• Title/Summary/Keyword: Electrode

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Electrochemical Properties of Carbon Nano-Tube Electrode (탄소나노튜브 전극의 전기화학적 특성)

  • Lee Dong-Yoon;Koo Bo-Kun;Lee Won-Jae;Song Jae-Sung;Kim Hyun-Ju
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.139-143
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    • 2005
  • For application of carbon nano-tube (CNT) as a counter electrode materials of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), the electrochemical behavior of CNT electrode was studied, employing cyclic-voltammetry (C-V) and impedance spectroscopy. Fabrication of CNT-paste and formation of CNT-counter electrode for characteristic measurement have been carried out using ball-milling and doctor blade process, respectively. Unit cell for measurements was assembled using Pt electrode, CNT electrode, and iodine-embedded electrolyte. Field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) was used for structural investigation of CNT powder and electrode. Sheet resistance of electrode was measured with 4-point probe method. Electrochemical properties of electrode, C-V and impedance spectrum, were studied, employing potentiogalvanostat (EG&G 273A) and lock in amplifier (EG&G 5210). As a results, the sheet resistance of CNT electrode is almost similar to that of F-doped SnO2 (FTO) coated glass substrate as approximately 10 ohm/sq. From C-V and impedance spectroscopy measurements, it was found that CNT electrode has high reaction rate and low interface reaction resistance between CNT surface and electrolyte. These results provides that CNT electrode were superior to that of conventional Pt electrode. Particularly, the reaction rate in the CNT electrode is about thrice high than Pt electrode. Therefore. CNT electrode is to be good candidate material for counter electrode in DSSC.

Research on Protection Method for Ground Electrode of DC Systems from Corrosion (직류 접지극의 전식보호 방법 연구)

  • Jeong, Woo-Yong;Kim, Hyosung
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Power Electronics
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.90-95
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    • 2021
  • In contrast to AC grounding systems, the ground electrode in DC systems continuously maintains positive or negative polarity. Ground electrodes with (+) polarity proceeds by oxidation reaction. Thus, the DC current should flow opposite to the polarity of the leakage current flowing through the (+) ground electrode by using a compensation electrode, and the current flowing through the (+) ground electrode can be 0A. However, according to protecting the (+) ground electrode, the compensation electrode corrodes and gets damaged. Thus, the (+) ground electrode must be protected from corrosion, and the service life of the compensation electrode must be extended. As an alternative, the average value of the current flowing through the compensation electrode should be equal with the value of the leakage current flowing through the (+) ground electrode by using the square waveform. Throughout the experiment, the degree of corrosion on the compensation electrode is analyzed by the frequency of the compensation electrode for a certain time. In the experiment, the frequencies of the square waveform are considered for 0.1, 1, 10, 20, 50, 100 Hz, and 1 kHz. Through experiments and analysis, the optimal frequency for reducing the electrolytic damage of the (+) electrode and compensation electrode in an LVDC grounding environment is determined.

A Study on Feature Extraction of Partial Discharge Type Using Wavelet Transform (웨이블렛변환을 이용한 부분방전 종류의 특징추출에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jae-Jun
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2003
  • In this papers, we proposed the new method in order to diagnosis partial discharge type of transformers. For wavelet transform, Daubechie's filter is used,, we can obtain wavelet coefficients which is used to extract featrue of statistical parameters(maximum value, average value, dispersion, skewness, kurtosis) about high frequency current signal per 3-electrode type(needle-plane electrode, IEC electrode and Void electrode). Also, these coefficients are used to identify signal of internal partial discharge in transformer. As a result, from compare of high frequency current signal amplitude and average value, we are obtained results of IEC electrode> Void electrode> Needle-Plane electrode. Otherwise, in case of skewness and kurtosis, we are obtained results of Void electrode> IEC electrode> Needle-Plane electrode. As improved method in order to diagnosis partial discharge type of transformers, we use neural network.

