• Title, Summary, Keyword: Emergency support

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A Development of Support Smart Application for Emergency Rescue Activities (스마트 구급 활동 지원 앱 개발)

  • Eum, Sang-hee;Kim, Gi-Ryon;Kim, Gwang-nyeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.238-240
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    • 2017
  • In the recent years, An attempts have been made to convergence medical technology and IT technology to overcome the limitations of temporal, spatial, and medical technology applications. In this study, we developed an application s/w to support emergency services for emergency medical services. The developed smart application for emergency rescue activities support can easily identify emergency situation and emergency diary. Then, it can be transmitted to a remote medical guidance doctor so that emergency treatment and hospital response can be performed quickly.

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What is Dental Advanced Life Support? (치과전문소생술(Dental Advanced Life Support, DALS)은 무엇인가요?)

  • Kim, Jongbin
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.58 no.10
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    • pp.640-648
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this article is to provide major announcements within the last decade or so about possible medical emergencies in dentistry. This would be helpful to improve the knowledge on first aid suitable for dental environment. Syncope was the most common medical emergencies in dentistry. Medical emergency situations can be divided into urgency and true emergency. Urgency situations can be solved well if proper treatment is taken. However, even in an urgency, if the correct treatment is not performed, it may soon turn into an emergency. With the joint efforts of the Korean Dental Anesthesiology Society and the Korean Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Association, dental advanced life support (DALS) has been prepared since 2015. Through 17 training experiences until January 2020, scenarios and textbooks were developed. Dentists and dental care teams need to be prepared to strengthen their competence as professionals and to increase their team-level response capabilities..

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Associations with Job Stress and Depression among Emergency Medical Technicians - Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem and Social Support- (응급구조사의 업무스트레스와 우울과의 관계 - 자아존중감과 사회적지지의 매개효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Sang-Hee;Lee, Jong-Ryol
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.35-47
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of self-esteem or social support on job-related stress and depression among emergency medical technicians (EMTs). Methods: Data were collected from EMTs at emergency medical institutions and fire stations (n=257). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS WIN 21.0. Results: Self-esteem and social support of EMTs were found to be at moderate levels (Self-esteem: M=3.04, SD=0.43; Social support: M=3.65, SD=0.43) Job-related stress was positively correlated with depression: the higher the job-related stress score, the higher the depression score. Moreover, self-esteem score or social support score was negatively associated with job-related stress and depression: the higher the self-esteem score or the higher the social support score, the lower the job related stress score and the depression score. Conclusions: Future research should address how social support and networks interact and together affect self-esteem for job-related stress and depression.

The Attitude about BLS of College Students (대학생의 기본인명구조술에 대한 태도)

  • Lee, Jung Eun
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.121-131
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    • 2005
  • This study examined the attitude about Basic Life Support of college students, college students' perception of the efficacy and concerns regarding performing of Basic Life Support via a written survey. This study was conducted among the fresh students of college. The survey was done from March 1 to April 1, 2005. Total subjects in this study were 234. The collected data were analyzed, by SPSS. The summary of the research is as follows: The subjects who had previously heard about Basic Life Support were 94.3%. 2. The subjects who had previously learned about Basic Life Support were 11.9%. 3. The attitude of subjects to Basic Life Support education was positive. Of the respondents, 95.7% wanted to learn Basic Life Support and 56.8% would be williling to provide Basic Life Support to collapsed person. If known the method of Basic Life Support than 83.3% of subjects would be willing to provide Basic Life Support to collapsed person. 4. Over than half(56.8%) indicated, that they would attempt to provide Basic Life Support if a student collapsed. 5. Concerns regarding performing Basic Life Support on students was 'doing it correctly'. 6. The subjects who had previously heard about AED were 65.0%. This study suggests that college students high perception of the effectiveness of the Basic Life Support and that they would be willing to provide Basic Life Support in a medical emergency.

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Pediatric advanced life support and sedation of pediatric dental patients

  • Kim, Jongbin
    • Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2016
  • Programs provided by the Korea Association of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation include Basic Life Support (BLS), Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS), and Korean Advanced Life Support (KALS). However, programs pertinent to dental care are lacking. Since 2015, related organizations have been attempting to develop a Dental Advanced Life Support (DALS) program, which can meet the needs of the dental environment. Generally, for initial management of emergency situations, basic life support is most important. However, emergencies in young children mostly involve breathing. Therefore, physicians who treat pediatric dental patients should learn PALS. It is necessary for the physician to regularly renew training every two years to be able to immediately implement professional skills in emergency situations. In order to manage emergency situations in the pediatric dental clinic, respiratory support is most important. Therefore, mastering professional PALS, which includes respiratory care and core cases, particularly upper airway obstruction and respiratory depression caused by a respiratory control problem, would be highly desirable for a physician who treats pediatric dental patients. Regular training and renewal training every two years is absolutely necessary to be able to immediately implement professional skills in emergency situations.

