• Title, Summary, Keyword: EOC

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KOMPSAT EOC Grid Reference System

  • Kim, Youn-Soo;Kim, Yong-Seung;Benton, William
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.349-354
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    • 1998
  • The grid reference system (GRS) has been useful for identifying the geographical location of satellite images. In this study we derive a GRS for the KOMPSAT Electro-Optical Camera (EOC) images. The derivation substantially follows the way that SPOT defines for its GRS, but incorporates the KOMPSAT orbital characteristics. The KOMPSAT EOC GRS (KEGRS) is designed to be a (K,J) coordinate system. The K coordinate parallel to the KOMPSAT ground track denotes the relative longitudinal position and the J coordinate represents the relative latitudinal position. The numbering of K begins with the prime meridian of K=1 with K increasing eastward, and the numbering of J uses a fixed value of J=500 at all center points on the equator with J increasing northward. The lateral and vertical intervals of grids are determined to be 12.5 km about at the 38$^{\circ}$ latitude to allow some margins for the value-added processing. The above design factors are being implemented in a satellite programming module of the KOMPSAT Receiving and Processing System (KRPS) to facilitate the EOC data collection planning over the Korean peninsula.

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The Land Cover Change Detection of an Urban Area from Aerial Photos and KOMPSAT EOC Satellite Imagery (항공사진과 KOMPSAT EOC 위성영상으로부터 도시지역의 토지피복 변화 검출)

  • 조창환;배상우;이성순;이진덕
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry, and Cartography Conference
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 2004
  • This study presents the application of aerial photographs and KOMPSAT-1 Electro-Optical Camera(EOC) imagery in detecting the change of an urban area that has been rapidly growing. For the study, we used multi-time images which were acquired by two different sensors. For all of the images, the coordinate reference system and scale were first made identical through the 1st and 2nd geometric corrections and then image resampling were carried out to spatial resolution of 7m to detect changes under the same conditions. The Image Differencing was employed as a change detection technique. It was confirmed to be able to detect the changes of terrestrial surface like building, structure and road features from aerial photos and KOMPSAT EOC images with single band. The changes could be detected to some extent with the images acquired from different kinds of sensors as well as the same kinds of sensors.

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Application of Change Detection Techniques Using KOMPSAT-1 EOC Images

  • Kim, Youn-Soo;Lee, Kwang-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.263-269
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    • 2003
  • This research examined the capabilities of KOMPSAT-1 EOC images for the application of urban environment, including the urban changes of the study areas. This research is constructed in three stages: Firstly, for the application of change detection techniques, which utilizes multi-temporal remotely sensed data, the data normalization process is carried out. Secondly, the change detection method is applied for the systematic monitoring of land-use changes. Lastly, using the results of the previous stages, the land-use map is updated. Consequently, the patterns of land-use changes are monitored by the proposed scheme. In this research, using the multi-temporal KOMPSAT-1 EOC images and land-use maps, monitoring of urban growth was carried out with the application of land-use changes, and the potential and scope of the application of the EOC images were also examined.

KOMPSAT Data Processing System: An Overview and Preliminary Acceptance Test Results

  • Kim, Yong-Seung;Kim, Youn-Soo;Lim, Hyo-Suk;Lee, Dong-Han;Kang, Chi-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.357-365
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    • 1999
  • The optical sensors of Electro-Optical Camera (EOC) and Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager (OSMI) aboard the KOrea Multi-Purpose SATellite (KOMPSAT) will be placed in a sun synchronous orbit in late 1999. The EOC and OSMI sensors are expected to produce the land mapping imagery of Korean territory and the ocean color imagery of world oceans, respectively. Utilization of the EOC and OSMI data would encompass the various fields of science and technology such as land mapping, land use and development, flood monitoring, biological oceanography, fishery, and environmental monitoring. Readiness of data support for user community is thus essential to the success of the KOMPSAT program. As a part of testing such readiness prior to the KOMPSAT launch, we have performed the preliminary acceptance test for the KOMPSAT data processing system using the simulated EOC and OSMI data sets. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the readiness of the KOMPSAT data processing system, and to help data users understand how the KOMPSAT EOC and OSMI data are processed, archived, and provided. Test results demonstrate that all requirements described in the data processing specification have been met, and that the image integrity is maintained for all products. It is however noted that since the product accuracy is limited by the simulated sensor data, any quantitative assessment of image products can not be made until actual KOMPSAT images will be acquired.

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Change Detection Using Multispectral Satellite Imagery and Panchromatic Satellite Imagery (다중분광 위성영상과 팬크로매틱 위성영상에 의한 변화 검출)

  • Lee, jin-duk;Han, seung-hee;Cho, hyun-go
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.897-901
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study is to conduct land cover classification respectively using Landsat TM data collected on Oct., 1985 and KOMPSAT-1 EOC data collected on Jan., 2000 covering Gumi city, Gyeongbuk Province and to detect urban change by comparing between both land cover maps. Multispectral images of Landsat TM have spatial resolution of 30m are well known as useful data for extracting information related to landcover, vegetation classification, urban growth analysis and so forth. In contrast, as KOMPSAT-1 EOC collects panchromatic images with relatively high spatial resolution of 6.6m. We try to analyze how accurate landcover classification result is able to be derived from the panchromatic images. As the results of the study, the KOMPSAT EOC data with high resolution greater than 4 times showed higher classification degree than Landsat TM data. It was ascertained that the built-up region was extended by three to four times in the last 15 years between 1985 and 2000. In the contrast, it was shown that the forest region was decreased by 15% to 27% and the grass region including agricultural region was decreased by 28% to 45%.

