• Title, Summary, Keyword: Economic Efficacy

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A Study on Factors influencing Digital Contents Piracy Focusing on Efficacy, Subjective Norm and School Policy (디지털 콘텐츠 저작권 침해의 선행요인 연구 : 효능감, 주관적 규범, 학교정책을 중심으로)

  • Kwon, Moon Ju;Cho, Namhyung;Kim, Tae Ung
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2013
  • A new form of software piracy known as digital piracy has taken the spotlight. Lost revenues due to digital piracy could reach 2,500 billion won in year 2010 alone. This paper examines the causal relationships among the attitude toward digital piracy, subjective norm, economic gain, political efficacy, school policy, etc, in a university setting. Results from survey responses indicate that the social norm and economic gain affect the attitude toward digital piracy, and that school policy influences the subjective norm as well as political efficacy. But, contrary to our expectation, political efficacy has been found to have no impact on the social norm and economic gain. Prior learning experiences have been shown to affect economic gain, but not the subjective norm. As a conclusion, the academic and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

The Mediating Effects of Self-esteem on the Relationship between Economic Level and Teaching Efficacy : Focused on Early Childhood Preservice Teacher (경제적 수준과 교수효능감의 관계에서 자아존중감의 매개효과: 예비유아교사를 중심으로)

  • Ha, Jeong-Hee;Lee, Jong-Man
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.393-403
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation on the relationship between economic level, self-esteem and teaching efficacy first, and then to investigate the mediating effects of self-esteem on the relationship between economic level and teaching efficacy. The subjects of this study were 457 students who attend two collages in Incheon and all of them were majoring in early childhood education. The collected data were analyzed through SPSS Window program. Correlation analysis and Multiple regression analysis were conducted. Results showed the there were correlation among economic level, self-esteem and teaching efficacy. Also there were mediating effects of self-esteem on the relationship between economic level and personal teaching efficacy. As a whole the result of this study showed the teaching efficacy of early childhood preservice teacher were more influenced by self-esteem than by economic level. The implication of the result were discussed with the necessity of curriculum development to improve the student's self-esteem.

Investigation on Causal Relationships between Home Environment and Children's Self-efficacy (가정환경과 아동의 자기-효능감간의 인과모형 탐색)

  • Woo, Hee Jung;Lee, Sook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.71-90
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    • 1994
  • This study investigated sex differences in children's self-efficacy and causal relationships between children's self-efficacy and home environment. The home environment factors included mother's efficacy, marital satisfaction, child rearing attitudes, and socio-economic status. The subjects were 491 fifth and sixth grade children and their mothers. The data were analyzed by t-test using the SAS $PC^+$ program and covariance structural analysis using the PC-LISREL VI. The results showed that there were no sex differences in children's global self-efficacy level, but there were sex differences in some subfactors. Furthermore, we found that the same causal model appears for both sexs in the relationship between home environment and children's self-efficacy. That is, socio-economic status of the home and mother's psychological factors influenced mother's attitudes for child rearing which had a direct impact on children's self-efficacy.

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Effect of Personality Traits of the Middle Aged on Quality of Life: Mediated by Self-Concepts and Moderated by Subjective Socio-Economic Variables (중년의 성격특성이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향: 자기개념의 매개효과와 주관적 사회경제요인의 조절효과)

  • Shin, Hakgene
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.633-652
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of personality traits of the middle aged on quality of life while mediated by self-concepts such as self-efficacy and self-derogation, as well as while moderated by subjective socio-economic variables such as economic status, social activities and employment. To verify the conceptual causality model and moderating effects of contextual variables, we analysed 353 cases out of purposively collected 400 cases from a medium sized city. As results, first, conscientiousness of personality traits positively affected quality of life of the middle aged while mediated by self-concepts. Second, neuroticism of personality traits negatively affected quality of life while mediated by self-concepts. Third, agreeableness of personality traits did not eventually affect quality of life, although affected negatively on self-efficacy and positively on self-derogation. Fourth, socio-economic variables such as economic status, social activities and employment moderated various paths in the model, which indicated dynamics of internal variables were affected by contextual variables.

