• Title, Summary, Keyword: Echo generation

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Employment Transitions and Suicide Ideation among Echo Generation (에코세대의 취업변화와 자살생각)

  • Ra, Chaelin Karen;Lee, Hyunkyung
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.369-375
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    • 2013
  • Background: This study aimed to investigate the association between employment transitions and suicide ideation among the echo generation. Methods: This study used survey data from the 2008 and 2010 Seoul Welfare Panel Study (Wave I, II). The sample population was restricted to the echo generation aged between18 and 31, and the total of 882 samples were included in the final dataset. Employment transitions were categorized into four groups. The groups were defined as 'employed-employed', 'unemployed-employed', 'employed-unemployed', and 'unemployed-unemployed'. We used logistic regression to find out the association between employment transitions and suicide ideation among the echo generation. Results: 'Employed-unemployed' and 'unemployed-unemployed' groups were likely to have an association with depression (odds ratio [OR], 1.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46 to 1.51; OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.56 to 1.59) accordingly. 'Unemployed-unemployed' group also was related to suicide ideation (OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.36 to 1.42). Interestingly, 'unemployed-employed' group showed a strong association with suicide ideation among the echo generation (OR, 3.85; 95% CI, 3.75 to 3.95). Conclusion: Experience in unemployment increases the risk of depression and suicide ideation. Moreover, the precarious job also increases the risk of suicide ideation.

Suicidal Ideation in Korean Echo Generation and Associated Factors : Using 2012 Korea Health Panel Data (우리나라 에코세대의 자살생각과 관련요인: 2012년도 한국의료패널 자료를 이용하여)

  • Park, Min Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.34-44
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study investigated the factors associated with suicidal ideation in the Korean Echo Generation using 2012 Korea Health Panel Data. Methods: The 2012 Korea Health Panel Data were collected from February 2012 to July 2012 and included 2,303 people who responded to a question asking whether they had experienced suicidal ideation. The data were analyzed by chi-square and multiple logistic regression test using SPSS 22.0. Results: The rate of suicidal ideation was 4.2% in the Echo Generation. Factors associated with suicidal ideation in the Echo Generation revealed that the following variables increased the rate of suicidal ideation: sex(odd ratio: 2.39, CI: 1.39-4.09), education(odd ratio: 1.95, CI: 1.08-3.52), depression(odd ratio: 12.06, CI: 6.92-21.03), frustrating experience(odd ratio: 2.52, CI: 1.22-5.20), anxiety about the future(odd ratio: 14.58, CI: 3.20-66.41), self-rated health status(odd ratio: 2.39, CI: 1.39-4.09 and odd ratio: 6.41, CI 2.87-14.33). Conclusion: This study provides a preliminary examination of the factors associated with suicidal ideation in the Echo Generation. A more careful examination may be warranted.

The differences of dietary behaviors, dietary life consumer education related current situations·competencies and dietary lifestyles between baby-boom and echo generations (베이비붐세대와 에코세대의 식행동, 식생활관련 소비자교육 현황·역량, 식생활 라이프스타일 차이)

  • Park, Jong Ok
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.153-167
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify differences in dietary behaviors, dietary life consumer education related situation competencies, and dietary lifestyles between baby-boom and echo generations by gender. Methods: Data were drawn from the 2016 Food Consumption Behavior Survey, and 2,474 subjects (baby-boom generation 1,304; echo generation 1,170) were selected. Results: The baby-boom generation more frequently ate meals at home with family than the echo generation, whereas the echo generation had meals more frequently at cafeterias, cafes, bakeries, convenience stores and with friends or colleagues than the baby-boom generation. However, no significant differences in dietary life related consumer education were observed between generations, and experience with food related consumer education and food related promotional/events was very low in general. Baby-boomers received their primary dietary information from surrounding people, whereas the echo generation received it from broadcasting. The information use competence was lower for the baby-boom generation (3.29) than echo generation (3.35), although this difference was not significant. Healthy dietary life competence did not differ significantly, whereas the baby-boom generation showed a higher level of practice competence than the echo generation. Additionally, the baby-boom generation was more likely to pursuit health and less likely to be concerned with convenience and taste quality than the echo generation. Conclusion: The frequencies of meal eating places, drinking, and eating-out differed significantly between the two generations, while the participation ratios of food related consumer education/events, attitudes toward education, and information use competence did not. Additionally, knowledge regarding healthy dietary life competencies did not differ, whereas practice level showed significant differences between generations. Among dietary lifestyles, the baby-boom generation showed higher pursuit of health and lower pursuit of convenience and taste quality than the echo generation.

