• Title, Summary, Keyword: EOC

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Application of Change Detection Techniques using KOMPSAT-1 EOC Images

  • Lee, Kwang-Jae;Kim, Youn-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.222-227
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    • 2002
  • This research will examine into the capabilities of KOMPSAI-1 EOC image application in the field of urban environment and at the same time, with that as its foundation, come to understand the urban changes of the study areas. This research is constructed in three stages: Firstly, for application of change detection techniques, which utilizes multi-temporal remotely sensed data, the data normalization process is carried out. Secondly, change detection method is applied fur the systematic monitoring of land use changes, which utilizes multi-temporal EOC images. Lastly, by using the results of the application of land use changes, the existing land use map is updated. Consequently, the land-use change patterns are monitored, which utilize multi-temporal panchromatic EOC image data; and application potentials of ancillary data fur updating existing data can be presented. In this research, with the use of the land use change, monitoring of urban growth has been carried out, and the potential for the application of KOMPSAT-1 EOC images and the scope of application was examined. Henceforth, the future expansion of the scope of application of KOMPSAT-1 EOC image is anticipated.

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Evaluation of Geometric Modeling for KOMPSAT-1 EOC Imagery Using Ephemeris Data

  • Sohn, Hong-Gyoo;Yoo, Hwan-Hee;Kim, Seong-Sam
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.218-228
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    • 2004
  • Using stereo images with ephemeris data from the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-1 electro-optical camera (KOMPSAT-1 EOC), we performed geometric modeling for three-dimensional (3-D) positioning and evaluated its accuracy. In the geometric modeling procedures, we used ephemeris data included in the image header file to calculate the orbital parameters, sensor attitudes, and satellite position. An inconsistency between the time information of the ephemeris data and that of the center of the image frame was found, which caused a significant offset in satellite position. This time inconsistency was successfully adjusted. We modeled the actual satellite positions of the left and right images using only two ground control points and then achieved 3-D positioning using the KOMPSAT-1 EOC stereo images. The results show that the positioning accuracy was about 12-17 m root mean square error (RMSE) when 6.6 m resolution EOC stereo images were used along with the ephemeris data and only two ground control points (GCPs). If more accurate ephemeris data are provided in the near future, then a more accurate 3-D positioning will also be realized using only the EOC stereo images with ephemeris data and without the need for any GCPs.

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Aberrant Methylation of RASSF2A in Tumors and Plasma of Patients with Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

  • Wu, Yu;Zhang, Xian;Lin, Li;Ma, Xiao-Ping;Ma, Ying-Chun;Liu, Pei-Shu
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1171-1176
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    • 2014
  • Objective: The tumor suppressor gene, Ras-association domain family (RASSF)2A, is inactivated by promoter hypermethylation in many cancers. The current study was performed to evaluate the methylation status of RASSF2A in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) tissues and plasma, and correlations with gene expression and clinicopathologic characteristics. Method: We detected methylation of the RASSF2A gene in tissues and corresponding plasma samples from 47 EOC patients and 14 patients with benign ovarian tumors and 10 with normal ovarian tissues. The methylation status was determined by methylation-specific PCR while gene expression of mRNA was examined by RT-PCR. The EOC cell line, SKOV3, was treated with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-azadC). Results: RASSF2A mRNA expression was significantly low in EOC tissues. The frequency of aberrant methylation of RASSF2A was 51.1% in EOC tissues and 36.2% in corresponding plasma samples, whereas such hypermethylation was not detected in the benign ovarial tumors and normal ovarian samples. The expression of RASSF2A mRNA was significantly down-regulated or lost in the methylated group compared to the unmethylated group (p<0.05). After treatment with 5-aza-dC, RASSF2A mRNA expression was significantly restored in the Skov3 cell line. Conclusion: Epigenetic inactivation of RASSF2A through aberrant promoter methylation may play an important role in the pathogenesis of EOC. Methylation of the RASSF2A gene in plasma may be a valuable molecular marker for the early detection of EOC.

Upregulation of long non-coding RNA XIST has anticancer effects on epithelial ovarian cancer cells through inverse downregulation of hsa-miR-214-3p

