• Title, Summary, Keyword: Electrolysis

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A Study on the Treatment of Organic Wastewater by Ozone Electrolysis (유기성 폐수의 오존전해처리에 관한 연구)

  • 정홍기;이태호
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 1996
  • To treat certain wastewater that has alcohol and phenol, we performed the ozone electrolysis by using the titanium electrode. In this experiment, we examined decomposition voltage of organics, time for electrolysis, and removal efficiency of organics. In addition we compared the ozone oxidation electrolysis. The followings are results; 1. When it comes to the alcohol treatment in wastewater, ozone electrolysis showed higher removal efficiency than ozone oxidation or electrolysis. 2. After comparing the decomposition rate of methylalcohol, ethylalcohol, and prophylalcohol in ozone electrolysis, we knew the fact that increasing carbon number made the decomposition rate slow. 3. According to the treatment of alcohol by ozone electrolysis, decomposition voltage was 50V, time for electrolysis was three hours, and treatment acidity was neutral (pH 6.5 - 8.1). 4. Ozone electrolysis was effective to the phenol treatment. When we treated phenol by using ozone electrolysis for three hours, TOC treatment efficiency was 95%. However, ozone oxidation just showed 45% treatment efficiency.

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Inactivation of E. coli by Electrolysis+UV Process (전기+UV 공정에 의한 E. coli 불활성화)

  • Kim, Dong-Seog;Park, Young-Seek
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.667-673
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    • 2009
  • This study has carried out to evaluate the performance of single (electrolysis, UV and ultrasonic process) and complex process (Electrolysis+UV, UV+Ultrasonic and Electrolysis+Ultrasonic) for the purpose of disinfection of Escherichia coli in water. The order of disinfection performance for E. coli in single process lie in: Electrolysis ${\fallingdotseq}$ UV >> ultrasonic process. OH radical was not produced in single disinfection process. Among the three kinds of complex process, disinfection performance of the Electrolysis+UV was higher than that of the other process (UV+Ultrasonic and Electrolysis+Ultrasonic). It demonstrated a synergetic effect between the UV and electrolysis. When the use of $Na_2SO_4$ as electrolyte instead of NaCl, current increase or more reaction time was needed for the complete disinfection. The disinfection performance of pre-electrolysis (20 W, 30sec) and post-UV (10 W, 30 sec) was higher than that of the simultaneous electrolysis+UV process at same electric power (30 W, 30 second).

Effect of Salt Concentration and Turbidity on the Inactivation of Artemia sp. in Electrolysis UV, Electrolysis+UV Processes (해수의 염 농도와 탁도가 전기, UV 및 전기+UV 공정의 Artemia sp. 불활성화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong-Seng;Park, Young-Seek
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.291-301
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of salt concentration and turbidity on the inactivation of Artemia sp. by electrolysis, UV photolysis, electrolysis+UV process to treat ballast water in the presence of brackish water or muddy water caused by rainfall. The inactivation at different salt concentrations (30 g/L and 3 g/L) and turbidity levels (0, 156, 779 NTU) was compared. A decrease in salt concentration reduced RNO (OH radical generation index) degradation and TRO (Total Residual Oxidant) production, indicating that a longer electrolysis time is required to achieve a 100% inactivation rate in electrolysis process. In the UV process, the higher turbidity results in lower UV transmittance and lower inactivation efficiency of Artemia sp. Higher the turbidity resulted in lower ultraviolet transmittance in the UV process and lower inactivation efficiency of Artemia sp. A UV exposure time of over 30 seconds was required for 100% inactivation. Factors affecting inactivation efficiency of Artemia sp. in low salt concentration are in the order: electrolysis+UV > electrolysis > UV process. In the case of electrolysis+UV process, TRO is lower than the electrolysis process, but RNO is more decomposed, indicating that the OH radical has a greater effect on the inactivation effect. In low salt concentrations and high turbidity conditions, factors affecting Artemia sp. inactivation were in the order electrolysis > electrolysis+UV > UV process. When the salt concentration is low and the turbidity is high, the electrolysis process is affected by the salt concentration and the UV process is affected by turbidity. Therefore, the synergy due to the combination of the electrolysis process and the UV process was small, and the inactivation was lower than that of the single electrolysis process only affected by the salt concentration.

