• Title, Summary, Keyword: Elementary School Student

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Development of Techer's Rating Scale of Elementary School Student's School Maladjustment (초등학생을 위한 학교부적응 척도 개발 및 타당화)

  • Jung, Jung-Soo;Oh, Ik-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.163-173
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    • 2010
  • This study was designed to develop a teacher's rating scale of elementary school student's school maladjustment. 50 behavior were drawn as elementary school student's school maladjustment behavior from the responses of elementary school teachers. To identify sub-factors of the scale, 60 teachers rated their 240 student's behavior and the collected data were analyzed by using factor analysis. 4 sub-factors were identified as the result : aggressive selfish behavior, misconduct of lesson and classroom rules, passive unsociable behavior and positive evasion of school activities. To identify the validity of the scale, the data from 120 students were analyzed through the concurrent validity between the scale and the teacher rating scale of school maladjustment for Student Problem Behavior Checklist for Elementary School students(Kim & Hwang, 2009). To examine the reliability of the scale, test-retest correlations were calculated by using the data from 120 students and internal consistency coefficients were calculated by using the data from 120 students. The results showed that Teacher's rating Scale of Elementary School Student's School Maladjustment was valid and reliable.

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A study on the Elementary School Student's Spatial Abilities (초등학생의 공간능력에 대한 조사 연구)

  • Kim, Nam-Gyun;Oh, Eun-Sun
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.21-38
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    • 2008
  • This study is for elementary school student's spatial ability improvement. We have to know their correct spatial ability for teaching it more effectively. And then we can organize about spatial ability one of schoolbook systematically and step by step. Therefore this study did survey elementary school student's spatial ability by grades and school score using newly developed spatial ability survey test. According to result, First, elementary school students spatial ability be developed gradually more 5th, 6th grades than 3th, 4th grades. Second, it was researched that high score student's spatial ability is better than score student lower student's. But the result was influenced by school's curriculum. The score of contents in school's curriculum higher than it's not. Synthetically, the suggestion is what the curriculum is changed. It need to input the contents of spatial abilities and more detailed study.

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The Effects of Earth System Education Using Multimedia on Elementary School Student's Environmental Sensitivity and Pro-environmental Behavior (멀티미디어를 활용한 지구계 수업이 초등학생들의 환경민감도 및 환경 친화적 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soon-Shik;Lee, Yong-Seob
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.266-275
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Earth System Education using multimedia on the elementary school students' environmental sensitivity and pro-environmental behavior. To verify this research problem, the subject of this study was fifth-grade students selected from two classes of M elementary school located in Busan city. For three months, the experimental group of 25 students was taught using multimedia. The comparison group also of 26 students was taught in normal classes which used a text-book. All students were given pre and post test to verify the effects of Earth System Education using multimedia on elementary school student's environmental sensitivity and pro-environmental behavior. The results from this study are as the following. First, Earth System Education using multimedia were effective on elementary school student's environmental sensitivity. Second, Earth System Education using multimedia were effective on elementary school student's pro-environmental behavior. Third, All most all experimental students were satisfied with Earth System Education using multimedia. In conclusion, Earth System Education using multimedia showed very positive effects on improvement of elementary school students' environmental sensitivity and pro-environmental behavior.

Nurse Image Perceived by Elementary and Middle School Students (초등학생과 중학생의 간호사에 대한 이미지 비교)

  • Cho, Kyoul-Ja;Ji, Eun-Sun
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.83-90
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the image of nurse perceives by students of elementary and middle schools in Seoul, Korea. Methods: The data were collected through questionnaire survey on 860 students. The survey was performed during May to Jun. 2003. The nurse image was analyzed through the instrument conceived by Il-Sim, Yang(1998) on the basis of four dimensions; traditional, social, professional and personal. The collected data analyzed using SPSS 11.0 with frequency, mean, standard deviation and t-test. Results: The results of this study were as follows. 1. There was a significant difference in the nurse's image between elementary and middle school students(p=.000), and the elementary students had more positive image. 2. The nurse's image of elementary school students had more positive than middle school students in traditional(p=.000), social(p=.000), professional(p=.000) and personal dimension(p=.015). In elementary school students, score of nurse's image was the highest in personal dimension, followed by traditional, professional and social in order. In middle school students, score of nurse's image was the highest in personal dimension, followed by professional, traditional and social in order. 3. The difference of nurse's image not showed statistical significance in sex, religion, experience of hospitalization(self), experience of hospitalization (family), nurses in family by general characteristics. Conclusion: As a result, elementary school student had more positive nurse's image than middle school student in all the aspects. But as they grow old, it changed negative. It is required to develop public information or education fit with student's age to image making by broadcasting and to improve the image nurses themselves.

