• Title, Summary, Keyword: Egypt

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Egypt's Science and Technology Parks Outlook : A Focus on SRTACity (City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications)

  • Abdel-Fattah, Yasser R.;Kashyout, Abdel-Hady B.;Sheta, Walaa M.
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.96-108
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    • 2013
  • Egypt has been known as the light house of science and innovation not only in the Middle East but to the world across ages. Recently, there have been many ups and downs that positioned Egypt in a lower rank that it actually deserves according to its long history. This review entitles the current condition of science, technology and innovation in Egypt and the consequent setting up of best practices of science and technology parks (STPs) experiences. Egypt's science, technology and innovation (STI) system is highly centralized and dominated by the public sector, with R&D happening mostly in state-run universities and research centers supervised by the Ministry of Higher Education and Ministry of Scientific Research. R&D indicators state that Egypt ranking is 40th worldwide for the published articles (around 10,000 papers in 2011), while the numbers of issued patents (350 local and 50 international in 2011) is still far beyond expected. STPs in Egypt are addressed in this review by three examples; smart village in Cairo, Investment zone in Borg El-Arab City and Technology Valley in Ismailia. The three models are discussed in details and a suggested road map for developing more STPs is estimated.

Synthesis of Some Quinoxaline Derivatives Containing Indoline-2,3-dione or Thiazolidinone Residue as Potential Antimicrobial Agents

  • Gendy, Adel-A. El;Meligie, Salwa-El;Afaf-K. El-Ansary;Aly-M. Anmedy
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.44-47
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    • 1995
  • The synthesis of osme quinoxaline derivatives containing indoline-2, 3-dione or thiazolidlinone residue is described. The synthesized derivatives were sureened in vitro for their growth inhibitory activity against six species of bacteria, viz. Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens and Mycobacterium semegmatils. Most of the compounds exhibited antimicrobial activity especially those having indoline-2, 3-dione moiety.

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Chemical Constituents of Helichrysum conglobatum Growing in Egypt

  • El-Ghazooly, Maged G.;El-Lakany, Abdalla M.;Abou-Shoer, Mohamed I.;Aly, Amal H.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2003
  • Five aromatic compounds, of which two are new glucosides, and six flavonols were isolated and identified for the first time from the flower heads and aerial shoots of Helichrysum conglobatum (Asteraceae). Their structures were established on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic methods including UV, MS, 1D- and 2D-NMR. Some fractions and isolates were screened for anti-microbial activities. This is the first report of the isolation of the chemical constituents of this species.

Accuracy of Sentinel Node in Detecting Lymph Node Metastasis in Primary Endometrial Carcinoma

  • Farghali, Mohamed M;Allam, Ihab S;Abdelazim, Ibrahim A;El-Kady, Osama S;Rashed, Ahmed R;Gareer, Waheed Y;Sweed, Mohammed S
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.15
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    • pp.6691-6696
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    • 2015
  • Background: Endometrial carcinoma is the most common gynecological cancer and its treatment is still controversial, especially in its early stages. There are conflicting data about the efficacy of retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy during abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingoophrectomy treatment. Lymphadenectomy carries a risk of severe complications, especially in women with co-morbidities. Selective lymphadenectomy has been widely employed for staging evaluation of endometrial carcinoma because it is simple and seems to provide reliable data regarding nodal metastasis. This study was designed to evaluate accuracy of sentinel node sampling in detecting lymph node metastasis in primary endometrial carcinoma during staging laparotomy. Materials and Methods: Ninety-three women with endometrial carcinoma at high-risk for nodal metastasis were studied. During laparotomy, methylene blue dye was injected into sub-serosal myometrium, then retroperitoneal spaces were opened and blue lymph nodes within pelvic and para-aortic regions were removed as separate specimens for histopathological examination (sentinel lymph nodes = SLNs). Hysterectomy and selective lymphadenectomy then performed for all women included in this study. Results: Deposition of methylene dye into at least one lymph node was observed in 73.1% (68/93) of studied cases. 18.3% (17/93) of studied women had positive lymph node metastasis and 94.1% (16/17) of them had positive metastasis in SLNs. In this study, SNLs had 94.4% sensitivity and 100% specificity in prediction of lymph node metastasis. Mean number of lymph nodes removed from each case decreased when SLNs biopsy were taken. Conclusions: SLNs are the key lymph nodes in endometrial tumor metastasis and their involvement could be an indicator for whether or not complete systematic lymphadenectomy is needed during staging laparotomy.

E-voting Implementation in Egypt

  • Eraky, Ahmed
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.48-68
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    • 2017
  • Manual elections processes in Egypt have several negative effects; that mainly leads to political corruption due to the lack of transparency. These issues negatively influence citizen's participation in the political life; while electronic voting systems aim to increase efficiency, transparency, and reduce the cost comparing to the manual voting. The main research objectives are, finding the successful factors that positively affects E-voting implementation in Egypt, in addition of finding out the reasons that keep Egyptian government far from applying E-voting, and to come up with the road map that Egyptian government has to take into consideration to successfully implement E-voting systems. The findings of the study suggest that there are seven independent variables affecting e-voting implementation which are; leadership, government willingness, legal framework, technical quality, awareness, citizen's trust in government and IT literacy. Technology-Organization-Environment (TOE) theory was used to provide an analytical framework for the study. A quantitative approach (i.e., survey questionnaire) strategy was used to collect data. A random sampling method was used to select the participants for the survey, whom are targeted voters in Egypt and have access to the internet, since the questionnaire was distributed online and the data is analyzed using regression analysis. Practical implications of this study will lead for more citizen participation in the political life due to the transparency that E-voting system will create, in addition to reduce the political corruption.

