• Title, Summary, Keyword: Elements

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Elastodynamic infinite elements based on modified Bessel shape functions, applicable in the finite element method

  • Kazakov, K.S.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.353-362
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    • 2012
  • In this paper decay and mapped elastodynamic infinite elements, based on modified Bessel shape functions and appropriate for Soil-Structure Interaction problems are described and discussed. These elements can be treated as a new form of the recently proposed Elastodynamic Infinite Elements with United Shape Functions (EIEUSF) infinite elements. The formulation of 2D horizontal type infinite elements (HIE) is demonstrated, but by similar techniques 2D vertical (VIE) and 2D corner (CIE) infinite elements can also be formulated. It is demonstrated that the application of the elastodynamical infinite elements is the easier and appropriate way to achieve an adequate simulation including basic aspects of Soil-Structure Interaction. Continuity along the artificial boundary (the line between finite and infinite elements) is discussed as well and the application of the proposed elastodynamical infinite elements in the Finite Element Method is explained in brief. Finally, a numerical example shows the computational efficiency of the proposed infinite elements.

A field-consistency approach to plate elements

  • Prathap, Gangan
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.853-865
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    • 1997
  • The design of robust plate and shell elements has been a very challenging area for several decades. The main difficulty has been the shear locking phenomenon in plate elements and the shear and membrane locking phenomena together in the shell elements. Among the various artifices or devices which are used to develop elements free of these problems is the field-consistency approach. In this paper this approach is reviewed, It turns out that not only Mindlin type elements but also elements based on higher-order theories could be developed using the technique.

A Study on the application types of landscape elements in interior space design (랜드스케이프 요소를 활용한 실내공간디자인 연출유형에 관한 연구)

  • Woo, Ji-Yeon
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.48-55
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    • 2006
  • As environmentally friendly life styles become more popular these days, the landscape elements like plants, water, stone etc. which used be considered as just simple interior props, now become the main design concept that decides the whole image of space. The purpose of this thesis is to study the various understandings and approaches on the applications of the landscape elements which are known as the most friendly and positive ways to approach the senses of users, among any other methods and techniques for environmentally friendly elements. The application types of landscape elements in interior space design are as follows; (1) incorporate the surrounding landscape elements. Keeping existing landscape elements, incorporate them into interior elements of beauty; (2) install a transition space with landscape elements; (3) green interior planes ;(4) use landscape as the main design concept; (5) use landscape as decoration elements. Many of landscape spaces incorporated into the interior are often built in a hurry and in low qualities without much consideration of the users and the space. This study intends to set a standard for the application of landscape elements in space design, after collecting various cases that applied the landscape elements in interior space, by categorizing the successful and effective applications into applicable patterns.

A Study of five elements in 『Hyupgiltongui』 Bonwon chapter one (『협길통의(協吉通義)』 본원일(本原一)의 5행(行)에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Yung-soo;Kim, Ki-Seung
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2020
  • Five elements that form all things have been symbolized in that they are indispensable elements in human life. Moreover, each unique energy has been used to explain the existence of all creation and the origin of action. The theory of five elements can be changed and utilized into various forms, including co-existence and conflict of five elements, five elements itself, the combination of Ganji five elements, Wangsanhyususa(旺相休囚死), five elements and Yin-yang. Especially, 『Hyupgiltongui Bonwon chapter one covers five elements, five elements of Ganji, seasonal use of five elements, prosperity and decline of five elements depending on seasons, Union of 3 elements among Twelve Zodiac Signs(三合), Union of two elements among Twelve Zodiac Signs(六合), changes of Cheongan 5hab. Therefore, if you analyze and utilize them, you can tell someone's fortune by theory of five elements only and read fortune in detail by combining it with other theories.

ON SOME TYPE ELEMENTS OF ZERO-SYMMETRIC NEAR-RING OF POLYNOMIALS

  • Hashemi, Ebrahim;Shokuhifar, Fatemeh
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.183-195
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    • 2019
  • Let R be a commutative ring with unity. In this paper, we characterize the unit elements, the regular elements, the ${\pi}$-regular elements and the clean elements of zero-symmetric near-ring of polynomials $R_0[x]$, when $nil(R)^2=0$. Moreover, it is shown that the set of ${\pi}$-regular elements of $R_0[x]$ forms a semigroup. These results are somewhat surprising since, in contrast to the polynomial ring case, the near-ring of polynomials has substitution for its "multiplication" operation.

