• Title, Summary, Keyword: Emotion Category

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Transcultural Differences on Perimenstrual Discomforts, Menstrual Attitudes and Sex Role Acceptance between Korean and American College Students (한국과 미국 여대생의 월경전후기 불편감, 월경에 대한 태도, 성역할 수용도의 횡문화적 차이에 관한 연구)

  • 홍경자;박영숙;김정은;김혜원
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.233-243
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to compare the transcultural differences on perimenstrual discomforts, menstrual attitudes and sex role acceptance between Korean and American college students. The subjects, 2557 nursing students were selected from 13 universities all around Korea, and 4 universities in the eastern, western, and middle areas of the United States. The data were collected using the MDQ (Menstrual Distress Questionnaire by Moos), the MAQ(Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire), and the Sex Role Acceptance Scale, the subjects answered the MDQ for three points (premenstrual, menstrual, intermenstrual based on their recollections) between July, 1996 and April, 1997. The findings are as follows : 1. There were significant differences in the age of menarche, duration of menstruation, and menstrual cycle between the Koreans and the Americans. 2. As for sex role acceptance, Americans more frequently denied the traditional female role than did Koreans. 3. There were significant differences between the two groups on five categories of menstrual attitude (menstruation is a phenomena that weakens women physically and psychologically, menstruation is a bothersome phenomena, menstruation is a natural phenomena, menstruation onset is a predictable phenomena, and menstruation is a phenomena that does not influence womens' behaviors non is expected to). 4. For the menstrual discomfort scores, there were significant differences between the two groups on all six categories of the MDQ(pain, attention deficit, behavioral changes, AMS response, water retention, and negative emotion) for the three points (premenstrual, menstrual, intermenstrual period). 5. The most common complaints for the Korean women were pain during the perimenstrual period and fatigue during the intermenstrual period. In contrast, for the Americans the most common complaint was negative emotions during the perimenstrual period, but less pain than the Koreans, and a similarity to Koreans during the intermenstrual period. 6. Regularity of the menstrual cycle was positively correlated with age of menarche, menstrual cycle, and duration of menstruation. 7 For the interrelationship between of Perimenstrual discomforts, menstrual attitudes, and sex role acceptance, there were significant correlations for both group as follows : First, the MA category "menstruation is a bothering phenomena" was negatively correlated with sex role acceptance, second, the MA category "menstruation is a phenomena that weakens the women physically and psychologically" was positively correlated with the MA category "menstruation onset is a predictable phenomena." For the further research, it is recommended that efficient nursing intervention programs for perimenstrual discomforts, be developed and qualitative research to demonstrate the cultural differences as the feminism view point be done.

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A New Approach to Naturalness for Still Images-Depending On TV Genre (TV화질에 있어서 자연스러움의 새로운 접근-TV장르)

  • Park, Yung-Kyung
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.251-258
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    • 2010
  • 'Naturalness' is the important "ness" which is a key factor in image quality assessment. 'Naturalness' is a representive factor depending on the context of the image which arouses different emotions. The Image Quality Circle was split into two steps. The first step is predicting the visual perceptual attribute which are lightness, colourfulness, hue and contrast. The next step is SSE which is dependent to image contents. In this study the image contents are grouped in genres. The images were rendered using four different colour attributes which are lightness, contrast, colourfulness and hue. Using a scale, the score of image quality and SSE was asked to each participant for all rendered images. A seven-point category scale of increasing amount of "ness" is used as a quantitative adjectives sequence. The image quality model was built by combining the SSEs for each scene. The SSEs, where vividness is common, are considered as independent variables to predict the image quality score. Then the vividness model was built using colour attributes as variables to predict the vividness of each scene (genre). Vividness is an important factor of naturalness which the meaning is different for all scenes that links the naturalness and image quality. The vividness meaning was different for each scene (genre). Therefore, the colour attributes that express the vividness would depend on the image content.

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Characteristics of deconstruction expressed in the contemporary knit fashion (현대 니트패션에 나타난 해체주의 특성)

