• Title, Summary, Keyword: Efficiency Analysis

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Evaluating the Efficiency of Mobile Content Companies Using Data Envelopment Analysis and Principal Component Analysis

  • Cho, Eun-Jin;Park, Myeong-Cheol
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.443-453
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    • 2011
  • This paper evaluates the efficiency of mobile content firms through a hybrid approach combining data envelopment analysis (DEA) to analyze the relative efficiency and performance of firms and principal component analysis (PCA) to analyze data structures. We performed a DEA using the total amount of assets, operating costs, employees, and years in business as inputs, and revenue as output. We calculated fifteen combinations of DEA efficiency in the mobile content firms. We performed a PCA on the results of the fifteen DEA models, dividing the mobile content firms into those having either 'asset-oriented' or 'manpower and experience-oriented' efficiency. Discriminant analysis was used to validate the relationship between the efficiency models and mobile content types. This paper contributes toward the construction of a framework that combines the DEA and PCA approaches in mobile content firms for use in comprehensive measurements. Such a framework has the potential to present major factors of efficiency for sustainable management in mobile content firms and to aid in planning mobile content industry policies.

Analysis of Research and Development Efficiency of Artificial Intelligence Hardware of Global Companies using Patent Data and Financial data (특허 데이터 및 재무 데이터를 활용한 글로벌 기업의 인공지능 하드웨어 연구개발 효율성 분석)

  • Park, Ji Min;Lee, Bong Gyou
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.317-327
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    • 2020
  • R&D(Research and Development) efficiency analysis is a very important issue in academia and industry. Although many studies have been conducted to analyze R&D(Research and Development) efficiency since the past, studies that analyzed R&D(Research and Development) efficiency considering both patentability and patent quality efficiency according to the financial performance of a company do not seem to have been actively conducted. In this study, measuring the patent application and patent quality efficiency according to financial performance, patent quality efficiency according to patent application were applied to corporate groups related to artificial intelligence hardware technology defined as GPU(Graphics Processing Unit), FPGA(Field Programmable Gate Array), ASIC(Application Specific Integrated Circuit) and Neuromorphic. We analyze the efficiency empirically and use Data Envelopment Analysis as a measure of efficiency. This study examines which companies group has high R&D(Research and Development) efficiency about artificial intelligence hardware technology.

R&D Investment and Operational Efficiency Analysis of IT Firms : Comparative Analysis of Service and Manufacturing Sectors (IT 기업의 R&D 투자 및 운영 효율성 분석 : 서비스업 및 제조업의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Changhee;Lee, Gyusuk;Kim, Soowook
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.51-63
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we conducted a comparative analysis of R&D investment efficiency and operational efficiency of IT firms using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). We categorized thirteen sample firms into two groups-IT manufacturing and IT service-after an extensive literature review on IT industry classification. We adopted an output-oriented two-stage DEA model suggested by Banker et al. (1984) with total asset and R&D investment as input variables. Then, we constructed investment efficiency and operational efficiency by using Return on Equity (ROE) and Return on Asset (ROA) as intervening variables and operating income and Earnings Per Share (EPS) as output variables. The outcome of the analysis is summarized as follows. First of all, IT manufacturing firms were more efficient (57% on average) than IT service firms. To be specific, IT service firms showed decreasing returns to scale (DRS) with diseconomy of scale. In contrast, IT service firms showed higher operational efficiency (81.5% on average) than IT manufacturing firms. Also, we conducted a Mann-Whitney U test to compare the output of IT service firms and IT manufacturing firms. Lastly, we found a negative correlation ($R^2$ = -.754) between R&D investment efficiency and operational efficiency which infers the trade-off between two constructs

Measuring production efficiency using Data Envelopment Analysis : The case of public Corporation Medical Centers (자료포락분석(DEA)을 이용한 효율성 측정 - 지방공사 의료원을 대상으로 -)

  • 박창제
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.91-114
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    • 1996
  • In this research, the Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA) was applied to measure production efficiency of Public Corporation Medical Centers(PCMCs) operating in Korea. The focus of this research is triple. First, identifing convenience and usefulness of DEA to measure the relative efficiency among PCMCs. Second, assessing magnitudes of the relative efficiency for each PCMC. Third, adding insights into some factors resulting inefficiency in PCMCs. Then, in this paper technical efficiency and scale efficiency measured by DEA[introduced by Charnes, Cooper, and Rhoides(1978) and Banker, Charnes, and Cooper(1984)] were analyzed and a new separate variable was introduced which makes it possible to determine whether operations were conducted in regions of increasing, constant or decresing returns to scale(in multiple input and output situations). And a multi-factor Tobit analysis was conducted to see which variables are associated with PCMC's efficiency.

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Eco-efficiency Analysis of Organic Agriculture in Korea

  • Kim, Chang-Gil;Jeong, Hak-Kyun
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.spc
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 2011
  • Eco-efficiency which is calculated by dividing economic productivity by the environmental load was made by synthesizing eco and efficiency from ecology and economy, proposed by World Business Council for Sustainable Development in 2000. Eco-efficiency by connection of resource efficiency with resource intensity is used as an indicator for evaluating green growth for minimizing the impact on the environment and achieving economic development as well by means of efficient use of resources. This research analyzes eco-efficiency with the case of organic agriculture promoted as a key green growth policy. Thirty questionnaires for farmers producing organic rice in Hongseong-gun, Choongcheongnam-do were used for the analysis. Eco-efficiency was measured by means of the amount of used nitrogen with respect to the amount of income, and was represented that organic agriculture was 32.0 higher than conventional agriculture. The analytical result of technical efficiency, using the (Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model showed that it is 0.765 which has a possibility of 21% in management improvement, and higher eco-efficiency was with higher technical efficiency. The analytical results showed that an organic agriculture contributes to green growth more than conventional agriculture. In addition, higher technical efficiency groups exhibited higher eco-efficiency indices.