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Development and Application of the Student-centered Elementary Science Textbook Model: Focusing on Earth Science (학생 활동 중심의 초등학교 과학 교과서 모형 개발 및 적용: '지구와 우주' 영역을 중심으로)

  • Chae, Dong-hyun;Lim, Sung-man;Lee, Hyo-nyong;Han, Je-jun;Lee, Sang-gyun;Kim, Eun-jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the student-centered elementary science textbook model and explore the applicability of the school. For this study we conducted a literature survey and analysis of domestic and foreign books, surveys, and then developed a textbook model of student-centered instruction. We have selected the three elementary school, three grades, fifty-seven students to apply the model developed textbooks. Textbook model of Earth was developed as a center of student activity. Applying the results of development of textbooks in the field, students were interested about the student-centered textbooks and they were felt that the development of textbooks were textbook that students can study on their own. Through this research it could confirm that it should be provided feedback to causes of the reflective thinking of students in the textbook for the development of student-centered textbook.

Qualitative Inquiry on Factor for Improving Elementary and Secondary Students' Positive Experiences about Science (초등학생과 중학생의 과학긍정경험 향상 요인에 대한 질적 탐구)

  • Kang, Hunsik;Lee, Sunghee;Lee, Il;Kwak, Youngsun;Shin, Youngjoon;Lee, Soo-Young;Ha, Jihoon
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.183-203
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the factor for improving elementary and secondary students' positive experiences about science (PES). In-depth interviews with 32 students and 8 teachers from 8 elementary and secondary Science Core schools were conducted to explore the factors for improving the student's PES. The analysis of the results reveal that the eight key factors which had a decisive impact on a student's PES were 'practice-centered exploratory activities', 'student-led class', 'positive and professional feedback', 'construction of knowledge through exploration', 'class considering student's interest and aptitude', 'use of materials related to real life', 'smooth communication and collaboration in group activities', and 'appropriate difficulty in learning content'. There were also five environmental factors that affected these key factors: 'teacher's professionalism for science classes', 'science class environment', 'teacher community in unit schools', 'change in curriculum', and 'scientific activities other than regular classes'. Based on these results, the practical implications for improving the student's PES are suggested.

The Effects of Daily Commodities on Students이 Scientific Knowledges, Inquiring Abilities and Scientific attitudes (생활 주변 자료의 활용이 과학 지식, 탐구 능력 및 과학적 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • 진성욱;이제용
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to examine the effects of daily commodities on student's scientific knowledges, inquiring abilities and attitude toward science in elementary school science classes. Daily commodities were collected and sorted properly so as to be readily utilized as experimental instruments in science classes. 164 students of elementary school 5th grade in Taejon City were selected for the study and they were evenly divided into two different groups, one for experiment and the other for comparation respectively. In every science classes throughout the school semester, the experimental group was supplied with daily commodities in addition to conventional instruments while the controlled group for comparation was supplied only with conventional instruments. Student's responses to the questionnaire were treated by statistical analysis and for that purpose the computer programme of SPSS WIN(6.0) was employed. The results of the study are as follows; 1. There is no expressive disparity appeared in the increments of scientific knowledge between experimental and controlled (comparing) groups. 2. The disparity of increments in inquiring ability between experimental and controlled groups is fairly expressive (P<0.05). The experimental group with daily commodities in science classes attained 5% more in increment of inquiring ability than the controlled group. 3. The disparity of the changes in student's attitudes toward science between two groups is remarkable (P<0.001). Student's attitude toward science was much more improved in experimental group than controlled group. The difference in improvement rate between two groups is 8%. The facts mentioned above make it evident that in elementary school science course daily commodities are very effective to enhance student's positiveness as far as both inquiring ability and attitude toward science are concerned. In this respect, a lot of efforts are expected to be made in searching and supplying further the proper daily commodities for elementary science courses. In addition, it is also called for that the examples of replacing conventional instruments with daily commodities will be introduced in future editions of elementary school science book and its guide book if possible.