High-speed angular-scan pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imager for in situ non-destructive evaluation

  • Abbas, Syed H.;Lee, Jung-Ryul
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.223-230
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    • 2018
  • This study examines a non-contact laser scanning-based ultrasound system, called an angular scan pulse-echo ultrasonic propagation imager (A-PE-UPI), that uses coincided laser beams for ultrasonic sensing and generation. A laser Doppler vibrometer is used for sensing, while a diode pumped solid state (DPSS) Q-switched laser is used for generation of thermoelastic waves. A high-speed raster scanning of up to 10-kHz is achieved using a galvano-motorized mirror scanner that allows for coincided sensing and for the generation beam to perform two-dimensional scanning without causing any harm to the surface under inspection. This process allows for the visualization of longitudinal wave propagation through-the-thickness. A pulse-echo ultrasonic wave propagation imaging algorithm (PE-UWPI) is used for on-the-fly damage visualization of the structure. The presented system is very effective for high-speed, localized, non-contact, and non-destructive inspection of aerospace structures. The system is tested on an aluminum honeycomb sandwich with disbonds and a carbon fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) honeycomb sandwich with a layer overlap. Inspection is performed at a 10-kHz scanning speed that takes 16 seconds to scan a $100{\times}100mm^2$ area with a scan interval of 0.25 mm. Finally, a comparison is presented between angular-scanning and a linear-scanning-based pulse-echo UPI system. The results show that the proposed system can successfully visualize defects in the inspected specimens.

Need Assessment for the Operation of Outplacement Support Service for Echo Generation (에코세대의 전직지원서비스 운영을 위한 요구분석)

  • Yun, Ji-Yeun;Yoon, Gwan-Sik
    • Journal of Practical Engineering Education
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2015
  • This study has the objective of proposing the basic data for the political and administrative support needs so that the Echo generation can be prepared with the supper-aged society, by verifying the perception level and degree of necessity about the outplacement support service, whether they want to be serviced or not, and necessary contents in the service with the employed people and non-employed people as objects among the Echo generation in the Southeast region. The study result derived from these effort is illustrated as follows. The perception level of the Echo generation about outplacement support service showed to be significantly different according to the gender, age, industry type, and career. The degree of needs was significantly different depending on the age. For the provision period of the outplacement support service, the opinions were that 3 months before the retirement was most appropriate. The intention of participation when the outplacement support service is provided showed to be significantly different depending on the age.

Design Study of an Echo-Enabled Harmonic Generation Free Electron Laser for the 24th Harmonics

  • Kim, Eun-San
    • Journal of the Korean Physical Society
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    • v.70 no.1
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we present an echo-enabled harmonic generation (EEHG) scheme to generate a free electron laser (FEL). The EEHG FEL utilizes two modulators and two chicanes that can generate a high harmonic density modulation with a low initial beam energy modulation. Using the beam parameters of a 150-MeV electron accelerator, we show that the EEHG scheme enhances FEL performance and generates coherent radiation with a wavelength of 100 nm. In this scheme, the 150-MeV electron beam is energy-modulated by using two lasers with wavelengths of 800 and 2400 nm. The modulated electron beam is sent to two chicanes whose dispersive strengths are 8.2 and 1.0 mm to convert energy modulation to density modulation. Finally, the density-modulated electron beam is sent to a radiator that is tuned to a wavelength of 100 nm and generates radiation with a peak power of 0.3 GW. We performed simulations of the laser-beam interaction by using the GENESIS code and showed that intense coherent radiation with a wavelength of 100 nm could be achieved from the two seeding lasers under the designed EEHG scheme.

