• Title, Summary, Keyword: Embryo Transfer

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Development of New Vitrification Method for Preimplantation Mouse Embryo

  • Ha, A-Na;Fakruzzaman, Md.;Lee, Kyeong-Lim;Wang, Erdan;Lee, Jae-Ik;Min, Chan-Sik;Kong, Il-Keun
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.141-147
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was attempted to new methods in mammalian embryos vitrification. This method was affected to increase of the embryo vitrification efficiency and it would be applied to the field of embryo transfer to recipient by modified loading method of embryo into 0.25 ml plastic straw. The frozen mouse embryos were carried out warmed from two different cell stages (8-cell and blastocyst, respectively) by attachment of an embryo in the vitrification straw (aV) method. All groups were cultured in M-16 medium to determine the development and survivability for 24 h, respectively. Results shown that, the survivability of two different groups were significantly different (94.8% vs. 70.9%). Total cell number was not significantly different the non-frozen blastocyst ($99.7{\pm}12.4$) compared to the post-thaw blastocyst ($94.8{\pm}15.1$). From the 8-cell embryo, total cell number of frozen blastocysts were significantly lower than others groups ($74.7{\pm}14.6$, p<0.05). In the case of cell death analysis, the blastocysts from non-frozen and frozen-thawed 8-cell group were not different ($0.0{\pm}0.0$ vs. $1.9{\pm}3.1$, p>0.05). However, the apoptotic nuclei of blastocyst were significantly observed the frozen-thawed group ($5.4{\pm}4.4$) compared to non-frozen group (p<0.05). Therefore, this new method of embryos using in-straw dilution and direct transfer into other species would be more simple procedure of embryo transfer rather than step-wise dilution method and cryopreservation vessels, so we can be applied in animal as well as human embryo cryopreservation in further.

Legal Implications of In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer (체외수정 및 배이식에 관한 법율고)

  • Bai, Byoung-Choo
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.129-136
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    • 1986
  • While the technique of In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer has been proven undoutedly, it is for from reaching a consensus on the legal implication. Legal authority regarding clinical therapeutic In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer is, for all practical purpose, nonexistant. In this paper, it is discussed existing regulation dealing with In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer and related areas i.e. the regulation related medical technologies, the use of donor sperm, donor eggs, surrogate uteri, multiple pregnancy, miscarriages, extra embryos, the technique of cryopreservation. The legality of embryo donation, the responsibility for embryo preservation or destruction and the legal status of the embryos are surveyed. Finally the various legal theories that may give rise to physician liability in connection with clinical In Vitro Fertilization are also reviewed.

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Embryo Transfer and Establishment of the Optimal Culture Systems for Production of Good Quality Blastocyst Derived In Vitro in Korean Cattle (체외에서 양질의 한우 수정란 생산을 위한 배양조건의 설정 및 이식)

  • 박흠대;김종환;정덕수;이동칠;김주환;윤산현
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 1999
  • To establish the optimal culture systems for production of transferable embryos in Korean Cattle, pregnancy rates of IVF-derived blastocysts according to different culture media, culture method and culture duration were compared. Development of IVF-derived embryos to blastocysts was most effective in YS medium group co-cultre with cumulus cells. Blastocysts cultured for 6 to 8 d in vitro showed higher hatching rate and good quality. Pregnancy rates after transfer of IVF-derived blastocysts cultured for 7 or 8 d were high. Through our experiments, it is considered that improvement of culture media and culture method is necessary for mass production of blastocysts with excellent of good quality in Korean Cattle.

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Infectious Disease Control of Bovine Embryos (소 수정란의 전염성질병 예방)

  • 석호봉
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.16-27
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    • 1986
  • Based on the current importing and exporing regulations for disease control of embryo transfer, some important microorganisms and their control possibilities are reviewed. The results reviewed were sumrnarized as follows: 1. Regulations regarding to the import of embryos vary between importing and exporting countries, but exporting countries examine the donor and embryos for the heaith certification by the requirements of importing countries. 2. Organisms that infect the gametes are 5 kinds of viruses and the diseases caused by them could not be controlled or eradicated using embryo transfer. 3. Organisms that do not infect the gametes are 4 kinds of viruses and the causal organisms are potential candidates for control or eradication by embryo transfer. 4. Organisms that penetrate the zona pellucida and infect the embryo are 6 kinds of viruses including bovine viral diarrhea virus. 5. Organisms that cannot penetrate the zona pellucida or do not infect the embryo are 15 kinds of viruses and the removal from their contaminations are recommended by proper washing procedure and antisera treatment. Bovine and porcine parvovirus, porcine pseudorabies virus and vesicular stomatitis virus are included in these organisms. 6. Bovine embryos that artificially exposed to various pathogenic organisms such as bovine herpes virus, IBR virus, bluetongue virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus and Brucella abortus in vitro are discussed about their infection by several treatments.

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Comparison of Embryo Production Performance and Conception Rate after Embryo Transfer between Mongolian Cattle and Korean Native Cattle

  • Chuluundorj, Gantugs;Lee, Ho-Jun;Son, Dong-Soo;Ganbaatar, Enkhmanlai;Tumur, Baldan;Yoon, Jong-Taek
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.319-324
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    • 2017
  • This study is to compare the effect of estrus synchronization and embryo transfer between Korean and Mongolian cattle. Embryos were collected from 9 donors housed in Asan city in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea. Embryos were collected 9 donors from Khushaat sum, Selenge province and Bayanchandmani sum, Tov province in Mongolia. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), Controlled Internal Drug Release (CIDR) and Prostaglandin (PG) were used for superovulation. Subsequently, Artificial Insemination (AI) was done for donor cow and embryo was collected after 7 and 8 days. Collected embryos were compared between Mongolian and Korean cattle. Finally, good quality and fresh embryos were transferred to 50 and 22 recipients of cows in Korea and Mongolia respectively. The findings show that Korean native cattle each donor cow produced on an average 16.9 embryos and, 10.9 embryos were found transferable. But in case of Mongolia the average production of embryos per donor cow was 8.6 embryos and, 6.2 embryos were found transferable. Embryo collection after 7 and 8 days was not difference in embryo production in Korea. But, in Mongolia embryo production after 8 days was found more efficient than the 7 days. Korean native recipient's cows (74.6%) and Mongolian recipient's cows (71.0%) respectively were found transferable ovarian stage. The result suggested that efficiency of embryo production from the superovulation method treated of Korean cow were higher than the Mongolian cow. The pregnancy rate of Korea native cattle was 72%, which was about 10% higher than that of Mongolia cattle.