• Title, Summary, Keyword: E2 (Estradiol-$17{\beta}$)

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Inhibitory Effects of Curcuminoids on $17{\beta}$-hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 1 Activity in Animal Livers

  • Lee, Sung-Eun;Park, Byeoung-Soo;Kim, Hye Jin;Lee, Eun-Woo;Yum, Jong Hwa
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2013
  • 17-${\beta}$-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 ($17{\beta}$-HSD type 1) mediates the reaction of $17{\beta}$-estradiol (E2) production from estrone (E1). Inhibitory effects of curcuminoids on $17{\beta}$-HSD type 1 activity were investigated to find a lead compound for treating estrogen-dependent diseases including breast cancer. Among curcuminoids, demethoxycurcumin showed potent inhibitory effect ($IC_{50}=2.7{\mu}M$) on mouse $17{\beta}$-HSD type 1. Curcuminoids also displayed their inhibitory effects on the production of $17{\alpha}$-estradiol which is a carcinogenic metabolite produced by the enzyme. Bisdemethoxycurcumin ($IC_{50}=1.3{\mu}M$) showed potent inhibitory effect on the $17{\alpha}$-estradiol production by chicken $17{\beta}$-HSD type 1. Curcuminoids did not inhibit ERE transcriptional activity with and without E2. Taken together, curcuminoids can be used for treating and preventing E2-dependent diseases via inhibition on $17{\beta}$-HSD type 1 activity.

Effect of estradiol-$17{\beta}$ on proliferation in primary cultured chicken hepatocytes (초대 배양한 닭 간세포 증식에 대한 estradiol-$17{\beta}$의 효과)

  • Baek, Gyul;Kang, Ju-Won
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.457-463
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    • 2008
  • The sex steroid hormone estradiol-$17{\beta}(E_2)$ mediate their biological effects on development, differentiation and maintenance of reproductive tract and other target tissue through gene regulation by nuclear steroid receptors. Although the importance of $E_2$ in many physiological process has been reported, but little is known about the effects of $E_2$ on primary cultured chicken hepatocyte. therefore, in the present study, we have examined the effect of $E_2$ on cell proliferation and it's related signal cascades. $E_2$ increase $[^3H]$-thymidine incorporation in time-(${\leq}8hr$) and dose-($10^{-10}M$)dependent manner and treatment of $E_2$ increased the phosphorylation of p44/43 MAPKs(p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase) and JNK(c-Jun N-terminal kinase) in a time dependent manner. In addition, PD98059(p44/42 blocker, $10^{-5}M$), SP600125(JNK blocker, $10^{-6}M$) blocked the estrogen-induced increase in $[^3H]$-thymidine incorporation. In conclusion, $E_2$ stimulates the proliferation of primary cultured chicken hepatocytes and this action is mediated by p44/42 MAPKs and JNK signal transduction pathway.

$17{\beta}$-estradiol Attenuates Renal Fibrosis in Mice with Obstructive Uropathy (폐쇄성 요로병증에서 $17{\beta}$-estradiol에 의한 신섬유화 감소 효과에 대한 연구)

  • Cho, Min-Hyun;Jang, Hee-Seong;Jung, Kyung-Jin;Park, Kwon-Moo
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.125-137
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : Men are generally more prone to chronic renal disease and progression to end stage renal disease than women. The purpose of this study is to prove the effect of gender and sex hormone on renal fibrosis in mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and to elucidate the specific underlying mechanisms. Methods :We compared the expression of ${\alpha}$-smooth muscle actin (${\alpha}$-SMA) in female and male mice with complete UUO (day 7). After this, we estimated the changes of renal fibrosis in the female mice with oophorectomy and in the female mice with oophorectomy and replacement of $17{\beta}$-estradiol, respectively. Results : The level of ${\alpha}$-SMA in the female kidney with UUO was significantly lower than that in the male kidney with UUO. oophorectomy and replacement of $17{\beta}$-estradiol did not change the expression of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor in the female kidney with UUO, whereas the expression of angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor was significantly more elevated in the intact female (IF) and the oophorectomized female with estrogen (OF+E) than that in the oophorectomized female (OF). The expressions of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the IF and OF+E mice were significantly more elevated than that in the OF mice, which was similar to the expression of AT2 receptor. Conclusion : The female gender is associated with resistance to renal fibrosis in obstructive uropathy and this gender difference may originate from the existence of $17{\beta}$-estradiol, which has an anti-fibrotic effect via upregulation of the AT2 receptor and iNOS.

