• Title, Summary, Keyword: Egg Quality

Search Result 583, Processing Time 0.043 seconds

THE INFLUENCE OF DIETARY PROTEIN AND ENERGY LEVELS ON EGG QUALITY IN STARCROSS LAYERS

  • Uddin, M. Salah;Tareque, A.M.M.;Howlider, M.A.R.;Khan, M. Jasimuddin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.4 no.4
    • /
    • pp.399-405
    • /
    • 1991
  • The interaction of 4 dietary crude protein (13, 16, 19 or 22%) and 4 metabolizable energy (2600, 2800, 3000 or 3100 kcal ME/kg) levels on egg quality performances of Starcross layers were assessed between 245 and 275 days of age. The egg weight increased significantly with the increasing dietary protein and energy levels. But egg shape index, albumen index, yolk index, yolk dry matter, yolk protein, yolk fat, albumen protein and shell tickness were similar at all dietary protein and/or energy levels. The egg specific gravity and albumen weight increased but the yolk, weight, Haugh unit and albumen drymatter decreased with the increase of dietary protein levels and showed irregular trend with energy levels. The albumen dry matter and egg shell weight, however, were not affected by energy and protein levels. Simultaneous increase of protein and energy increased specific gravity, albumen index and shell thickness at a greater rate than that increased by the increase of protein or energy alone.

Effects of Chilled Drinking Water on Performance of Laying Hens during Constant High Ambient Temperature

  • Gutierrez, W.M.;Min, W.;Chang, H.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.22 no.5
    • /
    • pp.694-699
    • /
    • 2009
  • The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of chilled drinking water on the productivity of laying hens under constant high ambient temperature. A total of seventy-two, 123-day-old Hy-line brown layers was divided into two equal groups. The first group (UDWG) was given unchilled water ($23.0{\pm}2.5^{\circ}C$) as a control, and the second group (CDWG) was given chilled water ($16.0{\pm}0.5^{\circ}C$). The laying hens were kept at $30^{\circ}C$ constant temperature with 50% relative humidity and were exposed to 17 h of light per day. Feed intake, egg production, egg quality (egg weight, shell weight, shell thickness, egg color, yolk color, and Haugh unit), and blood samples were collected and analyzed. The results showed that the feed intake of CDWG laying hens was significantly higher (11.64%) than the UDWG counterparts (p<0.01). Egg production of CDWG was also significantly higher (11.27%) than the UDWG counterparts (p<0.001). Furthermore, we observed that the CDWG laying hens had significantly higher (11.72%) levels (p<0.10) of blood calcium, with a corresponding value of 21.92 mg/dl compared to the UDWG hens (19.62 mg/dl). The higher calcium concentration in the CDWG animals may contribute to increased egg production. The CDWG laying hens also contained higher (12.53%) phosphorus concentrations in blood compared to the UDWG (4.22 mg/dl vs. 3.75 mg/dl), although not statistically different (p>0.10). Egg weight and egg quality were not affected by chilled drinking water. In conclusion, providing chilled drinking for laying hens under high ambient temperature improved feed intake and egg production.

Effect of dietary supplementation of wild grape (Vitis coignetiae) on the quality of egg (머루(Vitis coignetiae)의 급여가 계란의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Yong, Hae-In;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Jung, Samooel;Kang, Mingu;Bae, Young-Sik;Jo, Cheorun
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
    • /
    • v.39 no.3
    • /
    • pp.371-376
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of wild grape (Vitis coignetiae) on egg qualities. Laying hens were randomly assigned to three different dietary groups containing 0, 0.25, and 0.5% of wild grape and fed for 8 weeks, respectively. Eggs were collected after feeding period and stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 7 days. Egg quality traits and cholesterol level of egg yolk were measured at 0 and 7 days of storage. There were no significant differences in total cholesterol content of egg yolk and egg shell thickness among the treatments. However, egg weights of wild grape-fed groups significantly increased compared to that of control. Dietary supplementation of 0.25% wild grape increased the shell and yolk colors compared to the control. Dietary supplementation of 0.5% wild grape significantly increased albumen height and Haugh unit and decreased egg shell hardness and pH values at day 0. However, no differences were found after 7 days of storage. Consequently, the dietary supplementation of wild grape improved the egg qualities on some extent including egg weights, shell and yolk color, albumen height, and Haugh unit.

Effects of the amount of egg and specific gravity on the quality of sponge cake (계란 함량과 비중이 Sponge cake의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 황윤경;김석영
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.377-381
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was designed to observe the effect of the amount of egg and the specific gravity on the quality of sponge cake. There was a little difference of the moisture content by the specific gravity when the amount of egg was same. However, as the amount of egg was increased at the same specific gravity, the moisture content and baking loss was significantly increased(p<0.05). At 100% of egg amount, the largest specific loaf volume was gained at 0.55 of specific gravity, in the same way 150% at 0.45, 200% at 0.35, 250% at 0.45, The hardness of sponge cake was increased as the specific gravity was increased at the same amount of egg(p<0.05). The specific gravity which the lowest hardness was gained was 0.55 with 100% of the amount of egg, in th same way 0.45 with 150%, 0.35 with 200%. As the period of storage was longer, the increase of hardness was increased as the specific gravity went up at the same amount of egg(p<0.05). Therefore, in the case of sugar content 166%, the specific gravity with maximum specific loaf volume and minimum hardness was gained 0.55 at the amount of egg 100%, 0.45 at 150%, 0.35 at 200% and 0.35 at 250%.

