• Title, Summary, Keyword: Elderly Using Social Welfare Organizations

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Community-Based Care Programs for the Elderly among NPOs in Japan (일본 민간조직의 지역노인돌봄 프로그램)

  • Yoon, Soon-Duck;Park, Gong-Ju;Chae, Hye-Sun
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.337-362
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of this study are to review the community-based care programs for the elderly among NPOs, focused on the Regional Council on the Social Welfare and Elderly Club, in Japan and to examine the way these programs help the community elderly to live independently in their own home in the community. First, the community welfare policy for the aged and service delivery organizations in Japan are reviewed. Second, using the informations about the elderly support programs carried out by the Regional Council on the Social Welfare and Elderly Club, various kinds and processes of specific programs developed to meet the local characteristics are introduced. Applicability of these programs to rural Korea is discussed.

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Trends and Challenges of Using Welfare Technology in Elderly Care

  • Lee, Jin Ah
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.30-34
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    • 2018
  • There are several problems facing our society today that are caused by demographic changes, such as an increase in the ageing population. The rapid increase in the aging population leads to increases in medical costs and a higher demand for care services for the elderly. The needs and burdens associated with elderly care are growing, but the human resources and costs to meet these needs are limited. Welfare technology has been suggested as an effective way to solve the discrepancy between higher welfare needs and limited resources. This study aims to explore the current trends and challenges of using welfare technology related to elderly care through literature review. Practical ways to expand uses of welfare technology are also provided. In order to make effective and practical use of welfare technology, public awareness and education, the cooperation of related organizations, the expansion and utilization of Living Labs, and the development and adoption of welfare technology are required.

Effects of Experiences of Elderly Using Social Welfare Organizations in Socio-economic Deprivation on their Relational Aggression Damage Experiences: Verification of the Mediating Effects of Rejection Sensitivity (기관이용 노인의 사회경제적 박탈 경험이 관계적 공격성 피해 경험에 미치는 영향: 거부민감성의 매개효과 검증)

  • Jeong, YoungHee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.267-282
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzes the impact of the experiences of elderly using social welfare organizations in socio-economic deprivation on their relational aggression damage experiences, and verifies the mediating effects of rejection sensitivity. For data collection, 275 of 290 questionnaires, excluding 15 questionnaires with inadequate responses, were used for the final analysis. The SPSS and AMOS programs were used for data analysis through the following procedures. The analysis showed that socio-economic deprivation experiences, relational aggression damage experiences, and rejection sensitivity were higher for the groups of male elderly, higher age, education above college, absence of spouse, and longer institutionalization. The size of indirect effect (${\beta}=.32$) was larger than that of direct effect (${\beta}=.14$), signifying that the indirect impact through rejection sensitivity was larger than the impact of socio-economic deprivation on the experiences of damage by relational aggression. With the above findings, this study makes practical suggestions for institutional measures to reduce the elderly's relational aggression damage experiences and rejection sensitivity and programs on socio-economic deprivation, etc.

Current Status and Associated Factors of Emotional Support Services among Care Providers in Elderly Care Service Agencies (노인돌봄서비스 제공기관의 돌봄제공자 정서지원서비스 현황 및 영향요인)

  • Kim, Yoo-Mi;You, Sun-Ju;Jeon, Gyeong-Suk;Kim, Myo-Gyeong
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.79-93
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to identify the current status and factors associated with emotional support services among care providers in elderly care service organizations. Methods: A total of 87 elderly care service agencies nationwide were recruited for the survey. Agencies' characteristics and emotional capacity monitoring activities; and program-building operations among care providers were measured. The collected data were analyzed using an ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Results: Emotional capacity monitoring activities and program building were generally low. Factors associated with emotional capacity monitoring activities were region, welfare regulations, and vacation and annual leave provisions, while those associated with emotional capacity building programs were identified as vacation and annual leave provisions. Conclusions: The agencies' vacation and welfare system seems to affect emotional support service activities among care providers. It is necessary to prevent emotional exhaustion of care providers and promote quality improvement of care through social and systematic emotional support services.

