• Title, Summary, Keyword: Embedded

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Embedded Operating Systems;Windows CE, Embedded Linux, pSOS, uC/OS

  • Park, Kwang-Hyun;Jeon, Jae-Wook
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1976-1981
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    • 2003
  • Except a desktop computer and workstation, an embedded system is a system containing microprocessors. While a desktop computer and a workstation are designed for a general purpose, an embedded system is designed for a dedicated purpose. Thus, an embedded system must meet some constraints such as low power consumption, low cost, small size, real-time, or user-defined ones. A simple and low cost embedded system may be able to be designed without using embedded operating systems (OS). However, considered design time and effort, some embedded system had better be designed with using embedded OS. Under given constraints and purpose of some embedded systems, one embedded OS can save more time, cost, and effort in designing those embedded systems than others. This paper compares four embedded OSs, Windows CE, Embedded Linux, pSOS, and uC/OS. It analyzes several issues of embedded OS such as process scheduling, inter-process communication (IPC), memory management, and network support. Also, it describes the product of each embedded OS.

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Embedded Waveform Coding of Speech (음성 파형의 Embedded 부호화에 관한 연구)

  • 이형호;은종관
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.73-83
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    • 1984
  • The performances of embedded adaptive differential pulse code modulation (ADPCM), embedded adaptive delta modulation (ADM), and the same systems with a delayedfecision scheme have been studied with real speech over a wide dynamic range. The embedded ADPCM and ADM coders have been obtained by modifying the conventional ADPCM and ADM coders. The basic scheme of the embedded ADPCM coder is based on the ADPCM originally proposed by Cummiskey et at. For embedded ADM systems, we have modified continuously variable slope DM (CVSD) and hybrid commanding DM (HCDM) systems. Among these embedded coders, the performance of the embedded HCDM is superior to the other coders over a wide range of transmission rate from 16 to 64 kbits/s, When the delayedtecision scheme is applied to the embedded ADPCM the performance is improved significantly at all transmission rates. But, in the embedded ADM systems with 16 kHz sampling rate, the performance improvement resulting from delayed decision is not drastic as is in the embedded ADPCM with the same number of delayed samples.

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A Development of Personalized Embedded System for Interactive Training Machines (체감형 운동 기기를 위한 개인화된 임베디드 시스템의 개발)

  • Byun, Siwoo
    • IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.361-367
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, we propose an interactive embedded system framework for efficient training management in u-health environment. First, we analyzed various requirements of smart training systems for quality of life. We also analyzed the oversea trends and positive effects of the embedded system in terms of both technical and economical factors. Second, we proposed detailed design specification for embedded hardware implementation. Third, we developed effective OS(Operating System) specification for the embedded hardware. Finally, we developed a training scenario and embedded applications such as training control software and analysis software for the smart training systems.

Composite $BaTiO_3$ Embedded capacitors in Multilayer Printed Circuit Board (다층 PCB에서의 $BaTiO_3$ 세라믹 Embedded capacitors)

  • You, Hee-Wook;Park, Yong-Jun;Koh, Jung-Hyuk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.110-113
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    • 2008
  • Embedded capacitor technology is one of the effective packing technologies for further miniaturization and higher performance of electric packaging system. In this paper, the embedded capacitors were simulated and fabricated in 8-layered printed circuit board employing standard PCB processes. The composites of barium titanante($BaTiO_3$) powder and epoxy resin were employed for the dielectric materials in embedded capacitors. Theoretical considerations regarding the embedded capacitors have been paid to understand the frequency dependent impedance behavior. Frequency dependent impedance of simulated and fabricated embedded capacitors was investigated. Fabricated embedded capacitors have lower self resonance frequency values than that of the simulated embedded capacitors due to the increased parasitic inductance values. Frequency dependent capacitances of fabricated embedded capacitors were well matched with those of simulated embedded capacitors from the 100MHz to 10GHz range. Quality factor of 20 was observed and simulated at 2GHz range in the 10 pF embedded capacitors. Temperature dependent capacitance of fabricated embedded capacitors was presented.

The study of verification for reliability in train control embedded system (열차 제어 임베디드 시스템에서의 신뢰성 검증에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Hyo-Sik
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.483-494
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    • 2009
  • Since the embedded system is more intelligent, the importance of the reliability in the embedded system is a lot more visible. Especially the reliability of the embedded system in the train control system is even better important. As the special quality of the embedded system, the hardware of the system is directly controlled by the software in the embedded system. As the expansion of complexity, the expense amd the time for verification is required more and more. This paper is presented the verification of the reliability as the method with background of failure Embedded system is gradually, the importance of 'A built-in on the system embedded system's reliability is focused. In particular, in the train control system built-in of the embedded system, reliability is even more important. The embedded system of the system controls over hardware, software with built-in directly. The more complex system is, the more increasable of depending on the reliability of the time verification and expensive is. This paper is about he characteristics of the reliability and verification of embedded system under the failure mechanisms, based on the verification methodology suggested by in the train control system.