  • PDF

The Quality Characteristics of Steamed Egg According to the Ratio of Egg Yolk and Egg White (난황과 난백의 비율을 달리한 달걀찜의 품질특성)

  • Song, Min-Kyung;Kim, Dae-Hyeon;Yoon, Hye Hyun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.65-75
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study prepared steamed eggs at various ratios of yolk and white in packaged liquid eggs to investigate the quality characteristics of steamed eggs through sensory tests and analyses of water content, color, pH and texture profiles. The results are expected to be used in developing steamed egg products and preparing processed egg dishes. Moisture contents of steamed egg samples increased with increased percentage of egg white. Hunter color values of L(lightness) also increased with increased percentage of egg white, while a(redness) and b(yellowness) decreased. Moreover, pH increased with increased percentage of egg white. Texture profile analyses in hardness, springiness, chewiness, gumminess, and cohesiveness decreased significantly with increased percentage of white, but adhesiveness was not significantly different. As the results of sensory test, yellowness increased with increased percentage of yolk. Roasted nutty smell was highest in the steamed egg sample prepared with 250g yolk and 200g white, and fishy smell increased and boiled egg smell decreased with increased percentage of white. Roasted nutty taste and fishy taste increased with increased percentage of white. In contrast with brittleness, hardness, springiness, and chewiness decreased with increased percentage of egg white. The acceptance score was high in the steamed egg samples prepared with a ratio of egg yolk 250/egg white 200 or egg yolk 150/egg white 300.

Determination of the quality of stripe-marked and cracked eggs during storage

  • Liu, Yu Chi;Chen, Ter Hsin;Wu, Ying Chen;Tan, Fa Jui
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.7
    • /
    • pp.1013-1020
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: Stripe marks, which occasionally occur on the shell, do not cause breakage to the shell and shell membranes of eggs. This study investigated the quality of intact eggs (IEs), minor stripe-marked eggs (MEs), severe stripe-marked eggs (SEs), and cracked eggs (CEs) during 3-week storage at $25^{\circ}C$. Methods: Shell eggs were collected the day after being laid and were washed. Among them, eggs without any visual cracks or stripe marks on the shells were evaluated as IEs by the plant employees using candling in a darkened egg storage room; the remaining eggs exhibited some eggshell defects. At day 3, the eggs were further categorized into IEs, MEs, SEs, CEs, and broken eggs (BEs) on the basis of the description given. Except BEs, which were discarded, the remaining eggs were stored at $25^{\circ}C$ (approximate relative humidity 50%) and then analyzed. Results: Stripe marks were observed primarily within the first 3 days after washing. At day 3, CEs had significantly (p<0.05) lower Haugh unit values, but all eggs had grades AA or A, according to the United States Department of Agriculture standard. As storage time increased, differences in egg quality between groups were more obvious. IEs had the highest eggshell breaking strength. During storage, the total plate counts and pathogens, namely Escherichia coli, Campylobacter spp., Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella spp., were not detectable in the internal content of IEs and SEs. Conclusion: In conclusion, cracks degraded egg quality severely and minor stripe marks only slightly influenced the egg quality.

A Study on Microbiological Quality & Safety Control of Dongtae-Jeon(Pan-fried dish) and Rolled Egg in Packaged Meals(Dosirak) with Various Cooking Processes (시판 도시락 중 동태전과 달걀말이의 생산단계에 따른 품질관리에 관한 연구)

  • 김혜영;고성희
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.292-298
    • /
    • 2004
  • This study researched the microbial change of quality according to various phases of product flow of Dongtae-Jeon (a pan-fried dish) and rolled egg in packaged meals. In order to carry out the study, the time required, temperature, water activity and microbial quality were measured at various phases of production flow of Dongtae-Jeon and rolled egg in packaged meals, and the effects of these factors on microbial multiplication was analyzed. According to the phases in product flow of Dongtae-Jeon, it was shown that the time required is 12.5hrs and water activity is distributed 0.932-0.980. These conditions were suitable for microbial multiplication. According to the phases in product flow of rolled egg, it was shown that the time required is 3.3hrs. In addition, qualitative analysis of pathogenic microorganisms (Salmonella spp., Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Staphylococcus aureus) detected no such microorganisms in any of the samples.