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Trial Manufacture and Characteristics of a Multi-discharge Type ozonizer(I) (다중방전형 오존발생기의 試作 및 特性(I))

  • Song, Hyeon-Jik;Lee, Gwang-Sik;Park, Won-Ju;Lee, Dong-Heon;Kim, Geum-Yeong;Kim, Lee-Guk
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
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    • v.48 no.7
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    • pp.533-541
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    • 1999
  • Multi-discharge type ozonizer(MDO) using superposed silent discharge has been designed and manufactured. It consists of three electrodes( central electrode, internal electrode, and external electrode ) and double gaps( gap between central electrode and internal electrode, gap between internal electrode and external electrode ). Therefore, ozone is generated by superposing silent discharges generated between the gaps respectively. And the MDO consists of three types of superposed discharge ozonizers according to voltage appling method for each electrode ; A.C. high voltages are applied two of three electrodes with phase difference of 180[˚], the other electrode is a ground. This paper describes that discharge and ozone generation characteristics of MDO which comprising central electrode and internal electrode applied A.C. high voltages with phase difference of 180[˚] respectively, and the grounded external electrode. As a result, the maximum ozone concentration, generation, and yield can be obtained 10208[ppm], 6.4[g/h], and 280[g/kwh] respectively.

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Fabrication of Electrochemical Sensor with Tunable Electrode Distance

  • Yi, Yu-Heon;Park, Je-Kyun
    • JSTS:Journal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.30-37
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    • 2005
  • We present an air bridge type electrode system with tunable electrode distance for detecting electroactive biomolecules. It is known that the narrower gap between electrode fingers, the higher sensitivity in IDA (interdigitated array) electrode. In previous researches on IDA electrode, narrower patterning required much precise and expensive equipment as the gap goes down to nanometer scale. In this paper, an improved method is suggested to replace nano gap pattering with downsizing electrode distance and showed that the patterning can be replaced by thickness control using metal deposition methods, such as electroplating or metal sputtering. The air bridge type electrode was completed by the following procedures: gold patterning for lower electrode, copper electroplating, gold deposition for upper electrode, photoresist patterning for gold film support, and copper etching for space formation. The thickness of copper electroplating is the distance between upper and lower electrodes. Because the growth rate of electroplating is $0.5{\mu}m\;min^{-1}$, the distance is tunable up to hundreds of nanometers. Completed electrodes on the same wafer had $5{\mu}m$ electrode distance. The gaps between fingers are 10, 20, 30, and $40{\mu}m$ and the widths of fingers are 10, 20, 30, 40, and $50{\mu}m$. The air bridge type electrode system showed better sensitivity than planar electrode.

Partial Discharge Characteristics of XLPE According to Electrode Shape and Void (전극형상 및 보이드에 따른 XLPE의 부분방전 특성)

  • Shin, Jong-Yeol;Kim, Guin-sik;Hong, Jin-Woong
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.50-57
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    • 2016
  • Transmission equipment is mainly used for the XLPE (cross-linked polyethylene) insulation cable for ultra high voltage power to minimize power loss. The experiment examined the partial discharge characteristics according to the insertion of the bar electrode and needle electrode into the XLPE specimen and the air voids. XLPE insulation cable manufactured by T. company and tungsten electrode material by K. company were used for specimens, by adhering conductive tape on the semi-conductive material of the lower electrode of XLPE specimen with the dimension of $16{\times}40{\times}30$ [mm] was used as negative electrode. In order to investigate the PD with ${\phi}$-q-n of XLPE specimen according to the electrode shape and the size of air voids. we examined the PD by varying the voltage after applying voltage of 3~20 kV on the electrode. Therefore, it was confirmed from the result of PD characteristics of specimen that the larger the air void than the gap between electrode (+) and electrode(-), the larger effect on the discharge when the bar electrode and needle electrode inserted into XLPE, and the closer the distance between the insulation and the needle electrode, the faster insulation breakdown.

I-V characteristics of ground electrode fabricated using an aluminium scrap (알루미늄 스크랩을 이용하여 제작한 접지 전극의 전압-전류 특성)

  • 이우선;정용호;박진성
    • Electrical & Electronic Materials
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    • v.9 no.8
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    • pp.806-812
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    • 1996
  • I-V characteristics of ground electrode fabricated using an aluminium scrap are presented. We fabricated several shapes of aluminium scraps and aluminium electrodes. The results show that the current of aluminium electrode increased linearly by the voltage increase. AC breakdown voltage of copper plate electrode was higher than that of aluminium electrode. AC breakdown current of aluminium electrode was higher than that of copper plate electrode. As applied voltage increased, grounding resistance of aluminum electrode decreased linearly.

