• Title, Summary, Keyword: EGCG

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Characterization of novel EGCG (Epigallocatechin gallate) analogues synthesized by glucansucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides B-1299CB

  • Moon, Young-Hwan;Lee, Jin-Ha;Nam, Seung-Hee;Kim, Do-Won;Oh, Deok-Kun;Kim, Do-Man
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.502-506
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    • 2005
  • Three EGCG analogues were synthesized by the acceptor reaction of a glucansucrase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides B-1299CB with EGCG and sucrose. The transfer products was purified using Sephadex LG-20 column chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). EGCG-G1 and EGCG-G2 were novel compounds for the first time reported in this paper. EGCG glycosides showed similar or slower antioxidative effects according to their structures $(EGCG{\geq}EGCG-G1>EGCG-G1'>EGCG-G2)$. However, the water solubilities of the EGCG-G1, EGCG-G1' and EGCG-G2 were 52, 76 and 140 times higher than that of EGCG. Furthermore, they showed more browning resistance against UV irradiation than EGCG.

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Preparation and Characterization of EGCG Entrapped Ethosome (EGCG가 포집된 Ethosome의 제조와 특성조사)

  • Gwak, Hyo Jung;Jin, Byung Suk
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.130-135
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    • 2007
  • Entrapment of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) into ethosome was carried out for improving its stability against decomposition. Solubility of EGCG was increased by the addition of ethanol into water, which enable ethosome to entrap appropriate amount of EGCG. It was observed that the EGCG solution concentration and constituent lipid composition had a considerable effect on the particle size and entrapment efficiency of ethosomes. The formation of liquid crystalline phase in ethosome was investigated by polarized optical microscopy. By comparing the stability of EGCG in solution and in ethosome exposed to UV or high temperature, we evaluated the EGCG stabilization effect through its entrapment in ethosome. Incorporation of tocopherol into ethosome retarded the decomposition of EGCG under UV.

Modulation of Chemical Stability and Cytotoxic Effects of Epigallocatechin-3-gallate by Different Types of Antioxidants (Epigallocatechin-3-gallate의 화학안정성 및 세포독성에 미치는 각종 항산화제의 영향)

  • Kim, Mi-Ri;Kang, Smee;Hong, Jung-Il
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.483-489
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    • 2011
  • Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a polyphenolic compound frequently found in green tea, and its physiological actions have been extensively investigated. In the present study, changes in chemical stability and cytotoxic properties of EGCG in the presence of different types of antioxidants were investigated. The antioxidants used modulated the chemical stability of EGCG. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) significantly increased EGCG stability; EGCG was less stable in the presence of catalase. Ascorbic acid, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), and glutathione (GSH) stabilized EGCG concentration dependently. The $H_2O_2$ level generated from EGCG was decreased by catalase, SOD, and NAC but not by GSH. The cytotoxic effects of EGCG also decreased in the presence of NAC, catalase, and SOD. GSH, however, showed a complicated modulatory pattern according to the EGCG and GSH concentrations, and ascorbic acid rather enhanced EGCG toxicity. The results suggest that certain antioxidants could modulate the cytotoxic properties of EGCG in a cell culture system not only by removing reactive oxygen species but by modulating chemical stability and other factors, which should be considered carefully when studying reactive oxygen species-dependent mechanisms of EGCG.

Effect of EGCG on Expression of Neurogenin 3 via the MAP Kinase Signaling Pathway in AR42J Cells, a Rat Pancreatic Tumor Cell Line (녹차 카테킨, Epigallocathechin Gallate (EGCG)의 흰쥐췌장종양 선 세포 AR42J의 MAP Kinase 세포 신호전달 기전을 통한 Neurogenin 3 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-Ok;Choe, Won-Kyung
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.196-202
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    • 2011
  • Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), or epigallocatechin 3-gallate, is the ester of epigallocatechin and gallic acid, and is a type of catechin. EGCG may be therapeutic for many disorders including diabetics and some types of cancer. However it is unknown whether EGCG can induce transdifferentiation of pancreatic cells in pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of EGCG on the expression of pancreatic regenerating related markers in pancreatic AR42J cells, a model of pancreatic progenitor cells. AR42J cells, differentiated with betacellulin and activin A, were cultured with/without EGCG in a time-dependent manner. Cell growth rate, levels of mRNA, and protein expression were examined with the MTT assay, quantitative PCR, and Western blots, respectively. The results showed that AR42J cell growth rates were inhibited by EGCG in a dose-dependent manner. mRNA and protein expression of amylase, insulin and neurogenin 3 (ngn 3) increased in AR42J cells treated with EGCG. Additionally, we demonstrated that the signal transduction pathway of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase is active in EGCG-treated AR42J cells. ERK and JNK phosphorylation decreased in cells treated with EGCG but not p38 phosphorylation. Activation of the p38 MAP kinase pathway was confirmed by specific MAP kinase pathways inhibitors: U0126 for ERK, SP600126 for JNK, and SB203580 for p38. Activated p38 phosphorylation was inhibited by the specific p38 inhibitor SB203580 but p38 phosphorylation was inhibited with increased EGCG treatment. The ERK and JNK MAP kinase pathways were not affected by EGCG treatment. Although further studies are needed, these results suggest that EGCG affects the induction of pancreatic cell regeneration by increasing the ngn 3 protein and mRNA expression and activating the p38 MAP kinase pathway.

