• Title, Summary, Keyword: Energetic thermoplastic elastomer

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Synthesis and Properties of Energetic Thermoplastic Polyurethane included Glycidyl Azide Polymer (Glycidyl Azide Polymer를 포함하는 에너지화 열가소성 폴리우레탄의 합성 및 성질)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Sug;You, Jong-Sung;Kweon, Jung-Ok;Noh, Si-Tae;Kwon, Soon-Kil;Lee, Jung-Hwan;Yu, Jae-Chul;Choi, Keun-Bae
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.660-666
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    • 2009
  • Thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer(PU-TPE) and energetic thermoplastic polyurethane Elastomer(E-PU-TPE) were prepared from Hexamethylene diisocyanate(HDI), 1,4-BD/AA ester polyol and glycidyl azide polymer(GAP-2400) as an energetic material by the addition polymerization. The PU-TPE and E-PU-TPE were characterized by FT-IR and GPC. Viscometer, DSC and UTM were used to investigate the viscose behavior with a various solvent, thermal properties and mechanical properties of PU-TPE and E-PU-TPE, which are of potential interest for the development of high performance binder of energetic solid propellants. It was found that $M_w$ of PU-TPE and E-PU-TPEs are over 100,000 and decreased with increase of GAP-2400 contents. $T_m$ and ${\Delta}H$ as thermal properties decreased and also tensile strength and elongation at break as mechanical properties decreased with increase of GAP-2400 contents.

Study on the Formulation of an Energetic Thermoplastic Propellant(I) (고에너지 열가소성 추진제 제조 및 특성연구(I))

  • Jeong, Jae-Yun;Song, Jong Kwon;Kim, Yoon-Gon;Lee, Byeong Gil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2019
  • This paper describes the formulation and properties of a recently developed energetic thermoplastic (ETPE) propellant, which is composed of 45% of newly synthesized glycidyl azide polymer, energetic plasticizer (DEGDN) and nitramine oxidizer (RDX). Compared to conventional thermoplastic propellants, the new ETPE propellant showed approximately 7% higher performance and exhibited similar mechanical properties but a lower burn rate and a higher pressure exponent.

Preparation of Azidated Polybutadiene(Az-PBD)/Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate Copolymer(EVA) Blends for the Application of Energetic Thermoplastic Elastomer (에너지함유 열가소성탄성체 적용을 위한 아지드화 폴리부타디엔/에틸렌-비닐아세테이트 공중합체 블렌드 제조)

  • Yoon, Sang Won;Choi, Myung Chan;Chang, Young-Wook;Noh, Si-Tae;Kwon, Soon Kil
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.282-288
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    • 2015
  • A new energetic thermoplastic elastomer based on the azidated polybutadiene(Az-PBD)/ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA) blends was prepared, and structure and properties of the blends were invetigated by SEM, DSC, DMA, tensile testing and combustion test. The Az-PBD was synthesized via a two-step process involving the addition reaction of commercially available 1,2-PBD with $Br_2$ and subsequent nucleophilic substitution reaction of the brominated PBD with $NaN_3$. EVA/Az-PBD with 90/10, 80/20, 70/30 (wt/wt) was prepared by a solution blending. SEM, DSC, and DMA results revealed that the blends are partially compatible and Az-PBD is dispersed in continuous EVA matrix. Tensile test showed that modulus and tension set increased while elongation-at-break of the blends decreased with increasing Az-PBD content in the blends, but all the blends showed a elongation at break as high as 700% and a tension set of less than 5%, indicating that the blends are typically elastomeric. Combustion test showed that, with increasing Az-PBD content in the blend, higher energy can be released.

Synthesis and Characterization of Alkoxy and Alkylamino GAP Copolymer for Energetic Thermoplastic Elastomer (ETPE) (에너지화 열가소성 탄성체에 사용될 수 있는 알콕시 계열과 알킬 아민 계열 GAP Copolymer의 합성 및 분석)

  • Lim, Minkyung;Jang, Yoorim;Kim, Hancheul;Rhee, Hakjune;Noh, Sitae
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2019
  • In this study, synthetic methods and physical properties for a new class of glycidyl azide polymer (GAP) were investigated for energetic thermoplastic elastomers (ETPE). Four kinds of GAP copolymer polyols were synthesized by introducing nucleophiles such as azide, alkoxide and alkyl amine into poly(epichlorohydrin) (PECH). The GAP copolymer synthetic reaction can be evaluated as an environmental benign and efficient synthetic method due to the simultaneous one-step reaction using two kinds of nucleophiles and the complete consumption of sodium azide. The relative stoichiometric substitution ratio analysis and the progress of reaction were checked and monitored by inverse gated decoupled $^{13}C$ NMR and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The glass transition temperature and molecular weight were measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis. The synthesized poly($GA_{0.8}-butoxide_{0.2}$), poly($GA_{0.7}-n-butylamine_{0.3}$), poly($GA_{0.7}-dipropylamine_{0.3}$) and poly($GA_{0.7}-morpholine_{0.3}$) had a glass transition temperature ranged from -39 to $-26^{\circ}C$.