  • Wang, Changhong;Qi, Shan;Xie, Cheng;Li, Chunfu;Wang, Pu;Liu, Dongmei
    • Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.99.1-99.11
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The present study is to evaluate the biological functions of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), X-inactive specific transcript, X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) in human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Methods: XIST was upregulated in EOC cell lines, CAOV3 and OVCAR3 cells by lentiviral transduction. The effects of XIST overexpression on cancer cell proliferation, invasion, chemosensitivity and in vivo tumor growth were investigated, respectively. Possible sponging interaction between XIST and human microRNA hsa-miR-214-3p was further evaluated. Furthermore, hsa-miR-214-3p was overexpressed in XIST-upregulated CAOV3 and OVCAR3 cells to evaluate its effect on XIST-mediated EOC regulation. Results: Lentivirus-mediated XIST upregulation had significant anticancer effects in CAOV3 and OVCAR3 cells by suppressing cancer cell proliferation, invasion, increasing cisplatin chemosensitivity and inhibiting in vivo tumor growth. Hsa-miR-214-3p was confirmed to directly bind XIST, and inversely downregulated in XIST-upregulated EOC cells. In EOC cells with XIST upregulation, secondary lentiviral transduction successfully upregulated hsa-miR-214-3p expression. Subsequently, hsa-miR-214-3p upregulation functionally reversed the anticancer effects of XIST-upregulation in EOC. Conclusion: Upregulation of lncRNA XIST may suppress EOC development, possibly through sponging effect to induce hsa-miR-214-3p downregulation

Construction and Application of a Web-EOC Based Real-Time Monitoring Management System in Steep Slopes (Web-EOC 기반 경사지 실시간 계측관리시스템 구축 및 적용)

  • LEE, Jin-Duk;CHANG, Ki-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.107-119
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    • 2018
  • The slope monitoring systems which have been operating at home and abroad were investigated and then the real-time monitoring management system for evacuating inhabitants based on Web-EOC(Emergency Operating Center) was constructed. We tried to analyze realistically and precisely the situation by changing from the existing field-centered management to sensor-centered management that measures coordinates and provides in real-time data of measuring/monitoring sensors installed at a field site and developing related viewer programs. In addition, the 3D based monitoring management system, which has alarm functions in case of emergency and provides information about the evacuation place, was constructed on the base that is able to expand to nationwide fields by using Vworld 3D map. Ten steep slope monitoring sites were registered on Web-EOC slope monitoring management system constructed in the research and then application instances were suggested.

The Analysis of 2001 Land Use Distribution of Daejeon Metropolitan City based on KOMPSAT-1 EOC Imagery (KOMPSAT-1 EOC 자료를 활용한 2001년도 대전시 토지이용 현황의 공간적 분포 분석)

  • Kim, Youn-Soo;Jeon, Gap-Ho;Lee, Kwang-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2004
  • The dissemination of commercial satellite images. which have the high spatial resolution such as aerial photos, are the active trend in remote sensing community because of the recent development in satellite and sensor technology. Such high resolution satellite images provide a unique tool for the monitoring of ongoing urban land use change. Especially KOMPSAT-1, which was launched at December 1999 and successfully operated up to now, provides repeatedly panchromatic images over Korean peninsula, which has the spatial resolution of 6.6m. Based upon this KOMPSAT-1 EOC image data we can try to analyze and assess the temporal urban land use change, which could not be done because lack of such data. The aim of this paper is to analyze and assess the spatial land use characteristics of Daejeon Metropolitan City based on KOMPSAT-1 EOC data. The land use map of year 2001 is generated through the modification of the year 2000 land use map, which is published by National Geographic Information Institute, using visual interpretation of KOMPSAT-1 EOC image which is acquired in year 2001. This study can be the start point of the time series analysis of the long term land use change monitoring mit KOMPSAT-1 EOC data.

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Organic Matter Sources in a Reservoir (Lake Soyang); Primary Production of Phytoplankton and DOC, and External Loading (식물플랑크톤의 세포외배출유기물을 고려한 소양호의 1차생산과 유기물 부하)

  • Nam, Kung-Hyun;Hwang, Gil-Son;Choi, Kwang-Soon;Kim, Chul-Goo;Kim, Bom-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.166-174
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    • 2001
  • The autochthonous and allochthonous organic carbon loading were measured in Lake Soyang, to estimate the amount of carbon loading into the lake and the contribution of their sources to tile lake's carbon loading. Autochthonous carbon loading was estimated from phytoplankton primary production with the extracellular organic carbon (EOC). Allochthonous loading was determined by measuring dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and particulate organic carbon (POC) concentration in the main inflowing Soyang River. Both autochthonous and allochthonous organic carbon loading were high during the svmmer, from July to September, and accounted for 43.2% and 71.7% of the annual loading, respectively. Primary productivity was elevated up to $1,000\;mgC\;m^{-2}\;d^{-1}$ during summer and lowest in winter. EOC production from phytoplankton was also large in summer, resulting in a high DOC concentration in the lake water. Primary production of phytoplankton and allochthonous organic matter loading from the watershed contributed to 53.6% and 46.4% of total loading, respectively. The EOC production accounted far $4.4{\sim}21.2%$ of POC primary production, implying that EOC production of phytolankton must be considered in estimation of primary production.

