• Title, Summary, Keyword: E. coli Count

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Effects of Probiotic and Prebiotic on Average Daily Gain, Fecal Shedding of Escherichia Coli, and Immune System Status in Newborn Female Calves

  • Roodposhti, Pezhman Mohamadi;Dabiri, Najafgholi
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.1255-1261
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    • 2012
  • Thirty two Holstein female calves (initial body weight = $40{\pm}3.0$ kg) were used to investigate the effects of probiotic and prebiotic on average daily gain (ADG), fecal E. coli count, white blood cell count, plasma IgG1 level and cell-mediated immune response to injection of phytohemagglutinin in suckling female calves. Calves were assigned randomly to one of the four treatments, including whole milk without additives (control), whole milk containing probiotic, whole milk containing prebiotic and whole milk containing probiotic and prebiotic (synbiotic). Average daily gain was greater in calves fed probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic at weeks 6, 7 and 8 (p<0.05). E. coli count was significantly lower in calves fed probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic on d 56 (p<0.05). There was no significant difference between treatments in blood samples and cell-mediated response. This study showed that addition of probiotic, prebiotic and combination of these additives to milk enhanced ADG and reduced fecal E. coli count in preruminant calves.

Effects of Meatal Care with Essential Oil on the Meatal Status of Elderly Women Patients (아로마 에센셜 오일을 이용한 외요도구 간호가 여성노인 환자의 외요도구 상태에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Jin;Kim, Se-Young;No, In Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the effects of meatal care with essential oil on meatal E-coli and pH of inpatients in geriatric hospital. Methods: The participants were 40 patients admitted to J geriatric hospital in G city, Korea. Twenty patients were assigned to the experimental group and 20 to the control group. Participants in the experimental group received meatal care with essential oil (application of essential oil mixture consisting of lavender, tea tree, and frankincense). The control group received meatal care with saline. The meatal care was performed twice daily for one week in both groups. The scores for meatal odor, meatal pH and bacterial count for E-coli were measured before and after the treatment. Results: The score for meatal odor were significantly lower in the experimental group compared to the control group. The meatal pH and bacterial count for E-coli significantly decreased in the experimental group compared to the control group. Conclusion: Findings indicate that meatal care with essential oil is an effective nursing intervention to reduce meatal odor, meatal pH and bacterial count for E-coli for elderly women inpatients in geriatric hospitals.

식품내의 미생물 분리를 위한 dryfilm 방법의 평가연구

  • 하상도
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.178-184
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    • 1996
  • Dryfilm method by using 3M Petrifilm$^{TM}$ has been examined to replace conventional agar method for isolation of microorganisms from foods. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate suitability of dryfilm method as a microbial isolation method and to determine the effect of antimicrobial agent on dryfilm for isolation of microorganisms from foods. Five different foods, milk, ground beef, fishery surimi, Takju and wheat flour were used to isolate the natural microflora in foods and the inoculated Escheri chia coli. Standard method agar (SMA, Difco) and Petrifilm$^{TM}$ aerobic count (PAC, 3M) were used to isolate total microorganisms from foods. Violet red bile agar (VRBA), brilliant green lactose bile (BGLB) broth and Petrifilm$^{TM}$ coliform count (PCC, 3M) were used to isolate coliforms from foods. E. coli broth (EC broth) and Petrifilm$^{TM}$ E. coli count (PEC, 3M) were used to isolate E. coli from foods. Acidified potato dextrose agar (APDA) and Petrifilm$^{TM}$ yeast & mold count (PYMC, 3M) were used to isolate yeasts and molds from foods. Total aerobic plate counts isolated from five different foods by SMA and PAC (3M) were riot significantly different each other at P<0.05 level and were highly correlated each other ($\geq$0.96). Mugwort extract as an antimicrobial agent did not affect microbial enumeratiion of Dryfilm. Significantly higher number of coliform colonies were formed on VRBA than PCC (3M) from ground beef, but they were not significantly different in coliform colonies from milk samples. PCC (3M) and BGLB were not significantly different for enumeration of coliforms in milk and beef samples. Significantly higher number of E. coli were isolated by EC broth than PEC from ground beef, but these were not significontly different for enumeration of E. coli from milk. Yeast and mold counts isolated from Takju and wheat flour by APDA and PYMC (3M) were not significantly different at P<0.05 level. These data indicate that dryfilm method by using 3M Petrifilm$^{TM}$ can be successively used as an alternative to conventional agar method for enumeration of microorganisms in various foods.

