• Title, Summary, Keyword: Employment support programs

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Role of University on Undergraduate Employment by Disciplines

  • Park, Cheol Kyun;Seol, Sung-Soo
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.35-54
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    • 2016
  • This study starts from the perspective that preparing students for employment is the most important role of undergraduate degree programs. Therefore, we examine the determinants of undergraduate employment, especially highlighting the differences by disciplines. We classify 28 factors into five categories such as personal attributes, entrance attributes, students’ employment-related activities, regular curriculum and employability programs provided by universities. This study is based on data from 7,616 students from a Korean university over four and half years. Findings reveal that university efforts are crucial in engineering. Only exchange programs and employment programs have an impact on science. There are no specific factors in humanities and social science. Grade point average and students’ efforts are important in business. Face-to-face coaching in employability support programs is effective for securing employment except in science disciplines. The study results do not point to the absence of a role of university even in the low employment disciplines. Rather, the issue is that of an over-supply of graduates exceeding job offers that results from the worldwide expansion of higher education services.

Study of the effect of career preparation and career maturity on employment among Specialized high school graduates (특성화고 고졸청년층의 진로준비 및 진로성숙이 취업에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Lee, Man Ki
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.4961-4971
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    • 2014
  • With regard to gaining employment for specialized high school graduates, what are the significant factors? Along with specialized high school's employment support, facility and subject support, vocational ability support, career guidance, and employment support are implemented at school. At the same time, individuals are learning career preparation behavior and job search behavior. Those factors influence the career maturity. Therefore, a question is, "Do they finally affect employment?" The independent variables were composed of satisfaction on school support, such as facility and subject support, career preparation behavior at home, pre-job search behavior, and career maturity. A structural equation was created and an analysis was conducted. As a result of the analysis, the satisfaction on school support has significant impacts on career maturity and career preparation behavior at home and influences on employment directly or indirectly. The career preparation behavior at home not only has a direct impact on employment, but also increases the pre- job search behavior and career maturity. In particular, it was confirmed that the career preparation behavior at home is the main factor to increase employment via the pre-job search behavior. Considering the effects among the factors in gender, the satisfaction on school support directly increases employment, particularly for women. Therefore, high-quality school support programs should be enhanced, focusing on employment support programs for women. In addition, as satisfaction on school support increases, women are more likely to undergo career preparation behavior at home. This suggests that the career preparation behavior for females, such as conversation about career, is a critical factor to increasing employment unlike males. Therefore, support programs for women that is aimed at parents should be developed.

A Comparative Study of Employment Support System for Unemployed Youth : Linking the British Experience to the Korean Context (청소년 실업자를 위한 고용지원제도 비교 연구 : 영국과 한국을 중심으로)

  • Chung, Young-Soon;Seok, Jae-Eun;Kim, Hyun-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.46
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    • pp.427-458
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    • 2001
  • The present study is designed to trace the successful reform steps taken within the employment support system in the UK and to extract a set of instructive implications for Korea's future reform path towards an efficient employment support system conductive to youth employment by setting out an analytical framework that links the British experience to the Korean context. To this end, this study focuses on three major aspects of employment support system: delivery mechanism, method of delivery, and programs. Implications drawn from the comparative analysis are as follows. First, the current employment support services in Korea-including job placement service, vocational training, and public works-should be more tightly integrated and delivered in a more consistent fashion in order to become highly accessible to the unemployed. Second, the cooperative network between employment service providers and the corporate sector as demander of labor should be institutionalized in order to make the employment support system more responsive to labor demand. Third, to create an enhanced employment support system that counts in individual differences of the unemployed would require continued, in-depth consultation and case management services along with fully specialized employment caseworkers who would provide them. Fourth, the government should take the initiative and be unflaggingly supportive both institutionally and financially in making future efforts to continuously improve the employment support system on the basis of the implications mentioned above.