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Detecting Land Cover Change in an Urban Area by Image Differencing and Image Ratioing Techniques (영상의 차연산과 비연산 기법에 의한 도시지역의 토지피복 변화탐지)

  • Lee, Jin-Duk;Jo, Chang-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2004
  • This study presents the application of aerial photographs and the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite, KOMPSAT-1 Electro-Optical Camera(EOC) imagery in detecting change in an urban area that has been rapidly growing. For the study, we used multi-temporal images which were acquired by two different sensors. Image registration and resampling were rallied out before performing change detection in a common reference system with the same spatial resolution. for all of the images. Results from image differencing and image ratioing techniques show that panchromatic aerial photographs and KOMPSAT-1 EOC images collected by different sensors have potential to detect changes of urban features such as building, road and other man-made structure. And the optimal threshold values were suggested in applying image differencing and image ratioing techniques for change detection.

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Impact of Preoperative Serum Levels of CA 125 on Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Survival

  • Pradjatmo, Heru
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1881-1886
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    • 2016
  • Background: CA125 is very helpful in treatment monitoring and detection of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) recurrence. However there is controversy as to its accuracy and optimal usage. What is the impact of the CA125 levels before primary surgery treatment to the survival of patients? This study aimed to detect any association of preoperative serum levels with prognosis and survival in EOC patients. Materials and Methods: Our cohort comprised EOC patients in Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, who complied with follow up. To explore the effect of preoperative CA125 levels and other variables on survival Cox's regression models were applied. Results: A total of 90 cases of EOC who had surgery were available for follow up. The level of CA125 proved to be a prognostic factor for overall survival of EOC patients, with an adjusted HR of 4.10 (p = 0.03). Adjuvant chemotherapy was another prognostic factor, 1 - 2 cycles having an adjusted HR of 0.17 (p = 0.04) and 3 - 8 cycles HR 0.39 (p = 0.06). Other factors such as age of patients adjusted HR 1.54 (p = 0.32), moderate differentiation (adjusted HR 1.61, p = 0.51) poor differentiation (adjusted HR 3.41, p = 0.15), and stage of disease (adjusted HR 1.98,p=0.27) were statistically not significant. However, this might have been because the power of the study was low. Conclusions: Preoperative level of CA125 is a prognostic factor for overall survival in EOC patients. The best cut-off for prognostic classification of CA125 serum level is 70 U/ml.

Overexpression of Semaphorin4D Indicates Poor Prognosis and Prompts Monocyte Differentiation toward M2 Macrophages in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

  • Chen, Ying;Zhang, Lei;Lv, Rui;Zhang, Wen-Qi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.5883-5890
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    • 2013
  • Previously, we demonstrated overexpression of semaphorin4D (SEMA4D, CD100) to be closely related to tumor angiogenesis in epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs). However, the function and expression of SEMA4D in the EOC microenvironment has yet to be clarified in detail. In this study, we confirmed that overexpression of SEMA4D in primary tumors and ascites was related to low differentiation, platinum resistance and a refractory status (P<0.05), while high M2 macrophage count and percentage were evident in EOC patients with advanced FIGO stage and platinum resistance (P<0.05), using immunohistochemistry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), respectively. The data showed correlations of SEMA4D expression and M2 macrophage counts in primary tumors and M2 macrophage percentage in ascites (r=0.281 and 0.355, each P<0.05). In the Cox proportional hazard mode, SEMA4D expression was an independent indicator of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for EOC patients. Furthermore, higher expression of SEMA4D in ovarian cancer cell lines (SKOV3, A2780, and SW626) and their supernatants were found than that in a human primary cultured ovarian cell and its supernatant by reversed transcript PCR (RT-PCR), Western blotting and ELISA, respectively. Interestingly, peripheral blood monocytes (MOs) tended towards the M2-polarized macrophage phenotype ($CD163^{high}$) in vitro after human recombined soluble SEMA4D protein stimulation. These findings suggest that SEMA4D might possibly serve as a reliable tool for early and accurate prediction of EOC poor prognosis and could playan important role in promoting tumor dissemination and metastasis in the EOC microenvironment. Thus SEMA4D and its role in macrophage polarization in EOC warrants further study.

Emotion-on-a-chip(EOC) : Evolution of biochip technology to measure human emotion (감성 진단칩(Emotion-on-a-chip, EOC) : 인간 감성측정을 위한 바이오칩기술의 진화)

  • Jung, Hyo-Il;Kihl, Tae-Suk;Hwang, Yoo-Sun
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2011
  • Emotion science is one of the rapidly expanding engineering/scientific disciplines which has a major impact on human society. Such growing interests in emotion science and engineering owe the recent trend that various academic fields are being merged. In this paper we propose the potential importance of the biochip technology in which the human emotion can be precisely measured in real time using body fluids such as blood, saliva and sweat. We firstly and newly name such a biochip an Emotion-On-a-Chip (EOC). EOC consists of biological markers to measure the emotion, electrode to acquire the signal, transducer to transfer the signal and display to show the result. In particular, microfabrication techniques made it possible to construct nano/micron scale sensing parts/chips to accommodate the biological molecules to capture the emotional bio-markers and gave us a new opportunities to investigate the emotion precisely. Future developments in the EOC techniques will be able to help combine the social sciences and natural sciences, and consequently expand the scope of studies.

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