• Title, Summary, Keyword: EC-SOD

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Production of Concentrated Blueberry Vinegar Using Blueberry Juice and Its Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities (블루베리 농축식초 제조 및 이들의 항산화 및 항균 활성)

  • Oh, Hyeonhwa;Jang, Sowon;Jun, Hyun-Il;Jeong, Do-Youn;Kim, Young-Soo;Song, Geun-Seoup
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.695-702
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of seed vinegar on antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activities of concentrated blueberry vinegar (CBV). Of the nine strains of yeast and six strains of acetic acid bacteria provided by the Microbial Institute for Fermentation Industry, each strain of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae SRCM 100610, showing the highest ethanol content) and acetic acid bacteria (Acetobacter pasteurianus SRCM 101342, showing the highest total acidity) was selected for production of CBVs. Sugar content, pH, total acidity, total phenolic content (TPC), and browning intensity (280 nm and 420 nm) in CBVs using concentrated blueberry juice were $11.05{\sim}12.70^{\circ}Brix$, 2.63~2.98, 1.65~5.72%, 3.03~4.24 mg/mL, 0.95~1.50, and 0.11~0.20, respectively. Sugar content and total acidity of CBVs increased upon addition of seed vinegar, whereas pH, TPC, and browning intensity decreased. Of all CBVs with various additions of seed vinegar, the control showed the lowest $EC_{50}$ values in DPPH radical scavenging assay, ABTS radical scavenging assay, and reducing power (23.80, 19.48, and 79.21 dilution factor, respectively), whereas the 40% seed vinegar group showed the highest clear zone diameter values for Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Bacillus cereus (4.31, 4.59, 5.81, and 3.97, respectively). Antioxidant activities of CBVs were closely correlated with their TPC, browning intensity at 280 nm, pH, and total acidity values, showing correlation determination coefficient ($R^2$) values higher 0.82. However, antimicrobial activities of CBVs were closely correlated with their pH and total acidity values, showing higher $R^2$ values more than 0.92. These results suggest that CBVs using concentrated blueberry juice, S. cerevisiae SRCM 100610, and A. pasteurianus SRCM 101342 may be useful as potentially functional foods for enhancing health.

A Study on Anti-aning of Electroacupuncture at Joksamni($ST_{36}$) in Rats (족삼리(足三里) 전침(電鍼)이 흰쥐의 노화(老化)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Jun-Seong;Yim, Yun-Kyoung;Kim, Young-Il
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.145-161
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of electroacupuncture at Joksanmi($ST_{36}$) on Rat's aging by experimental methods. Methods : The author performed several experimental procedures to observe the effects of the EC-HAS at the arthritis. First, I measured the cell survival rate of the mice lung fibroblasts. Second, the incidence rate of arthritis and arthritis index of CIA were analyzed. Third, the levels of IL-6, $INF-{\gamma}$ , $INF-{\alpha}$ , $IL-1{\beta}$, IgG, IgM and anti-collagen II were measured in serum and the level of $INF-{\gamma}$, $INF-{\gamma}$/IL-4 ratio in the CIA mouse spleen cell culture. Fourth, histological analysis of the mice joint was performed. Fifth, the expression ratio of $CD3e^+$ cells to $CD19^+$ cells, $CD4^+$ cells to $CD8^+$ cells, $CD11a^+CD19^+$ cells, $CD4^+CD25^+$ cells, $CD3^+CD69^+$ cells, and $CD11b^+Gr-1^+$ cells were checked. Results: 1. The hematocrit was meaningfully (p<0.01, p<0.05) decreased in $ST_{36}$ group in comparison with the control and sham group. 2. The glucose, ALP were meaningfully (p<0.05, p<0.05) decreased in $ST_{36}$ group in comparison with the control group. 3. In the activation of hepatic antioxidase, the catalase was meaningfully (p<0.01) increased in $ST_{36}$ group in comparison with the control group. 4. In the liver, the NO formation was meaningfully (p<0.001) decreased in $ST_{36}$ group in comparison with the nomal, control and sham group. 5. In the activation of splenetic antioxidase, the GSH was meaningfully (p<0.01) increased in $ST_{36}$ group in comparison with the sham group, and the catalase was meaningfully (p<0.001) increased in $ST_{36}$ group in comparison with the control group. 6. In the spleen, the MDA formation was meaningfully (p<0.01, p<0.05) decreased in $ST_{36}$ group in comparison with the control and sham group. 7. In the spleen cell culture, the levels of IL-6 was meaningfully (p<0.05) decreased in comparison with the sham group, $INF-{\gamma}$( was meaningfully (p<0.05) increased in comparison with the control group. Conclusions: According to the results, it is considered that electroacupuncture at Joksamni($ST_{36}$) is effective in increasing the activities of antioxidative enzyme and inhibiting lipid peroxides, and has an immunomodulatory reaction. In conclusion, it han an significant anti-aging effect and need more experimental study.

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Characteristics of Barley Polyphenol Extract (BPE) Separated from Pearling By-products (보리 도정부산물로부터 분리한 폴리페놀 추출물의 특성)

  • Seog, Ho-Moon;Seo, Mi-Sook;Kim, Sung-Ran;Park, Yong-Kon;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.775-779
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    • 2002
  • Barley brans, divided into fractions I $(pearlers\;1{\sim}4)$, II $(pearlers\;5{\sim}20)$, and III $(pearlers \;21{\sim}24)$, germ, and broken kernels were collected as pearling by-products produced by an industrial process consisting of 24 consecutive barley pearlers. The pearling by-products were extracted with 75% ethanol, and polyphenol extracts were separated using Sepabeads SP-850 resin. Total polyphenol content was the highest (43.68%) in the polyphenol extract separated from fraction I. Polyphenol compounds analyzed by HPLC were tentatively identified as proanthocyanins and prodelphinidin polymers, which were known to have antioxidative and antimutagenic activities. Antioxidative abilities were estimated to be in the following order: fraction I>germ>fraction II>fraction III. At 0.01% polyphenol extract, angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity was the highest in the germ fraction (40.04%). Nitrite-scavenging activity was over 70% in all fractions. Superoxide dismutase-like activity was in the range of $64{\sim}78%$ in fractions I and II.