• Title, Summary, Keyword: Elements

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Problem-dependent cubic linked interpolation for Mindlin plate four-node quadrilateral finite elements

  • Ribaric, Dragan
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.59 no.6
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    • pp.1071-1094
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    • 2016
  • We employ the so-called problem-dependent linked interpolation concept to develop two cubic 4-node quadrilateral plate finite elements with 12 external degrees of freedom that pass the constant bending patch test for arbitrary node positions of which the second element has five additional internal degrees of freedom to get polynomial completeness of the cubic form. The new elements are compared to the existing linked-interpolation quadratic and nine-node cubic elements presented by the author earlier and to the other elements from literature that use the cubic linked interpolation by testing them on several benchmark examples.

A Study on the Traditional Design Elements in Idyllic Houses (전원주택(田園住宅)의 전통적(傳統的) 의장요소(意匠要素)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Dong-Ju;Do, Yong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 2000
  • Korean modern houses should admit modern requirement, Korean climate and way of living. These elements should be expressed through not only plan but also form and design. The aim of this thesis is to understand the expression tendency of the traditional design elements in idyllic houses. For this purpose, I investigated following things : 1) The culture and social theory about the tradition and the design elements. 2) The concept of Korean traditional design elements and factors as the design elements sources. 3) The methods of Korean traditional design elements expressed in idyllic houses. As a result, the methods of traditional reception can be classified as copying, eclecticism and abstraction.

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A Positioning Map according to Satisfaction of Sensibility Elements and Screen Composition Elements of Internet Fashion Shopping Mall (인터넷 패션 쇼핑몰의 감성요소와 화면구성요소 만족도에 따른 포지셔닝 맵)

  • Park, Hyun-Hee;Ku, Yang-Suk
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.330-336
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to construct positioning maps according to satisfaction of sensibility elements and screen composition elements of internet fashion shopping mall by using multidimensional scaling (MDS). A questionnaire and internet-site surfing was used for this research, and 200 responses were used for data analysis. MDS analysis showed the satisfaction levels of 10 sensibility elements and 5 screen composition elements satisfaction for 8 selected internet fashion shopping malls.

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Identification and Phylogenetic Analysis of Long Terminal Repeat Elements of the Human Endogenous Retrovirus K Family (HERV-K) from a Human Brain cDNA Library

  • Kim, Heui-Soo;Lee, Young-Choon
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.133-137
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    • 2001
  • Long terminal repeats (LTRs) of the human endogenous retrovirus K family (HERV-K) have been found to be coexpressed with sequences of genes closely located nearby. We examined transcribed HERV-K LTR elements in human brain tissue. Using cDNA synthesized from mRNA of the human brain, we performed PCR amplification and identified ten HERV-K LTR elements. These LTR elements showed a high degree of sequence similarity (92.4-99.7%) with the human-specific LTR elements. A phylogenetic tree obtained by the neighbor-joining method revealed that HERV-K LTR elements could be divided into two groups through evolutionary divergence. Some HERV-K LTR elements (HKL-B7, HKL-B8, HKL-B10) belonging to the group II from human brain cDNA were closely related to the human-specific HERV-K LTR elements. Our data suggest that HERV-K LTR element are active in the human brain; they could conceivably play a pathogenic role in human diseases such as psychosis.

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A Basic Study on the Space Organization of Restaurant Projects Based on the Principles of Design (디자인의 원리에 의거한 레스토랑 프로젝트의 공간구성에 관한 기초연구)

  • Kim, Yongrhip
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.122-134
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to comprehend how traditional design theory, 'design elements and principles' have been applied to space design, taking interior designs of restaurants as the subjects of the research. Furthermore, this study intends to provide practical help to the restaurant designers and students who major in interior design, by summarizing the applications case by case. For the analysis, 10 restaurant projects were selected to which 'design elements and principles' were well applied. In order to widen the scope of application cases, this study selected four Korean restaurant projects, and three US and Japan restaurant projects, respectively. Through the analysis, it was found that many unexpected results can be produced when various elements composing a space are combined together, including not only two-dimensional elements such as plane and color, texture, and pattern but also three-dimensional elements and architectural elements composing interior space. Moreover, I became to have confidence that 'design elements and principles' would sustain the value in most design parts including interior design in the future as well.