Effects of Dietary Vitamins C and E on Egg Shell Quality of Broiler Breeder Hens Exposed to Heat Stress

  • Chung, M.K.;Choi, J.H.;Chung, Y.K.;Chee, K.M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.545-551
    • /
    • 2005
  • A feeding trial was conducted to determine whether dietary vitamin C (200 mg/kg) and vitamin E (250 mg/kg) prevent any drops in egg shell quality under heat stress in broiler breeder hens. One hundred and sixty molted Ross broiler breeders were housed randomly in an individual cage at 83 weeks of age. Four dietary treatments with forty hens and four replications per treatment were control (no additional vitamins), vitamin C-, or vitamin E-supplemented and combined supplementation of the two vitamins. After a tenday-adaptation period at 25$^{\circ}C$, the ambient temperature was kept at 32$^{\circ}C$ for a three-week-testing period. Egg production dropped dramatically over week but it did not show a significant change among treatments (p<0.05). However, egg quality parameters such as egg weight, specific gravity, shell thickness, SWUSA, puncture force and shell breaking strength from the birds fed the diet with the combined vitamins C and E were significantly improved over those of the control group during the heat stress period (p<0.05). The hens fed the vitamin C diet improved tibia breaking strength (37.16 kg), statistically higher than the birds fed the control and the vitamin E diets (p<0.05). The hens fed the control diet showed higher serum corticosterone levels, a mean of 5.97 ng/ml, than those of the other treatments (p<0.05). The heat stress resulted in elevated heterophils and decreased lymphocytes in serum, increasing the H/L ratios for all the treatments. However, the increases in H/L ratios were alleviated by feeding the diets containing vitamin C alone or together with vitamin E, although there were no significant differences in the ratio between the two groups (p<0.05). In conclusion, vitamins C (200 mg/kg) and/or E (250 mg/kg) supplemented to the diets for broiler breeder hens could prevent drops in egg shell quality and tibia bone strength under highly stressful environmental temperatures.

Quality Characteristics of Premix Frying Powders supplemented with Egg White Powder (난백분말 첨가 튀김가루 프리믹스의 품질 특성)

  • Chang, Hyesun;Sim, Ki Hyeon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.280-294
    • /
    • 2017
  • Premix frying powders were prepared by supplementation with 0%, 3%, 6%, 9%, or 12% egg white powder. The following quality characteristics of the fried batter were assessed: proximate composition and amino acid content of premix frying powder; viscosity and pick-up ratio of frying batter; moisture content, lipid content, color, texture and DPPH radical scavenging activity; and sensory evaluation items. Addition of egg white powder in place of wheat flour resulted in lower moisture content (p<0.01) and lower carbohydrate content (p<0.001), higher crude protein content (p<0.001), higher ash protein content (p<0.001), and higher amino acid content (p<0.01) in the premix frying powder. Lower viscosity and higher pick-up ratio (p<0.001) of the frying batter were observed. The resultant fritters had the higher moisture content and higher lipid content (p<0.001). They also showed the lighter color, and had lesser redness and yellowness (p<0.001). Considering texture, the fritters were harder, had higher fracturability and higher adhesiveness (p<0.001), lower springiness (p<0.001), were less chewy (p<0.01), and had lower cohesiveness (p<0.001). Examination of DPPH radical scavenging activity showed higher antioxidant activity (p<0.001) upon addition of egg white powder. Sensory evaluation of the fried batters showed the best outcomes for the group containing 6% white egg powder, in terms of appearance (p<0.05), flavor (p<0.001), taste (p<0.01), texture (p<0.01), and overall quality (p<0.001). Based on the results of this research, we postulate that the addition of 6% egg white powder to premix frying powder will not only improve customer preference and product quality but also enhance the nutrition and functionality of the product.

Evaluation of δ-Aminolevulinic Acid on Serum Iron Status, Blood Characteristics, Egg Performance and Quality in Laying Hens

  • Chen, Y.J.;Cho, J.H.;Yoo, J.S.;Wang, Y.;Huang, Y.;Kim, I.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.21 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1355-1360
    • /
    • 2008
  • Effects of dietary ${\delta}$-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) supplementation on serum iron status, blood characteristics, egg production and quality were examined in laying hens in an 8-week feeding trail. Two hundred and forty (Hy-line brown, 40-week-old) layers were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments with ten replications (six layers in adjacent three cages). Dietary treatments included: 1) CON (basal diet), 2) ALA1 (CON+ALA 5 ppm), 3) ALA2 (CON+ALA 10 ppm) and 4) ALA3 (CON+ALA 15 ppm). All nutrient levels of diets were formulated to meet or exceed NRC (1994) recommendations for laying hens. During the entire experimental period, differences of serum iron concentration and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) were significantly increased in ALA1 supplemented treatment (quadratic effect, p<0.05). The difference of total protein between 8 and 0 weeks was significantly higher in ALA2 treatment than CON treatment (quadratic effect, p<0.05). No significant effects were observed on hemoglobin, WBC, RBC, lymphocyte and albumin concentrations. Egg production and egg weight were not influenced by the ALA supplementation. Egg yolk index was also significantly higher in ALA3 treatment than CON treatment at the end of 4 and 8 weeks (linear effect, p<0.05). Haugh unit was increased in ALA3 treatment compared to CON and ALA1 treatments at the end of 8 weeks (linear effect, p<0.05). However, egg shell thickness, breaking strength and yolk color unit were not affected by the ALA supplementation. In conclusion, dietary ALA supplementation at a level of 5 ppm can affect iron concentration in serum while higher levels (10 or 15 ppm) have some beneficial influences on blood profiles and egg quality.