• Title, Summary, Keyword: Enhance the professional quality

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Emergency Nurses' Professional Quality of Life: Compassion Satisfaction, Burnout, and Secondary Traumatic Stress (응급실 간호사의 전문직 삶의 질: 공감만족, 소진, 이차 외상성 스트레스)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Ju;Choi, Hee-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.320-328
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: Professional quality of life is the quality one feels in relation to their work as a helper. The purpose of this study was to describe professional quality of life among emergency nurses. Methods: A total of 15 emergency rooms were selected in three cities. Among 263 nurses working at these emergency rooms, 178 nurses consented to participate in this cross-sectional survey. Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) Scale version 5 was used to measure compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary traumatic stress. Cluster analysis was used to classify nurses according to professional quality of life. Results: The mean scores (SD) for compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress were 32.12 (5.45), 28.27 (4.28), and 28.20 (5.07), respectively. The result of cluster analysis according to standardized score of compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress yielded three clusters. Over 50% of participants showed low professional quality of life. Nurses who were included in a cluster representing low professional quality of life were younger, had shorter periods of nursing experience, and perceivedlower social support than other cluster. Conclusion: Education or support programs for emergency nurses are needed to enhance their professional quality of life.

Study on Early Childhood Teachers' Professional Development Systems: Focused on America, England, and Australia (영유아교사 전문성 관련체제 고찰: 미국, 영국, 호주를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Myoung Soon;Shin, Yoon Seung;Lee, Se Won;Seo, Jai Wha
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.151-181
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    • 2016
  • This study examined professional development systems in America, England, and Australia, and devised ways to enhance early childhood teachers' professional development in Korea. To suggest effective ways to improve current professional development system and its operation, this research aimed to investigate first, advanced professional development systems and policies in three countries, America, England, and Australia, second, the process of teacher qualification and requirements for acquiring teacher credential and its maintenance, and lastly, the effort of quality control for professional development, its operation, and evaluation systems in three countries. Based on the analysis of the three country's systems, five solutions for effective professional development are suggested. First, it is necessary to differentiate requirements for teachers by the level of teacher credentials. Second, an incessant training process for professional development is required. Third, an individualized professional development plan should be set for an individual teacher for the best outcomes in professional competence. Fourth, instructors for professional development trainings are needed to ensure the quality of training. Lastly, individuals, organizations, and policy and its operation systems need to be considered holistically as a whole in the perspective of convergence in policy making and its operation for effective professional development.

A Study on the Professional Development Process of Elementary Teacher (초등 교사의 전문성 발달 과정 연구)

  • Lim, Jae-Keun;Yang, Il-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2008
  • We investigated the characteristics of lesson session and the professional development of teachers who conduct good teaching science subject. Seven teachers' were selected the finalists at the elementary school science and teaching competition. The study was based on a semi-structured questionnaire and interviews. To prove validity of the study, the collected data were verified by subject teachers for feedback. The results showed that the teachers believed that their lesson contents and methods were superior to other teachers. To enhance professional development in their lessons, they are only being made through help from colleagues and personal efforts, and a systematic development was involved with necessary situation. As a plan for enhancing an effective quality enhancement of lessons, open classes and conversation between colleagues were proposed. An organization or a group that can motivate teachers and provide systematic support for quality enhancement of lessons by teachers is needed.

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A Case Study on Professional Learning Community of Teachers in Science Education based on the Collaboration of a National University of Education and Its Affiliated Elementary School (교육대학과 부설학교 간 협력에 기반한 과학과 학습공동체 운영 사례와 시사점)

  • Lee, Sun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.437-451
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted as a part of the project to establish professional development system(PDS) for teachers in Korea. This study aimed to provide a case of running a professional learning community(PLC) of teachers in science education based on the collaboration of a national university of education and its affiliated elementary school, in search of learning by participants and implications for professional development of teachers as well as for science teaching in elementary schools. Teachers and researchers who participated in the PLC were able to accumulate meaningful experiences through 11 rounds of meetings. It was not easy to secure enough time for meetings, but they were able to boost their self-confidence for science teaching and enhance the quality of lessons through these gatherings. Participating teachers had a chance to share instructional design, planning, strategies and practices, which include cases of guiding free-choice research activities among students, thereby to be motivated for improved science teaching for the future. The researcher participating in this PLC was also able to understand the identity of an elementary school, especially the affiliated school, and identify the reality and difficulties related to science teaching in schools. Experiences of participating in PLC are expected to help improve the quality of science teaching in affiliated elementary school and pre-service teacher education of the university.

A Study for Developing Generic Competency Standards Focusing on Professional Engineer Qualification in National Technical Qualification Act (공통직무능력표준 개발연구: 국가기술자격법상 기술사 자격을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Jeong-Yoon;Bae, Eul-Kyoo
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.3-17
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to develop the national generic competency standards for professional engineer and so improve the quality of Korean professional engineer into an international level. First, this study intends to develop the national generic competency standards for professional engineer that contributes to maintain and enhance the quality of professional engineers in terms of a linkage among education and training, qualification, and labor market. Second, this study aim to obtain the national generic competency standards for professional engineer that applies to reform the criteria of certification, testing, and interview of National Technical Qualification System as well as to develop the curriculum of engineering education and continuing professional development and the system of human resource management in corporations. As a result, a final draft of the national generic competency standards for professional engineer was confirmed to include 12 clusters of competency standards and 56 elements of competency standards.