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Evaluation of Dry Rehydratable Film Method for Enumeration of Microorganisms in Korean Traditional Foods (한국 전통식품 중 미생물 분석을 위한 건조필름법 평가)

  • Kim Kwan-Sik;Bae Eun-Kyung;Ha Sang Do;Park Young Seo;Mok Chul Kyoon;Hong Kwan Pyo;Kim Sang Phil;Park Jiyong
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.209-216
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    • 2004
  • Dry rehydratable film methods were compared to conventional methods for the enumeration of microorganisms in Korean traditional foods. Kimchi, doenjang, kochujang, kanjang, takju, sujeongkwa and sikhe were used as Korean traditional foods. $Petrifilm^{TM}$ aerobic count plate, $Petrifilm^{TM}$ coliform count plate, $Petrifilm^{TM}$ E. coli/coliform count plate, $Petrifilm^{TM}$ yeast and mold count plate and $Petrifilm^{TM}$ staph express count plate were compared to plate count agar, most probable number (MPN) for coliform, MPN for E. coli, potato dextrose agar and coagulase test, respectively. Regression analysis indicated that correlation coefficient values were 0.974-0.998, 0.913-0.995, 0.955-0.978, 0.968-0.986 and 0.998-0.999 for total aerobic bacteria, yeast and mold, coliform, E. coli and S. aureus, respectively. There were no significant differences between two methods, suggesting that $Petrifilm^{TM}$ plates can be used as an alternative to conventional method for the determination of microorganisms in Korean traditional foods.

Impact of Seasonal Conditions on Quality and Pathogens Content of Milk in Friesian Cows

  • Zeinhom, Mohamed M.A.;Abdel Aziz, Rabie L.;Mohammed, Asmaa N.;Bernabucci, Umberto
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.29 no.8
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    • pp.1207-1213
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    • 2016
  • Heat stress negatively affects milk quality altering its nutritive value and cheese making properties. This study aimed at assessing the impact of seasonal microclimatic conditions on milk quality of Friesian cows. The study was carried out in a dairy farm from June 2013 to May 2014 at Beni-Suef province, Egypt. Inside the barn daily ambient temperature and relative humidity were recorded and used to calculate the daily maximum temperature-humidity index (mxTHI), which was used as indicator of the degree of heat stress. The study was carried out in three periods according to the temperature-humidity index (THI) recorded: from June 2013 to September 2013 (mxTHI>78), from October 2013 to November 2013 (mxTHI 72-78) and from December 2013 to April 2014 (mxTHI<72). Eighty Friesian lactating dairy cows were monitored in each period. The three groups of cows were balanced for days in milk and parity. Milk quality data referred to somatic cell count, total coliform count (TCC), faecal coliform count (FCC), Escherichia coli count, percentage of E. coli, and Staphylococcus aureus, percentage of fat, protein, lactose, total solid and solid non-fat. Increasing THI was associated with a significant decrease in all milk main components. An increase of TCC, FCC, and E. coli count from mxTHI<72 to mxTHI>78 was observed. In addition, the isolation rate of both S. aureus and E. coli increased when the mxTHI increased. The results of this study show the seriousness of the negative effects of hot conditions on milk composition and mammary gland pathogens. These facts warrant the importance of adopting mitigation strategies to alleviate negative consequences of heat stress in dairy cows and for limiting related economic losses.

A Study on Characteristics of Escherichia coli Isolated from Fish in Market (시판 어패류에서 분리한 대장균의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김정현;이용욱;이후장;나승식
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.354-360
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    • 1997
  • This study was intended that the biochemical patterns, bioserological characteristics, resistance of antibiotics, and transferable resistance patterns of 35 Dscherichia coli strains from 79 fish and shellfish samples in marine markets from August to October, 1995. The Standard plate count, coliforms and fecal coliforms were also counted in the 79 cases and analysed the correlationship each other. Geometric means of Standard plate count in seawater fish, shellfish, mollusca and crustacean were 1.4$\times$105 CFU/g, 4.0$\times$105 CFU/g, 2.4$\times$105 CFU/g, 4.7$\times$105 CFU/g, and those of coliforms were 1.3$\times$103 CFU/g, 4.8$\times$103 CFU/g, 8.9$\times$102 CFU/g, 5.8$\times$103 CFU/g. There were no fecal coliforms in the fish and mollusc. However, the geometric means of coliforms in the shellfish and crustacean (1.1$\times$101 CFU/100g, 10 CFU/100 g) were less than those of fish and mollusca. The important biochemical characteristics of E. coli distinguished from the shellfish and crustacean were motility, ornithine decarboxylase, mucate, esculin. The fermentative properties of E. coli were also sucrose, salicin, sorbitol, and raffinose. Of 35 isolates of E. coli, 13 strains (37.1%) showed the pathogenic O antisera, which were O:27 3 strains (23.1%), ):159 2 strains (15.4%) and ):148, O:119, O:142, O:158, O:136, O:18, O:128, and O:168 1 strain (7.7%),respectively.