A Study on the Influence of Start-up Factors and Self-efficacy on Economic Performance of Microenterprise (마이크로크레딧 이용자의 창업요인 및 자기효능감이 사업체의 경제적 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Yim, Eun-Eui
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2015
  • This study is to investigate the influence of start-up factors and self-efficacy on the economic performances of the microenterprise. While the existing studies focused on start-up factors, this study has the meaning that it includes self-efficacy, the psychosocial factors, divides the economic performances by the profit and the number of employees. For this study, 322 copies of answered questionnaires were taken as the data to analyze. As the results of analysis business type, experience of start-up, period of operation, start-up fund and self-efficacy had the significant meaning out of the profit and it was checked out that business type, fund and self-efficacy influenced on the employees. This study discussed the policy and practical suggestion to raise the performances of microcredit based on these results.

The Effect of Social Capital Formation on the Self-efficacy of Women Participating in Child Care Work (아이돌봄 사업에 참여하는 여성의 사회적 자본 형성이 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Su-Young;Lee, Shin-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Family Welfare
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.511-531
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    • 2018
  • This research aim to identify the effect of social capital on the self-efficacy of women participating in child care work, to increase the employment of middle-aged and older women with career breaks, and to contribute to resolving the problem of the low birth rate by alleviating the child care burden on parents. Subjects consisted of 270 women whose aged 30 and over. The statistics used for data analysis were reliability, frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, one way ANOVA and multiple regression. The results of this study are as follows; 1) The degree of women's social capital was 92.06 and self-efficacy was 44.83; the results were higher than the median. 2) Women's social capital levels were significantly different according to education, health state, and economic state. And self-efficacy levels were associated with age, education, economic state, and social capital. 3) There was a positive correlation between social capital and self-efficacy levels. 4) The variables that affect the women's self-efficacy level were social capital, education, religion, and age, which explained about 29% of the total variance. These research results showed that the social capital of women participating in child care work has a great influence on increasing their self-efficacy.

Relationship between Powerlessness, Self-Efficacy and Quality of Life in Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 무력감, 자기효능감 및 삶의 질과의 관계)

  • Lee, Myung-Hwa;Song, Myung-Sook;Woo, Gyung-Mi
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.166-179
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to the relationship between powerlessness, self-efficacy and quality of life in hemodialysis patients. The subjects were compromised of 198 hemodialysis patients from Pusan, Kyung-Sang Namdo and Kyung-Sang Bukdo 6 hemodialysis clinics. Data were collected by questionnaires from Sep. 19 to Oct. 27, 2001. The instrument used for study were the Powerlessness Behavioral Assessment Tool(Miller, 1983) and self-efficacy developed by Kim, Ju-Hyun(1995) and quality of life developed by Kim, Ok-Soo(1993). Collected data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, pearson correlation. The results were as follows. 1. The mean score of powerlessness was $52.41{\pm}6.93$, mean mark $3.28{\pm}0.43$, and the mea score of self-efficacy was $45.44{\pm}7.75$, mean mark $2.87{\pm}0.49$, and the mea score of quality of life was $121.27{\pm}23.81$, mean mark $2.96{\pm}0.58$. 2. There were significant differences in the level of powerlessness according to sex(t=2.148, p=.033), occupation(t=3.682, p=.000), economic status(F=3.094, p=.048), experience of hospitalization (t=-2.002, p=.047). 3. There were significant differences in the level of self-efficacy according to age(F=3.271, p=.013), economic status (F=5.759, p=.004), religion(F=2.667, p=.048), hemodialysis period(F=2.991, p=.032), hemodialysis frequency(t=9.045, p=.003), experience of hospitalization (t=4.40, p=.037). 4. There were significant differences in the level of quality of life according to occupation(t=3.796, p=.053), economic status(F=11.478, p=.000), hemodialysis frequency(t=7.573, p=.006). 5. There were significant negative correlation between powerlessness and self-efficacy (r=- .401, p<.001) powerlessness and quality of life(r=- .562, p<.001). There were significant positive correlation between self-efficacy and quality of life(r= .512, p<.001).