Effect of Tea Catechin, EGCG (Epigallocatechin Gallate) on Killing of Oral Bacteria (차 카테킨 EGCG (Epigallocatechin Gallate)의 구강세균에 대한 살균효과)

  • Yu Mi-Ok;Chun Jae-Woo;Oh Kye-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.364-366
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this work was to investigate the effect oftea catechin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on killing of oral bacteria. The antibacterial activity of 2.5 mg/ml and 5.0 mg/ml EGCG was investigated for target bacteria of which initial cell number was approximately adjusted to $10^{7}ml$. The antibacterial activity of EGCG was proportional to the concentration according to colony-forming unit(CFU) of target bacteria enumerating on selective and complex media. Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus at 5mg/ml EGCG were completely killed within 8 hrs. Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus acidophilus were also killed within 2 hrs and 4 hrs under the same conditions, respectively. Oral bacteria at 2.5 mg/ml EGCG were completely killed within 10 hr. Colony numvers of S. mitis and S. salivarius treated with 2.5 mg/ml EGCG were decreased on MS solid media and no colony was observed on the media within 12 hrs. In consequence, EGCG would be a natural and effective compound that kill oral bacteria being caused of bad breath, plaque and gingivitis, and for preventing and treating dental caries.

Effect of Heat-epimerized-catechin-mixture Rich in Gallocatechin-3-gallate on Skin Barrier Recovery (갈로카테킨-3-갈레이트가 풍부한 열전환 카테킨의 피부 장벽 회복에 대한 개선 효과)

  • Kim, Jeong-Kee;Shin, Hyun-Jung;Lee, Sang-Min;Jeon, Hee-Young;Lee, Sang-Jun;Lee, Byeong-Gon
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 2008
  • Until now, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate(EGCG) is known as the most powerful antioxidant among green tea catechins having many beneficial effects on human skin. Considering that the content of catechins is variable according to many conditions such as solvent, temperature and pressure, we prepared the heat-epimerized-EGCG-mixture (HE-EGCG-mix) containing high content of gallocatechin-3-gallate(GCG) by epimerization during autoclaving process and found out its optimal condition for maximizing conversion from EGCG to GCG. To investigate the effects of EGCG and HE-EGCG-mix on skin barrier function, we performed in vivo experiments with hairless mice. We found that HE-EGCG-mix has more potent stimulating activity than EGCG for the production of involucrin 7(INV7) and for recovery of barrier function in SKH-1 mice. Also, we found that GCG stimulates $PPAR-{\alpha}$ transactivation more effectively than EGCG in vitro by transient transfection assay for $PPAR-{\alpha}$ activation activity. These imply that HE-EGCG-mix consisting of high content of GCG should stimulate more efficiently recovery of skin barrier through PPAR-mediated-kerationocyte differentiation than EGCG. In conclusion, our study may provide a possibility that GCG, the C-2 epimer of EGCG, could be a potentially effective agent for development of new cosmetics or health foods for recovery of skin barrier.

Effects of Tea Constituents on Intracellular Level of the Major Tea Catechin, (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate

  • Hong, Jun-Gil;Yang, Chung-S.
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.167-170
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    • 2007
  • (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a mai or tea catechin has been shown to have many interesting biological activities. In the present study, we studied the effects of green tea catechins, EGCG metabolites, and black tea theaflavins on accumulation of EGCG in HT-29 human colon cells. Intracellular levels of [$^3H$]-EGCG were not changed significantly in the presence of other tea catechins including (-)-epicatechin, (-)-epigallocatechin, and (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate. EGCG methyl metabolites and EGCG 4"-glucuronide did not affect cellular levels of [$^3H$]-EGCG. Black tea theaflavins and theasinensin A (TsA), an EGCG oxidative dimer, however, significantly decreased cellular accumulation of EGCG in HT-29 cells by 31-56%. This decrease was more pronounced when cells were incubated in the presence of theaflavin-3',3"-digallate (TFdiG) or TsA. When EGCG was added separately from TFdiG or TsA, the accumulation of EGCG in HT-29 cells was also significantly decreased regardless of when TFdiG or TsA was added during the uptake study (p<0.01). The results suggest that theaflavins and TsA may interrupt EGCG absorption through the gastrointestinal epithelium.

