • This paper serves to analyze discourses on concubine at the beginning of the modernization era or during the enlightenment period of Korea. For this analysis, the estimated time frame of the enlightenment period will be from 1860 through the time when Korea was annexed into Japan, which was in 1910. The discourses appeared in newspapers and Shinsoseol which are the text of this study have been analyzed with the qualitative research technique. The major conclusions that are derived from the study are as follows: First, intellectuals during enlightenment period of Korea, criticizing concubinage, tired to establish the monogamous relationship and they argued that it should be the prior condition for Korea to enter into the civilized society. Second, the concubinage was criticized in the point of the newly established view. The criticism was on double sex ethics, applying different ethical standards to men and women and the prohibition of wifes jealousy of concubine. Third, intellectuals during enlightenment period of Korea were tried to do away with concubinage by enforcing the discrimination between wife and concubine. But the efforts resulted in making concubinage personal problems. Also consciousness based confucian ethics including female virtues was forced to be followed in ordinary affairs while concubinage was criticized in the point of the view of western ethics based consciousness. The huge differences between two ethics consciousness resulted in serious conflicts in family.

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The Professionalism and Enlightenment of Pierre Fauchard, a scholar of 18th century (임상가를 위한 특집 1 - 18세기 피에르포샤르의 '전문가주의'와 계몽주의)

  • Lee, Jue-Yeon
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.52 no.11
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    • pp.656-669
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    • 2014
  • This literature considers Pierre Fauchard's exploits under historical context of the enlightenment movement and development of the surgery during 18th century in France. <치과의사 Le Chirurgien Dentiste, ou Traite des dents>, a vast collection of the former and contemporary dental knowledge, technologies, and skills, established Modern Dentistry. To emphasize the professionality of dental treatment and actions involving it, Fauchard replaces the title 'dental expert' with 'stomatologist, or Le Chirurgien Dentiste' As professionalism tried to contribute to the public interest by sharing dental knowledge and technolgies, it had become a model for the dentists. Moreover, the professionalism has been accepted as an important value throughout the manufacture crafts era and the modern capitalist industrial society. Also the principles of liberty, equality, and tolerance founded during enlightenment movement, which is based on empirical positivism and rational reason, has become the legal basis of modern nations. In order to resolve the contradiction or conflict between 'liberty and equality' by 'tolerance for the public benefit', Korean dentists need develop professionalism.

The Antinomy of the Enlightenment Discourses and the Rise of the Novel (계몽주의 담론의 이율배반과 '소설의 발생')

  • Kim, Bong-Ryul
    • Journal of English Language & Literature
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    • v.54 no.1
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    • pp.3-29
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    • 2008
  • Ian Watt, author of The Rise of the Novel, maintained that the novel originated in modern England, came from prose discourses such as the news, political essays and journalistic writing which propagated the Enlightenment, and the novels represent formal realism. The main point of this paper is to examine Watt's theory of the rise of the novel on the basis of the criticism of antinomy of the Enlightenment and "the public sphere" in Habermas' terms. At first, I will criticize formal realism, which is not a new literary species, but a formally renovated realistic form that represented capitalism and protestantism. And, then, I will show that formal realism is a kind of antinomy because it turned away from the voices and reality of the low-class and women though the novel concentrated on common people, not the aristocrats. Secondly, I will inquire into the antinomy of the Enlightenment in the aspects of reason, freedom, individualism and women. In my view, as soon as the high-middle class acquired their political rights, these values were no more encouraged and the result revealed antinomy of the Enlightenment more explicitly. Thirdly, I'd argue that "the public sphere" had positive meanings to everyone when the bourgeosie were fighting against the Absolutism and the aristocracy. I'll also insist that the high-middle class and the intellectuals were in "the public sphere" in which Habermas argues that rationality and equality were thought to have been realized, while the low-middle class and most women were de-enlightened and disciplined by reading the novel privately. In conclusion, formal realism is not the rise of the novel, but the opening of the novel peculiar to bourgeosie parliamentarism from the middle-eighteenth century to the middle-twentieth century.

A Study on Elementary Mathematics Education in the Age of Enlightenment (개화기 초등수학교육 재음미)

  • Cho, Youngmi
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.161-181
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    • 2018
  • This paper summarized the changes in elementary school mathematics education that took place at the national level during the Enlightenment Elementary Mathematics Education period from 1876 to 1910. For this purpose, we divided the enlightenment period into three periods and examined major changes related to elementary school mathematics education at each period. The necessity of arithmetic education began to be recognized before the reform of the Taoist reform, and arithmetic education became a national curriculum in the beginning of the Taoist reform period. Particularly, during the reforming period of the Gap, the elementary mathematics textbooks of mixed Korean and Chinese were published. In the period when the intervention of the Japanese imperialism began, the arithmetic education has been reduced or weakened in accordance with the education policy of 'simple' and 'use'. It is also remarkable that an arithmetic book for elementary teachers was published at this time.