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Model Development of Affecting Factors on Health Behavior and Juvenile Delinquency of Adolescents (청소년의 건강행위와 비행의 영향 요인에 관한 모형 구축)

  • Kim, Hyeon Suk;Kim, Hwa Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.171-187
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    • 1998
  • In recent years, adolescent issues including smoking, drinking, drug abuse, juvenile delinquency, deviant sexual behavior, mental health problems, high suicide rate, juvenile delinquency and absence without due notice, etc are emerging as serious social problems and the debate on these controversial issues is heating up. The previous studies on adolescent health behavior and social juvenile delinquency such as run-away from home and absence without due notice have been conducted mostly by cause analysis utilizing social demographic factors or biological factors. In other words, the main factors analyzed were demographic and economic factors or parent's educational level, etc, which were the fixed environmental ones that were unable to cause the change in the health behavior. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to analyze factors which are changeable and fixable among the factors influencing the adolescent's health behavior and misconducts and, eventually influencing factors which can be used as the basis to establish health policies and health promotion program to reduce the health risk behavior and misconducts of adolescents. The study subjects were selected by dividing senior high school student in Seoul by region and through random sampling. The 890 subjects were selected from 10 schools including the preparatory school, vocational schools and institutional schools. The duration of the study was for July 1-5, 1997 for the first survey and the second one, for August 25-September 10. Regarding the analysis method, the SAS program was used. The adoptablity of theoretical model was tested through covariance structural analysis utilizing PC-LISREL 8.12 Program. The major findings of the study are as follows: As a result of establishing the model of factors influencing health behavior and juvenile delinquency, in case of male students as the health behavior self-efficacy, education level of fathers, economic level, self-control and the health interest of parent were higher, students were more likely to practice the health promoting behavior. Juvenile delinquency and health risk behavior were prevalent among those with the less shyness, the lower health behavior self-efficacy, lower self-control, lower self-assertiveness, lower economic level. The self-control was the most powerful factor. In case of female students, those with higher health behavior self-efficacy were more likely to practice the health promoting behavior whereas those with lower health behavior self-efficacy, lower self-control, lower self- assertiveness, less shyness were more likely to practice health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency. In case of prep schools, those with higher health behavior self-efficacy and better perceived health status were more likely to practice the health promoting behavior while those with less shyness, lower health behavior self-efficacy and lower academic achievement were more likely to engage in health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency. In case of vocational schools, as health behavior self-efficacy and economic level were higher, the practice rate of health promoting behavior was higher. As the self-control, shyness, self-assertiveness, health behavior self-efficacy were lower, the rate of health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency were higher. In case of social institutional schools, as, the health behavior self-efficacy, social support and economic level, health interest of parents were higher, the rate of health promoting behavior were higher. As the self-control, shyness, self-assertiveness, health behavior self-efficacy and social support were lower, the rate of health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency were higher. So the health promoting behavior was positively related to the health behavior self-efficacy, health interest of parents, social support, education level of fathers, level of perceived health status, economic level. The health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency were higher with the lower health behavior self-efficacy, self-control and self-assertiveness, lower health locus control, less shyness and loneliness, lower economic level and academic achievement. In conclusion, the health risk behavior and juvenile delinquency can be reduced by enhancing self-control, self-assertiveness, health behavior self-efficacy and social support. According to the final model drawn by connecting health behavior and juvenile delinquency, the reduction of health risk behavior can greatly contribute to decreasing social juvenile delinquency as the process of juvenile delinquency was extended from common behaviors to problem behaviors and further into juvenile delinquency.