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Quality Measurement Process Management Using Defect Data of Embedded SW (Embedded SW의 품질 측정 프로세스 관리 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Bok-Nam
    • 한국IT서비스학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.713-721
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    • 2003
  • The time to market and productivity of embedded system needs a quality measurement process management of embedded software. But, defect management without preemptive analysis or prediction is not useful for quality measurement process management. This subject is focused on the defect that is one of the most important attributes of software measure in the process. Defining of defect attribute and quality measurement process management is according to understanding of embedded sw characteristics and defect data. So, this study contributes to propose the good method of the quantitative based on defect management in the test phase of sw lifecycle.

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Virtual ARM Machine for Embedded System Development (임베디드 시스템의 가상 ARM 머신의 개발)

  • Lee, So-Jin;An, Young-Ho;Han, Alex H;Hwang, Young-Si;Chung, Ki-Seok
    • IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 2008
  • To reduce time-to-market, more and more embedded system developers and system-on-chip designers rely on microprocessor-based design methodology. ARM processor has been a major player in this industry over the last 10 years. However, there are many restrictions on developing embedded software using ARM processor in the early design stage. For those who are not familiar with embedded software development environment or who cannot afford to have an expensive embedded hardware equipment, testing their software on a real ARM hardware platform is a challenging job. To overcome such a problem, we have designed VMA (Virtual ARM Machine), which offers easier testing and debugging environment to ARM based embedded system developers. Major benefits that can be achieved by utilizing a virtual ARM platform are (1) reducing development cost, (2) lowering the entrance barrier for embedded system novices, and (3) making it easier to test and debug embedded software designs. Unlike many other purely software-oriented ARM simulators which are independent of real hardware platforms, VMA is specifically targeted on SYS-Lab 5000 ARM hardware platform, (designed by Libertron, Inc.), which means that VMA imitates behaviors of embedded software as if the software is running on the target embedded hardware as closely as possible. This paper will describe how VMA is designed and how VMA can be used to reduce design time and cost.

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Building Custom Development Environment for Improving the Utilization Efficiency of Embedded Software Development Tools (임베디드 소프트웨어 개발 도구의 활용 편의 향상을 위한 맞춤형 개발 환경 구축)

  • Kim, Jeong-Si;Lim, ChaeDeok
    • IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.183-189
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    • 2011
  • For the rapid development of embedded software, a variety of development tools have been developed. But, the embedded software developers do not use the available tools fluently and do not improve software productivity as expect because there are short of supporting utilization convenience of development tools. In this paper, we suggest a tool of building custom development environment for improving the utilization convenience of embedded software development tools. The custom development environment helps developers to rapid selection and access of appropriate tools required to develop the embedded software on the specific embedded system. In addition, it enables developers to handle the outputs from development tools associatively. Moreover it is very flexible in extension and integration because it's implementation based on Eclipse technology. We also perform the evaluation of our tool and successfully validate the utilization convenience of embedded development tools. Therefore, we expect that this tool enables developers to use the embedded development tools efficiently, and then it help improving embedded software productivity.

Field Emission Display with Design Elements for Control of Uniformity, Color Purity, Luminance, and Invisible Spacers.

  • Howard, Emmett M.;Coll, Bernard F.;Dean, Ken A.;Johnson, Michael R.;Johnson, Scott V.;Jaskie, James E.;Li, Hao
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.475-478
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    • 2007
  • A solution for carbon nanotube based field emission displays has been designed and built. The solution makes use of structure layout to control electron beam trajectories, uniformity by use of ballasting, emission anomalies eliminated by selective carbon nanotube growth and invisible spacers to maintain the vacuum gap.

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Web-Based Remote Management of Industrial Inverter using Embedded Linux (임베디드 리눅스를 이용한 산업용 인버터의 웹 기반 원격 관리)

  • 조덕연;최병욱
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.340-346
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    • 2003
  • Driven by the growth of the Internet and the increasing ubiquity of embedded computing systems, the embedded system is exploding in terms of it proliferation of products and the number of complex applications. Intelligent dedicated systems and appliances used in interface, monitoring, communications, and control applications increasingly demand the services of a sophisticated, state-of-the-art operating system. In the case of industrial controller, it is required to use a real-time operating system (RTOS) as a good building block to enable Internet connectivity. However, commercial RTOSes are increasingly less desirable due to their lack of standardization and their inability to keep pace with the rapid evolution of technology. In order to overcome these problems, we consider using embedded Linux and embedded web server. Availability of source code, reduced licensing, reliability, open source community support, as well as others, are key reasons for the use of embedded linux by embedded developers. In this paper, we develop embedded linux platform to control the industrial inverter with the Internet connecting feature. The method of web-based management is also proposed by using the embedded web server and Java applet. We show the feasibility of remote management for the commercial inverter controller with the proposed three-tier web-based remote management system.