Relationship among Hardiness, Social Support and Burnout of Nurses Working in Emergency Department (응급실 간호사의 강인성, 사회적지지 및 소진간의 관계)

  • Park, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.10
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    • pp.397-405
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    • 2017
  • This study was to identify hardiness, social support, burnout which might influence burnout in emergency department nurses. Data were collected by self-reporting questionnaires from 115 nurses in 8 emergency department. Data analysis was done with SPSS/Win 21.0 program. Burnout showed significantly negative correlations with hardiness(r=-.390, p<.001), social support(r=-.400, p<.001) and hardiness showed significantly positive correlations with social support(r=.351, p<.001). As results, key factor was hardiness, social support, that continuing to work in emergency department, were significant predictors and accounted for 30.6%. Based on these results, burnout showed statistically significant differences depending on hardiness, social support and wanted department state. It is needed to develop a program in order to improve hardiness and social support of emergency department nurses.

Assessment and Methods of Nutritional Support during Atropinization in Organophosphate and Carbamate Poisoning Cases (아트로핀으로 치료하는 유기인계와 카바메이트 중독 환자의 영양지원 평가와 방법)

  • Park, Jong-uk;Min, Young-gi;Choi, Sangcheon;Ko, Dong-wan;Park, Eun Jung
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Clinical Toxicology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.123-129
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: Atropine is an antidote used to relieve muscarinic symptoms in patients with organophosphate and carbamate poisoning. Nutritional support via the enteral nutrition (EN) route might be associated with improved clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. This study examined the administration of nutritional support in patients undergoing atropinization, including methods of supply, outcomes, and complications. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital from 2010 to 2018. Forty-five patients, who were administered with atropine and on mechanical ventilation (MV) due to organophosphate or carbamate poisoning, were enrolled. Results: Nutritional support was initiated on the third day of hospitalization. Thirty-three patients (73.3%) were initially supported using parenteral nutrition (PN). During atropinization, 32 patients (71.1%) received nutritional support via EN (9) or PN (23). There was no obvious reason for not starting EN during atropinization (61.1%). Pneumonia was observed in both patient groups on EN and PN (p=0.049). Patients without nutritional support had a shorter MV duration (p=0.034) than patients with nutritional support. The methods of nutritional support during atropinization did not show differences in the number of hospital days (p=0.711), MV duration (p=0.933), duration of ICU stay (p=0.850), or recovery at discharge (p=0.197). Conclusion: Most patients undergoing atropinization were administered PN without obvious reasons to preclude EN. Nutritional support was not correlated with the treatment outcomes or pneumonia. From these results, it might be possible to choose EN in patients undergoing atropinization, but further studies will be necessary.

Route Exploration Algorithm for Emergency Rescue Support on Urgent Disaster (긴급 재해 발생 시 피난 지원을 위한 탈출 경로 탐색 알고리즘)

  • Hwang, Jun-Su;Choi, Young-Bok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.12-21
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    • 2016
  • The emergency evacuation support system supports evacuation assistance when an urgent disaster occurs. We have implemented evacuation route search algorithm to assist people's escape when a disaster occurs such as fires or terrorism in the building. The algorithm will guide the escape route at the fastest emergency exit of each region at the emergency state. The algorithm calculates the escape route by applying the weighting factor of age groups and population density around the emergency exit and of other regions. So the system helps escape to bypass the crowded emergency exit and the disaster area, and reduces the congestion of emergency exit and overloading of evacuation route.

Development and Implementation of Children Life Safety Support Education Program for Parent (영유아 부모의 아동안전 응급처치 교육프로그램 개발 및 효과)

  • Lee, Young-Ah;Ko, Jae-Moon
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and implement the educational program of Life Safety Support for parent. Methods: This study was used to develop children life safety support education program. The education program was utilized as multimedia, practice and discussions to increase understanding and effectiveness of learning. The data for this study was collected from June to December, 2010. There were two forms of evaluations, pretest and posttest with an intervention of education program. The analysis of the collected data was analyzed by descriptive analysis, t-test and paired t-test using the SPSS 10.0 program. Results: 1. the experimental group, who was given an education program before the test, got higher marks on the Life Safety support knowledge than the control group. There was a significant difference in knowledge between experimental group and control group(t=6.678, p=.000). 2. the experimental group got higher marks on the action evaluation than the control group. There was a significant difference in the certainty of action(t=8.546, p=.000) between experimental group and control group. Conclusion: This study examined how Life Safety support education program increased effectiveness in the knowledge and action of children Life Safety support.

Continuous effect of advanced cardiovascular life support simulation education according to Felder-Silverman learning style (Felder-Silverman 학습유형에 따른 전문심장소생술 시뮬레이션 교육의 지속효과)

  • Kim, Yu-Jeong;Park, Mi-Jeong;Ham, Young-Lim
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.21-35
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the continuous effect of advanced cardiovascular life support (ACLS) simulation education according to Felder-Silverman learning style. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 94 students of emergency medical technology and nursing. There were 50 female students (53.2%) and 88 students (93.6%) had basic life support certification. The study instruments included knowledge, performance, and confidence. Data were analyzed using SPSS v. 20.0. Results: The learning style consisted of reflective type (51.1%), sensory type (76.6%), visual type (63.8%), and sequential type (64.9%). There was a significant difference in continuous effect on performance by learning type. Conclusion: It is necessary to identify the learning style of students before simulation education in order to maintain continuous effect of ACLS education.