Vitellogenin Production of Marine Fishes Exposed to E2 (17$\beta$-estradiol 처리에 따른 해산 어류의 vitellogenin 생성)

  • 황인영;박정규;이은경
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2001
  • A common used endpoint in bioassays testing the estrogenicity of chemicals including endocrine disruptors is the induction of egg yolk Precursor vitellogenin in male fish. Two marine fishes (Sebastes schlegeli and Paralichthys olivaceus) were exposed to the 17$\beta$-estradiol(E2) to determine the vitellogenin production. Vitellogenin was measured in fish blood using SDS-PAGE and Densimetry. Results showed that exposure to E2 caused vitellogenin in male fish. Especially, vitellogenin levels in young fish were about 4 times higher than in adult fish, which means young fish are more sensitive to E2 exposure. And plasma vitellogenin in fish increased related to E2 concentration and exposure duration.

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Regulation of Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Synthetase 4 Expression with Progesterone and Estradiol-$17{\beta}$ (프로게스테론과 에스트라디올 $17{\beta}$에 의한 Long-Chain Acyl-CoA Synthetase 4의 발현 조절)

  • Park, Hyo-Young;Kang, Man-Jong
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.215-219
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    • 2011
  • Acyl-CoA synthetase 4(ACSL4) is an arachidonate-preferring enzyme abundant in steroidogenic tissues and postulated to modulate eicosanoid production. The human and mouse ACSL4 gene are mapped on chromosome X. The female mice heterozygous for ACSL4 deficiency became pregnant less frequent1y and produced small litters, with 40% of embryos surviving gestation. In this study, we examined the regulation of ACS4 by estradiol-$17{\beta}$ and progesterone (P4) in the human endometrial cancer cell line HTB-1B. ACSL4 mRNA was increased in a dose-dependent manner. Also, expression of ACSL4 gene was up-regulated in a time-dependent manner in HTB-1B cells. However, combined treatment with progesterone and estradiol-$17{\beta}$ modestly decreased the levels of ACS4L mRNA as compared with the estradiol-$17{\beta}$ and progesterone respectively. Overall, these results suggest that the ACSL4 gene is regulated by progesterone and estradiol-$17{\beta}$ in the HTB-1B cells.

The Effect of $17{\beta}-Estradiol$ on the Gene Expression of IGF-I and Bone Matrix Protein in the Osteoblast-Like Cell (골아세포의 IGF-I 유전자 발현 및 골기질 단백질에 대한 $17{\beta}-estradiol$의 영향)

  • Yang, Won-Suk;Lee, Jae-Mok;Suh, Jo-Young
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.375-390
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the expression ofIGF-I, considered as the mediator of action of estrogen, and IGF-IA and IGF-IB, alternative slicing form of IGF-I, using $17{\beta}-estradiol$ in MC3T3-E1 cells. We observed the effect on type I collagen and osteopontin gene expression and DNA synthetic activity of MC3T3-E1 cells, added by estrogen, IGF-I and combination and the interactionon proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. The results were as follows :RT-PCR experiment for observing timedependantIGF-I gene expression patternshowed IGF-IA and IB gene expression in both of control and test group. In these IGF-IA gene expression was appeared predominantly. In control, IGF-I geneexpression level was maintained until 24hr and then decreased gradually. In testgroup, IGF-I gene expression level increased as time goes by. Experiment measuring DNA synthetic activity, as it is added by $17{\beta}-estradiol$, IGF-I and combination, showed that first day , there was the tendency of more increase of synthetic activity in all test group than control but no statical significance(P>0.05), and third day, there was more increase of DNA synthetic activity in $17{\beta}-estradiol$ group and combination group and it was statically significant. (P<0.005) Experiment for observing type I collagen gene expression pattern showed more increase of expression in $17{\beta}-estradiol$ group than control and no significant difference in IGF-I group and combination group. Experiment for observing osteopontin gene expression pattern showed no significant difference in control and test group. In conclusion, $17{\beta}-estradiol$ in MC3T3- E1 cells increased IGF-I gene and DNA synthetic activity simultaneously, therefore it appeared that IGF-I is related to the action of estrogen. Combination treatment of IGF-I and $17{\beta}-estradiol$ has effect on cell proliferation but this effect is lower than IGF-I or $17{\beta}-estradiol$ alone. However, combination treatment has not great effect on type I collagen or osteopontin gene expression thus little effect of cell differentiation.