Development of the formulation and the process of DXD-19 sheet explosive (판상 화약 DXD-19 조성 및 성형 공정개발)

  • Cheun Young Gu;Lee Jin Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2004
  • DXD-19 is a flexible sheet explosive, which is a new polymer-bonded explosives(PBX's). DXD-19 is relatively insensitive and can be extruded into various configurations to be applied to munitions. A typical application includes multi-point initiation for the warhead, cutting/severance devices and transfer lines. The DXD-19 composition employs a binder system derived from the thermoplastic elastomer(HyTemp 4454) containing $5\%$ OH terminated with isocyanate curable for increasing mechanical properties. The use of an elastomer CAB increases its mechanical properties and the use of an energetic plasticizer BDNPF/BDNPA(F/A) improves the process ability as well as energy contents. The composition of the extruded DXD-19 formulation is formed $\%$ weight of $PETN/HyTemp/ATEC/(F/A)/CAB=72\~73/12\~13/6\~7/6\~7/1\~2$. Our safety tests of DXD-19 shows Insensitivity to an impact test and friction test, good thermal stability and excellent mechanical properties.

Synthesis and Characterization of GAP or GAP-co-BO Copolymer-based Energetic Thermoplastic Polyurethane (GAP 및 GAP-co-BO Copolymer계 에너지 함유 열가소성 폴리우레탄의 합성 및 특성)

  • Seol, Yang-Ho;Kweon, Jeong-Ohk;Kim, Yong-Jin;Jin, Yong-Hyun;Noh, Si-Tae
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.673-680
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    • 2019
  • GAP or GAP-co-BO based energetic thermoplastic elastomers (ETPEs) were synthesized by changing the hard segment content percent in the range of 30~45% by 5% difference. Thermal and mechanical properties of GAP-co-BO based ETPEs were compared to those of GAP based ETPEs. FT-IR results showed that the capability of forming hydrogen bond increases with increasing the hard segment content in GAP/GAP-co-BO based ETPE, and also the GAP-co-BO based ETPEs are stronger than GAP based ETPEs in the hydrogen bond formation. DSC and DMA results showed that the glass transition temperature (Tg) of GAP based ETPEs increased with the increment of the hard segment content, while the Tg of GAP-co-BO based ETPEs was maintained even the hard segment content increased. The storage modulus at room temperature of the GAP-co-BO based ETPEs was higher than that of the GAP based ETPEs. This was due to the strong phase separation behavior of the hard and soft segment of GAP-co-BO based ETPEs, which further resulted in the stronger breaking strength and lower tensile elongation at break point for GAP-co-BO based ETPE than the GAP based one.

Energetic Thermoplastic Elastomers from Azidated Polyepichlorohydrin Rubber (Az-PECH)/ Styrene Acrylonitrile Copolymer (SAN) Blends (아지드화 폴리에피클로로히드린 고무/스티렌-아크릴로니트릴 공중합체 블렌드로부터 에너지함유열가소성탄성체 제조)

  • Choi, Myung-Chan;Chang, Young-Wook;Noh, Si-Tae;Kwon, Jung-Ok;Kim, Dong-Kook;Kwon, Soon-Kil
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.375-380
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    • 2009
  • Polyepichlorohydrin rubber was treated with sodium azide (Na$N_3$) to replace its chlorine by azide ($N_3$). Then, the azidated polyepichlorohydrin rubber (Az-PECH) was blended with thermoplastic styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer with the rubber/plastic ratio of 80/20, 70/30 and 60/40 (wt/wt). The miscibility, mechanical and dynamic mechanical properties as well as elastic recovery properties of the blends were evaluated by DMA (Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer) and tensile tests. When azidation level in azidated PECH was upto 50%, the blends exhibited excellent miscibility, manifested by a single $T_g$, and fairly good elastic recovery. When azidation level was 75%, the blends showed phase separation. The miscible Az-PECH/SAN blends exhibited typical thermoplastic elastomer like properties, ie. melt processibility and high extensibility as well as good elastic recovery rate. It was also observed from combustion test that higher energy is released with the increase in the azidation level of the Az-PECH in the blends.