Academic Activities of the Korean Gerontological Society for Four Decades: An Analysis Related to Trends in Aging Policy and Activities of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (한국노년학회 40년간의 학술활동 분석: 노인정책의 변화와 세계노년학·노인의학회(IAGG) 학술동향을 중심으로)

  • Chung, Soon Dool;Han, Dong Hee;Kim, Hongsoo
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.783-799
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the major academic activities of the Korean Gerontological Society (KGS) during the last 40 years in comparison to changes in elderly policies in Korea and also academic trends in gerontology worldwide and the academic activities of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (IAGG); based on this analysis, this study aims to propose future directions for the academic progress of the KGS. We examined the major academic activities of the KGS by analyzing the contents of biannual conferences, international conferences, and irregular seminars and policy meetings, using conference booklets, KGS websites, and literature on KGS history. Second, we analyzed the academic activities of the KGS in comparison to changes in elderly policies in Korea, using databases of major newspapers and also the BigKinds search offered by the Korea Press Foundation. Third, the academic activities of the KGS were reviewed in comparison to those of the IAGG and the major aging policy agendas of key international organizations. The study results demonstrate that the KGS has been proactive in conducting diverse multi-disciplinary and international academic activities while promptly responding to both domestic and international changes in elderly policies. But some issues were not properly addressed due to the lack of diversity in its members, and it also should be noted that some issues were not discussed in depth for a sufficient length of time. Henceforth, as the leading academic organization in gerontology with a multi-disciplinary orientation in Korea, the KGS should continue to lead the development and evaluation of aging policies and also actively carry out diverse academic activities in collaboration with international academic societies and organizations.

A Case Study on the Community-based Elderly Care Services Provided by the Social Economy Network in Gwangjin-Gu, Seoul (사회적경제 조직의 지역사회 돌봄 네트워킹 가능성에 대한 비판적 고찰: 서울시 광진구 노인돌봄 클러스터 사례연구)

  • Kim, HyoungYong;Han, EunYoung
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.1057-1081
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed the case of elderly care cluster in Gwangjin-gu to explore the possibilities of social economy as a provider of community-based social services. Community-based means the approach by which community organizations build a voluntary and collaborative network to enhance collective problem-solving abilities. Therefore, it is very likely that the social economy that emphasizes people, labor, community, and democratic principles can contribute to community-based social services. This study analyzed social economic network by using four characteristics of social economy suggested by OECD community economy and employment program as an analysis framework. The results of this study are as follows: First, it is found that social economy would hardly supply community-based social services through network cooperation because of a large variation in community identity, investment to new product, and labor protection. Second, community users are not the consumers of the social economy and the products of the social economy stay in market products only for the organizations in social economy. In order to create good services that meet the needs of residents, community development approaches are required at the same time. The importance of community space where local residents and social economy meet is derived. Third, public support such as purchasing support has weakened the ecosystem of social economy by making the distinction between public economy and social economy more obscure. On the other hand, public investment in community infrastructure is an indirect aid to social economy to communicate with residents and to promote good supply and consumption. In the end, community-based social services need a platform where the social economy and the people meet. This type of public investment can create the ecosystem of the social economy.

Factors Affecting Happiness in the Elderly by Gender (노인의 성별에 따른 행복감에 영향을 주는 요인)

  • Hong, Ju-Youn;Kim, Hwan-Hui
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.244-253
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to assess the factors affecting the level of happiness and a sense of happiness among senior men and women, including sociodemographic characteristics, health behavior, subjective health level, and healthcare utilization, using the 2017 Community Health Survey (CHS). A total of 67,835 older adults were enrolled for the study, 27,979 males and 39,856 females. The results showed that education level and total household income affected the happiness in female elderly, while having a spouse increased happiness in male elderly. In addition, both male elderly and female felt a great of happiness when they had good health behaviors, perceived themselves to be in good health, and had no restrictions with healthcare utilization. Subjective health status and healthcare utilization seem to have a substantial impact on happiness because older adulthood is a period marked with increased physical vulnerability compared to other age groups due to diminished physiological functions. Based on these results, the government should expand subsidies for welfare for the aged to provide lifelong education opportunities and the existing elderly education and programs in health-related organizations should reflect the characteristics of the elderly. Furthermore, social service systems and programs related to the elderly should be re-evaluated so as to develop services and programs tailored to the elderly to promote their happiness more effectively.

The Effect of Family Caregiver Burden on Psychological Well-Being among Middle-Aged Working Mothers: Focused on the Moderating Effect of Family Support Resources (중년기 취업모의 가족부양부담이 심리적 복지감에 미치는 영향 - 가족지지 자원의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Ju-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.133-148
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    • 2019
  • This study aimed to explore the moderating effect of family support resources on family caregiver burden as it in turn affects psychological well-being among middle-aged working mothers. Through purposive sampling, the study recruited 325 married employed mothers age 40-50 years who live in Seoul and who have more than 1 child and living parents or parents-in-law. The investigation was performed April 1-30, 2018, with the participants sampled from companies, schools and religious organizations in Seoul. The collected data were statistically analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 package. The results of this study were as follows: First, of all categories of caregiver burden, the score for burden of caring for elderly parents was 3.01 (SD = .81), slightly higher than the median of 3 points; childcare burden scored 3.16 (SD = .73), also higher than the median value; and family support resources scored 3.40 (.89), higher than the median of 3. Overall psychological well-being rated 3.25 (SD = .56). Second, health and educational level, the burdens of caring for elderly parents and childcare and family support resources were found to significantly affect psychological well-being. Third, family support resources, a moderating variable, were found to significantly moderate and ease the effect of childcare burden on middle-aged working mothers' psychological well-being. Furthermore, in the analysis of their moderating effect, family support resources were confirmed to positively affect psychological well-being by moderating childcare burden experienced by middle-aged working mothers.