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Evaluation of the Estrogenic Activity by Yeast Two-hybrid Assay and Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay in Sewage Treatment Plant (하수처리장의 내분비계장애물질에 대한 Yeast Two-hybrid Assay와 Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay에 의한 에스트로겐활성도 평가)

  • Lee, Byoung-Cheun;Ra, Jin-Sung;Kim, Sang-Don;Kawai, Hukiko;Lee, Chul-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.771-777
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    • 2007
  • Several endocrine disrupting chemicals(EDCs) were monitored to evaluate the estrogenic activities and the concentrations by yeast two-hybrid assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) in sewage treatment plant(STP) which consist of industrial and domestic line. In the influent of domestic line, estrone, 17$\beta$-estradiol, 17$\alpha$-ethinylestradiol and alkylphenolethoxylate(APE) were detected up to 167.1, 39.7, 7.3 and 145.4 ng/L, respectively. The average removal efficiency of 17$\beta$-estradiol after the activated sludge process was 77.5% and further removed to 80.8% after the sand filtration-ozonation step. These results suggests that the activated sludge process has limited potential to remove the estrogenic activity effectively. The contributions of the estrogenic chemicals to the estrogenic activities were 70.7, 23.3, 3.7 and 2.3% for estrone, 17$\beta$-estradiol 17$\alpha$-ethinylestradiol and APE, respectively, in the domestic line effluents. Therefore, 17$\beta$-estradiol and estrone contributed most of the estrogenic activity in the domestic line effluents.

난소를 제거한 생쥐 자궁조직에서 ADAM-8, -9, -10, -12, -15, -17, -TS1의 발현

  • 김지영;배인희;이승재;최영민;김해권
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Developmental Biology Conference
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    • pp.59-59
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    • 2003
  • ADAM은 metalloprotease/disintegrin domain을 가진 transmembrane glycoprotein으로서 지금까지 30종류 이상의 ADAM 및 10종류 이상의 ADAM-TS 단백질이 알려져 있다. 이들의 기능은 포유동물의 수정 시 sperm-egg binding과 fusion, myoblast fusion, integrin과의 결합 등에 직접 관여하거나, TNF-alpha 등의 생체신호전달물질이 세포로부터 분비될 때에 이들의 구조를 변화시켜 활성화시키는 효소로서의 작용, 그리고 dendritic cell differentiation 등에 관여하는 것으로 알려져 있다. 본 연구에서는 난소가 제거된 생쥐를 이용하여 자궁조직의 ADAM-8, -9, -10, -12, -15, -17 그리고 -TS1의 gene의 발현이 $17 \beta $-estradiol에 의하여 조절되는 지를 알아보았다. 생후 6 - 8주 된 암컷 생쥐의 난소를 제거하고, 2 주 후에 $17 \beta $-estradiol ($E_2$), progesterone ($P_4$) 혹은 이 둘 혼합액 ($E_2 + P_4$)을 sesame oil에 녹여 근육주사하였다. 2, 6, 12 시간 후 각각 자궁 조직을 얻고 유전자의 발현 양상을 알아보기 위하여 시료로부터 total RNA을 추출하여 역전사 중합효소반응 (RT-PCR)을 실시하였다. Densitometry를 이용, rpL7에 대한 ADAMS의 mRNA 발현 양을 상대적으로 분석하였다. 그 결과 ADAM-8과 -15는 6시간째에서, ADAM-10과 -TS1은 2시간째에서 sesame oil을 주사하거나 $P_4$만을 주사한 군보다 E$_2$를 주사한 군에서 mRNA의 양이 현저하게 증가하였고 ADAM-12는 2시간째에서 ADAM-17은 12시간째에서 sesame oil을 주사하거나 $P_$만을 주사한 군보다 E$_2$를 주사한 군에서 mRNA의 양이 현저하게 증가하였다. 이러한 결과로 미루어 ADAM-8, -10, -15 그리고 TS1은 progesterone에 의하여, ADAM-12와 17은 $17 \beta $-estradiol에 의하여 유전자의 발현이 upregulation 되는 것으로 생각되어진다.