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Narrative Inquiry on a Scientifically Gifted Elementary School Student's Loneliness (한 초등과학 영재의 외로움에 대한 내러티브 탐구)

  • Kim, Hee Kyung;Kwon, Hyeoksoon
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.348-361
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    • 2016
  • This study was done by narrative inquiry, suggested by Clandinin and Conelly (2000), in order to gain an in-depth understanding of the loneliness experienced by a scientifically gifted elementary school student. The participant of this study was sixth grade student from the Institute for Science Gifted in C University. The data were gathered via in-depth interviews and observations on the participant and her teachers. Based on these research findings, this study can make the following four conclusions with regard to the loneliness experienced by a gifted elementary school student in science. First, some characteristics of the gifted child may make her feel loneliness in the relationships she has with peers, siblings, and parents. Second, parent's repression makes the gifted child feels lonely. Third, the gifted child who feels lonely get consolation from her own subjective world and wants to get recognition from others. Fourth, the educational institute for the gifted serves as a place of education that fosters the gifted child's cognitive development and simultaneously it is where she can form positive relationships with her peers, as well as being a place of emotional comfort.

A study on the standard of school library materials (학교도서관 자료기준에 관한 고찰)

  • ;Byun, Woo-Yeoul
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.28
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    • pp.61-91
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    • 1998
  • In contemporary education, a school library is considered and valued as a vital and integral component of a school's instructional program. Especially, school library materials should contribute to execution of school curriculums through wide provision of resources. The results of the study are as follows. 1. The term 'library materials' should be changed into 'library resources' with a broad meaning. And, the scope of school library materials should include printed materials, audio-visual materials, electronic materials, associated equipment and other library resources. 2. It is desirable that the minimal standards of total collection is 5 books and 3 AV for a student in elementary schools, 7 books and 5 AV for a student in middle schools, 10 books and 7 AV for a student in high schools. 3. Annual growth is 0.5 for a student in elementary schools, 1 for a student in middle schools and 1.5 copy for a student in high schools. And, the number of minimal serials is 20 titles in elementary schools, 30 titles in middle schools and 50 tides in high schools. 4. Besides, basic collection, with the advances of technology, the school library collection should include new formats and delivery systems such as CD, video discs, videotex, computer software, satellite transmission etc. 5. The recommendable annual ratio of withdrawl is 3 to 5% for update and functional materials.

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The Effects of Science Teaching and Learning Using Student-led Instructional Strategies on Elementary School Students' Science Core Competencies (학생주도형 수업전략을 활용한 과학 교수 학습이 초등학생의 과학과 핵심역량에 미치는 효과)

  • Kang, Hountae;Noh, Sukgoo
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.228-242
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a student-led instructional strategy that is central to the teaching-learning process and to investigate its effects. For this study, we analyzed the learner-centered learning types (discovery learning, problem-based learning, inquiry learning) and extracted elements applicable to newly developed teaching-learning. Based on this, a student-led class strategy was established using pre-learning, teacher collaboration, small group composition, and limited open data and product presentation, and then science classes were conducted. As a result of the post-tests of the five science core competencies of the experimental group using the student-led instructional strategy and the comparative group conducting lecture-based classes, the experimental group showed higher scores than the comparative group in the scientific thinking, scientific communication, and scientific attitudes (p<.05). Based on these results, it was confirmed that the student-led class, in which the student self-adjusts the entire process of designing, exploring, and presenting learning, can help the student's scientific ability. In addition, I would like to discuss the implications of teachers' teaching-learning composition.