Improvement Strategies for Optimum Usage of Community Facilities by the Rural Elderly in Korea (농촌 노인의 마을 공동시설 이용실태 분석 및 개선방향)

  • Lee, Jeong-Hwa;Kang, Kyeong-Ha;Jung, Nam-Su;Park, Gong-Ju;Yoon, Soon-Duck
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2005
  • Rural Korea has been becoming heavily aged societies from the end of 20th century due to the massive depopulation of young generation and extension of the average span of human beings. Although rural communities in Korea had been traditionally based on closely webbed social relations, almost all of community self-help organizations disappeared in recent time with very strong urbanization trend. However, almost all rural villages in Korea have the village seniors' union -'NO-IN-HOE' in Korean speaking- of which members usually use, operate and maintain community facilities in terms of voluntary base. Using these facilities, most of public/common/private services and community activities have been being served or provided. So, the purpose of this study is to investigate the usage tendency of community facilities and needs of the rural elderly and to propose the improvement strategies for their optimum usage. For this purpose, data was gathered both from community (107 villages) and individual level surveys(881 older people). The statistical method used for data analysis was descriptive statistics. The major findings were as follows : It was found that the dominant family type of the rural elderly was elderly-only household (75%) with very limited economic capability. There are 2$\sim$3 common community facilities with village including the seniors' center -'KYOUNG-RO-DANG' in Korean speaking. Many of the elderly (74%) use the center once or twice per week. There are several rooms in the center, like as kitchen bathroom and health room, of which usage frequency differs respectively. Many rural elderly want assistance from out-of-village for good maintenance and free use of these facilities.

A Study on Activation of Oriental Medicine in Public Health Sector : The role of Oriental Public Health Physicians (한방 공공의료의 활성화에 관한 연구 - 공중보건 한의사의 활동을 중심으로 -)

  • Yi Sang-Gu;Moon Ok-Ryun;Piao Song-Lin;Lee Shin-Jae;Yoon Tae-Ho;Jeong Baek-Geun;Wen Yong
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2000
  • From 1998, Oriental Medical Physicians(OMP) is distributed in Public Health Sector. but long term plan for Oriental Medicine in Public Health is not existed. So, this study is designed for the activation of OMP Subjects in this study were comprised 3 groups of oriental medicine related persons, the group of which are Students of 11 Oriental Medical Schools, Oriental Medical Physicians in Public Health Sector, Specialist Croup of Oriental medicine Policy(total 1,458 persons). Data were collected from July 1st to November 30, 1999. Direct interview with key persons, systematic interview by using of interview protocol, e-mail and facsimile have been conducted. The results of survey were coded by Excel 5.0, and analysed with SAS 6.12 statistical package. Inter-group difference determined by T-test, and descriptive statistics have been examined. Major findings can be epitomized as follows. 1) OMP disposition to multifarious organizations and institutes such as Public Health Centers, Public Health Sub-centers, Public Hospitals, Private Hospitals in Remote-Vulnerable Area, Community Social Welfare Centers, Institutes for Heath Policy Research, etc, will promise an effective use of Oriental Medical Physician. 2) Average number of patients treated by OMP was 22.8, average budget for oriental medical department, in which OMP were affiliated, was 39.6 million Won per year. Direct cost per every patient visit was 7,210.9 Won, which is considered expensive for public health service. Therefore, development and transformation for Oriental Medical Service in Public Health Sector is desirable in economic and political aspects. 3) It is recommended that ${\ulcorner}Advisory\;Committee{\lrcorner},{\ulcorner}Planning\;Commission\;for\; Public\;Health\;in\;Oriental\;Medicine{\lrcorner}$ should be established for the activation and for the support of Oriental Medical Physician in Public Health Sector, 4) Most effective programmes for oriental public health doctor are health service programmes for the elderly, Home health visit, chronic degenerative disease control services(p<0.001). 5) Standard guideline for facilities and equipments of Oriental Medicine Department in Public Health Center is needed for optimal supply of resources and activation of public health activity.

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