• Title, Summary, Keyword: EOC

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Effect of the Signal-to-Noise Power Spectra Ratio on MTF Compensated EOC Images

  • Kang, Chi-Ho;Choi, Hae-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2003
  • EOC (Electro-Optical Camera) of KOMPSAT-1 (Korea Multi-Purpose SATellite) has been producing land imageries of the world since January 2000. After image data are acquired by EOC, they are transmitted from satellite to ground via X-band RF signal. Then, EOC image data are retrieved and pass through radiometric and geometric corrections to generate standard products of EOC images. After radiometric correction on EOC image data, Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) compensation is applicable on EOC images with user's request for better image quality. MTF compensation is concerned with filtering EOC images to minimize the effect of degradations. For Image Receiving and Processing System (IRPE) at KOMPSAT Ground Station (KGS), Wiener filter is used for MTF compensation of EOC images. If the Pointing Spread Function (PSF) of EOC system is known, signal-to-noise (SNR) power spectra ratio is the only variable which determines the shape of Wiener filter In this paper, MTF compensation in IRPE at KGS is briefly addressed, and MTF compensated EOC images are generated using Wiener filters with various SNR power spectra ratios. MTF compensated EOC images are compared with original EOC 1R images to observe correlations between them. As a result, the effect of SNR power spectra ratio on MTF compensated EOC images is shown.

MTF Compensation for KOMPSAT-1 EOC Images (다목적 실용위성 1호 EOC 영상에 대한 MTF 보상)

  • 강치호;최해진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies Conference
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 2003
  • EOC(Electro Optical Camera)는 한반도 및 전 세계 육지 영역 관측용으로 설계되었다. EOC는 1999년 12월 21일 발사된 다목적 실용위성 1호에 탑재되어 가시광 대역(510 ~730nm)으로 입사하는 복사 정보를 수집해 왔다. 획득된 EOC 영상 자료는 다목적 실용위성 1호의 탑재체 자료전송 시스템(Payload Data Transmission System, PDTS)을 통해 지상으로 전송되며, 수신된 자료에 대한 방사 보정 및 기하 보정 등의 일련의 전처리(Pre-processing) 과정을 거쳐 EOC 표준 영상이 생성된다. EOC 영상에 대한 MTF 보상은 방사 보정 후 수행될 수 있으며, 다목적 실용위성 지상국에서는 사용자의 요구에 따라 EOC 영상에 대한 MTF 보상을 수행하고 그 결과를 제공한다. MTF 보상은 EOC의 점 확산 함수(Point Spread Function)를 이용하여 수행되며, 현재 Wiener 필터를 이용하여 수행되고 있다. 본문에서는 현재 다목적 실용위성 1호 영상처리시스템의 EOC 영상에 대한 MTF 보상을 소개하고, EOC의 점 확산 함수에 기초하여 역 필터(Inverse Filter) 및 의사 역 필터(Pseudo Inverse Filter)를 제작, EOC 영상에 대한 MTF 보상 수행 후 그 결과를 Wiener 필터를 이용한 결과와 비교, 분석한다.

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Effect of the Signal-to-Noise Power Spectra Ratio On MTF compensated EOC images

  • Kang, Chi-Ho;Choi, Hae-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.202-207
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    • 2002
  • EOC (Electro-Optical Camera) of KOMPSAT-1 (Korea Multi-Purpose SATellite) has been producing land imageries of the world since January 2000. After image data are acquired by EOC, they are transmitted from satellite to ground via X-band RF signal. Then, EOC image data are generated and pass through radiometric and geometric corrections to generate standard products of EOC images. After radiometric correction on EOC image data, Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) compensation is applicable on EOC images with user's request for better image quality. MTF compensation is concerned with filtering EOC images to minimize the effect of degradations. For Image Receiving and Processing System (IRPE) at KOMPSAT Ground Station (KGS), Wiener filter is used in MTF compensation for EOC images. If the Pointing Spread Function (PSF) of EOC system is known, signal-to-noise power spectra ratio is the only factor in the determination of Wiener filter. In this paper, MTF compensation in IRPE at KGS is introduced and MTF compensated EOC 1R images are generated using Wiener filters with various signal-to-noise power spectra ratios. MTF compensated EOC 1R images are correlated with EOC 1R images for observing linearities between them. As a result, the effect of signal-to-noise power spectra ratio is shown on MTF compensated EOC 1R images.

