• Title, Summary, Keyword: Emotional Maltreatment

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The Effect of Emotional Maltreatment by Parents on Revictimization of Emotional Maltreatment by Youth Peers - Multiple Mediated Effects of Depression and Social Withdrawal - (부모에 의한 정서폭력이 청소년 또래에 의한 정서폭력 재피해에 미치는 영향 - 우울과 사회적 위축의 다중매개효과분석 -)

  • Heo, In Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.69 no.2
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    • pp.63-88
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    • 2017
  • This study was to find out the effect of emotional maltreatment by parents on revictimization of emotional maltreatment by peers targeting second-year students of middle school with depression and social withdrawal as mediating variables. To this end, those who experienced physical violence by parents or friends were excepted from panel data collected by National Youth Policy Institute (KCYPS) and data of 752 people who experienced emotional maltreatment by parents or peers were analyzed. Research hypotheses were verified by a utilizing structural equation model. The results can be summarized as follows: First, experiencing emotional maltreatment by parents has a direct impact on depression and social withdrawal. Second, it was found that depression has a direct impact on experiencing emotional maltreatment by peers while social withdrawal is significant in an indirect path affecting with depression as a mediating variable. Third, the multiple mediated effects of depression and social withdrawal were significant in the revictimization relationship between emotional maltreatment by parents and emotional maltreatment by peers. This means that emotional maltreatment by parents becomes a predictor in re-experiencing emotional maltreatment by peers. It also means that emotional maltreatment by parents has an indirect effect through psychological and emotional factors such as depression and social withdrawal rather than having a direct effect. Based on the results of this study, limitations of the study and suggestions for future research were discussed.

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Longitudinal Study of Depression·Anxiety and Aggression in Children with Specific Profiles of Child Maltreatment (아동기 학대경험 유형과 우울불안 및 공격성 발달 간 관계에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Se-Won
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.115-134
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    • 2015
  • The main purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between latent classes of childhood maltreatment and depression anxiety and aggression from childhood to adolescence. 1,785 participants in a sample form Seoul Panel Study of Children were used in this study. Using latent class analysis, three classes of child maltreatment were identified: 'low maltreatment'(89.2%), 'physical+emotional abuse+neglect'(1.9%), 'physical+emotional abuse'(8.9%). Three developmental trajectories of depression anxiety were classified: 'low depression anxiety'(72.3%), 'moderate depression anxiety'(23.3%), 'high depression anxiety'(4.4%). Two developmental trajectories of aggression were revealed: 'low aggression'(89.3%), 'high aggression'(10.7%). As estimated by latent transition probability, the multiple maltreatment classes were more likely to have higher levels of depression anxiety or aggression than the no maltreatment class. There appeared to be distinct profiles of maltreatment among adolescents that had differential associations to measures of internal and external problems. The implications for both practice and policy implications are also discussed.

The Relationship Between Trajectories of Child Maltreatment and Adolescent Suicidal Ideation (아동의 종단적 학대 경험과 청소년기 자살생각 간 관계)

  • Kim, Se Won;Kim, Deok-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the longitudinal relationship between child maltreatment and adolescent suicidal ideation. Several studies suggest that child maltreatment is associated with adolescent suicidal ideation. However, these studies have not focused on the duration of child maltreatment. Methods: Participants were 420 adolescents (52.6% male; 47.4% female) involved in the Korea Welfare Panel Study. Data were collected via youth self-report in 2006, 2009, and 2012. A self-report assessment of children and youths' experiences of physical, emotional, or neglect had been surveyed longitudinally. Questionnaires on adolescent suicidal ideation were answered in 2012. A growth mixture model and multiple regression were conducted using Mplus 5.21. Results: The study results showed that 93.5% of the children had experienced no maltreatment; 6.5% had experienced increasing maltreatment longitudinally. The trajectory of increasing maltreatment was positively associated with adolescent suicidal ideation. Conclusion: These results show that children suffering from chronic maltreatment are subject to a high risk of suicide and therefore require continuous supervision and management.

Identifying latent classes about the changing trajectories of child maltreatment by child developmental period (아동발달시기별 아동학대 변화궤적 유형 비교 연구)

  • Han, Jihyeon;Choi, Okchae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.59
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    • pp.183-208
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify groups depending on the change trajectory of child maltreatment in childhood and early adolescence. For this study, the data from waves two through six (2011-2015) of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) were used. Participants included first-grade (n=2,300) and fourth-grade (n=2,325) elementary school students. A latent class growth model (LCGM) using Mplus 7.21 was adopted to classify the types of developmental trajectories of child maltreatment. The main results were as follows: First, in physical abuse, childhood from the second to the sixth grades was classified into four groups: decreased, low maintenance, increased, and no maltreatment type. In addition, early adolescence from the fifth grade of elementary school to the third grade of middle school was also classified into the same types. Second, in emotional abuse, childhood was classified into three groups: decreased, increased, and no maltreatment type. Early adolescence was classified into four groups: decreased, low maintenance, increased, and no maltreatment type. Third, in neglect, childhood was classified into four groups: maintenance, low decreasing, low increasing, and no maltreatment type. Early adolescence was classified into three groups: maintenance, low increasing, and no maltreatment type. According to the change of child maltreatment by developmental period, physical abuse continued from childhood to early adolescence, whereas emotional abuse and neglect increased in early adolescence compared to childhood. This study is meaningful in classifying latent classes depending on maltreatment types. Theoretical and practical implications were suggested based on the study results.

