• 제목/요약/키워드: Ecotoxicity

검색결과 146건 처리시간 0.102초

웹 기반 EDCs 생태 독성 자료베이스 모델 및 시스템 개발 (Developing a Multi-purpose Ecotoxicity Database Model and Web-based Searching System for Ecological Risk Assessment of EDCs in Korea)

  • 권바름;이헌주
    • 한국환경보건학회지
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.412-421
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: To establish a system for integrated risk assessment of EDCs in Korea, infrastructure for providing toxicity data of ecological media should be established. Some systems provide soil ecotoxicity databases along with aquatic ecotoxicity information, but a well-structured ecotoxicity database system is still lacking. Methods: Aquatic and soil ecotoxicological information were collected by a toxicologist based on a human readable data (HRD) format for collecting ecotoxicity data that we provided. Among these data, anomalies were removed according to database normalization theory. Also, the data were cleaned and encoded to establish a machine-readable data (MRD) ecotoxicity database system. Results: We have developed a multi-purpose ecotoxicity database model focusing on EDCs, ecological species, and toxic effects. Also, we have constructed a web-based data searching system to retrieve, extract, and download data with greater availability. Conclusions: The results of our study will contribute to decision-making as a tool for efficient ecological risk assessment of EDCs in Korea.

생태독성기준 미적용 업종 사업장 배출수 생태독성 수준 평가 (Evaluation of Effluent Toxicity which were Exempted from Applying of Ecotoxicity Criteria)

  • 김종민;신기식;이수형;이정서;이택준
    • 한국물환경학회지
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2017
  • This paper aimed to evaluate the test results of acute toxicity on effluent samples which were exempted from applying of ecotoxicity criteria. Total 316 effluent samples which were free from controlling of ecotoxicity regulation, were tested. Ratio of effluent samples which were exceeded the ecotoxicity criteria (TU > 1) indicated 23.7%. This ratio was a little bit higher than previous study (22.7%) on effluent samples which were controlled under ecotoxicity criteria. These results mean that our ecotoxicity management system is not appropriate and applying of ecotoxicity criteria to all effluent samples (82 industry categories) were needed in order to improve our ecotoxicity system. In addition, the same numeric criteria (TU 1 or 2) for all industry categories were proposed in consideration of these results. Ratio of effluent samples which exceeded the ecotoxicity criteria (TU > 1) with D. magna indicated 23.7%. However V. fischeri showed 14.6%. As a acute toxicity test organism, D. magna seemed to be more sensitive than V. fischeri. Ratio of samples which were exceeded TU 1 with D. magna by 24 h exposure period test indicated 35 %, whereas 48 h showed 41%.

내분비계장애물질의 생태독성평가를 위한 표준시험법 비교연구 (A Comparative Study of Standard Methods for Assessing Ecotoxicity of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals)

  • 곽진일;최영설;문종민;김도경;안윤주
    • 대한환경공학회지
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2017
  • 내분비계 장애물질 (EDCs)은 생물체내에 유입되면 내분비계의 정상적 기능을 방해하는 특징이 있으며, 일반화학물질과는 다른 독성기전을 보이기 때문에 기존의 생태독성기법과 달리 EDCs만의 독성을 평가하기 위한 생태독성기법 및 독성종말점의 개발을 위한 연구가 필요하다. OECD, ASTM 및 USEPA와 같은 신뢰성 있는 국제기관에서는 EDCs의 생태독성기법들을 제안하고 있는 상황이다. EDCs가 유해성이 알려진 만큼 국내에서도 EDCs관련 정부지원 사업이 일부 EDCs에 대해 사업장에의 배출량, 환경매체에서 검출농도를 지속적으로 모니터링하고 있으며, EDCs관련 연구들이 보고되고 있다. 그러나 국내에는 EDCs를 대상으로 하는 생태독성기법이 부재한 상황이다. 본 연구에서는 국외 EDCs의 생태독성기법을 조사 및 분석하여 제안된 생물종과 독성종말점의 종류 및 시험조건 파악하고자 하였다. 그 결과, ISO에서는 아직 EDCs 생태독성기법을 따로 제안하고 있지 않은 상태이며, OECD, ASTM, USEPA에서만 수서생물종인 어류 양서류, 물벼룩 및 요각류, 토양생물종인 지렁이, 애지렁이, 톡토기, 진드기, 토양선충, 그리고 퇴적물서식종인 지렁이와 깔따구에 대한 EDCs 평가기법이 제시되어 있고, 생식, 호르몬, 성장, 비탈로제닌, 성비 및 발달 등과 관련된 독성종말점으로 제안되어 있었다. 결론적으로 EDCs 대상의 생태독성 평가방법은 매우 제한적이며, 생태독성 기법 개발 및 독성종말점을 개발하기 위한 연구가 필요한 것으로 판단된다.