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A Study on the Decision Process of the Length Dimension of a Mechanical System (기계 시스템의 길이제원 결정과정에 관한 연구)

  • Cheon, G.J;Lee, J.H;Han, D.C
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.800-808
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    • 1997
  • Decision process for length dimension in the mechanical system design process has been studied with a washing machine transmission as a model. The results are, (i) the length dimensions of the non-shaft elements are independent of other elements, (ii) the length dimensions of the shaft elements are dependent on the dimensions of the non-shaft elements located inside and outside of that elements, (iii) the length dimensions of the inner shaft elements are dependent on those of the outer shaft elements located parallel, (iv) the length dimensions of the shaft elements located serial are independent of each other.

Consideration on the Results of Metal Forming Simulation Based on MINI-Elements (MINI-요소를 이용한 소성가공 공정 시뮬레이션 결과에 관한 고찰)

  • Lee Mincheol;Chung Sukhwan;Kwon Youngsam;Joun Mansoo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.28 no.10
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    • pp.1475-1482
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, the rigid-viscoplastic finite element solutions obtained by MINI-elements based triangular elements and tetrahedral elements are compared with those obtained from numerically well-behaved rectangular and hexahedral elements. The theoretical background of the MINI-elements is introduced in detail and the rigid-viscoplastic finite element formulation is also given. Discussion on the results of the MINI-elements is made with emphasis on the effect of a stabilizer simplifying velocity-bubble coupled terms.

Analysis of Visual Art Elements of Game Characters Illustrated by the Case of Glory of Kings

  • He, Yangyang;Choi, Chulyoung
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2020
  • Visual art elements can most intuitively express the information expressed by a game character and play an important role in shaping a successful game character. We compares and analyzes the role design in the skins of the "Five Tiger-like Generals" series in Glory of Kings in terms of color, line, graphic and other visual elements. Different visual elements form different visual impacts and influences, which brings people different psychological feelings and presents different emotional colors. The reasonable use of visual elements gives people a refined visual experience and a comfortable psychological feeling, adding more influencing factors to the "immersion" of the game. It not only can strongly attract the attention and love of players, but also spreads traditional culture of the nation and the country. Therefore, whether the visual art elements of a game character can be appropriately used is an important part of the success of the game work. The analysis of visual art elements of game characters has important learning and research value.

A Study on the Actual Conditions of Environmental-Friendly Design on Outdoor Space of Housing Estates - Focused on Comparing Cases of KNHC Housing Estates - (주거단지 외부공간의 친환경 설계실태에 관한 연구 - 주공 아파트단지의 단지별 비교 평가를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Won-Kyu;Hong, Ji-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 2005
  • This study aims to find out actual conditions of environmental-friendly design on outdoor space of housing estate, and then to propose the direction of environmental-friendly design in order to construct the adequate environmental-friendly housing estates. First of all, this study investigated the environmental-friendly design elements on outdoor space of housing estates through literature survey and selected 9 major elements based on the result of the investigation. And then 15 KNHC housing estates were analyzed to find out design actualities of environmental-friendly elements. Major results of this study are as follows. 1) The environmental-friendly design elements were highly adopted in outdoor space of housing estates. The adoption rate of environmental-friendly design elements is 81.0% in average. But, 5 major elements were passively adopted out of 9. 2) According to the comparative analysis of KNHC housing estates, The adoption rate of environmental-friendly design elements was similar in metropolitan housing estates and non-metropolitan housing estates. But, the adoption level of environmental-friendly design element in metropolitan housing estates was higher than one in non-metropolitan. It shows that metropolitan housing estates are more activly adopted in 6 major elements. 3) According to the comparative analysis of design method of KNHC housing estates, The adoption rate and the adoption level of environmental-friendly design elements by turn-key design method and competition design method were higher than by general design. It shows that the housing estates designed by turn-key and competition design method are more activly adopted in 7 major elements.

A Study of the Elements Analysis of Metadata for Electronic Resource Management (전자자원 관리용 메타데이터의 요소 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Nam, Young-Joon;Jang, Bo-Seong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.241-264
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    • 2006
  • This study suggested indispensable elements of metadata for electronic resource management and effectively manage of electronic resource in library. Therefore, this research analyzed into the data elements of DLF ERMI's ERMS data structure, foreign three universities. The Data elements are verified by domestic ERM specialist. As the result, trial categories are 12 elements, consortium categories are 15 elements, license categories are 33 elements, electronic resource information categories are 21 elements, access/administrative information categories are 20 elements, usage statistics categories are 13 elements, workflow categories are 14 elements, contact information categories are 18 elements.