• Title, Summary, Keyword: Emergency response

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A Study on Emergency Response Action In case of Failure Occurrence on Rail Infrastructure and Rolling Stock. (철도 시설사고 및 차량장애에서의 비상대응 주체별 행동요령에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Doh-Chul;Seo, Young-Min
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1486-1493
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, we performed analysis and comparison on emergency response action for passengers, drivers, workers and controllers in case of failure occurrence on rail infrastructure and rolling stock. In general, the subjects of emergency response action perform the response action with following emergency response procedures when accidents occurred. In reality, however, no matter how well the subjects are trained, it is hard to follow the emergency response procedures precisely without making any mistakes. As for emergency response action, the most significant factor for the subjects is to follow the emergency response procedures as learned, without any hesitation. In this paper, therefore, we analyzed the emergency response actions that should be performed by passengers and railway workers when emergency accidents occurred. We also examined the communication facilities for emergency response among train, wayside and station in order to provide the emergency reporting system for passenger and the method for cleaning out the accident area.

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A Study on the Emergency Response Procedure of Unmanned Light Rail Transit (LRT) against Fire Accident (화재 사고에 대비한 무인 경전철의 비상대응절차에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yeon Kyu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.32 no.2D
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    • pp.183-187
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    • 2012
  • This study is to prepare the emergency response procedures for an unmanned LRT (Light Rapid Transit) which is being commercially operated recently. This emergency response procedure adds several particular characteristics which happens in the hardware and software aspects at the unmanned LRT in addition to the present emergency response procedures. The emergency response procedure has to conform to the emergency response planning. For doing that this emergency response procedure includes three important sub systems. First of all, the functional emergency response system has been developed. Secondly, Standard Operation Procedure (SOP) is suggested for the better and faster emergency response between emergency response personnel and institutes. Thirdly, emergency response training and drilling system is also provided for emergency response personnel. Finally, a software program for emergency response training and drilling will be developed and suggested to be used for the emergency response personnel.

A Study on Development of the Responsibility and Emergency Response Procedures for the Emergency Response Personnel Using Activity-Action Diagram (철도비상사태 시 비상대응주체별 행동요령수립을 위한 Activity-Action Diagram 및 전산화 구축방안)

  • Park, Young-Ik;Kim, Sang-Gyun;Kim, Si-Gon
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.543-550
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    • 2007
  • This study is for an effective response as the pre-stage for railway agencies to prepare the rail road kind based emergency response standard operation procedures when the emergency event occurs. Accordingly, I would like to increase the utility in helping the railroad employees to make their decisions. And that is possible through suggesting them to make computerized Emergency situation based activity and Emergency response that is individual based. And of course all of this procedure would be based on the emergency event categorized response scenario.

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Violence experiences, coping, and response of paramedics in the emergency room (응급실 내 1급 응급구조사의 폭력경험과 대처 및 반응)

  • Han, Seung-Eun;Lee, Kyoung-Youl
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.51-65
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate experiences of violence with patients or family members by paramedics working at emergency rooms. Methods: A questionnaire was administered from June 1 to 31, 2017 to 225 paramedics working at 27 emergency medical centers. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS statistics ver 24.0 program. Results: Within the past year, 208(92.9%) of 224 participants experienced violence among whom 202(90.2%) experienced verbal abuse, 193(86.2%) experienced physical threat, 89(39.7%) experienced physical violence, and 52(23.2%) experienced sexual violence. The level of violence response depending on the overlapping experience of violence type showed significant difference from emotional response (p= .001), social response (p= .001), physical response (p= .004), and overall violence response (p= .001). Conclusion: In conclusion, paramedics are frequently exposed to violence in the emergency rooms, of which they mostly experience verbal abuse. In addition, because the reporting system in the event of violence and the coping process are not well-informed, paramedics are unable to sufficiently utilize the reporting system and programs established within the institution. Therefore, the support of the legal system is needed to create a safe working environment for the medical staff who work in the emergency medical centers.

Mobilizing Voluntary Organizations in Taiwanese Emergency Response: Citizen Engagement and Local Fire Branch Heads

  • Wu, Wei-Ning;Chang, Ssu-Ming;Collins, Brian K.
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2015
  • This article assesses factors that affect the ability of local fire branch heads in Taiwan to mobilize volunteer organizations in local emergency responses. Data from a survey of local fire branch heads in Taiwan is analyzed by using an OLS model to test three hypotheses regarding the relationship between the dependent variable, perceived ability to mobilize volunteer organizations in emergency response, and three explanatory variables: organizational capacity, quality of communication, and the quality of citizen engagement ex-ante to emergency response. The model indicates a positive relationship between the ability to mobilize volunteer organizations in emergency response, the quality of communications, and the quality of citizen engagement in preparedness. The research suggests that local fire branch heads and volunteer organizations should begin the process of emergency response mobilization in the preparedness stage. The quality of the citizen engagement in preparedness stages should increase the ability of local fire branch managers to mobilize external resources in emergency response.