산업폐수 방류수의 생태독성 평가 (Ecotoxicity Assessment of Industrial Effluent in Korea)

  • 오경택;김지원;김우근;이순애;윤홍길;이성규
    • 한국물환경학회지
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2006
  • Ecotoxicity assessments of 90 selected effluents of 22 industry types from 2002 to 2004 in Korea were evaluated by a toxic battery of bioassay test using fish Oryzias latipes, invertebrate Daphnia magna, algae Selenastrum capricornutum and bacteria Vibrio fischeri with the physicochemical measurement items and permit concentrations on the present Water Quality Conservation Act in Korea. Total toxic unit (${\Sigma}TU$) of 8 industry types of 22 industry types by the toxic battery appeared in order of the value site as follows; Pigment Dye Manufacturing (${\Sigma}TU$ 217.1) > Textile and Dye (${\Sigma}TU$ 39.3) > Semiconductor Electronic Manufacturing (Small) (${\Sigma}TU$ 25.6) > Wastewater and Sewage Treatment Plants (${\Sigma}TU$ 25.4) > Coating (${\Sigma}TU$ 23.8) > Leather Skin Manufacturing (${\Sigma}TU$ 18.0) > Synthetic Resin Manufacturing (${\Sigma}TU$ 15.6) > Assemble Metal Manufacturing (${\Sigma}TU$ 10.7). Our results demonstrate that ecotoxicity assessment, by bioassay test, is effective and practical for industrial wastewater management for 90 selected effluents with the limitation of the physicochemical permit. Among 90 effluents, 9 samples failed physicochemical permit limitation and 81 passed it. In result of ecotoxicity assessment of 90 effluents by the toxic battery, 76 effluents exhibited ecotoxicity and the others did not. The physicochemical measurement items and permit concentrations on the present Water Quality Conservation Act in Korea were low related to the ecotoxicity value by the toxic battery and appeared limited for water quality management to water-ecosystem and environment-friendly management of water.

ANTIMUTAGENIC STUDY OF SELENIUM COMPOUNDS

  • Bronzetti, Giorgio;Leonardo Caltavuturo, Marco Cini;Croce, Clara Della
    • 한국독성학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.10-10
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    • 2001
  • Selenium is an essential nutritional element for several animal species and human. It has been also seen, that low levels of selenium in the diet can cause many diseases. This metalloid was defined like a "double face" element because it possesses antioxidant, antimutagen, anticarcinogen but also mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. The most important metabolic role of selenium in the animal species is its presence in the Glutathione Peroxidase(GSH-Px). (omitted)

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비이온 계면활성제의 화학구조에 따른 Closterium ehrenbergii 대한 생태독성 (Ecotoxicity of Nonionic Surfactants based on its Chemical Structure for Closterium ehrenbergii)

  • 김상길;;박희경
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.15 no.1_2
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2000
  • This study was designed to evaluated the ecotoxicity to Closterium ehrenbergii using Nonionic surfactants based on its chemical structure. Nonionic surfactants ecotoxicity tended to increase with decreasing the number of ethylene oxide units. The Closterium ehrenbergii test was good in sensitivity and agreement with other published results. The use of Closterium ehrenbergii test offers promising potential for ecotoxicological applications.