A generational comparison of young adults' needs for family strengths and functions : A study on 1st and 2nd echoboomers (청년층 세대 비교로 살펴본 가족 건강성과 기능 요구도: 1차 및 2차 에코부머를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Min Ji;Yoo, Gye Sook
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.131-152
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the first echo boomer to second in the needs for family strengths and family functions, after controlling the sociodemographic characteristics. Method: For this study, a survey was conducted with 406 never-married young adults, which has 182 first echo boomers and 224 seconds echo boomers as using the same self-report questionnaire. Results: First, the two echo boomer groups exhibited similar patterns in their perception of the three family strengths, positive family values, pursuit of coexistence, and spiritual value, in that order. On the other hand, in regard to family functions, groups' perceived emotion entertainment leisure function as core functions of the family, but the second echo boomers, unlike the first echo boomers, expressed a higher need for economic functions rather than functions for children generation. Second, the analysis of this study indicated that, even in cases where first and second echo boomers had the same social-demographic characteristics, the latter in contrast with the former tended not to regard spiritual values such love for shared ethical values, compassion, and religious beliefs as a family strength, and did not require functions for children generation of the family. Conclusions: From these findings, the differences in the needs for family strengths and functions expressed by the two generations belonging to two different birth cohorts were influenced by various changes in Korean society occurring between the two generations, such as the social divergence in the functions of care and nurture, the increase in one-person and childless households, and the weakening of kinship-centered or communitarian forms of familism.

The Convergent Influence of Social Awareness and Health Status on Social Support in Korean Echo Generation (에코세대의 사회인식 및 건강상태가 사회적지지에 미치는 융복합적 영향)

  • Song, Hyo-Jeong;Park, Min-Jeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.247-256
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the convergent influence of social awareness and health status on social support in Korean echo generation by using Korea adult psycho-social anxiety survey data. Korea adult psycho-social anxiety survey data were collected from August to September 2015 and included 1,653, who responded to the question regarding social support. The data were analyzed by t-test, chi-square and hierarchial multiple regression using SPSS WIN 23.0 program. The mean score of social support was 19.60. The influencing factors on social support were neighborhood relations, perceived class, euphoria, equality in society, stability in society, self Esteem, communication, and stress, respectively. Therefore, it is necessary to establish strategies to strengthen social support of echo generation. A more careful examination may be warranted.

Convergent Effect of Psychological Health and Physical Health on Health-related Quality of Life in Korean Echo Generation: Using Korea Health Panel Data 2013 (에코세대의 정신건강 및 신체건강이 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 융복합적 영향: 2013년도 한국의료패널 자료를 이용하여)

  • Choi, So-Eun;Park, Min-Jeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.283-295
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of psychological health and physical health on health-related quality of life(HRQoL) in Korean Echo Generation by using Korea Health Panel Data 2013. The Korea Health Panel Data 2013 were collected from February to October 2013 and 2,261 respondents were analyzed. The data were analyzed by Independent t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression using SPSS WIN 24.0 program. he mean score of HRQoL was 0.98. The effect of unmet medical needs, psychological & physical stress, unmet basic needs, anxiety about the future, depression, suicidal ideation, smoking, sleeping time, hearing problem, eating problem, restriction of activity, and self-rated health status) were significant on HRQoL. Health care providers should consider the effect of psychological and physical health when they design program for the improvement of HRQoL for Korean echo generation in community.

Performance Evaluation of a Next Generation European Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting System(DVB-T2) (차세대 유럽형 디지털 지상파 방송 시스템 성능 분석)

  • Jeon, Eun-Sung;Seo, Jung-Wook;Kim, Dong-Ku
    • The Journal of Advanced Navigation Technology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2011
  • DVB-T2 system developed by DVB project is the next generation digital terrestrial television broadcasting standard designed for offering HDTV service in a post-Analog Switch Off (AOS) environment. In this paper, the performance of DVB-T2 is evaluated with the help of computer simulation. The bits error rate(BER) performance is studied in both AWGN, Rayleigh, Ricean and 0db-echo channel. Firstly, we will give a brief introduction to DVB-T2 system and then compare its BER performance to that of Implementation Guideline.