Disaster preparedness and response competency of emergency medical technician-paramedics in the disaster medical assistant team (재난의료지원팀 내 1급 응급구조사의 재난대비·대응역량에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jong-Chan;Lee, Kyoung-Youl
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.19-31
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate disaster preparedness competence and disaster response competence of paramedics working in emergency medical centers operating a disaster medical assistance teams. Methods: Data of 174 emergency medical technician(EMT)-paramedics were collected from July 15 to August 14, 2018 at regional and local emergency medical centers that operate disaster medical assistant team. Analysis of the data was carried out with IBM SPSS statistics 24.0 software (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). Results: The mean disaster preparedness competence score was $3.57{\pm}0.63$ (out of five). Participants' disaster preparedness competence significantly differed according to type of emergency medical center (p<.000), disaster education experience (p<.000), and education frequency (p=.001). The mean disaster response competence score was $4.09{\pm}0.57$ (out of five). Participants' disaster response competence significantly differed according to disaster education experience (p<.000) and medical assistance experience (p=.045). Conclusion: Emergency medical technician-paramedics without disaster training should first be provided with this training. Further, it is important for EMT-paramedics to know their disaster preparedness and response capacities and strengthen their shortcomings. It is also important to develop education and training programs that properly equip EMT-paramedics with practical competencies.

Improvement Suggestion for Emergency Response Plans and Manuals (재난대응계획 및 매뉴얼 등의 발전방안)

  • Lee, Yong Jae;We, Kum Sook;Lee, Young Jai
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2013
  • Recently, scale and complexity of disaster are increasing by natural social factor, and there is limit for emergency response by single agency thereby. Therefore, when multi-agency conduct a response for disaster together at the scene, they need preparation for joint response in the advance for systematic mutual cooperation. Preparedness consist of various factors such as planning, securing of Organizations and resource, continuous education and training. This paper focus on emergency response plan and examine the existing state and problem of various plans and manuals. Also submit development way for establishing emergency response plan that had effectiveness through the foreign case analysis.

A Method on a Proper Time Evaluation for Railway Emergency Response Staffs using the Therblig Analysis (Therblig 기법을 활용한 철도비상대응직원의 적정 비상대응조치 시간 도출 방안)

  • Park, Min-Kyu;Kim, Si-Gon;Sim, Young-Rok
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.689-695
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    • 2007
  • This Paper introduced a proper time evaluation for railway emergency response staffs using the Therblig Analysis. We defines what Activities the emergency response staffs should take when the fire occurs on the railway. This has been possible through the development of the scenario that is focused on the fire accident and it also has been driven to minimize the spread and damage of the accident. Gilbreth's Therblig Analysis has been used here to derive the reasonable time that would take for the emergency response staffs to respond to the fire accident on the railway system. We developed Emergency Response Scenario against Accidents and defined the Activity of the main Action for Emergency Response staffs.

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A Convergence study for the Shorten of Pre-hospital Emergency Medical Response Time in Vehicle Accident (차량 사고에서 병원 전 응급의료 대응시간 단축을 위한 융합연구)

  • Jeon, Hyeok-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was a convergence study to find a way to shorten pre-hospital emergency medical response time in vehicle accident. This study analyzed the factors of hospital emergency response time by utilizing weather, road type, accident type, and rescue response to 353 vehicle passengers who visited the three emergency medical centers from January 1, 2011 to July 30, 2016 in Korea In-Depth Accident Study. The results of the study showed that the highway used the most time to prehospital emergency medical response time and was a factor affecting the overall time (${\beta}=.543$, p<.001). In order to shorten the emergency medical response time in highway, the operation of emergency services on the highway, the active use of emergency turn road and the automatic emergency rescue service with individual devices were proposed.

A Study on Development of Functional Recommendation for Planning Emergency Response Using Model-Based Approach (모델링 기반 사고 대응 절차 수립 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Seol, Ji Woo;Chae, Chung Keon;Lee, Kyung Jin;Moon, Myong Hwan;Ko, Jae Wook
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.55 no.2
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 2017
  • Emergency response guidelines play an important role which reduce consequence of accident. For development of useful emergency response guidelines, engineering methodology should be applied to the development procedures. In this study accident propagation model, bow-tie methods, emergency response decision methods were applied to existing emergency response guideline develop procedure. In this way, this study suggest generalized emergency response guideline develop procedures. Also a sheet was developed using suggested procedures to make sample guidelines for a case.