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탈수소효소 활성도 저해를 이용한 중금속 생태독성 평가법의 표준화 (Standardization of Ecotoxicity Assay Method for Heavy Metals using Inhibition of Dehydrogenase Activity)

  • 오경희;한아원;조영철
    • 한국물환경학회지
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.574-579
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    • 2010
  • In this study the enzyme inhibition method using dehydrogenase which has been popularly used to estimate ecotoxicity was optimized. When three bacterial strains, Escherichia coli HB101, Enterobacter asburiae KCAD-4, and Aeromonas media KCAD-13, were compared, KCAD-4 was considered as the adequate strain to estimate toxicity because of its sensitivity and reproducibility. The optimal bacterial density was estimated as $5.4{\times}10^9CFU/mL$, at which the maximum sensitivity was observed. The phosphate buffer was suitable for the reaction solution. When the reaction times required for inhibition of enzyme activity by contact of toxicants and for reaction of damaged bacteria and substrate were tested, the optimal value was estimated as 20 min and 2 hrs, respectively. It is expected that the optimized conditions can be used to develop the standardized kits to estimate ecotoxicity of heavy metals in effluent from the industrial wastewater treatment facilities.

조류를 이용한 시화호 및 시화호 유입수 내 중금속 물질의 독성 평가 연구 (Toxicity Assessment of Heavy Metals in Shihwa Lake and Its Tributaries using the Algae)

  • 우민희;이규영;김지혜;임지현;이용우
    • 한국물환경학회지
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2012
  • This research investigates how using algae as an ecotoxicological test species is easier than using daphnia for identifying toxic causative substances. From the results of the ecotoxicity measurements on the Shihwa lake and its tributaries, heavy metals were considered as one of major factors in causing toxicity. The algae ecotoxicity value was 9.6 while the daphnia ecotoxicity value was 0.8 in the Jeongwang stream. By using algae as the test species, we could identify the toxicity that causes heavy metals which might otherwise have been missed with only daphnia. The results from the EDTA addition test showed that zinc and copper were the main toxic causative substances in the Jeongwang stream and Gunja stream.

간접방류사업장 관련 폐수의 생태독성수준 및 특성 평가 (Evaluation of Ecotoxicity and Characteristics on Indirect Effluents and Related Wastewater)

  • 김종민;신기식;이수형;이정서;이택준
    • 한국물환경학회지
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.481-486
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    • 2017
  • This paper aims to evaluate the characteristics of direct and indirect effluents'toxicity level and difference between two test durations (24 h and 48 h) of test method. The proportion of the indirect effluent samples which exceeded the ecotoxicity permit limitations (TU 1 or TU 2) showed more than 2 times higher than that of direct effluent samples. However, effluent toxicity of Wastewater Treatment Plants (WTPs) indicated less than TU 1 regardless of influent toxicity. From this results, treatment process was thought to have a good efficiency. WTP Salinity was very similar between influent and effluent. This trend could be reconfirmed by the component ratio of ion concentration between them and $Na^+$, $SO_4^{2-}$, $C^-$ lions which have a greater percentage than other ions. In addition, in case of high salinity, toxicity value also showed high level. To judge from above results, indirect effluents which were exempted from application of ecotoxicity standards, may need a new effluent limitations regardless of the treatment efficiency of WTP. According to circumstances, effective countermeasure may need to restrain the discharge of salinity-contained effluents which came from indirect-effluent factories. Test duration comparative study indicated that 48 h results were higher toxicity (exceeding rate of ecotoxicity criteria) than 24 h by the 5 to 5.4 percentage. 24 h test duration seemed to be useful in case of rapid detection, whereas 48 h test method could be applied for reinforcement of ecotoxicity regulatory system.