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Analysis of Telomerase Activity by HPV E6/E7 Expression in SW13 (인간 파필로마 바이러스 E6/ E7에 의한 Telomerase 활성)

  • Kim, Young-Kwon;Seo, Choong-Won;Kim, Sang-Ha;Park, Yuk-Pheel
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2007
  • Cervical cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers developed in women worldwide, and human papillomavirus(HPV) type 16 is the most common agent linked to human cerivical carcinoma. Viral oncogenes E6 and E7 are selectively retained and expressed in carcinoma cells infected with human papillomavirus type 16 and cooperate with each other in the immortalization and transformation of primary keratinocytes. Because the HPV oncogenesis mechanism was not completely solved, more thorough studies are required. ln the present study, we investigated the telomere independent role of telomerase in HPV oncogenesis, we constructed the E6 mutant, E7, E6/E7 and hTERT over-expressed stable cells with a telomerase negative cell line, SW13. Expressions of inserted genes were measured by RT-PCR. E6, E7 and hTERT genes were well expressed in each cell lines when compared with the control groups. By analyzing the cell morphology under the microscope, hTERT clone size was a smaller than the mock control but oncogene expressed clones had a slightly lengthened marginal region. In addition, hTERT cells also has a tendency of brief dividing time compared to the mock control. To determine whether telomerase activity was associated with a HPV oncogenesis by oncoprotein expression, we performed the PCR based TRAP assay and a Northern blot analysis. In TRAP assay data, telomerase activities in hTERT and oncogene clones increased compared to the mock control. In addition, SW13/E6/E7 cells showed an extremely increased activity compared to the other clones. Induced hTERT mRNA by E6/E7 wasn't, however, detected in Northern blotting. In conclusion, these findings suggest that telomerase activity is closely associated with the HPV oncogenesis and E6/E7 co-expression is a most important factor of telomerase activity.

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Effect of Carotenoides on the in vitro Aggregation of Bacteriochlorophyll e

  • Hirabayashi, Hiroki;Ohmura, Satoshi;Ishii, Takasada;Uehara, Kaku
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.370-372
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    • 2002
  • In order to investigate effect of the carotenoids (Car) on aggregation of Bacterochlorophyll (BChl) in chlorosome, we studied the spectral difference in aggregates of BChl e formed in the absence and presence of a few kinds of Car in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) -water solution. The absorption spectra of aggregates made of only BChl e and those made of a mixture of BChl e and Car were almost the same. However, the kinetics and circular dichroism (CD) spectra of aggregate of these were markedly different by kind of Car. Specifically, the rate of aggregation for a mixture of BChl e and isorenietene that contains phenyl as end groupe was faster than that for only BChl e. CD spectra of aggregates made of a mixture of BChl e and isorenietene dramatically changed compared to that made of only BChl e. We propose that BChl might form several kinds of rod-like supramolecular structures to in the presence of some kind of Car in chlorosome.

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Isolation of bacteriophages having depolymerase and control of pathogenic E. coli O103 in biofilm on lettuce

  • Park, Dasom;Park, Jong-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.604-609
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    • 2019
  • To control pathogenic E. coli in biofilm, bacteriophages were isolated from environmental samples. Seventeen isolates had depolymerase activities by translucent zones at the rims of plaques. To determine biofilm-forming ability, an abiotic plastic surface of polystyrene was used; E. coli O103 showed the highest biofilm formation at 30℃ after 24 h. Moreover, biofilm by E. coli O103 on the biotic surface of lettuce was observed by a scanning electron microscope. The bacteriophage cocktail of ΦNOECP40 and ΦNOECP44 showing depolymerase activities was prepared to eliminate the E. coli inbiofilm. By organic acids, reduction of E. coli in biofilm was insignificant and almost undetectable. However, the abundance of E. coli in biofilm was reduced by 3 log CFU/mL from 7.3 log CFU/mL after 60 min with the bacteriophage cocktail. Therefore, we suggest that bacteriophages with depolymerase could be utilized to effectively control pathogenic E. coli in biofilm.

Design of e-Science Gateway for Computational Chemistry (e-Science 기반 계산화학 교육환경(e-Chem) 설계)

  • Ahn, Bu-Young;Seo, Jeong-Hyun;Kim, Ji-Young;Cho, Kem-Won;Cha, Ji-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.231-235
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    • 2010
  • 요즘 들어 컴퓨터 처리 능력의 향상에 따라 사이버인프라스트럭처(Cyberinfrastructure)를 이용하는 계산과학이 주목을 받고 있다. 그 중에서도 대용량 데이터의 복잡한 계산과 시뮬레이션을 동반하는 계산화학 연구 분야에서의 컴퓨터 활용은 매우 중요하다. 계산화학을 간단하게 설명하자면 컴퓨터를 이용한 계산을 통하여 이론 화학의 문제를 다루는 화학의 한 분야라고 말할 수 있다. 계산화학 분야의 연구를 위하여 고성능 컴퓨터와 데이터를 처리, 분석하는 계산화학 도구는 이론연구자 및 실험연구자 모두에게 있어 필수적인 요소이다. 더불어 계산화학 연구자간의 협업과 원격지에 있는 사이버인프라스트럭처 자원의 활용을 위해 e-Science 환경에서의 연구 및 교육 환경이 개발되어야 한다. 이에, 본 논문에서는 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI)이 보유 및 운영하고 있는 사이버인프라스트럭처(고성능 컴퓨터, 초고속 네트워크)를 기반으로 컴퓨터에 익숙하지 않은 계산화학 관련 연구자 및 전공자들이 인터넷 상에서 계산화학 분야 교육을 받을 수 있는 e-Science 기반 계산화학 교육을 위한 환경을 설계하고자 한다. 이를 위해 1) 세계적으로 유명한 GridChem, CICC, NBCR 웹사이트를 이용하여 발표된 논문을 분석하였으며, 2) 분석된 결과를 가지고 주로 사용되는 계산화학 도구의 통계를 산출하여, 3) 이를 바탕으로 KISTI 사이버인프라스트럭처를 활용한 e-Science 기반 계산화학 교육 환경(e-Chem)을 설계하였다.

