• Title, Summary, Keyword: Embryo Transfer

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Associations of post-warming embryo or blastocyst development with clinical pregnancy in vitrified embryo or blastocyst transfer cycles

  • Hong, Yeon Hee;Lee, Jang Mi;Kim, Seul Ki;Youm, Hye Won;Jee, Byung Chul
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.140-146
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    • 2020
  • Objective: To investigate whether the degree of post-warming embryo or blastocyst development is associated with clinical pregnancy in vitrified embryo or blastocyst transfer cycles. Methods: Ninety-six vitrified cleavage-stage embryos and 58 vitrified blastocyst transfer cycles were selected. All transfer cycles were performed from February 2011 to March 2019, and all vitrified embryos or blastocysts were warmed from 4 PM to 6 PM and then transferred the next morning from 9 AM to 10 AM. The scores of the cleavage-stage embryos and blastocysts were assessed at warming and at transfer using the modified Steer method and the Gardner method, respectively. The mean embryo or blastocyst score, score of the single top-quality embryo or blastocyst, and the difference in the score between warming and transfer were compared between nonpregnant and pregnant women. Results: In the cleavage-stage embryo transfer cycles, both the top-quality embryo score at transfer and the difference in the score between warming and transfer were significantly associated with clinical pregnancy. A top-quality embryo score at transfer of ≥ 60.0 (area under the curve [AUC], 0.673; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.531-0.815) and a difference in the score between warming and transfer of ≥ 23.0 (AUC, 0.675; 95% CI, 0.514-0.835) were significant predictors of clinical pregnancy. In blastocyst transfer cycles, the top-quality blastocyst score at transfer was the only significant factor associated with clinical pregnancy. A top-quality blastocyst score at transfer of ≥ 38.3 was a significant predictor of clinical pregnancy (AUC, 0.666; 95% CI, 0.525-0.807). Conclusion: The top-quality embryo score at transfer and the degree of post-warming embryo development were associated with clinical pregnancy in vitrified cleavage-stage embryo transfer cycles. In vitrified blastocyst transfer cycles, the top-quality blastocyst score at transfer was the only significant factor affecting clinical pregnancy.

Studies on the Improvement of Embryo Transfer Efficiency in Korean Cattle I. Effect of Embryo Conditions on Pregnancy Rate after Embryo Transfer (한우에서 수정란 이식의 효율 증진에 대한 연구 I. 수정란의 조건이 이식 후 수태율에 미치는 영향)

  • 김흥률;김덕임;원유석;김창근;정영채;이규승;서길웅;박창식
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to establish an effective system for embryo transfer techniques by analyzing several factors affecting in-vivo embryo transfer in Korean cattle. Embryos produced in-vivo were transferred into a total of 301 recipients. The results obtained in studies on the factors affecting pregnancy rate after embryo transfer by condition of embryos were as follow ; 1. The pregnancy rate of 301 recipients was 45.2% and higher with fresh embryos than with frozen embryos(63.5% : 21.4%, P<0.01). Embryos superovurated by FSH-P had slightly greater than by SUPER-OV in pragnancy rate, athough these were no difference between two treatments. 2. The pregnancy rates of transferred morulae and blastocysts showed no difference between fresh and frozen embryos(63.5% : 63~6% ; 20.0% : 25.8%). However, the pregnancy rates by quality of flesh and frozen embryos were significantly different(P<0~05). The pregnancy rates were outstandingly high in the grade A, B of fresh embryos(59.0~66.4%), and in the grade A of frozen embryos(43.6%). 3. The number of transferred embryos showed no difference in pregnancy rate, but when frozen embryos transferred, the pregnancy rate was slightly higher with two embryos than that with one embryo.

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Embryo Transfer and Its Effects on Dairy Cattle Improvement (수정란이식과 젖소의 개량효과)

  • 정진관
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.22-26
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    • 1987
  • When the dairy cattle are genetically improved by embryo transfer, generation intervals can be reduced since sires are selected by their full-sister's records rather than by their daughter's records and selection intensity increases because only donor cows and sires for them are selected. In addition by embryo transfer many number of full-sisters and full-sisters are produced at the same time, resulting in the increase in the accuracy of selection.

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Studies on the Improvement of Embryo Transfer Efficiency in Korean Cattle III. Effect of Pregnancy Rate after Embryo Transfer by Condition of Transfer Time (한우에서 수정란 이식의 효율 증진에 관한 연구 III. 이식 시기의 조건이 수정란 이식 후 수태율에 미치는 영향)

  • 김흥률;김덕임;김진호;박철진;이문성;김창근;정영채
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to establish an effective system for embryo transfer techniques by analyzing several factors affecting in-vivo embryo transfer in Korean cattle Embryos were transferred into a toral of 301 recipients. The results obtained in studies on the factors affecting pregnancy rate after embryo transfer by condition of transfer time were as follows ; 1. The pregnancy rate by the seasons of transferred fresh and frozen embryos were not different, but the pregnancy rate was slightly higher in summer(80.8%). 2. The pregnancy rate by the days of embryo transfer after estrus were not different when fresh embryos were transferred, but the pregnancy rate was highest at 8 days when frozen embryos were transferred(P<0.01, 40.0%). 3. The pregnancy rate at estrus synchronization was remarkably higher with PGF$_2$$\alpha$ treated than natural (P<0.05, 70.4%, 43.4%). 4. The pragnancy rate by the degree of estrus synchronization was best when the estrus was synchronized in both fresh and frozen embryos (83.3% and 29.7%, respectively), but the pregnancy rate was not different among $\pm$2 days. But the pregnancy rate of frozen embryos were slightly higher when the recipients exhibited estrus earlier than donors.