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Role of $17{\beta}$- Estradiol on Brain Atrophy Following Cerebral Infarction (뇌졸중후 뇌위축에 대한 조경론적 접근)

  • 윤상협;이종수
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2000
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotection effect of estrogen on brain atrophy following cerebral infarction. Method : All animals in this study were classified into 4 groups; ovariectomy group (OVXgroup), cerebral infarction group (INF group), combination ovariectomy and cerebral infarction group (OVX + INF group), and naturally intact group for control data (NOR group). Cerebral infarction was made by Chen's method with some modification. Ovariectomy was performed by Wayforth's method. Experimental data for each group was collected at 15 days, month, 3 months, and 6 months after starting observation. Serum $17{\beta}-estradiol(E2)$ was determined by radioimmunoassay. Brain volume was measured and calculated with image analysis. Each brain was sliced at intervals of 2mm in chamber after 30 min of freezing in refregerater. Cerebral volume was obtained by sum of volume of each slice level, which was mean $area{\;}{\times}{\;}2mm$. Results : Cerebral ischemia was found to decrease the serum concentration of $17{\beta}-{\;}estradiol(E2)$ and to inhibit the physiologically conpensatary function of the ovariectomized rats. Also we found that deprivation of estrogen have resulted in more severe cerebral atrophy followed by cerebral infarction. Conclusion : It is suggested that estrogen has a neuroprotection effect on cerebral atrophy following cerebral infarction.

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Adverse Reproductive Effects on Plasma Vitellogenin and Sex Steroid Levels, and Gonadosomatic Index in Juvenile Common Carps (Cyprinus carpio) Exposed to 17$\beta$-Estradiol and D-2-Ethylhexyl Phthalate

  • Seo, Jinwon;Park, Kyung-Seo;Moon, Woon-Gi;Lee, Sung-Kyu
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Environmental Biology Conference
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    • pp.141-144
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    • 2002
  • Environmental estrogens are natural or synthetic substances present in the aquatic environment, especially in effluent from sewage treatment. However, the adverse effects of these estrogenic substances on fish reproduction are unknown. Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is the most common phthalate, which Ps used as a plasticizer in polyvinylchloride (PVC), and it is widespread in the environment and has been found in aquatic organisms and sediments. Therefore, juvenile common carps (Cyprinus carpio) were exposed to nominal concentrations of 17$\beta$-estradiol (E2) (0.5, 5, 50 $\mu\textrm{g}$/L) and DEHP (10, 100, 500 $\mu\textrm{g}$/L) for 21 days, to determine the adverse reproductive effects of these compounds on plasma vitellogenin (VTG) induction, sex steroid level, and gonad weight. Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) revealed that much of VTG was induced in fish exposed to 5 and 50 E$_2$ $\mu\textrm{g}$/L, but none of DEHP exposure showed induction. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) revealed that VTG was significantly induced in fish exposed to 5 and 50 E$_2$ $\mu\textrm{g}$/L, and combination of 50 E$_2$ $\mu\textrm{g}$/L with 10 and 500 DEHP $\mu\textrm{g}$/L, but none of DEHP exposure showed induction. Analysis of sex steroid levels in some fish revealed that testosterone (T) was detected in both male and female fish of the control and DEHP exposures, but none of fish exposed to 22 concentrations had detectable testosterone level. On the other hand, E$_2$ exposure induced 17$\beta$-estradiol in plasma of male fish, but there was no induction of 17$\beta$-estradiol in plasma of male fish exposed to DEHP. Comparison of gonadosomatic index (GSI) revealed that maximal E$_2$ exposure inhibited ovarian growth, but maximal DEHP exposure stimulated testicular growth. The results indicated that those comparisons can be a useful bio-indicator for determining adverse reproductive effect of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs).

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