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A STUDY FOR THE DETERMINATION OF KOMPSAT I CROSSING TIME OVER KOREA (I): EXAMINATION OF SOLAR AND ATMOSPHERIC VARIABLES (다목적 실용위성 1호의 한반도 통과시각 결정을 위한 연구 (I): 태양 및 대기 변수 조사)

  • 권태영;이성훈;오성남;이동한
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.330-346
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    • 1997
  • Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite I (KOMPSAT-I, the first multi-purpose Korean satellite) will be launched in the third quarter of 1999, which is operated on the sun-synchronous orbit for cartography, ocean color monitoring, and space environment monitoring. The main mission of Electro-Optical Camera(EOC) which is one of KOMPSAT-I sensors is to provide images for the production of scale maps of Korea. EOC collects panchromatic imagery with the ground sample distance of 6.6m at nadir through visible spectral band of 510~730nm. For determining KOMPSAT-I crossing time over Korea, this study examines the diurnal variation of solar and atmospheric variables that can exert a great influence on the EOC imagery. The results are as follows: 1) After 10:30 a.m. at the winter solstice, solar zenith angle is less than $70^{\circ}$ and expected flux of EOC spectral band over land for clear sky is greater than about $2.4mW/cm^2$. 2) For daytime the distribution of cloud cover (clear sky) shows minimum (maximum) at about 11:00 a.m. Although the occurrence frequency of poor visibility by fog decreases from early morning toward noon, its effect on the distribution of clear sky is negligible. From the above examination it is concluded that determining KOMPSAT-I crossing time over Korea between 10:30 and 11:30 a.m. is adequate.

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Development of the Interpretation Key for Land-Cover Mapping of North Korea using KOMPSAT EOC Imagery (KOMPSAT EOC 영상을 이용한 북한 토지피복 판독 기법 개발)

  • 김정현;김두라;이규성;민숙주;김계현
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.133-138
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    • 2001
  • 최근 문화 및 통일협력 교류등으로 인하여 북한에 대한 사회적인 관심이 날로 증가하고 있 는데 반하여 북한의 폐쇄성으로 인한 북한에 대한 정보는 매우 미비한 실정이다. 이러한 시 점에서 북산지역에 관한 토지이용도나 토지피복도는 북한의 실정을 이해하는데 매우 유용하 게 사용될 수 있으며 기본적인 기반자료로서의 역할을 할 수 있다. 토지 이용구분은 토지의 물리적 특성보다는 인간의 이용목적에 기반을 둔 분류체계로서 확실한 특정 토지 이용 정보 를 획득하기 위해서 현지조사나 항공사진판독 등에 주로 의존한다. 하지만 현재 북한의 경 우는 접근이 불가능하므로 토지 이용도의 제작이 불가능한 실정이며, 따라서 토지이용도 보 다는 토지피복도의 제작이 보다 현실적 접근이라 할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 KOMPSAT EOC 영상에 나타난 북한의 토지피복 특성을 파악하고 EOC 영상으로 판독 가능한 북한 토 지피복의 판독 특성의 기준을 제시하는 것을 목적으로 한다. Landsat TM 영상과 SPOT 영 상, 북한의 1:50000 지형도를 참고자료로 하여 EOC 영상을 육안 판독한 결과 다락밭, 비탈 밭 등과 같은 남한에서는 볼 수 없는 다른 피복들이 존재하였다. 이와 같은 피복을 포함한 북한의 자연환경과 지형구조 등을 고려한 북한의 각 토지 피복의 판독특성을 정의하고 북한 에 적합한 토지피복 분류체계를 수립하였다.

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DEM generation from KOMPSAT-1 Electro-Optical Camera Data

  • Kim, Taejung;Lee, Heung-Kyu
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.325-330
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    • 1998
  • The first Korean remote sensing satellite, Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite (KOMPSAT-1), is going to be launched in 1999. This will carry a 7m resolution Electro-Optical Camera (EOC) for earth observation. The primary mission of the KOMPSAT-1 is to acquire stereo imagery over the Korean peninsular for the generation of 1:25,000 cartographic maps. For this mission, research is being carried out to assess the possibilities of automated or semi-automated mapping of EOC data and to develop, if necessary, such enabling tools. This paper discusses the issue of automated DEM generation from EOC data and identifies some important aspects in developing a for DEM generation system from EOC data. This paper also presents the current status of the development work for such a system. The development work has focused on sensor modelling, stereo matching and DEM interpolation techniques. The performance of the system is shown with a SPOT stereo pair. A DEM generated from a commercial software is also presented for comparison. The paper concludes that the proposed system creates preferable results to the commercial software and suggests future developments for successful generation of DEM for EOC data.

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