• Title, Summary, Keyword: EC-SOD

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Production of Human Keratinocyte 14 Promoter Driven EC-SOD Transgenic Mice

  • Kim, Sung-Hyun;Lee, Tae-Hoon;Kim, Kil-Soo;Lee, Eun-Ju;Kim, Myoung-Ok;Park, Jun-Hong;Cho, Kyoung-In;Jung, Boo-Kyung;Kim, Hee-Chul;Hwang, Sol-Ha;Lee, Hoon-Taek;Ryoo, Zae-Young
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.222-222
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    • 2004
  • Superoxide dismutases are key antioxidant enzymes in metabolism of reactive oxygen species. Three different isoforms of SOD exist in mammals. The extracellular SOD (EC-SOD) is the most recently discovered SOD family member. This isoform is a copper- and zinc-containing enzyme like Cu/Zn-SOD and a homotetrameric glycoprotein with a molecular weight of about 165 kDa in mouse. (omitted)

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Hepatotoxicity Reducing Effect of Ethanol Extracts from Fermented Youngia denticulata Houtt Kitamura in Ethanol-treated Rats (발효 이고들빼기(Youngia denticulata Houtt Kitamura) 에탄올 추출물이 알코올 투여로 손상시킨 흰쥐의 간독성 해소 효과)

  • Kim, Mee-Jung;Lee, Hyun-Koo
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.389-399
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    • 2016
  • This study was performed to investigate the hepatotoxicity reducing effect of ethanol extracts from Youngia denticulata Houtt Kitamura (YD) fermented by Aspergillus oryzae, which is well known as a Korean traditional meju microbe. Experimental rats were divided into 4 diets groups (six rats/group) (NC: normal control group, EC: ethanol supplemented control group, ENY: ethanol extracts 0.5% supplemented diets of the non-fermented YD group, EFY: ethanol extracts 0.5% supplemented diets of the fermented YD group). After feeding them for four weeks, the activities GOT and GPT in serum, contents of neutral lipid, total cholesterol, LPO and GSH, and activities of XO (O type) enzyme, SOD and GST in liver tissue were observed. Compared to the NC group, the GOT and GPT activities in the EC group were markedly increased by 87.91% and 57.02%, and the contents of neutral lipid, total cholesterol and LPO were increased by 77.51%, 18.56% and 193.86%, respectively. On the other hand, the GSH content was decreased by 29.52%. The activities of SOD and GST which are anti-oxidation-related enzymes, were decreased by 42.78% and 0.94%, respectively, compared to the NC group, but the XO (O type) enzyme activity was significantly increased by 70.83%. These results confirmed that the liver tissue and anti-oxidation system of the EC group had been damaged. Compared to the EC group, the GOT and GPT activities of the ENY and EFY groups were significantly decreased by 24.73~41.99% and 22.91~30.11%, respectively. The contents of neutral lipid, total cholesterol and LPO were decreased by 16.65~33.33%, 22.44~23.11% and 63.34~66.13%, respectively, but the GSH content was significantly increased by 24.61~35.60%. The GST activity was not significantly affected, but the SOD activity was significantly increased by 214.94~261.19%. The XO (O type) enzyme activity was significantly decreased by 40.34~51.20%. Compared to the ENY group, the GOT and GPT activities of the EFY group were significantly decreased by 22.93% and 9.34%, respectively. The plasma contents of neutral lipid, total cholesterol and LPO were decreased by 20.01%, 0.86% and 7.59%, respectively. The SOD activity was significantly increased by 21.52%, and the XO (O type) enzyme activity was decreased by 18.19%. Given decreasde TG, total cholesterol, LPO contents of liver tissue, GOT, GPT and XO activity, and increased SOD activity, these study results that ethanol extracts from fermented Youngia denticulata Houtt Kitamura may be effective in reducing hepatotoxicity.

Nitrite Scavenging Ability and SOD-like Activity of a Sterol Glucoside form Chrysanthemum coronarium L. var. spatiosum (쑥갓 스테롤배당체의 아질산염소거작용 및 SOD 유사활성)

  • Cho, Min-Jung;Park, Mi-Jung;Lee, Heum-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2007
  • From the total methanolic extract of Chrysanthemum coronarium L. var. spatiosum (Compositae), nitrite scavenging ability and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity were analyzed as antioxidative characteristics. After successive partitioning with chloroform, n-butanol, and water, the chloroform fraction showed the most significant nitrite scavenging ability with an $IC_{50}$ value of 39 ppm compared with the values of vitamin C and chlorogenic acid, 15 ppm and 36 ppm, respectively. The active fraction was subjected to silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and the compound was isolated and identified as ${\beta}-sitosterol-O-{\beta}-D-glucoside$ using $^{1}H-NMR$ and $^{13}C-NMR$ spectral data. The glucoside was further hydrolyzed and confirmed as a glycosylated ${\beta}-sitosterol$. The compound and its aglycone, ${\beta}-sitosterol$, showed different nitrite scavenging and SOD-like activity. The $IC_{50}$ value of nitrite scavenging ability of the compound was 335 ppm at pH 1.5, while that of its aglycone was 41 ppm. As for the SOD-like activity, the $EC_{50}$ values of the sterol and the glucoside were 1,291 ppm and >2,000 ppm, respectively, compared with those of vitamin C and chlorogenic acid, 38 ppm and 449 ppm, respectively.

Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibition Activities of Cynomorium songaricum Extracts

  • Seo, Soo-Jung;Han, Mi-Ra;Lee, Yang-Suk
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.307-312
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    • 2011
  • In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant activities and xanthine oxidase inhibition effects of water and ethanol extracts of Cynomorium songaricum. The ethanol extract of C. songaricum (EE) contained more phenolic and flavonoid compounds than the water extract (WE). The antioxidant activities of the extracts were increased as the concentration of the extract increased. The WE has better effectiveness than the EE for DPPH free radical scavenging activity and nitrite scavenging ability. The nitrite scavenging abilities of WE were 90.02% ($EC_{50}$ 653.15 ${\mu}g$/mL) at conditions of pH 1.2 and 2,000 ${\mu}g$/mL, and 84.34% ($EC_{50}$ 817.17 ${\mu}g$/mL) at pH 3.0. The EE has more effective SOD-like activity and XO inhibition than WE. The SOD-like activity of EE was 81.47% at a concentration of 2,000 ${\mu}g$/mL, $EC_{50}$ was 951.70 ${\mu}g$/mL. The xanthine oxidase inhibition of the EE, with an $EC_{50}$of 112.47 ${\mu}g$/mL, is greater than that of ascorbic acid, which was 192.50 ${\mu}g$/mL (p<0.05). These results suggest that the C. songaricum is a potentially useful antioxidant source for the development of nutraceuticals and medicines.

Dietary Brown Seaweed Modulates Nutrient Metabolism, Anti-oxidant System and Immune Response in Broiler Chicks Injected LPS i.p. (사료 중 미역은 복강내 LPS 주입 육계 병아리에서 영양소 대사, 항산화계 및 면역 반응을 조정한다)

  • Park, In-Kyung;Im, Jin-Taek;Choi, Do-Yul;Koh, Tae-Song
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.185-198
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    • 2008
  • Influences of dietary brown seaweed(BSW) on the nutrient metabolism, anti-oxidant enzyme activity and cell-mediated immune response were studied in broiler chicks activated acute phase response. 72 Hatched male broiler chicks(Ross) were divided into 12 pens, 6 heads per pen, and fed the BSW 0.0% (Basal) or 2.0% diet, respectively, and injected with the Salmonella typhimurium lipopoly saccharide(LPS) for activation of the acute phase response three times at 8, 10 and 12 d of age. During 4 wks of experimental feeding, growth performance of broiler chicks was not affected by dietary BSW and the acute phase response. Compared with control birds, the acute phase response did not affect the daily weight gain in birds fed BSW 2.0% diet, decreased nitrogen balance(NB) or metabolizable energy(ME) utilization per metabolic body size(kg0.75), and enhanced activities of peroxidase or extracellular SOD(EcSOD), tumor necrosis factor-alpha and ovotransferrin in plasma and MnSOD and CuZnSOD in erythrocyte cytosol. Compared to BSW 0.0% diet, 2.0% diet enhanced protein retention(NB) per kg0.75 regardless the acute phase response, did not affect uric acid nitrogen excretion(UAN) per kg0.75 in birds during the acute phase response, decreased(p<0.05) the UAN excretion per kg0.75 in control birds. And BSW 2.0% diet also decreased(p<0.05) plasma peroxide level and erythrocyte peroxidase or MnSOD activity but increased plasma peroxidase and EcSOD activity and interleukin-1 activity secreted from LPS-stimulated PBMC in 4 week broiler chicks.

Effect of Aucklandia lappa Decne Extract on Antioxidant

  • Lee, Hea-Jin;Lim, Hyun-Ji;Lim, Mi-Hye
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.1545-1555
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    • 2020
  • In the present study, we investigated the antioxidant activity of Aucklandia lappa Decne (AL). Cell viability was measured in an MTT assay. Antioxidant effects were evaluated based on total polyphenol/flavonoid contents, ABTS radical scavenging activity, DPPH radical scavenging activity, SOD activity, and ROS content. AL was found not to be toxic at concentrations of 1 ㎍/mL, 10 ㎍/mL, and 100 ㎍/mL, respectively. The phenolic content was higher in AL-D than in AL-E, while the flavonoid content was higher in AL-E than in AL-D. AL-E exhibited higher ABTS radical scavenging activity than AL-D, and the EC50 values for BHA were 217.1 ㎍/mL in AL-D and 180.5 ㎍/mL in AL-E. AL-E also showed the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity. EC50 values for BHA were 114.2 ㎍/mL in AL-D and 95.8 ㎍/mL in AL-E. The SOD-like activity of AL-E was higher than that of AL-D. The EC50 values for ascorbic acid were 48.5 ㎍/mL in AL-D and 72.9 ㎍/mL in AL-E, indicating that both AL extracts have a SOD activity higher than that of ascorbic acid. AL-E reduced relatively more ROS than AL-D. With 100 ㎍/mL AL-E, the reduction level was almost similar to that of dexamethasone. Our results demonstrate that AL have antioxidant effects, and we believe that they could be very valuable as raw materials for anti-aging products, based on their antioxidant activity.