Effects of Communication Skills and Humanistic Knowledge on Professional Quality of Life in Intensive Care Unit Nurses (중환자실 간호사의 의사소통능력과 인문학적 소양이 전문직 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • CHO, Gyoo Yeong;Ha, Myung Nam;Seo, Mi Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.45-59
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    • 2020
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to identify relation of the communication skills, humanistic knowledge and professional quality of life and to investigate the enhancing ways of professional quality of life in intensive-care unit nurses. Methods : The study design was a descriptive survey from 152 intensive-care unit nurses, from December 1 to 30, 2019. The data analysis was with ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and Multiple regression using the SPSS/WIN 23.0 program. Results : The factors affecting compassion satisfaction were communication skills (β=0.42, p=.001), satisfaction for working (β=0.61, p=.001), marriage (β=0.23, p=.005), humanistic knowledge (β=0.47, p=.008) and these factors explained 35.6%. The factors affecting secondary traumatic stress were job stress (β=0.19, p=.011), number of patients per nurse (β=-0.36, p=.004) and these factors explained 9.4%. The factors affecting burnout were job stress (β=-0.25, p=.001), communication skills (β=-0.29, p=.001), working period(β=-0.18, p=.010), satisfaction for working (β=-0.31, p=.001), self care (β=-0.11, p=.033) and these factors explained 36%. Conclusion : Therefore, it is necessary to develop solution to improve professional quality of life in intensive-care unit nurses. It needs to develop programs to improve communication skills and humanistic knowledge in order to enhance compassion satisfaction and to improve communication skills to prevent burnout.

Executive Strategies for CPD Program Enhancement of Korean Dentist (치과의사 보수교육 발전을 위한 실행방안)

  • Shin, Je-Won
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.47 no.12
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    • pp.790-796
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    • 2009
  • The Continuing Professional Development(CPD) program of Korean dentists had probroms that did not resolve for many years. The primary concern of this study is to examine the problems of the CPD program of Korean dentists and to suggest practical guidelines to resolve such barriers. The findings show that the major barrier for improving CPD program is the lack of total quality management. In order to enhance the CPD program, Special plans and resolutions, such as functional organization, recertification system, pool of verified instructor, and evaluation of CPD program, have been suggested.

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Convergence Study on the Mediating Effects of Organizational Citizenship Behavior in the Relationship between Incivility and Professional Quality of Life by Hospital Nurses (병원 간호사가 경험하는 무례함과 전문직 삶의 질 관계에서 조직시민행동의 매개효과에 관한 융합연구)

  • Woo, Chung-Hee;Ko, Huyn-Jin
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.177-186
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effect of organizational citizenship behavior in relation between incivility and professional quality of life. The data collected from June 8, 2018 to June 29, 2018, and the questionnaire from 250 nurses at 3 general hospital in D city. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation, hierarchical analysis and Sobel test. Organizational citizenship behavior showed perfect mediating effect in the relationship between incivility experienced by nurses and compassion satisfaction, and partial mediating effect in the relationship between incivility experienced by nurses and burnout. The results indicate that it is necessary to develop strategies and applications to enhance organizational citizenship behavior for improved professional quality of life of a nurses who experience incivility.

A Research on Improving School Evaluation System for Quality School Education (학교교육 질 제고를 위한 학교평가 체제 개선 연구)

  • Won, Hyo-Heon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.223-235
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate school administrators' perceptions of school evaluation, examining the current situation in the hope of finding solutions to the problems caused by current evaluation. The subjects of this research were consisted of 230 middle and high school administrators in Busan. The instrument used for the study were the questionnaire included 27 questions concerning the current situation, the problems and improvements of school evaluation. The results of this study were as followed: (1) school administrators generally have a positive attitude toward school evaluations. But, they thought need to enhance their leadership qualities so that teachers can feel more positive about participating in school evaluation. (2) school administrators have to show more of an interest in the planning, performance and the use of the results of evaluation. (3) to enhance the quality of teaching practices in school they have to improve their methods for providing feedback of the results of evaluations. (4) the biggest problem related to school evaluation is the lack of quality and professional knowledge of the evaluation teams. And each school develops a unique curriculum and focuses on the improvement of instruction methods.

An Analysis of Validity of Teacher Evaluation Policy (교원능력개발평가 제도의 타당성 분석)

  • Won, Hyo-Heon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.673-683
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the validity of teacher evaluation policy for professional development and to suggest the ways to improve the policy in school. The teacher evaluation policy for professional development is designed to improve teacher professionalism and quality of school education. For this purpose, A survey was conducted and 361 elementary and middle school teachers participated in Busan. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 12.0. The conclusions of this study are as follows: First, although teachers are highly interested in the teacher evaluation policy, they have negative attitudes for practicing the new policy. Second, assessors must be composed of reliable, competent experts because teacher evaluation has a great influence on teaching activities. The assessors should be composed of those who have the specialization and reliability on the basis. Also the assessors must be trained to enhance the fairness, objectivity and reliability by rigid discipline. Finally, teacher evaluation policy should be closely linked to increasing teacher's expertise such as training opportunities, teacher consultants, and senior teacher systems and should be widely utilized for the evaluation to be effective.