The Research Regarding of Visitors' Perception of Animal Elements in Landscape Architecture

  • Shen, Ning;Bae, Jung Nam;Zhang, Li-Qin;Piao, Yong-Ji
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.679-686
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    • 2013
  • Based on the survey of East Lake Park, South Lake Park and Tian Waicun in Tai'an by questionnaire survey, on-the-spot investigation and in-depth interview, the paper analyzes the tendencies of visitors to the animal elements and animal landscape in landscape architecture from three terms: primary attributes, the cognition of animal elements and animal elements landscape preferences. We have drawn several conclusions: the landscapes of animal elements are in urgent demand by the public ; The animal elements having lovely image, auspicious meaning and local characteristics are the most popular application types of animal elements landscapes ; The most favorite types of animals and animal elements are: doves, cranes monkeys, pandas, butterflies, dragonflies, fold fish, dolphins, dragons and cartoon animals ; The popular landscaping techniques of animal elements are the methods of combining with plants, buildings and garden ornaments.

(4+n)-noded Moving Least Square(MLS)-based finite elements for mesh gradation

  • Lim, Jae Hyuk;Im, Seyoung
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.91-106
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    • 2007
  • A new class of finite elements is described for dealing with mesh gradation. The approach employs the moving least square (MLS) scheme to devise a class of elements with an arbitrary number of nodal points on the parental domain. This approach generally leads to elements with rational shape functions, which significantly extends the function space of the conventional finite element method. With a special choice of the nodal points and the base functions, the method results in useful elements with polynomial shape functions for which the $C^1$ continuity breaks down across the boundaries between the subdomains comprising one element. Among those, (4 + n)-noded MLS based finite elements possess the generality to be connected with an arbitrary number of linear elements at a side of a given element. It enables us to connect one finite element with a few finite elements without complex remeshing. The effectiveness of the new elements is demonstrated via appropriate numerical examples.

The patch tests and convergence for nonconforming Mindlin plate bending elements

  • Park, Yong-Myung;Choi, Chang-Koon
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.471-490
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    • 1997
  • In this paper, the classical Irons' patch tests which have been generally accepted for the convergence proof of a finite element are performed for Mindlin plate bending elements with a special emphasis on the nonconforming elements. The elements considered are 4-node and 8-node quadrilateral isoparametric elements which have been dominantly used for the analyses of plate bending problems. It was recognized from the patch tests that some nonconforming Mindlin plate elements pass all the cases of patch tests even though nonconforming elements do not preserve conformity. Then, the clues for the Mindlin plate element to pass the Irons' patch tests are investigated. Also, the convergent characteristics of some nonconforming Mindlin plate elements that do not pass the Irons' patch tests are examined by weak patch tests. The convergence tests are performed on the benchmark numerical problems for both nonconforming elements which pass the patch tests and which do not. Some conclusions on the relationship between the patch test and convergence of nonconforming Mindlin plate elements are drawn.

Formulation and evaluation of incompatible but convergent rational quadrilateral membrane elements

  • Batoz, J.L.;Hammadi, F.;Zheng, C.;Zhong, W.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.153-168
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    • 2000
  • This paper presents four incompatible but convergent Rational quadrilateral elements, two four-node elements (RQ4Z and RQ4B) and two five-node elements (RQ5Z and RQ5B). The difference between the so-called Rational Finite Element (Zhong and Zeng 1996) and the Free Formulation (Bergan and Nygard 1984) are discussed and compared. The importance of the mode completeness in these formulations is emphasized. Numerical results for several benchmark problems show the good performance of these elements. The two five-nodes elements RQ5Z and RQ5B, which can be viewed as complete quadratic mode elements (with seven stress modes), always give better results than the four nodes elements RQ4Z and RQ4B.

An Analysis of Recognition and Preference for the View in an Apartment Unit (아파트 단위세대에서 보이는 경관에 대한 인지 및 선호 특성)

  • Moon, Ji-Won;Ha, Jae-Myung
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2007
  • Following the previous ones, this study is intended to explore methods of qualitative assessment on the view from apartment units. It first complemented and analyzed the attributes of landscape elements and then set up questionnaire items based on these attributes to identify the tendencies in apartment inhabitants' recognition of landscape elements, and then conducted a preference assessment on the test cases sampled on the basis of picture and other data collected in the previous studies to identify the characteristics of the preference for the view from apartment units according to landscape elements. Consequently, the following results have been derived. First, the landscape elements seen from apartment units may be classified into a total of sixteen categories, and the overall ratio of natural elements to artificial ones is shown to be approximately one to three. Second, it is also shown that apartment dwellers tend to prefer natural landscape elements over artificial ones, and the preferences for the distance to and location of landscape elements exhibit certain variance depending on the type of the elements. Third, the analysis of the preference for landscape elements has revealed that the types of landscape elements, the make-up and diversity of landscape elements, and the perceived distance to landscape elements as well as the resultant feeling of openness all affect the preference tendencies.