A Case Study on Qualitative Efficiency of National R&D Projects: Focused on Agricultural Research Area (국가연구개발사업의 질적 효율성 분석에 관한 사례연구: 농림축산 분야를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Kyungsoo;Cho, Namwook
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.115-125
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    • 2018
  • In order to examine the ways to improve the efficiency of R&D investment, this paper presents analysis on both quantitative and qualitative efficiency of R&D projects. As Korea's R&D investment has significantly increased in recent years, the efficiency of R&D investment has attracted attention. In this paper, a Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA) method is used to construct models for quantitative efficiency and qualitative efficiency analysis. Based on a cases of agricultural R&D projects of Korea, the efficiency of national R&D projects were analyzed and their quantitative and qualitative efficiencies are compared. As a result, statistically significant difference between quantitative and qualitative efficiency was found. Also, characteristics of Decision Making Units(DMUs) which can influence both quantitative and qualitative efficiency were identified. In particular, the stage of a R&D project has significant impact on R&D efficiency. This study suggests that in order to enhance R&D efficiency both quantitative and qualitative nature of outputs should be considered when measuring R&D efficiency.

Evaluation technique for efficiency of fishway based on hydraulic analysis (수리해석을 기반으로 어도 효율을 평가하는 기법)

  • Baek, Kyong Oh
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.52 no.spc2
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    • pp.855-863
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    • 2019
  • The efficiency of fishway installed in rivers can be directly evaluated by means of fish monitoring. On the other hand, when it is difficult to monitor the fish in certain conditions, or when planning a fishway, the efficiency can be evaluated indirectly through the hydraulic analysis. In this study, the hydraulic analysis technique for evaluating the efficiency of a fishway was presented. The River-2D model with the fish physical habitat module was used for the analysis of the attraction efficiency, and the weighted usable area was proposed as an index of the efficiency. In the analysis of passage efficiency, the three-dimensional model, Flow-3D, was used as an evaluation tool to describe the fluid behavior on a hydraulic structure with free surface. The ice-harbor type fishway at Baekgok weir in the Deokcheon River was selected as a test-site, and the efficiency was estimated using the hydraulic analysis. And then it was compared with fish monitoring data acquired from the river. As a result, it is difficult to replace the hydraulic analysis results with the efficiency quantitatively, but it can help to grasp the general tendency.

Evaluation of Efficiency Uncertainty for Three-phase Induction Motor using Finite Element Analysis (유한요소 해석을 이용한 3상 유도전동기의 효율 불확도 평가)

  • Lee, Ho-Hyun;Park, Han-Seok;Jun, Hee-Deuk;Woo, Kyung-Il
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.66 no.4
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2017
  • This paper presented an evaluation method for the efficiency uncertainty of a three-phase induction motor using finite element analysis. The motor efficiency in the finite element analysis is calculated by the loss separation method as in the actual test. In the process of evaluating the efficiency uncertainty, the difference between the finite element analysis and the actual test is the method of calculating the type-A / B standard uncertainty of the input quantity to estimate the efficiency and each losses. For the input quantities which can confirm the instantaneous values with respect to time, the type-A standard uncertainty in the finite element analysis is calculated from the RMS values or average values having separate periods in the steady state. And, the type-B standard uncertainty in the finite element analysis is assumed to be zero. Also, this paper compared and analyzed the efficiency uncertainty evaluated by the proposed method and the efficiency uncertainty through the actual test.

An Analysis on the Determinants of Efficiency of the Pharmaceutical Firms using Stochastic Frontier Analysis (Stochastic Frontier Analysis를 이용한 제약회사의 효율성과 그 결정요인분석)

  • Sakong, Jin;Kim, Jeongkyu
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2015
  • Background & Methods: The purpose of this research is to estimate the efficiency of the pharmaceutical firms and the determinants of their efficiency. Stochastic frontier analysis(SFA) and panel study are applied to the data of 60 domestic pharmaceutical firms from 2006 to 2012. Results & Conclusion: First, the result of the stochastic frontier analysis shows that overall efficiency of the pharmaceutical firms is increasing as time goes by. However, if firms are classified by the scale, the larger firms show more efficiency and if classified by the degree of innovativeness, the innovative firms show more efficiency compared to the non-innovative firms. This evidences show that the scale and R&D investment have significant relationships with the efficiency of the pharmaceutical firms. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the national level of investment for the fundamental researches to vitalize R&D of the new drugs. Second, the result of estimation of the determinants of efficiency shows that the firms with larger sales promotion expenses and entertainment expenses have less efficiency compared to the other firms. This can be explained by the structural characteristics of the small generic pharmaceutical firms. Therefore, the government had better make the pharmaceutical firms to reduce sales promotion and entertainment expenses and increase R&D expenses by introducing systems such as global budgeting system on medicine or reference pricing system.

Efficiency Assessment of Bank Branches: An Analysis Process Using DEA Model and Case Analysis (은행 지점의 효율성 평가: DEA 모형을 이용한 분석 절차 및 사례 분석)

  • 윤석진;서우종;정재우
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.39-52
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    • 2001
  • Recently, the assessment of a bank efficiency focusing on its branches has been conceived as important in developing a competitive strategy. DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) model can be employed as an effective analysis model for such an assessment. Therefore, this paper proposes an analysis process using DEA model to conduct an efficiency assessment of bank branches. The proposed process includes a segmentation of branches considering their competitive environment and strategy for target market : this approach can help to develop effective strategies for each group of branches. The proposed DEA model can analyze efficiency in terms of not only cost but also marketing. Finally, a real case is analyzed, demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed model and process.

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