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Beauty Shop Owner's Employment of Immigrant Women (미용산업고용주의 다문화이주여성에 대한 고용 연구)

  • Kim, Soon Sim
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.415-426
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the employment experience of beauty shop owners with respect to immigrant women. A quantitative analysis was conducted through a survey of beauty shop employers. Total 400 beauty shop owners were given a questionnaire and 380 responses were obtained. IBM SPSS 21.0 was used for frequency analysis, chi-square test, t-test using obtained data. Most of the respondents reported rare immigrant women employment. In addition, they were not likely to have experienced benefits from government support system and had little knowledge of such systems. According to an the employment analysis, there were differences in business areas, locations, regions, business type, and the number of employees according to characteristics of beauty shops. Immigrant women were more likely to be employed in Gyeonggi than in Seoul and Chungcheong Province and in skincareshops than in hairshops, nailshops and make-up shops. Shops with fewer than six employees were more likely to employ immigrant women. Those shop owners has employed immigrant women were more likely to hire immigrant women. Employment intentions of employers included mitigation services for auxiliary and sharing purposes, government benefits, and solutions for employment difficulties. Government support had a positive effect on employment intentions of beauty shop employers. Employers with knowledge of government support programs were more likely to hire immigrant women. The results suggest that the government should make more efforts to promote relevant policies. Future research should identify the reasons why few immigrant women are employed.

The Full-time Housewives Support Policy from the Perspectives of Human Resource Development and Utilization (인적자원 개발과 활용 관점에서 본 전업주부정책)

  • Kim, Seon-Mi;Lee, Ki-Young
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.13-29
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    • 2002
  • This study was performed to discuss how to develop policies to support social participation by full-time housewives, from the perspectives of human resource development and utilization. This study focused on three areas of potential human resource development: (a) labor force participation (b) social education (c) volunteerism. It analyzed the related "social infrastructures," especially labor market situation and child care systems. The current governmental policies and other social programs implemented by various institutions as well as the relevant literatures were reviewed. The preliminary policy proposals outlined in this study were evaluated by the policy developers and experts through several hearings and discussions. Programs proposed from this study were as follows : (a) programs to support housewives who wish to find employment or create a self-owned business, (b) educational programs exclusively offered for full time housewives, and (c) programs to award certificates and rewards and to create paid employment tied to volunteer work. In addition, the ways how to ameliorate the gender discrimination by changing the labor and social environments and institutionalizing the child care were discussed.

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A Study on the Participation of Rural Elderly People in Senior Employment Programs, Satisfaction Level and Needs (농촌노인의 일자리사업 참여실태와 만족도 및 요구도에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Kyoung Poon;Joo, Min Kyoung
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.1149-1179
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the participation of rural elderly people in senior employment programs, their satisfaction level and needs in an effort to provide some information on the improvement of rural elderly people's quality of life. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the largest group of the rural elderly people investigated took part in senior employment programs for the public good. The biggest group engaged in activities for environmental improvement, and the greatest group participated in these programs to earn their livelihood. Second, they were most satisfied with their relationship with the working-level employees of the institutions that were in charge of these programs, and they were least contented with their own pay. Third, the rural elderly people perceived that in terms of senior education for employment, customized education should primarily be conducted in consideration of the differences and diversity of senior citizens, and they faced the most difficulty due to traffic while they participated in these programs. Given the findings of the study, it's required to take measures to bolster the self-support of rural elderly people.

Contribution of Curricula and Extra-Curricular Activities on Successful Employment Derived from an Engineering Graduates Survey (공학계열 남녀 졸업생의 조사를 통해 본 교과과정 내의 활동의 취업 기여)

  • Kim, Wonjung;Oh, Myongsook S.
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated various attributes that contributed to successful employment in order to develop employment support programs, especially for female engineering students. We surveyed engineering students who graduated between 2006 and 2011. The 401 employed graduates participated in an online survey. The surveys inquired about their attachment towards their major, participation in various academic and non-academic activities, and their participation's contribution to their successful employment. In regards to their majors, women, in general, had lower levels of satisfaction, confidence, attachment, and motivation to succeed in their fields when compared to their male counterparts. These results show that engineering colleges still need to work on empowering female engineering students to gain confidence in their engineering major and attachment. The graduate school experience was highly rated by both men and women, whereas double majors exhibited somewhat lower scores. Among academic activities, part-time work experience and major-related internships were rated as the most helpful, and among extracurricular activities, study-abroad for language training and participation in student council or clubs received high scores. There was little difference between men and women in study-abroad participation, and women participated more actively in student councils. However, women had much less major-related work experience, reaffirming that colleges need to expand internship and field experience programs for female students.