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Effect of Applying Pretreatment Methods before cooking for decreasing the Microbiological Hazard of Cooked Dried fish in Foodservice establishments (건어물을 이용한 조리음식의 미생물학적 위해 감소를 위한 조리 전처리 적용 효과)

  • 배현주;이재학;오세인
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.555-561
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the microbiological hazards of dried fish (Jwieochae, Ojingeochae and Bugeochae), and to apply pretreatment methods to increase the safety of cooked dried fish within foodservice establishments. Microbiological inspections were conducted on Total Plate Count, Coliforms, E. coli, E. coli O157:H7, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes. The study results are summarized as follows. According to the Hazard analysis, there are many problems showing high numbers in terms of Total Plate Count and Coliforms, which were both well over acceptable standard levels. E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus were detected at certain foodservice establishments, while E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes were not detected at all. By applying various pretreatment methods, such as washing, blanching, pan frying and microwave heating, the levels of microbiological hazards were able to be controlled and lowered. Blanching was the most effective method, followed by panfrying, microwave heating and washing. The Total Plate Counts gradually decreased with increasing number of times washed and seconds panfried. From these results, it is concluded that to guarantee food safety, cooked dried fish raw materials should be kept hygienically and appropriate pretreatment methods applied before cooking.

Sanitary Microbial Distribution at the Tomato Farms in Western Gyeongnam (서부 경남지역 토마토 농장에서의 위생 미생물의 분포)

  • Kim Jin-Soo;Shim Won-Bo;Kim Ji-Hun;Kim Se-Ri;Chung Duck-Hwa
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2006
  • This study were conducted to investigate the microbial contamination level in 5 tomato farms in Western Gyeongnam. A total of 130 samples was examined for sanitary indicator bacteria, such as aerobic plate count (APC), coliforms, and Escherchia coli, and pathogenic bacteria such as E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus aureus, and Listeria monocytogenes. APC and coliform count ranged $0\~6.62\;and\;0\~4.52 log_{10}\;CFU/(ml,\;g,\;100\;cm^2,\;hand)$, respectively, and $32.5\%$ were contaminated with E. coli. Especially, most of the samples from employees are high as above $4.0\;log_{10}\;CFU/(ml,\;g,\;100\;cm^2,\;hand)$ in APC. S. aureus, detected at $10.7\%$, was found in employees' hands, irrigation water, and hydroponic solution. whereas E. coli $O157:H7$, Salmonella spp, and L. monocytogenes were not detected. These results will provide fundamental microbiological information for introduction of good agricultural practice (GAP)system in tomato farms.

Colony Count with Mixed Culture of Enteric Bacteria by in vitro Quantitative Method (장내세균의 시간차 혼합배양이 보여주는 균수측정의 비교)

  • 황선철;전보성
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.175-180
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    • 1973
  • This study was attempted to see more clear relationships among the enterobacteria, especially between the intestinal normal flora and pathogenic bacteria. It has been known that some intestinal normal flora produce the bactrial metabolites that are harmful to other enteric bacteria. One of the metabolites is known as colicin, the protein fraction, which possesses certain degree of inhibitory effect against other bacterial growth fraction, whih possesses certain degree of inhibitory effect against other bacterial growth. As a preliminary study for a colicin purification, the antagonistic effect of E, coli to groups of Salmonella and Shigella has been studied by means of in vitro quantitative culture method. 1. E.coli showed definite inhibitory effects aganist both Salmonella and Shigella groups in the mixture of two organisms. 2. The inhibitory effects of E.coli in the E.coli-Salmonella and the E.coli-Shigella mixture occurred from 4 hours incubation following the inoculation. 3. Even the complete inhibition of pathogenic enteric bacterial growth was noticed in the E.coli-Salmonella mixture at overnight incubation. 4. Among the diluted mixtures, 1:100, 1:1,000, and 1:10,000, survival rate of pathogenic enteric bacteria in the mixtures with E.coli showed least affected at the 1:1,000 dilution. 5. It was found that the antagonistic effect aganist groups of Salmonella-shigella was depending upon the groups of the genera.

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Assessment of the Microbial Level for Livestock Products in Retail Meat Shops Implementing HACCP System

  • Kim, Jung-hyun;Yim, Dong-Gyun
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.594-600
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to examine the microbial contamination levels in livestock products at retail stores. Beef, pork, and chicken samples from raw materials and final products were obtained between January and December 2015. All homogenized meat samples (25 g) were tested for the aerobic plate count (APC), coliform count (CC), and Escherichia coli count (E. coli). The highest APCs in meat samples, by month, at retail shops were obtained in September, followed by July, May, and October (p<0.001). However, APC was the highest in summer and the lowest in winter (p<0.001). Average APCs for beef, pork, and chicken samples were 2.90, 3.19, and 3.79 Log CFU/g, respectively (p<0.05). A comparison between different months revealed that, CC levels in meat samples ranged from 0 to 1.13 CFU/g, and the highest CC was obtained in August (p<0.001). By season, the highest CC was found in the summer, followed by autumn, and spring (p<0.001). All meat samples were negative for E. coli. The average log10APC and CC for all samples was 3.10 and 0.37 Log CFU/g, respectively. Furthermore, there was a direct correlation between the season and coliform presence (p<0.001). There was also a positive correlation between the APC and CC (r = 0.517, p<0.001). The microbiological APCs for livestock products were in most cases below 106 CFU/g.