Removal of Rhodamine B in Water by Ultraviolet Radiation Combined with Electrolysis(II) (전기분해와 UV 조사에 의한 수중 Rhodamine B의 제거(II))

  • Kim, Dong-Seog;Park, Young-Seek
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.667-674
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    • 2009
  • This study has carried out to evaluate the effect of NaCI as electrolyte of single (electrolysis and UV process) and complex (electrolysis/UV) processes for the purpose of removal and mineralization of Rhodamine B (RhB) dye in water. It also evaluated the synergetic effect on the combination of electrolysis and UV process. The experimental results showed that RhB removal of UV process was decreased with increase of NaCl, while RhB removal of electrolysis and electrolysis/UV process was increased with increase of NaCI. The decolorization rate of the RhB solution in every process was more rapid than the mineralization rate identified by COD removal. The latter took longer time for further oxidation. Absorption spectra of an aqueous solution containing RhB showed a continued diminution of the RhB concentration in the bulk solution: concomitantly, no new absorption peaks appeared. This confirmed the decolorization of RhB, i.e., the breakup of the chromophores. It was observed that RhB removal in electrolysis/UV process is similar to the sum of the UV and electrolysis. However, it was found that the COD of RhB could be degraded more efficiently by the electrolysis/UV process than the sum of the two individual process. A synergetic effect was demonstrated in electrolysis/UV process.

Economic Evaluation of Domestic Low-Temperature Water Electrolysis Hydrogen Production (국내 저온수전해 수소생산의 경제성 평가)

  • Gim, Bong-Jin;Kim, Jong-Wook;Ko, Hyun-Min
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.559-567
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    • 2011
  • This paper deals with an economic evaluation of domestic low-temperature water electrolysis hydrogen production. We evaluate the economic feasibility of on-site hydrogen fueling stations with the hydrogen production capacity of 30 $Nm^3/hr$ by the alkaline and the polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolysis. The hydrogen production prices of the alkaline water electrolysis, the polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolysis, and the steam methane reforming hydrogen fueling stations with the hydrogen production capacity of 30 $Nm^3/hr$ were estimated as 18,403 $won/kgH_2$, 22,945 $won/kgH_2$, 21,412 $won/kgH_2$, respectively. Domestic alkaline water electrolysis hydrogen production is evaluated as economical for small on-site hydrogen fueling stations, and we need to further study the economic evaluation of low-temperature water electrolysis hydrogen production for medium and large scale on-site hydrogen fueling stations.

Fused Salt Electrolysis of Magnesium Chloride (염화마그네슘의 용융염전해 연구)

  • Lee, Hoo-In
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.546-547
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    • 2007
  • Magnesium is widely used as a lightweight alloy for car engine components and case of cellular phone. Extraction technologies of magnesium are divided to fused salt electrolysis process and thermal reduction process. In this study, electrolysis magnesium is prepared by fused salt electrolysis process with magnesium chloride. We compared two kinds of mixed salt at 7V. As a result, 47% of current efficiency was obtained by electrolyzing KCl/NaCl/$MgCl_2$ mixed salt bath at $760^{\circ}C$, and purity of the prepared magnesium was over 98%. With this study, we can scale up fused salt electrolysis device and accumulate basic data which will be needed for designing an electrolysis cell.

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Economic analysis of hydrogen production technology using water electrolysis (물의 전기분해에 의한 수소 제조기술과 경제성 분석)

  • Sim, Kyu-Sung;Kim, Chang-Hee;Park, Kee-Bae
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.324-332
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    • 2004
  • According to the rapid depletion of the fossil fuels, the electricity and hydrogen will gradually take charge of the future energy supply. Especially, in order to control the supply and demand of electricity, energy storage medium is necessary and this could be solved by the combination of water electrolysis and fuel cell. Although electricity can be generated from such alternative energies as hydropower, nuclear, solar, and wind-power resources, alternative energy storage medium is also required since regenerative energies, solar and wind-powers, are intermittent energy resources. In this regard, hydrogen production from water electrolysis was recognized as a superb method for electricity storage. In this work, the current development and economic status of alkaline, solid polymer, and high temperature electrolysis were reviewed, and then the practical use of water electrolysis technology were discussed.