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DEM Extraction from KOMPSAT-1 EOC Stereo Images and Accuracy Assessment (KOMPSAT-1 EOC입체 영상을 이용한 DEM생성과 정확도 검증)

  • 임용조;김태정;김준식
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 2002
  • We carried out accuracy assessment for DEM extraction from the KOMPSAT-1 EOC stereo images over Daejeon and Nonsan in Korea. DEM generation divided into two parts. One is camera modeling and the other stereo matching. We used Orun & Natarajan's(1994) model and Gupta & Hartley's(1997) model in the camera modeling step and checked the possibility using Orun & Natarajan and Gupta & Hartley's models in EOC stereo pairs. For stereo matching, we used an algorithms developed in-house for SPOT images and showed that this algorithm could work with EOC images. Using these algorithms, DEMs were successfully generated from EOC images. The comparison of DEM from EOC Images with a DEM from SPOT Images showed that EOC could be used for high-accuracy DEM generation.

다목적 실용위성 1호 EOC의 Dark Calibration Data 분석

  • 강치호;전갑호;전정남;최해진
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.101-101
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    • 2003
  • 다목적 실용위성 1호에 탑재된 EOC(Electro-Optical Camera)는 2,000년부터 현재까지 한반도 인근 및 세계의 주요 육지 지역을 관측하고 있다. DOC는 크게 광학부(Sensor Assembly)와 전자부(Electronics Assembly)로 구성되어 있으며, 지상으로부터 입사하는 광 정보를 디지털 신호로 재구성하여 PDTS(Payload Data Transmission System)을 통해 지상으로 전송한다. EOC 광학부는 2,592개의 CCD(Charge-Coupled Device) 센서들로 구성된 선형 시스템이며, push-broom 주사 방식으로 구동된다. 한편, EOC의 임무 전, 후로 Aperture Cover Mechanism에 의해 EOC의 덮개를 덮은 상태로 짧은 시간동안 촬영을 수행, 획득된 영상 역시 지상으로 전송한다. 이러한 영상들은 EOC 영상에 포함되어 있는 암전류(Dark Current)에 대한 간접적인 정보를 제공하며, Dark Calibration Data로 정의된다. Dark Calibration Data는 지상에서 수신된 후, EOC 영상에 대한 복사 보정에 이용된다. 본 연구에서는 EOC Dark Calibration Data에 대한 분석을 통해, EOC 영상 내의 잡음 성분을 분석한다.

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KOMPSAT-1 EOC 영상의 기하정확도 분석

  • Kim, Jong-Ah;Jeun, Gab-Ho
    • Aerospace Engineering and Technology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.141-148
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to enhance geo-location accuracy of the image data acquired by the Electro-Optical Camera(EOC) onboard KOMPSAT-1. EOC image data were analyzed to verify geo-location error. It was found that the major contribution was the time mark inaccuracy and attitude knowledge error. This study shows that the geo-location accuracy can be enhanced by modifying the time and attitude data of the ancillary data.

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Radiometric Characteristics of KOMPSAT EOC Data Assessed by Simulating the Sensor Received Radiance

  • Kim, Jeong-Hyun;Lee, Kyu-Sung;Kim, Du-Ra
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.281-289
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    • 2002
  • Although EOC data have been frequently used in several applications since the launch of the KOMPSAT-1 satellite in 1999, its radiometric characteristics are not clear due to the inherent limitations of the on-board calibration system. The radiometric characteristics of remotely sensed imagery can be measured by the sensitivity of radiant flux coming from various surface features on the earth. The objective of this study is to analyze the radiometric characteristics of EOC data by simulating the sensor- received radiance. Initially, spectral reflectance values of reference targets were measured on the ground by using a portable spectre-radiometer at the EOC spectrum. A radiative transfer model, LOWTRAN, then simulated the sensor-received radiance values of the same reference target. By correlating the digital number (DN) extracted from the EOC image to the corresponding radiance values simulated from LOWTRAN, we could find the radiometric calibration coefficients for EOC image. The radiometric gain coefficients of EOC are very similar to those of other panchromatic optical sensors.