  • Lee, Yoon Mee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.583-597
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to classify and analyze the deconstruction phenomena expressed in contemporary knit fashion design, and to analyze the inner meaning of deconstruction based on certain characteristics. As a method of study, literature data for theoretical backgrounds, prior studies, and internet data were analyzed. The scope of this study was restricted to knitwear published in the world's four major collections (Milan, Paris, New York and London) from 2014 F/W to 2018 S/S. Based on prior studies, four concepts of deconstruction were derived: "$Diff{\acute{e}}reance$", "Intertextuality", "Intermeaning of Meaning", "Dis De Phenomenon". The results of the study were as follows: first, "$Diff{\acute{e}}reance$" refers to a transcendence of time and space. These expressions are discursive, unrealistic, and convey freedom through intent that deviates from rules and norms. Second, "Intertextuality" indicates a mixture of different texts, such as styles, materials, and items. These expressions deliver novelty with amusement, and can be entertaining depending on audience expectations. Third, "Intermeaning of Meaning" is accidental category - depending on how the wearer wears the clothing. -; accordingly, free and spontaneous creativity is an emerging trend in fashion. Fourth, the clothing was expressed in deformed and distorted form by the construction and destruction of the structure, a technique we describe as the "Dis De Phenomenon". In this concept, the sense of free design of young emotion appears along with the sense of purity and shock due to intentional inconsistency.

Study on Operating Psychology through Combining Samjae and Sasang (삼재(三才)와 사상(四象)의 결합을 통한 심리(心理)에의 운용에 대한 연구)

  • Song, See-Won;Kang, Jung-Su
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.1102-1110
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    • 2006
  • Sambyun(三變) is standard classification for nine palace. Through sambyun you can define new meaning of 'self' in three perspective ways. First 'self' could mean desire, emotion and memory which are ontological values. second, 'self' could mean id, ego, and superego which are practical values. Third 'self' could mean unconscious, preconscious and conscious which are epistemological values. Samjae(三才) is method that analyze things base on common features. Sa sang is method that analyze things base on difference. They both are device that searching for reason. If you put one's mind in center to observe the universe creativity of great absolute and symmetry distinction of yingyang produces jeung(情), supreme intelligence(神), and soul(魂魄). With these facts identity of the heaven(天), earth(地) and man(人) which is named samjae(三才) generates symbols of independent sasang(四象). And also, sasang generates relations between five element(五行), six energy(六氣). From ten shen(十神) relation comes seven feelings(七情) of man which creates a category of the eight trigrams(八卦) for divination and unification of nine palace(九宮). All these process are united.

A Study on the Evolutionary Aspects of Place Image Strategies through the Marketing Paradigm (마케팅패러다임에 의한 장소이미지 전략의 진화양상 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Soo;Park, Kyoung-Ah
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 2011
  • This study, by applying the experiential and psychological thought category of "impression" as the space design strategy for drawing out "sensitivity," aims to break down the psychological mechanism forming the image held by the subject, and based on such segmentation, seek and strategize an effective design methodology. The subject's memory, pure sensation, and movement sensation are set as the preceding determinants comprising the psychological mechanism of space impression. The control determinants for achieving activation of psychological effect are reinterpreted as the relations of memory-cognition, sensation-perception, and movement-sensation and categorized into a cognitive strategy based on association, metaphor and remembrance; a direct sensation strategy based on formation, superposition and transposition of sensation; and a sensation strategy of process-formation based on expectation organization and reversal, contraction and relaxation. Each strategy is achieved through the formal, material and structural control of architecture. As a restructuring of the design methodology that has been experientially applied, the strategy categorization is important in that, by presenting the usefulness and effect by strategy according to space experience, it makes concrete the basic data that are useful for designing experience of sensitivity.

Exploration of Forgiveness Ability in Middle-aged Married Women (중년 기혼여성의 용서수준 탐색)

  • Choi, Mi-Ok;Oh, Yoon-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.45 no.10
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    • pp.113-126
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of forgiveness exercised by middle-aged married women. The subjects of the research were 345 married women selected randomly among inhabitants of Seoul. A research questionnaire was employed to gather information. The study results revealed four major patterns. First, they felt hurt by those to whom they were connected continuously in daily life, such as friends, colleagues, siblings, spouses. Second, the respondents stated that they would be very badly hurt and deeply wounded as a result of a hateful speech or suffering experience caused by people of immediate relations. Third, among the three sub-areas of forgiveness, forgiveness in cognitive category was the highest, followed by behavioral and emotional categories. Fourth, as far as the surrounding variables regarding the degree of forgiveness was concerned, physical health and happiness of the family were important while their age, gender, religion, economic levels, experience of forgiving others didn't make a difference at all.