Effects of Intermittent Operation of Plasma and Electrolysis Processes on Lettuce Growth and Nutrient Solution Components (플라즈마 공정과 전기분해 공정의 간헐 운전이 상추성장과 양액 성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dong-Seog;Park, Young-Seek
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.109-118
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of intermittent plasma and electrolysis treatments on lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. oak-leaf.), nutrient solution components ($NO_3{^-}-N$, $NH_4{^+}-N$, $PO{_4}^{3-}-P$, $K^+$, $Ca^{2+}$ and $Mg^{2+}$) and environmental parameters (electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids and pH). The recirculating hydroponic cultivation system consisted of planting port, LED lamp, water reservoir and circulating pump. Nutrient solution was circulated in the following order: reservoir ${\rightarrow}$ filtration-plasma or filtration-electrolysis ${\rightarrow}$ planting port ${\rightarrow}$ reservoir. The results showed that nutrient solution components and environmental parameters were changed by plasma or electrolysis treatment. Lettuce growth was not affected by the intermittent plasma or electrolysis treatment with 30 minutes or 90 minutes, respectively. The roots of the lettuce was damaged by excessive plasma and electrolysis treatment. Electrolysis treatment had greater effect on than plasma treatment because of the accumulation of high levels of TRO (Total Residual Oxidants).

Characterization of Seawater Electrolysis of Insoluble Catalytic Electrodes Fabricated by RF Magnetron Sputtering (RF Magnetron Sputtering을 이용하여 제작한 불용성 촉매전극의 해수전기분해 특성)

  • Lee, Hyun-Seok;Kim, Sei-Ki;Seok, Hye-Won;Kim, Jin-Ho;Choi, Hun-Jin;Jung, Ha-Ik
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.86-90
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    • 2012
  • Insoluble catalytic electrodes were fabricated by RF magnetron sputtering of Pt on Ti substrates and the performance of seawater electrolysis was compared in these electrodes to that is DSA electrodes. The Pt-sputtered insoluble catalytic electrodes were nearly 150 nm-thick with a roughness of $0.18{\mu}m$, which is 1/660 and 1/12 of these values for the DSA (dimensionally stable anodes) electrodes. The seawater electrolysis performance levels were determined through measurements of the NaOCl concentration, which was the main reaction product after electrolysis using artificial seawater. The NaOCl concentration after 2 h of electrolysis with artificial seawater, which has 3.5% NaCl normally, at current densities of 50, 80 and 140 mA/$cm^2$ were 0.76%, 1.06%, and 2.03%, respectively. A higher current density applied through the electrodes led to higher electrolysis efficiency. The efficiency reached nearly 58% in the Pt-sputtered samples after 2 h of electrolysis. The reaction efficiency of DSA showed higher values than that of the Pt-sputtered insoluble catalytic electrodes. One plausible reason for this is the higher specific surface area of the DSA electrodes; the surface cracks of the DSAs resulted in a higher specific surface area and higher reaction sites. Upon the electrolysis process, some Mg- and Ca-hydroxides, which were minor components in the artificial seawater, were deposited onto the surface of the electrodes, resulting in an increase in the electrical resistances of the electrodes. However, the extent of the increase ranged from 4% to 7% within an electrolysis time of 720 h.

Diamond micro-cutting of the difficult -to -cut materials using Electrolysis (전기분해를 이용한 난삭재의 다이아몬드 미세가공)

  • 손성민;손민기;임한석;안중환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.951-954
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    • 2000
  • This paper presents a new cutting method, i.e. diamond cutting, aided by electrolysis, in order to cut ferrous materials with diamond tools. Diamond cutting is widely applied in manufacturing ultraprecision parts such as magnetic disk, polygon mirror, spherical/non-spherical mirror and copier drum, etc. because of the diamond tool edge sharpness. In general, however, diamond cutting cannot be applied to cutting steels, because diamond tools wear excessively in cutting iron based materials like steel due to their high chemical interaction with iron in high temperature. In order to suppress the diffusion of carbon from the diamond tool and to reduce increase of cutting force due to size effect, we attempt to change chemically the compositions of iron based materials using electrolysis in a limited part which will be soon cut. Through experiments under several micro-machining and electrolysis conditions, cutting using electrolysis, compared to conventional cutting, was found to result in a great decrease of the cutting force, a better surface and much less wear tool.

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