Digital Image Simulation of Electro-Optical Camera(EOC) on KOMPSAT-1

  • Shim, Hyung-Sik;Yong, Sang-Soo;Heo, Haeng-Pal;Lee, Seung-Hoon;Oh, Kyoung-Hwan;Paik, Hong-Yul
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.349-354
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    • 1999
  • Electro-Optical Camera (EOC) is the main payload of the KOMPSAT-1 satellite to perform the mission of cartography that builds up a digital map of Korean territory including a digital terrain elevation map. This paper discusses the issues of the digital image simulation of EOC for the generation of EOC simulated scene as taken by EOC at 685km altitude on orbit. For the purpose, simulation work has been performed with the sensor models of EOC and the satellite platform motions models through image chain analysis from the illumination source (Sun) to a simulated image output in digital number. MODTRAN fur radiance calculation, MTF models of optics, detector and motions of EOC for system point spread function (PSF), and signal chain equations for digital number output are described. Several noise models of EOC are also considered. The final output is the EOC simulated image in digital number. The simulation technique can be used in several phase of a spaceborne electro-optical system development project, feasibility study phase, design, manufacturing, test phases, ground image processing phases, and so on.

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Comparative Analysis of SSM/I and AMSR-E Sea Ice Concentration using Kompsat-l EOC Images of the Antarctic (Kompsat-l EOC 영상을 이용한 남극의 SSM/I 와 AMSR-E 해빙 면적비 비교 분석)

  • Han, Hyang-Sun;Lee, Hoon-Yol
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2007
  • 2005년 남극의 해빙을 촬영한 Kompsat-1 EOC 영상을 이용하여 SSM/I와 AMSR-E 해빙 면적비를 비교, 분석하였다. EOC 영상은 남극의 봄철에 해당하는 9-11월 사이에 남극 대륙의 가장자리를 가로지르는 11 개 궤도로부터 총 676개 영상이 획득되었으며, 이 중 대기 및 광량 조건이 양호한 68개 의 영상을 선별하였다. EOC 영상에 감독분류 방볍 을 적 용하여 표면 유형 을 White ice(W), Grey ice(G), Dark-grey ice(D), Ocean(O)로 분류하였고 해빙 면적비를 산출하였으며, 이를 NASA Team Algorithm(NT)으로 계산된 SSM/I 해빙 면적비, NASA Team2 Algorithm(NT2)으로 계산된 AMSR-E 해빙 면적비와 비교하였다. 남극의 봄철에 SSM/I 해빙 면적비는 EOC W+G 면적비와 잘 일치하였고,AMSR-E 해빙 면적비는 EOC W+G+D 면적비와 좋은 상관성을 나타내었다. 따라서 이 시기의 남극 SSM/I NT 해빙 면적비는 W와 G만을 반영하며, AMSR-E NT2 해빙 면적비는 D도 포함하는 것을 알 수 있었다. 또한 AMSR-E가 SSM/I보다 높은 해빙 면적비를 나타내는 것을 확인하였으며,두 수동 마이크로파 해빙 면적비의 차이는 EOC D 면적비와 높은 상관성을 보였다. 이로부터 EOC 영상에서 분류된 D와 NT2에 서 고려되는 Ice type C가 서로 유사한 해빙 유형임을 추정할 수 있었다.

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MiR-363 inhibits cisplatin chemoresistance of epithelial ovarian cancer by regulating snail-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition

  • Cao, Lanqin;Wan, Qian;Li, Fengjie;Tang, Can-e
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.51 no.9
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    • pp.456-461
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    • 2018
  • Chemoresistance is a major barrier to successful cisplatin-based chemotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and emerging evidences suggest that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the resistance. In this study, it was indicated that miR-363 downregulation was significantly correlated with EOC carcinogenesis and cisplatin resistance. Moreover, miR-363 overexpression could resensitise cisplatin-resistant EOC cells to cisplatin treatment both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, data revealed that EMT inducer Snail was significantly upregulated in cisplatin-resistant EOC cell lines and EOC patients and was a functional target of miR-363 in EOC cells. Furthermore, snail overexpression could significantly attenuate miR-363-suppressed cisplatin resistance of EOC cells, suggesting that miR-363-regulated cisplatin resistance is mediated by snail-induced EMT in EOC cells. Taken together, findings suggest that miR-363 may be a biomarker for predicting responsiveness to cisplatin-based chemotherapy and a potential therapeutic target in EOC.