• Title/Summary/Keyword: Embase

Search Result 706, Processing Time 0.064 seconds

The Effect of Parent Education on Feeding Problems in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review (자폐 스펙트럼 장애 아동의 섭식 문제를 위한 부모교육의 효과: 체계적 고찰)

  • Choi, Yeon-Woo;Kim, Kyeong-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Sensory Integration
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.39-52
    • /
    • 2020
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parent education on feeding problems in children with autism spectrum disorder. Method : Articles published between 2000 and May 2019 were identified through a database search of Cochrane Library, Embase, Ovid-Medline, and PubMed as well as through additional manual searches. A total of six articles were selected and qualitatively analyzed according to the level of evidence of the study and arranged according to PICO (Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome). Results : Six articles were used for the data analysis; four articles were at evidence level 1 and two articles were at evidence level 3. Behavioral therapy was the most common interventional approach to parent education, and all of the articles based on behavioral therapy had evidence level 1. Conclusion : This study examines the various ways of parenting to help families with autism spectrum children with feeding problems in order to find directions for parent education that can be applied in clinical practice.

A Literature Review on the Evaluation of and Interventions for Children's Motor Function (아동의 운동기능 평가 및 중재방법에 관한 문헌 고찰)

  • Sa, Jae-Deok;Park, Hae Yean
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.53-74
    • /
    • 2021
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to examine foreign literature on the evaluation and interventions for motor functions in children. Methods : Studies in this review were identified by searching the PubMed, Cochrane Library (Embase) databases from those published form January 2010 to March 2020 using the following keywords: "motor function test" or "motor function measure" or "movement assessment" or "motor proficiency test" or "motor scale" or "motor skill" and children. Results : Of the total 37 identified studies, 14 analyzed evaluations, 23 analyzed interventions, all of which were randomized control trials. Studies on evaluations were increasingly more common, in contrast to studies on interventions for motor functions. The most frequent field of research was rehabilitation. The studies on evaluations included the AIMS and MABC-II, and GMFM was the most frequently used intervention. Interventions were most commonly used in task-oriented training (six studies). Conclusion : This study aimed to provide a basis for therapists to choose effective motor function evaluation and interventions for clinical trials by analyzing studies related to interventions for and evaluation of motor function in children.

Association between the Polymorphism of Glutathione S-transferase Genes and Autoimmune Diseases in Asian Population: a Meta-analysis (아시아인종에서 자가면역질환과 GST 유전자 다형성의 메타분석)

  • Kim, Hee Sung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.17 no.7
    • /
    • pp.648-663
    • /
    • 2017
  • To verify the association between GSTM1/GSTT1 gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to autoimmune diseases in Asian population. 18 published reports cited in EMBASE, Google, KISS, MEDLINE and PubMed up to December 2015 were collected for a meta-analysis. The GSTM1/GSTT1 polymorphism for null and present type were analysed separately. The significant association was found between the GST polymorphism and autoimmune diseases in an overall population (GSTM1, OR=1.334, 95% CI=1.137-1.567, p=0.000; GSTT1, OR=1.212, 95% CI=1.012-1.452, p=0.037). Asian population showed the significant association of GSTM1 in the autoimmune diseases, especially vitiligo and atopic dermatitis but non-significant association of GSTT1 in RA and SLE. The GSTM1 null and the GSTT1 present type showed the association with autoimmune diseases in Asian population. The null type frequency of the combination of GSTM1-GSTT1 polymorphism in autoimmune diseases in Asian population was higher than that of the control group. This result indicated that null type of GSTM1-GSTT1 combination can be a risk factor of autoimmune diseases in Asian population.

Trends of Research on the Effects of Psychosocial Intervention for Children with Epilepsy: Systematic Review (간질아동에게 제공된 심리사회적 중재의 효과에 대한 연구동향: Systematic Review)

  • Yoo, Hana;Yun, O Bok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.219-228
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the trends of research on the effects of psychosocial intervention related to children with epilepsy. 454 articles were retrieved from databases (Ovid-MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL, The Cochrane library, KMbase, and Koreamed), and 7 articles met our criterias. Interventions were classified into four categories: education; counseling; cognitive-behavioral therapy; and physical activity. The target outcomes of the interventions were quite diverse. Each intervention showed some benefits for epilepsy-related health outcomes, but each study had methodological weaknesses, including incomplete information, poorly defined or validated outcome measures, small sample sizes, and design limitations.

Cancer Health Literacy and Cancer Screening Behaviors: A Systematic Review (암 건강정보문해력과 암 조기진단행위: 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Guo, Lingru;Kim, Hyunli
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.12 no.9
    • /
    • pp.373-385
    • /
    • 2021
  • The purpose of this paper is to systematically evaluate the relationship between cancer health literacy and cancer screening behaviors using global data. Following the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses review guidelines, full-text articles published on PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Cochrane Library were reviewed until 31 January 2021. The reference lists of all selected studies have been also included. The cancer health literacy and cancer-screening behaviors of the participants aged ≥18 years were assessed. Seventeen studies that met the inclusion criteria were included. The cancer screening behaviors included mammograms, clinical breast cancer examination, Papanicolaou test, colonoscopy, and PSA screening. Eleven studies revealed a statistically meaningful relationship between the cancer health literacy and cancer screening behaviors. Further research should focus on developing effective interventions and guidelines on cancer health knowledge. The research scope of all areas of cancer health literacy and cancer screening behaviors should be extended to improve the cancer screening rates and public health.