Predictors of Employment Intention for Mentally Disabled Persons (정신장애인의 취업의지 예측 요인)

  • Han, Sang-Sook;Han, Jeong-Hye;Yun, Eun-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.541-549
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the predictors of employment intention for mentally disabled persons. Methods: Mentally disabled persons who had participated in rehabilitation programs in one of 16 mental health centers and 9 community rehabilitation centers located in Seoul and Kyunggi province were recruited for this study. A random sampling method was used and 414 respondents were used for final analysis. Data was analyzed by Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression using the SPSS Win 14.0. Results: The predictors influencing employment intention of the mentally disabled person were observed as employment desire (${\beta}=.48$), guardian's expectation (${\beta}=.26$), professional's support (${\beta}=.23$), financial management (${\beta}=.10$), eating habits (${\beta}=.07$), and quality of life (${\beta}=-.01$). Six factors explained 61.1% of employment intention of mentally disabled persons. Conclusion: The employment intention of a mentally disabled person was influenced by employment desire, diet self-efficacy, guardian's expectation, professional's support, quality of life, financial management and eating habits.

Effects of Life Satisfaction of the Elderly Participating in the Senior Employment Project (노인일자리사업에 참여한 노인의 생활만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Yong-Shik
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.129-139
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of factors like self-esteem, social support, empowerment on the life satisfaction of the elderly participating in the senior employment project. As a result, self-esteem, social support, and empowerment show significant effects on the life satisfaction of the elderly participating in the senior employment project. In other words, when the elderly participating in the senior employment project have higher self-esteem, social support, and empowerment, their life satisfaction becomes higher, too. Based on the findings, this author will make political suggestions as follows: first, it is needed to develop and distribute new employment programs to improve their self-esteem. Second, it is necessary to form new social support networks and develop and connect resources. Third, the empowerment approach to provide customized employment suitable for the needs of the elderly is necessary.

Women's Vocational Training Programs and Satisfaction with the Programs in Jeju Special Self-Governing Province (여성 직업 교육프로그램실태 및 만족도에 관한 연구: 제주특별자치도를 중심으로)

  • Ko, Eun-Joo;Kim, Hye-Yeon
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.279-298
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    • 2010
  • Although women's economic participation has been increasing in Korea, the utilization of educated women's labor is still low. Therefore, vocational training programs for women are both important and necessary. This study examines the vocational training programs for women offered by the three largest vocational training centers in Jeju: the Woman Resources Development Center, the Jeju Women's Development Center, and the Seogwipo City Women's Cultural Center. This study also analyzes the students' satisfaction with these vocational training programs and identifies the related variables that cause differences in their levels of satisfaction. The sample includes 397 respondents who were surveyed from June 23 to September 12, 2008. Moreover, the data are analyzed by conducting a one-way ANOVA, t-test, and Duncan's Multiple Range(DMR)test. The major results of the study are as follows. First, the vocational training programs in Jeju consist of lectures that cover various subjects. The programs mainly focus on work that offers relatively low wages and requires few skills, and the duration of the programs is short. Second, the original goal of the programs does not meet the needs of women who are seeking employment. The participants respond that they want more appropriate programs that are designed by considering their need for employment, support them in finding a job, and re-educate them. Third, most of the participants are satisfied with their vocational training experiences, and their satisfaction with the instructors is especially high. The differences in their levels of satisfaction are caused by economic characteristics such as the location of the student's residence, home ownership, and the level of life. The results of this study suggest that there is a need to separate vocational/employment training from general education for women. Moreover, the vocational training programs for women should be more specialized according to the different needs of each group.

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