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Influencing Factors in Self-Efficacy among College Students (대학생의 자기효능감과 영향 요인)

  • Yoo, Kyung Hee;Yang, Jin-Hyang
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.435-442
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate influencing factors in self-efficacy among college students. Methods: The sample consisted of 553 college students in C & K cities. Self-report questionnaires were used to measure the variables. In data analysis, SPSS WIN 20.0 program was utilized for descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and regression analysis. Results: The mean score for Self-Efficacy was 66.62. Self-Efficacy was significantly different according to gender(t=2.076, p=.038), grade(F=11.077, p<.001), religion(F=4.666, p=.003), major(F=19.598, p<.001), economic status(F=6.570, p<.001), perceived health status(F=6.168, p<.001), and self-rated knowledge about health(F=12.936, p<.001). Multivariate analysis showed that major, self-rated knowledge about health, economic status, and perceived health status were significant predictors of self-efficacy and could explain 15.9% of total variability in this model. Conclusion: This study suggests that perceived health status and self-rated knowledge about health are significant factors in self-efficacy among college students. Therefore, the strategies of nursing intervention which improve these variables must be developed for college students.

Self-Efficacy and Self-Control Effects on Purchasing Intention of Annuity Savings Plans: Considering Financial Literacy (금융 유통산업에서의 자기효능감과 자기통제가 연금저축 가입의도와 가입행동에 미치는 영향: 금융이해력에 따른 차이분석)

  • Lee, Yun-Bok;Lee, Phil-Soo;Hwang, Jae-Kwang
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - Economic status at an early stage of life after one's retirement is often determined by the long-term sacrifice of one's earlier consumption tendencies. In general, the first and foremost way to secure income after retirement is through annuity savings. People sign up for personal annuity savings in order to guarantee a stable economic life upon retirement, and such actions may be heavily influenced by self-efficacy. Confidence in current economic activity is a source of rational decision-making. Inability to achieve self-control can lead to reckless spending and the eventual hindering of proper investment for the future. This paper examines how self-efficacy and self-control affect the intention and action of enrolling in an annuity savings plan in relation to one's level of financial literacy. Research design, data, and methodology - To analyze the proposed model, this study investigates financial consumers over the age of 20. The data were collected from 511 respondents and analyzed with SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. First, for the one-dimensional test and to measure the convergent validity of each structure, we use the scale purification process. The results of the test and the confirmatory factor analysis ensure the focus of the validity of the single dimension for each structure. In addition, the validity of the measurement was guaranteed from the results of correlation analysis. Results - First, self-efficacy and self-control have positive effects on the purchasing intention of the personal annuity savings plan. Second, purchasing intention positively affects purchasing behavior. Lastly, self-control has a positive effect on purchasing intention among the low financial literacy group, whereas self-efficacy does not have this effect in the high financial literacy one. Conclusions - The time of product benefit is different with age. The younger group would be granted the savings after several decades once they enroll, whereas the older group would wait for a relatively shorter period of time. Therefore, further research should be conducted in order to verify such a difference. However, this study has value through its confirmation that the roles of self-efficacy and self-control play a part in leading to the enrollment in annuity savings plans and by verifying different effects based on levels of financial literacy. Such results suggest a number of implications in a real life setting. First, banks need to put greater emphasis on the stability of annuity savings in general. Second, customers with relatively low levels of financial literacy are able to control their finances through annuity savings, but find self-efficacy difficult due to a lack of financial understanding. Therefore, such customers should be approached from an invest-effectiveness comparison method. Third, customers with high financial literacy tend to put more value in rational economic decision-making and behavior than in self-efficacy. Therefore, such customers should be approached by promoting the reliability of annuity savings and the excellence of the specific bank's annuity savings plan in comparison to those of other financial institutions.