Synergistic Anti-adipogenic Effects of Resveratrol and Epigallocatechin Gallate in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes (3T3-L1 세포에서 Resveratrol과 Epigallocatechin Gallate(EGCG)의 지방세포 분화 억제에 미치는 시너지 효과)

  • Kim, Yunjung;Kwak, Ho-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.855-862
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    • 2012
  • Resveratrol (RVT) and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) individually inhibit adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The objective was to examine the possibility of interaction between RVT and EGCG, resulting in enhanced inhibition of adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Preadipocytes were treated with RVT and EGCG individually at 6.25 or $25{\mu}M$ (RVT6.25 or RVT25) and 12.5 or $50{\mu}M$ (EGCG12.5 or EGCG50) and in combination (RVT6.25 + EGCG12.5 and RVT25 + EGCG50). RVT25 as an individual compound decreased lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes by 24%, and RVT25 + EGCG50 further decreased lipid accumulation by 77%. In addition, exposure of 3T3-L1 adipocytes to RVT6.25 + EGCG12.5 and RVT25 + EGCG50 combinations resulted in an enhanced increase of adiponectin release and inhibition of leptin release. Quantitative analysis revealed that the combination of tested materials (RVT6.25 + EGCG12.5 and RVT25 + EGCG50) decreased the expression levels of C/EBP${\alpha}$, PPAR${\gamma}2$, and aP2. These results indicate that the combined treatments with RVT and EGCG produce synergistic effects on inhibiting adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. The overall results suggested that the combining RVT and EGCG might be more capable of exerting antiobesity effects than each individual compound by itself.

Cellular responses and proteomic analysis of hemolytic Bacillus cereus MH-2 exposed to epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) (Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG)에 노출된 용혈성 Bacillus cereus MH-2의 세포 반응 및 프로테옴 분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Min;Park, Sang-Kook;Oh, Kye-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.52 no.3
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    • pp.260-268
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this work was to investigate the cellular responses and proteomic analysis of Bacillus cereus MH-2 exposed to EGCG. Strain MH-2 was isolated from commercial Ssamjang and has the hemolytic activity. Survival of the MH-2 strain with time in the presence of different concentrations of EGCG under sublethal conditions was monitored. The amount of alginate from MH-2 strain decreased depending on the increasing concentrations of EGCG and increased depending on the exposure time at any particular EGCG concentration. Analysis of SDS-PAGE and Western blot using anti-DnaK and anti-GroEL revealed that two stress shock proteins, 70 kDa DnaK and 60 kDa GroEL were found to decrease in proportion to the EGCG concentration in exponentially growing cultures. Scanning electron microscopic analysis demonstrated the presence of protrusions and fused rod forms on the cells treated with EGCG. 2-DE of soluble protein fractions from MH-2 cultures showed 20 protein spots changed by EGCG exposure. These proteins involved in enterotoxins (hemolysin BL lytic component L1 and hemolysin BL-binding protein), chaperons (DnaK and GroEL), cell defense (peptidase M4 family proteins), and various biosynthesis and energy metabolism were identified by peptide mass fingerprinting using MALDI-TOF. These results provide clues for understanding the mechanism of EGCG-induced stress and cytotoxicity on B. cereus MH-2.

Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (EGCG) Attenuates Traumatic Brain Injury by Inhibition of Edema Formation and Oxidative Stress

  • Zhang, Bo;Wang, Bing;Cao, Shuhua;Wang, Yongqiang
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.491-497
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    • 2015
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of mortality and long-term disability, which can decrease quality of life. In spite of numerous studies suggesting that Epigallocatechin-3- gallate (EGCG) has been used as a therapeutic agent for a broad range of disorders, the effect of EGCG on TBI remains unknown. In this study, a weight drop model was established to evaluate the therapeutic potential of EGCG on TBI. Rats were administered with 100 mg/kg EGCG or PBS intraperitoneally. At different times following trauma, rats were sacrificed for analysis. It was found that EGCG (100 mg/kg, i.p.) treatment significantly reduced brain water content and vascular permeability at 12, 24, 48, 72 hour after TBI. Real-time PCR results revealed that EGCG inhibited TBI-induced IL-$1{\beta}$ and TNF-${\alpha}$ mRNA expression. Importantly, CD68 mRNA expression decreasing in the brain suggested that EGCG inhibited microglia activation. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry results showed that administering of EGCG significantly inhibited the levels of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression. TBI-induced oxidative stress was remarkably impaired by EGCG treatment, which elevated the activities of SOD and GSH-PX. Conversely, EGCG significantly reduced the contents of MDA after TBI. In addition, EGCG decreased TBI-induced NADPH oxidase activation through inhibition of $p47^{phox}$ translocation from cytoplasm to plasma membrane. These data demonstrate that EGCG treatment may be an effective therapeutic strategy for TBI and the underlying mechanism involves inhibition of oxidative stress.