• Title, Summary, Keyword: Embryo Technology

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Advances and Problems of Embryo Transfer in Swine (돼지 수정란이식의 현황과 문제점)

  • 박창식
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 1990
  • Remarkable progress has recently been made in embryo transfer technology, resulting in the birth of IVF and nuclear transfer offsprings in swine. However, further progress of the technology to (I) make a safe, effective and economic estrual-cycle synchronization compound, (2) regulate each step of sperm capacitation (3) induce monospermic fertilization, (4) in vitro grow and mature oocytes, (5) fertilize the oocytes efficently, (6) culture the oocytes to the blastocyst stage in defined media, (7) produce multiply copies of embryos with superior genetic merit, (8) preselect the sex of these superior offsprings, and (9) preserve embryos by freezing and storage in liquid nitrogen is required before this promising technology is applied routinely to swine for practical use.

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Recent Development in Embryo Technology in Pigs - Review -

  • Niwa, K.;Funahashi, H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.966-975
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    • 1999
  • Technologies on preimplantation porcine embryos have been developed quickly and significantly. Successful development of systems for culture of porcine zygotes to the blastocyst stage has made it possible to utilize follicular oocytes for in vitro production of embryos and thus stimulated research on various embryo technologies. Recent technological development of embryo cryopreservation, separation of X- and Y-bearing spermatozoa and non-surgical embryo transfer has also made it easy to utilize in vivo- and in vitro-produced embryos for artificial manipulation to produce clones and transgenic pigs. Further progress in overcoming various problems associated with each embryo technology will result in acceptable efficiency to utilize porcine embryos with a high or increased quality. Combining these technologies will accelerate further expansion of the swine industry not only for meat production but also for the production of therapeutic recombinant proteins and xonografts.

Comparison of Embryo Production Performance and Conception Rate after Embryo Transfer between Mongolian Cattle and Korean Native Cattle

  • Chuluundorj, Gantugs;Lee, Ho-Jun;Son, Dong-Soo;Ganbaatar, Enkhmanlai;Tumur, Baldan;Yoon, Jong-Taek
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.319-324
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    • 2017
  • This study is to compare the effect of estrus synchronization and embryo transfer between Korean and Mongolian cattle. Embryos were collected from 9 donors housed in Asan city in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea. Embryos were collected 9 donors from Khushaat sum, Selenge province and Bayanchandmani sum, Tov province in Mongolia. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), Controlled Internal Drug Release (CIDR) and Prostaglandin (PG) were used for superovulation. Subsequently, Artificial Insemination (AI) was done for donor cow and embryo was collected after 7 and 8 days. Collected embryos were compared between Mongolian and Korean cattle. Finally, good quality and fresh embryos were transferred to 50 and 22 recipients of cows in Korea and Mongolia respectively. The findings show that Korean native cattle each donor cow produced on an average 16.9 embryos and, 10.9 embryos were found transferable. But in case of Mongolia the average production of embryos per donor cow was 8.6 embryos and, 6.2 embryos were found transferable. Embryo collection after 7 and 8 days was not difference in embryo production in Korea. But, in Mongolia embryo production after 8 days was found more efficient than the 7 days. Korean native recipient's cows (74.6%) and Mongolian recipient's cows (71.0%) respectively were found transferable ovarian stage. The result suggested that efficiency of embryo production from the superovulation method treated of Korean cow were higher than the Mongolian cow. The pregnancy rate of Korea native cattle was 72%, which was about 10% higher than that of Mongolia cattle.

Role of Temperature and Gibberellic Acid in Stimulating Embryo Elongation and Radicle Emergence of Hepatica asiatica Nakai Seeds

  • Chon, Young Shin;Jeong, Kyeong Jin;Lee, Sang Woo;Yun, Jae Gill
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.331-339
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    • 2015
  • This research was performed to determine the temperature requirements for embryo growth and radicle emergence of Hepatica asiatica Nakai, a perennial herb native to Korea. Seed viability, embryo growth, and radicle emergence were monitored in seeds exposed to various temperatures (10, 15, $20^{\circ}C$ and $30{\rightarrow}15^{\circ}C$). Laboratory experiments at various temperatures revealed that (1) embryo elongation occurred effectively between 10 and $15^{\circ}C$; (2) radicle emergence occurred only at $15^{\circ}C$; (3) a warm stratification (2-8 weeks at $30^{\circ}C$) was not required for embryo elongation and radicle emergence, and led to inhibition of radicle emergence; (4) application of gibberellic acid ($GA_3$) promoted embryo growth, but not radicle emergence. These results suggested that H. asiatica seeds have two separate mechanisms to overcome dormancy, either by $GA_3$ (morphological dormancy) or temperature (physiological dormancy), and warm stratification is not involved in breaking radicle dormancy. These findings indicate that H. asiatica seeds have morphophysiological dormancy.

Application of Embryo Transfer Technology (수정란 이식 기술의 응용)

  • Lim, Hyun-Joo;Son, Jun-Kyu;Yoon, Ho-Beak;Baek, Kwang-Soo;Choe, Chang-Yong;Kim, Sidong;Kwon, Eung-Gi
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2013
  • Embryo transfer (ET) technology is of high importance in modern cattle breeding programs. ET is one step in the process of removing one or more embryos from the reproductive tract of an outstanding donor female and transferring them to one or more recipient females. Embryos also can be produced in the laboratory via techniques such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). But the actual transfer of an embryo is only one step in a series of processes that may include some or all of the following: superovulation and insemination of donors, collection of embryos, isolation, evaluation and short-term storage of embryos, micromanipulation and genetic testing of embryos, freezing of embryos and embryo transfer. Cryopreservation and direct transfer of frozen-thawed embryos is common-place with pregnancy rates near that of fresh embryos. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology is currently being used for sexing embryos, and this technology will be used for "embryo diagnostics" and "embryo genomics" in the future. Although, many limitations and problems remain to overcome, these and other new technologies promise to change livestock breeding drastically in the next decade.

Physico-chemical Properties of Giant Embryo Brown Rice (Keunnunbyeo)

  • Choi, In-Duck;Kim, Deog-Su;Son, Jong-Rok;Yang, Chang-Inn;Chun, Ji-Yeon;Kim, Kee-Jong
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2006
  • Brown rice with a giant embryo (GE) was observed on the quality parameters of the enlargement of embryo, nutritional components, and physical properties, in comparison to normal embryo brown rice (NE). Also, the effects of germination on the quality parameters were examined. GE embryo was approximately 2.68 times larger than of NE rice. Total free sugars were significantly higher in GE rice (71.96 vs. 41.17 mg/100 g), and germinated rice increased in fructose, but decreased in sucrose and maltose. No significant difference in mineral contents was found in GE and NE rice and their germinated rice, whereas a significant increment was observed on reducing sugars and gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) contents in GE rice. The lower water absorption index (WAI) of GE rice resulted in relatively lower pasting viscosity, whereas the increased WSI in germinated rice might be attributable to the significant increment of soluble components in GE rice.