Synthesis, Antinicrobial and Molluscicidal Activities of New Benzimidazole Derivatives

  • Nofal, Z.M.;Fanmy, H.H.;Mohamed, H.S.
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.28-38
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    • 2002
  • A series of Schiff's benzimidazole bases, thiosemicarbazides were synthesized, azole ring systems as 1,3,4-triazole, 1,3,4-oxadiazole were prepared. 1-Methylbenzimidazole incorporated to substituted dithio-carbamate, thiophenol, diethylamine via acetamido group were synthesized. A series of pyrimidinobenzimidazoles, triazinobenz-imidazoles, and 2-(acetonylamino)-1-methyl-benzimidazole were prepared. The antimicrobial and molluscicidal activities of some newly prepared compounds were carried out.

First Report of Bacterial Wilt Caused by Ralstonia solanacearum Biovar 2 Race 1 on Tomato in Egypt

  • Seleim, Mohamed A.A.;Abo-Elyousr, Kamal A.M.;Abd-El-Moneem, Kenawy M.;Saead, Farag A.
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.299-303
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to isolate and identify the causal pathogen of tomato bacterial wilt in Egypt. In 2008, tomato plants showing typical symptoms of bacterial wilt disease with no foliar yellowing were observed in Minia, Assiut and Sohag governorates, Egypt. When cut stems of symptomatic plants were submerged in water, whitish ooze was evident and longitudinal sections showed a brown discoloration in the vascular tissues. Bacteria were isolated on triphenyl tetrazolium chloride medium and fifteen isolates shown typical morphological and cultural characteristics were confirmed as Ralstonia solanacearum biovar 2 race 1. Pathogenicity tests showed that all isolates proved to be pathogenic to tomato plants, varied from 52 to 97% wilting. This is the first report of R. solanacearum biovar 2 race 1 causing bacterial wilt in tomato crop in Egypt.

A Agricultural Development and Agricultural Regions in Egypt (이집트의 농업 발달과 농업 지역)

  • Lee, Sang-Yool
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.479-496
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    • 2004
  • This study attempts to examine Egyptian agricultural development with regard to the social and political changes in the Egypt, and tries to explore the patterns of major crops and those spatial distribution nowadays. Also, land reclamation processes and farming activities are explained. Agricultural development in Egypt has been considerably affected by historical international trade, and those crops such as cotton and sugar cane have been especially protected and controlled as strategic crops by the Egyptian governments. The issues of land ownership have been varied with political environments by periods, but the controls to the strategic crops have been consistently maintained to a degree though some variations. since the 1990s, national liberalization programs also caused to change the agricultural policies which have affected the adjustments of crop production and land use. Spatial distribution of major crops and farming activities are examined in relation to natural environments by Delta, Middle and Upper Egypt, desert areas. The projects of land reclamation after 1952 are evaluated with the effects of government intervention, and the actors in use of the reclaimed lands are investigated.

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The Egyptian Foreign Policy Orientations and Its Relations with Russia after June 30th Revolution

  • ELMAGHRABY, BASSEM
    • Korea and Global Affairs
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.183-220
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    • 2019
  • Bearing in mind the strategic and pivotal importance of Egypt over the Arab, African, Middle Eastern, Islamic and even global level; this paper aimed to figure out how and why the Egyptian foreign policy has been changed over time; and whether the flourishing of Egyptian-Russian relations represent a shift from West to East; and show how the historical experiences affecting the relations between Egypt and Russia; moreover, explains why Russia supported June $30^{th}$ revolution while it opposed January $25^{th}$ revolution only two years earlier and other Arab Spring revolutions from one side; and why Egypt accepted to further develop its relations with Russia from the other side.

A Study on the Dance Costume of Egypt (이집트 무용 의상에 관한 연구)

  • Im, Sang-Im;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.135-150
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is on the dance costume of ancient Egypt. First, after the present study looked onto a specialty of Egyptian dance, and then the present study classified Egyptian dress into type and form, quality of material and color tone, hair and headdress and other ornaments. Fundamentally, this study was intended to understand the traditional culture and to grasp the peculiarity of Egyptian dancing dress. This study was progressed as a theoretical research by using documents, photographs, literatures of museum, etc. The results of the study could be summarized as follows. Egyptian dancing featured the earliest form of stage dance in the world and improved religion dancing and sideshow dancing getting out of the form of primitive dance, and also there were professional dancers who developed highly skillful dancing technique. They played a role in disseminating it to many countries of the Mediterranean sea. Dancers of Egypt wore a variety of cloths like the general people. Accordingly, there were no big differences in qualify of material, color tone and other ornaments as well. Yet in accordance with improvement of dance, there was a show-up of clothing of professional dancers and changing of detail parts. So dancing dress was formed while distinguished from general clothing. Therefore, dancing dress of Egypt represents racial characteristics, activity, originality and pursues not authority, but respect of physical beauty or natural beauty.

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