Germination Dependency of Antioxidative Activities in Brown Rice (현미의 발아정도에 의한 항산화활성의 변화)

  • Kang, Bo-Ra;Park, Mi-Jung;Lee, Heum-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.389-394
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    • 2006
  • The change of antioxidative character by germination of brown rice was evaluated. From the total methanolic extract of brown rice, 2.5 mm-germinated brown rice, and 5 mm-germinated brown rice, SOD-like activity and nitrite scavenging ability were identified as antioxidative character. SOD-like activities and nitrite scavenging abilities of all samples were changed dose-dependently and germination-dependently. After successive partitioning with hexane, ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and water, each fraction was tested for these activities. SOD-like activities of all fractions were increased by germination, and especially hexane fraction and EtOAc fraction of 5 mm-germinated brown rice had more strong activities than 50 ppm vitamin C. The $EC_{50}$ values of SOD-like activity showed a gradual decrease by germination and that of EtOAc fraction of 5 mm-germinated brown rice was 17 ppm, which was lower concentration than that of 50 ppm vitamin C. The $IC_{50}$ values of nitrite scavenging ability at PH 1.5 also underwent a great decrease by germination and germinated brown rice had the nitrite scavenging ability at lower concentration than brown rice. The results suggest that SOD-like activity and nitrite scavenging ability are thought to be enhanced by the germination effect.

Antioxidative Activities and Components of Gardenia jasminoides (치자의 항산화 활성 및 활성성분의 분리)

  • Yang, Hye-Jung;Park, Mi-Jung;Lee, Heum-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2011
  • From the total methanolic extract of Gardenia jasminoides (Rubiaceae), various antioxidative characteristics were identified in terms of nitrite scavenging ability, 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation inhibition, superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity, and elongation effect of lipid peroxidation using Rancimat. After successive partitioning with n-hexane, chloroform, n-butanol, and water, potent nitrite scavenging abilities were shown in the n-butanol fraction and water fraction, and $IC_{50}$ values were 183 ppm and 194 ppm, respectively. As for ABTS radical cation inhibition, the chloroform fraction was most potent and its $IC_{50}$ was 159 ppm. SOD-like activity was slightly low in all of the fractions. The elongation effect of lipid peroxidation also increased dose-dependently and the antioxidative index (AI) of the total methanolic extract was 2.93 in 1000 ppm, which was more effective than 1.66 of butylated hydroxy anisol in the same concentration. The compounds I and II were isolated through silica gel column chromatography of the active fractions, and identified as geniposide and crocin, respectively, by $^1H-NMR$ spectral data. The $IC_{50}$ values for the nitrite scavenging abilities of geniposide and crocin were 940 ppm and 77 ppm, respectively. In ABTS radical cation inhibition, the $IC_{50}$ values of geniposide and crocin were 684 ppm and 549 ppm, respectively. And the $EC_{50}$ value for SOD-like activity of crocin was 259 ppm, which was much smaller than 453 ppm by the positive control, chlorogenic acid. The $EC_{50}$ value of geniposide could not be identified.

Effects of Electrical Conductivity and Rootstock on Initial Growth and Physiological Response of Grafted Pepper (공급양액의 EC와 대목종류가 고추 접목묘의 초기생육과 생리적 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Sang-Seok;Oh, Ju-Youl;Kim, Young-Bong;Whang, Hae-Jun;Shon, Gil-Man;Noh, Chi-Woong;Park, Joong-Choon
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.377-384
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to examine the effects of electrical conductivity (EC) and rootstock on initial growth and physiological response of grafted pepper in protected cultivation. The pepper (Capcicum annuum L.) cultivars 'Nokgwang' was used as scions, and the cultivars used as rootstocks were Capcicum annuum L: 'Kataguruma', 'Conesian hot' and 'Tantan'. The scion cultivar left ungrafted was used as a control. Two experiments were to examine the effects of the EC levels of nutrient solution on the growth and physiological response of grafted pepper, respectively. Nutrient solution was supplied with three level (1.5, 3.0, 5.0dS/m). By the change of nutrient solution EC level, the plant growth of all seedlings decreased with the increase in EC level. grafted seedling was grafted onto rootstock cultivar 'kataguruma' showed higher growth than the other cultivar at the EC 5.0dS/m level. But this result was slightly different by cultivation time (spring and fall). The total N and P concentration were increased with the increase in EC level, but the Ca and Mg concentration were decreased. Photosynthetic rate of ungrafted seedlings decreased at the EC 5.0dS/m level. But there was no difference between EC 1.5 and 3.0dS/m level. Grafted seedlings showed lower photosynthetic rate at the EC 5.0dS/m level. The activity of SOD do not have a uniformly tendency by the EC level. With the EC 5.0dS/m level, the activity of APX attained higher level than the other EC level. Further study will be needed to examine additional cultivation experiment for more variable rootstock, and development of rootstock for salinity tolerance.