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Studies on the Improvement of Embryo Transfer Efficiency in Korean Cattle IV. Effect of the Gestation Length and the Weight Changes of Calves Produced after Embryo Transfer (한우에서 수정란 이식의 효율 증진에 관한 연구 IV. 수정란 이식 송아지의 임신기간 및 체중변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 김흥률;김덕임;원유석;김경주;권항기;김창근
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.155-162
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to establish an effective system for embryo transfer of techniques by analyzing several factors affecting the gestation length and the weight changes of calves produced from embryo transfer in Korean cattle. The results obtained in study on factors affecting the gestation length and the weight changes of calves produced from embryo transfer were as fallow; 1) The gestation length and the birth weight did not differ between male and female, but the weight changes after birth were remarkablely different between sex(P<0.05). 2) The gestation length between heifers and cows was not different, and body weights at birth and 6 months were remarkabley heavy in cows(P<0.05). Weight changes after 6 months were not different. 3) The gestation length and the birth weight were significantly different between the single and twin calving (P<0.05). Weight of twin at 6 and 12 months were remarkabely light. 4) Calving seasons did not affect the gestation length the and the birth weight. Weaning weight was significantly heavy(P<0.05), but weight changes after weaning were no different among the calving seasons. Conclusivley, this results suggest that cows will be better when considering growth of calves and twin produced from embryo trnsfer in Korean cattle.

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Embryo transfer in Korean Native Black Goat: Embryo recovery and transfer for the production of transgenic goat (한국재래흑염소 수정란의 이식: 형질전환 흑염소 생산을 위한 수정란의 채취와 이식)

  • 신상태
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Embryo Transfer Conference
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    • pp.64-75
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    • 2000
  • During the last three decades considerable advances has been made in goat embryo production and transfer technology. The Korean native black goat is the most useful domestic ruminant in this country for biological investigation and application because it has a lot of merits such as relatively short generation period(1 vs 2 year for a cow), easy of handling, well adaptation, high fertility, convenient and inexpensive. This article covers the methods of superovulation, estrus synchronization, embryo collection and transfer techniques, pregnancy diagnosis and subsequent pregnancy and kidding rates for the production of transgenic Korean native black goats. More than one hundred goat kids have been produced as a result of our transgenic goat project via microinjection of foreign gene into pronuclei, in vitro culture, transfer of various stages of fresh and frozen-thawed microinjected embryos into oviducts or uteri of recipient does. We have got two transgenic goats carrying a transgene targeting the expression of recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor(hG-CSF) to the mammary gland so far. Since collection and transfer of embryos in this species is usually accomplished by laparotomy, exteriorization of the reproductive tract for surgical embryo collection leads to the formation of post-operative adhesions. Nonsurgical or laparoscopic technique to reduce adhesions from repeated surgeries has great advantages in improving embryo production and transfer especially from valuable donors. We will discuss this later.

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Embryo transfer in Korean Native Black Goat;Embryo recovery and transfer for the production of transgenic goat (한국재래흑염소 수정란의 이식;형질전환 흑염소 생산을 위한 수정란의 채취와 이식)

  • Shin, Sang-Tae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Embryo Transfer Conference
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    • pp.64-75
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    • 2000
  • During the last three decades considerable advances has been made in goat embryo production and transfer technology. The Korean native black goat is the most useful domestic ruminant in this country for biological investigation and application because it has a lot of merits such as relatively short generation period (1 vs 2 year for a cow), easy of handling, well adaptation, high fertility, convenient and inexpensive. This article covers the methods of superovulation, estrus synchronization, embryo collection and transfer techniques, pregnancy diagnosis and subsequent pregnancy and kidding rates for the production of transgenic Korean native black goats. More than one hundred goat kids have been produced as a result of our transgenic goat project via microinjection of foreign gene into pronuclei, in vitro culture, transfer of various stages of fresh and frozen-thawed microinjected embryos into oviducts or uteri of recipient does. We have got two transgenic goats carrying a transgene targeting the expression of recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (hG-CSF) to the mammary gland so far. Since collection and transfer of embryos in this species is usually accomplished by laparotomy, exteriorization of the reproductive tract for surgical embryo collection leads to the formation of post-operative adhesions. Nonsurgical or laparoscopic technique to reduce adhesions from repeated surgeries has great advantages in improving embryo production and transfer especially from valuable donors. We will discuss this later.

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