Classifying Predominant Type and Examining Risk Factors for Recurrence of Child Maltreatment (아동학대사례의 잠재유형화와 유형별 재학대 위험요인)

  • Lee, Sang-Gyun;Lee, Bong Joo;Kim, Sewon;Kim, Hyun-Soo;Yoo, Joan P.;Jang, Hwa Jung;Chin, Meejung;Park, Ji-Myung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.171-208
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to classify the underlying and parsimonious types of child maltreatment and examine whether the effects of risk factors on child maltreatment recurrence differ by type of maltreatment. We utilized the multiyear national administrative data from the National Child Maltreatment Information System collected by Child Protection Agency in Korea. Of 26,921 child maltreatment victims reported and substantiated on or after January 1, 2012, 1,447 children who had recurrence of child maltreatment until December 31, 2015 were selected as maltreatment recurrence group and 4,580 children who had not experienced maltreatment since first substantiation were assigned as maltreatment non-recurrence group. Latent class analysis(LCA) and latent transition analysis(LTA) were used to group children with similar maltreatment subtypes into discrete classes of child maltreatment recurrence. Logistic regression is employed to examine the association between the child maltreatment predominant types and risk factors for recurrence. Results of LCA and LTA showed four latent classes representing predominant type of child maltreatment: 'physical abuse predominant type', 'emotional abuse predominant type', 'sexual abuse predominant type', and 'neglect type'. Significant differences in the effect of risk factors among latent classes were found in child's age and gender, perpetrator's gender, family poverty, biological parent as the perpetrator, domestic violence toward partner, perpetrator's alcoholic problem, insufficient parenting skills, and out-of-home care service, Based on these findings, results suggested how the typology can be used to guide decision about who to target in prevention and intervention programs, and which features of risk factors to target. Practice and policy implications as well as further research tasks were discussed in the lights of searching for useful and important strategies to prevent recurrence of child maltreatment.

The Relationship between Childhood Trauma and Suicidal Ideation: Role of Maltreatment and Potential Mediators

  • Bahk, Yong-Chun;Jang, Seon-Kyeong;Choi, Kee-Hong;Lee, Seung-Hwan
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2017
  • Objective Childhood trauma is recognized as an important risk factor in suicidal ideation, however it is not fully understood how the different types of childhood maltreatment influence suicidal ideation nor what variables mediate the relationship between childhood trauma and suicidal ideation. This study examined the path from childhood trauma to suicidal ideation, including potential mediators. Methods A sample of 211 healthy adults completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Beck scale for Suicidal Ideation (BSI), Functional Social Support Questionnaire (FSSQ) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Path analysis was used to investigate the relationship among study variables. Results Of the several types of childhood maltreatment we considered, only childhood sexual abuse directly predicted suicidal ideation (${\beta}=0.215$, p=0.001). Childhood physical abuse (${\beta}==0.049$, 95% confidence interval: 0.011-0.109) and childhood emotional abuse (${\beta}=0.042$, 95% confidence interval: 0.001-0.107) indirectly predicted suicidal ideation through their association with anxiety. Childhood neglect indirectly predicted suicidal ideation through association with perceived social support (${\beta}=0.085$, 95% confidence interval: 0.041-0.154). Conclusion Our results confirmed that childhood sexual abuse is a strong predictor of suicidal ideation. Perceived social support mediated the relationship between suicidal ideation and neglect. Anxiety fully mediated the relationship between suicidal ideation and both physical abuse and emotional abuse. Interventions to reduce suicidal ideation among survivors of childhood trauma should focus on anxiety symptoms and attempt to increase their social support.

The Impact of Individual, Family, Friend and School Variables on Deviant Behaviors among Adolescents (청소년의 개인, 가족, 친구 및 학교 변인이 규범적 문제행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Hur, Eun-Kyung;Lee, Kyung-Nim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2006
  • This study investigated different individual, family, friend and school variables that affect adolescents' deviant behaviors. The sample consisted of 897 eleventh grade adolescents. Statistics and methods used for the data analysis were Cronbach's alpha, two-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical regression. The major results were as follows. Male and female students' deviant behaviors had a positive correlation with sensation seeking traits, deviant behaviors by peer groups, school maladjustment, and maltreatment-experiences from parents, but a negative correlation with communications with parents. In female students', deviant behaviors had a negative correlation with self-esteem. The important variables predicting deviant behaviors were deviant behaviors of peer groups, sensation seeking traits, emotional maltreatment-experience, kind of high-school and school maladjustment for male students, compared to deviant behaviors of peer groups, kind of high-school, sensation seeking traits and school maladjustment for female students'.

Analysis of Wife Abuse Experiences of Women Who Killed their Husbands (남편살해 여성의 아내학대 경험에 대한 분석)

  • Kim, Yeong-Hee;Byoun, Soo-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.9
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    • pp.61-76
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the abuse experience from husbands among women who killed their husbands and the husbands' characteristics, and the women's own characteristics consisting of the emotional climate in the family of origin, self-esteem and social support. The major findings were as follow. First, the subjects were divided into two groups according to the level of wife abuse experience: non-abuse group and abuse group. Second, in terms of the husbands' characteristics which consisted of economic capacity and alcohol problem, there were statistically significant group differences between non-abuse and abuse groups. Third, the women in the abuse group, compared to those in the non-abuse group, had a tendency to perceive that they received maltreatment, physical punishment, and indifference and rejection from their family of origin. However, there was no significant difference between the non-abuse and abuse groups in emotional support the women received from their family. Fourth, as for the women's characteristics consisting of self-esteem and social support, the women of both groups showed no significant difference in self-esteem, while the women in the abuse group perceived that they received a level of social support relatively lower than those in the non-abuse group.