A Acupuncture Therapy Literature Study on the Gastroduodenal Ulcer (위십이지장궤양(胃十二指腸潰瘍)의 침구치료(鍼灸治療)에 대한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Cho, Myeong-Rae;Chae, U-Seok;Choe, Won-Hwak
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.149-159
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    • 2005
  • Object : The purpose of this study is to arrange the literature about a acupuncture therapy on the gatroduodenal ulcer. Methods : We arrange twenty five kinds of literature about a acupuncture therapy on gastric pain coming within the category of the gatroduodenal ulcer. Results : The cause of gastric pain is disunion of liver and spleen caused by overeating, uncontrolled emotion. The gastric pain is accompanied by lack of appetite, nausea & vomiting, belching, constipation, abdominal discomfort and so on. Therapy methods of the gastric pain are tonifying the spleen, eliminating pathological coldness and alleviation of pain, draining the liver and replenish Ki. Acupuncture point at S36, P6, CV12, B20, B21, B18, B17 used frequently for the acupuncture therapy in the order of frequency of use. Conclusions : Meridians of Conception Vessel, Stomach, Spleen, Bladder and Liver used frequently for the acupuncture therapy. The meridian used for treatment of the gastroduodenal ulcer is related to it passing by a painful place in the body.

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The Text Analysis of Plasticity Expressed in the Modern Art to Wear (Part II) - Focused on the West Art Works since 1980s - (현대 예술의상에 표현된 조형성의 텍스트 분석 (제2보) - 1980년대 이후 서구 작가 작품을 중심으로 -)

  • Seo, Seung-Mi;Yang, Sook-Hi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.926-937
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    • 2005
  • The analysis category of Art to Wear was text analyzed from the research material of 100 projects put together by fashion specialist. The conclusion of Art to Wear was comprehended the general features of it were compared and analyzed from a semiotics context. According to this analysis, the formative features of modern Art to Wear is categorized into three different dimensions from a semiotics light. The formative features of modem Art to Wear in the light of syntactic dimension was divided as an open constructed shape of Space Extension, non-typical Deformation, Geometrical Plasticity. The formative features of modem Art to Wear in the light of semantic dimension express symbolic meaning through metaphorical sign. These sign reflect the body image of the life and death and its objective of Abjection, Hybrid of discultural appearance and the image of Hyper-reality, which are features used to comprehend the inner meaning. The formative features of modem Art to Wear in the light of pragmatic dimension divided the artist emotion and meaning system delivered by Emotive Image, the Phatic Image that arouse inner signification and the Poetic Image which contain artistic and aesthetic meaning within it.

Study on the Development of Tools for Measurement of Consumers' Brand Experience Inside and Outside a Fashion Brand Store at a Large Shopping Center (소비자의 대형 쇼핑센터 내 패션브랜드 매장 내·외부에서의 브랜드 체험 측정도구 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin Hwa;Kim, Jeong Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.574-587
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    • 2015
  • This quantitative study helps develop a measurement tool for consumer experiences inside and outside of a fashion brand store in a large shopping center along with a previous qualitative study that utilized a consumer interview. An expert group interview was conducted to verify the result of the previous qualitative study. Subjects were selected through convenient sampling. A self-administered questionnaire was developed to collect the data. We used 666 questionnaires for data analysis. To analyze data, reliability analysis, factor analysis, correlation analysis and measurement equivalence verification were conducted with a statistical package of SPSS 21.0 and Amos 18.0. We used 27 questions in 8 factors for consumer experience inside of the fashion brand store: fashion product, VMD, salesperson responsiveness, salesperson specialty, salesperson's special treatment, salesperson's respect for customers, and positive/negative emotion. We used 27 questions concerning seven factors for the consumer experience outside of a fashion brand store that encompasses a large shopping center: experience with brand and product category diversity, experience with promotion and event, esthetic experience, experience with culture and entertainment, experience with recreational behavior, experience with reputation and sense of pride, and experience with customers.

A Grounded Theory-Based Approach to Practice Adaptation Process of Hemodialysis Unit Nurses (혈액투석실 간호사의 실무적응과정에 대한 근거이론적 접근)

  • Park, Eui Jung;Kim, Young Hae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.128-134
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to generate a grounded substantive theory for the practice adaptation process of hemodialysis unit nurses. Methods: Participants in this study were 10 nurses working in one of two hemodialysis units. Data were collected through tape recorded in-depth interviews done between December, 2011 and February, 2012. Data were analyzed using grounded theory methodology. Results: From the participants' statements, 43 concepts, 18 subcategories and 10 categories were extracted through the open cording process. The 10 categories were: "Burden", "Role conflict", "Fearful", "Conflict of emotion", "Lack systematic job training", "Lack support system", "Compassion", "Rapport created", "Sense of duty", and "Growth". The core category was discovered to be 'recognized growth'. Phenomenon was identified as 'burnout' and this series of processes was categorized as having three stages: 'conflict', 'acceptance', 'growth'. Conclusion: The results of this study provide useful information about the needs of Hemodialysis Unit Nurses during the practice adaptation process based on their stages and types of practice adaptation. Finally, this study contributes data for the development of intervention programs that support the Hemodialysis Unit Nurses' practice adaptation.