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Two New Euryspongian Sponges (Dictyoceratida: Dysideidae) from Korea

  • Lee, Kyung-Jin;Sim, Chung-Ja
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.35-38
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    • 2007
  • Two new sponges, Euryspongia coreana n, sp, and E. regularis n, sp., collected from Hataedo, Ulleungdo and Chujado, Korea by SCUBA diving during the period from 2001 to 2005. Euryspongia coreana n. sp, is very close to E. lactea Row, 1911 and E. arenaria Bergquist, 1961 in skeletal structure, but primary and secondary fibres of the new species are thicker than those of E. lactea, E. arenaria is cored with mostly spicule fragments but E. coreana n. sp. is cored with mainly sand. E. regularis n. sp. is readily distinguished from other eurypsongian sponges. by its thickly encrusting growth form, yellowish ivory colour, and thickness of fibres. The bright yellow color and regular ladder-like skeletal structure are major features distinguishing this E. regularis n. sp. from other euryspongian sponges. Most species are brown, violet, red or orange in color except for E. lactea (milky white), E. arenaria (biscuit) and E. coreana n. sp. (yellowish ivory). Other euryspongian sponges have regularly or irregularly well developed secondary fibres, but E. regularis n. sp. has simple and regular secondary fibres.

Effects of Vitamin E and Cholesterol Feeding on the Lipid Composition of the Plasma Lipo (Vitamin E와 콜레스테롤 급이가 혈장 Lipoprotein들의 지질조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Jae-Woo;Kim, Sung-Wan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.490-495
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    • 1992
  • The effects of high levels of vitamin E and cholesterol feeding on the lipid composition of the plasma lipoproteins were tested between 4 experimental groups. The concentrations of vitamin E and cholesterol in the plasma lipoproteins were significantly increased with the feedings. But the concentrations of cholesterol and various lipid fractions showed significant low levels on the vitamin E feeding group, which vitamin E was fed after the cholesterol diet. Vitamin E showed the hypocholesterolemic effect when it was fed after the high cholesterol containing diet. But, vitamin E was less effective to decrease the content of cholesterol on the diet which contained the both vitamin E and 2% cholesterol. It also showed that vitamin E could stimulate the absorption of cholesterol and lipid when the both dietary factors were simultaneously fed. The vitamin E feeding also resulted in increase of the cholesterol concentration in HDL/LDL ratios.

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A facile synthesis of (E)-2-hexenyl (E)-2-hexenoate and (E)-2-hexenyl (Z)-3-hexenoate, pheromone components of Riptortus pedestris (톱다리개미허리노린재 페로몬, (E)-2-hexenyl (E)-2-hexenoate과 (E)-2-hexenyl (Z)-3-hexenoate의 합성)

  • Kim, Junheon;Park, Chung Gyoo
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.140-143
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    • 2013
  • We investigated optimal condition for synthesis of (E)-2-hexenyl (E)-2-hexenoate (1) and (E)-2-hexenyl (Z)-3-hexenoate (2), the pheromone components of Riptortus pedestris, by Steglich esterification. The reaction with 1.1-1.5 equivalent of dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC), 1.5-2.0 equivalent of (E)-2-hexenol, and 0.1 equivalent 4-dimethylaminopyrinde (DMAP) to (E)-2-hexenoic acid in toluene or (Z)-3-hexenoic acid in dichloromethane led 1 and 2 in 76-78% and 87-91% yield, respectively.

The Effect of e-Health literacy on Health Behavior in Health Science Majors (보건학전공 대학생의 e헬스 리터러시가 건강행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seungmin;Nam, Younghee
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed identify of the level and effect of the e-health literacy and health behavior in health science majors Methods: The data was collected from March 5 to March 15, 2018 for student majoring in health science at a university in the C city. The data were analyzed with the SPSS 21.0. Results: First, the e-health literacy were statistically significant in grades (F=5.769, p=0.001), health interest (F=10.553, p<0.001) and health care time (F=3.841, p=0.023), and health behavior were statistically significant in subjective health condition (F=5.476, p=0.05), health interest (F=16.716, p<0.001), and health care time (F=28.479, p<0.001). Second, the e-health literacy were correlated with grades, health care time, economic level and health interest, and health behavior were related to health care time, e-health literacy, subjective health condition and health interest. Third, health behavior related factors were health care time, e-health literacy, grades, subjective health condition, and health interest. Conclusion: The related knowledge and skills should be applied to basic classes in order to ensure that health science majors care can accurately utilize the information on the e-health.