Meta-Analysis of Effect in Serum Bio-Markers for Early Diagnosis: Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Woo, Myoung Soo;Mun, Sora;Kang, Hee-Gyoo
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.298-309
    • /
    • 2021
  • Rheumatoid arthritis refers to acute and chronic arthritis due to unexplained autoantibody attack. Rheumatoid arthritis should be accompanied by difficulty in mobility and severe distress due to the progression of systemic arthritis. Therefore, this study early diagnoses the effects of Rheumatoid factor (RF), C-reactive protein (CRP), and Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (Anti-CCP), which are typical serum markers for rheumatoid arthritis by meta-analysis. Pubmed and EMBASE, were used as PICO criteria, and two independent researchers selected papers according to the criteria set in this study. The selection criteria was a study of patients with rheumatoid arthritis who developed early onset, and the paper was evaluated using the NCS. Forest plot and Funnel plot graphs for each serum marker were calculated using Revman 5.4. After finding 193 papers on Pubmed and 184 papers on EMBASE and selecting according to the criteria, a total of 41 papers were used for the analysis. The magnitude of the effect that appears in the Forest plot of RF with the Mean differnce value is 134.34, CRP is 21.42 and Anti-CCP is 270.41. The magnitude of the effect of Anti-CCP in meta-analysis was analyzed to be larger than that of RF and CRP, and it is considered that the development of early-diagnosis serum markers using Anti-CCP and additional retrospective studies are highly effective. The combination of RF, CRP, and Anti-CCP as a panel marker is expected to be very efficient.

A Review on Clinical Studies of Acupuncture Treatment for Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema (유방암 환자의 이차성 림프부종에 대한 침 치료 임상 연구 고찰)

  • Park, Kyung-Dug;Hwang, Su-In;Park, Jang-Kyung;Yoon, Young-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
    • /
    • v.32 no.3
    • /
    • pp.102-115
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to confirm the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL), thus providing a clinical basis for acupuncture treatment and helping to develop clinical practice guideline through consideration of used meridians and acupoints. Methods: Clinical studies applying acupuncture on breast cancer-related lymphedema were searched through 7 databases such as The Cochrane Library Central, Embase, Pubmed and CAJ. Interventions and results of the selected clinical studies were analyzed. Results: 8 Clinical studies were finally included according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. There were 6 randomized controlled studies and 2 single-arm pilot studies. All of those studies were searched in The Cochrane Library Central, Embase, Pubmed and CAJ and written in English and Chinese. Treatment group applied acupuncture as a Korean medicine intervention. Interventions of control group were made with non-treatment, upper limb exercise, and oral administration of capillary stabilizer or diuretics. Outcome measurements varied from paper to paper but every study measured reduction in arm circumference. Among 8 studies, 6 studies reported statistically significant reduction in arm circumference in treatment group and there were no serious adverse effects. Conclusions: This study suggested that acupuncture has few side effects as well as statistically significant effects on many aspects in treating breast cancer-related lymphedema. However the results should be taken cautiously as more clinical studies are needed.

The Quality Specialities in Turkiye's Honies for Apitherapy

  • Inanc, Betul Battaloglu
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.194-200
    • /
    • 2020
  • Objectives: In this study, the content of the honey produced by the flora of Turkey', physical, chemical and biological research aimed at active properties. Methods: Searched the database EMBASE/Pubmed and Turkish Medicine Index research article about Turkiye honeys' specialities. Results: Different botanical sources were caused, different kinds of chemical compositions of the honeys. The amount of HMF, pH, moisture, and acidity are the chemical qulity criteria of the honey. Carbohydrates are seem the most important components of honey. The glycemic index of the consumed honey is important. Turkiye's honey quality seems apropiate for using apitherapy. Conclusion: Honey is the most important product of beekeeping all over the world in terms of economy and health. Manufacturers of honey should be careful while producing honey. They should be avoided unhealty situations and they should be obey the rules. These rules are the basis for protecting our health by consuming bee products.

Perceptions of School Health Care among School-aged Children and Adolescents with Chronic Disease: An Integrative Review (만성질환을 가진 학령기 아동·청소년의 학교 건강관리에 대한 인식: 통합적 문헌고찰)

  • Uhm, Ju-Yeon;Choi, Mi-Young
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.309-322
    • /
    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this integrative review was to synthesize previous research on perceptions of school health care among school-aged children and adolescents with chronic diseases. Methods: This study was performed in accordance with Whittemore and Knafl's stages of an integrative review (problem identification, literature search, data evaluation, data analysis, and presentation of the results). Four databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science) were used to retrieve relevant articles. Results: Eighteen articles were included in this review. We identified five thematic categories: peer-related issues, a safe school environment, self-perception of an existing disease, self-management, and a supportive school environment. Conclusion: It is necessary to establish a school health care system with a supportive environment for children and adolescents with chronic diseases.

Effects of Self-management on Pain in Patients with Osteoarthritis: A Meta-analysis (자가관리중재가 골관절염 대상자의 통증에 미치는 효과: 메타분석)

  • Lee, Chun Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.155-166
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study was a meta-analysis of the effects of self-management on pain in patients with osteoarthritis. Methods: Randomized controlled trials were identified by searching PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Ovid-MEDLINE and Korean database using key words, 'self-management', 'osteoarthritis' and 'pain'. Data were analyzed using the R version program. Results: Twenty nine studies met the inclusion criteria with a total of 5,998 participants. There were significant differences in overall effects of self-management (SMD -0.53, 95% CI -0.77~-0.29, p<.001). Conclusion: The results of the study show that self-management was effective in reducing pain in patients with osteoarthritis. As a result, it should be used as basic data when using self-management for patients with osteoarthritis.