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Development of CCFL with Nb/Ni Gad Electrode for high efficiency (Nb/Ni Clad 전극을 이용한 고효율 CCFL 개발)

  • Park, Ki-Duck;Yang, Seong-Su;Park, Doo-Sung;Kim, Seo-Yoon;Lim, Young-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.441-443
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    • 2005
  • According as CCFL(Cold Cathode Fluorescent lamp) of light source in Backlight unit for Note PC (Personal computer) is presently needed to low power consumption and long life time, the development focus of CCFL is going on the discharge gas, phosphor and electrode material. First of all, discharge voltage characteristic of CCFL is closely connected with electrode material For low discharge voltage, the characteristic of electrode material is needed to low work function, low sputtering ratio and superior manufacturing property. We developed new CCFL with Nb/Ni Clad electrode superior to conventional CCFL. Because Nb/Ni Clad electrode with Ni material and Nb material, the electrical characteristic is superior to other electrode materials. The electrode of Nb/Ni Clad is composed that Ni of outside material has superior manufacturing property and Nb of inside material has low work function. Nb/Ni Clad of new electrode material is made by process of Rolling mill at high pressure and heat treatment. We compared electrical characteristic of Nb/Ni clad electrode with conventional Mo electrode by measurement. Mo electrode and Nb/Ni Clad electrode of cup type with diameter 1.1 mm and length 3.0mm are used to this experiment. Material content of Mo electrode is Mo 100%. But, Nb/Ni Clad electrode is composed by content of Nb 40% and Ni 60%. The result of comparison measurement between new CCFL with Nb/Ni Clad electrode and conventional CCFL was appeared that CCFL with Nb/Ni Clad electrode had superior characteristic than conventional CCFL. As a result of experiment, we completed Note PC with low power consumption and long life time by application of new CCFL with Nb/Ni Clad electrode.

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Influence on Relative Electrode Wear by Material and Size of Electrode (전극의 재료와 크기가 전극소모에 미치는 영향)

  • 전언찬
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.671-677
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    • 1999
  • This study has been performed to investigate REW(relative electrode wear) in condition of vari-ous pulse-on duration using the copper and graphite electrode with change of the electrode size on the heat treated STD11 which is extensively used for metallic molding steel with the EDM. The results obtained are as follows; a) Graphite has much benefits than copper electrode when rapid machining is done without electrode wear, b) Neative REW result from the electrode that is very liable attach to decomposition carbide c)Increasing of machining time cause to increase wear length of the copper electrode and decrease wear length of the graphite electorde d)The more pulse-on duration copper electrode has the less REW. e) The edge portion of the electorde wears remarkably at the beginning of machining,.

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Electrochemical Properties of Carbon Nano-tube as the Counter Electrode of Dye-sensitized solar cell (염료감응형 태양전지의 상대전극 재료로서 탄소나노튜브의 전기화학적 특성)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Dong-Yun;Koo, Bo-Kun;Lee, Won-Jae;Song, Jae-Sung;Lee, Dae-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.1090-1094
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    • 2004
  • Studies on porous oxide electrode, dye and electrolyte for dye-sensitized solar cells have been intensively carried out until now. However, counter electrode have not been much studied so far. Accordingly, it is needed to investigate new counter electrode materials with superior catalyst property and to substitute for Pt electrode. In this case, carbon nano-tubes (CNTs) are one of alternatives for counter electrodes as following merits: low resistivity, excellent electron emission property, large surface area and low cost due to development of mass production technique. Such advantages gave us to select multiwalled CNTs (MWCNT) as counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cell. Also, cyclic voltammetry and impedance spectroscopy were used to investigate electrochemical properties of both CNT electrode and Pt electrode. It was found that sheet resistance of CNT electrode was similar to that of Pt electrode, also, electrochemical properties of CNT electrode was superior to that of Pt electrode on the basis on the measurement of CV and impedance spectrum. It was found that CNT is likely to be a very promising electrode material for dye solar cells.