• Title, Summary, Keyword: E-Science

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e-Science 문제해결환경 구축을 위한 워크벤치 설계 및 구현

  • Lee, Jun-Hak;Nam, Deok-Yun;Hwang, Sun-Uk;Han, Dong-Su
    • Korea Information Processing Society Review
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.58-68
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    • 2008
  • 기존의 그리드 환경에서 독립적으로 개발된 단위 e-Science 응용 서비스가 효율적으로 활용되기 위해서는, 기 개발된 단위 e-Science 응용서비스들을 협업 환경에서 일련의 워크플로우로 통합할 수 있고 이를 실행할 수 있는 기술 및 관련 기술의 개발이 필요하다. 이를 위해 본 논문에서는 실제 활용되고 있는 e-Science 응용 환경중 하나인 항공우주분야의 e-Science 환경의 연구 시나리오로부터 e-Science 워크벤치가 갖추어야 할 요구사항을 분석하였다. 또한 이렇게 분석된 요구사항을 바탕으로 실제 e-Science 워크벤치의 기능 및 아키텍처를 설계하고 이를 바탕으로 e-Science 워크벤치를 구현하였다.

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Study on Research and Education (R&E) Programs in Science High schools and Science Academies: Focusing on the Differences of Perceptions Between Students and Mentors (과학고 및 영재고 Research and Education (R&E) 수행과정 및 운영환경 분석: 지도자와 학생의 인식 차이를 중심으로)

  • Jung, Hyun-Chul;Chae, Yoojung;Ryu, Chun-Ryol
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.1139-1156
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate students' and mentors' perceptions of Research and Education (R&E) programs in science high schools and science academies. The sample included 1,466 science high school/science academy students and 310 mentors. They filled out the survey, which consisted of the perceptions of R&E performance procedures (Selecting a topic, Learning topic-related knowledge, Designing and performing the research study, and Evaluating and presenting results), and R&E environment (Research period, meeting opportunities with mentor/subject, learning/experimental environment). The results showed that differences existed in the perceptions of R&E performance procedures and R&E environment, especially on selecting topics and learning topic-related knowledge stages. At the end of the paper, suggestions were included for improving R&E.

e-Science Technologies in Synchrotron Radiation Beamline - Remote Access and Automation (A Case Study for High Throughput Protein Crystallography)

  • Wang Xiao Dong;Gleaves Michael;Meredith David;Allan Rob;Nave Colin
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.140-145
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    • 2006
  • E-science refers to the large-scale science that will increasingly be carried out through distributed global collaborations enabled by the Internet. The Grid is a service-oriented architecture proposed to provide access to very large data collections, very large scale computing resources and remote facilities. Web services, which are server applications, enable online access to service providers. Web portal interfaces can further hide the complexity of accessing facility's services. The main use of synchrotron radiation (SR) facilities by protein crystallographers is to collect the best possible diffraction data for reasonably well defined problems. Significant effort is therefore being made throughout the world to automate SR protein crystallography facilities so scientists can achieve high throughput, even if they are not expert in all the techniques. By applying the above technologies, the e-HTPX project, a distributed computing infrastructure, was designed to help scientists remotely plan, initiate and monitor experiments for protein crystallographic structure determination. A description of both the hardware and control software is given together in this paper.

Effects of Dietary Organic Selenium and Vitamin E on Growth Performance, Selenium Retention and Quality of Meat in Broiler Chickens (유기태 셀레늄과 Vitamin E의 복합 급여가 육계의 생산성, 계육 품질 및 Selenium 축적에 미치는 영향)

  • Na, J.C.;Kim, J.H.;Yu, D.J.;Jang, B.G.;Kang, G.H.;Kim, S.H.;Suh, O.S.;Lee, W.J.;Lee, J.C.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2007
  • The experiment was conducted to examine the effects of dietary organic selenium and vitamin E on weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion, and selenium retention in meat of broiler chickens. For each growth phase, the basal diet was supplemented with 0 (control), vitamin E 150 IU/kg and the combination of 1.2 ppm Se from selenium yeast (SY) and vitamin E 100, 150, 200 and 300 IU/kg. Weight gain was significantly higher in supplemental control and vitamin E 150 compared to the combination of 1.2 ppm SY and vitamin E 150 IU during day 1 to 21. Feed intake significantly(P<0.05) increased in supplemental vitamin E 150 compared to the combination of 1.2 ppm SY and vitamin E 150 and 200 IU during day 1 to 21. Feed intake was significantly(P<0.05) higher in control compared to that of combination of 1.2 ppm SY and vitamin E 200 IU during day 21 to 35. However feed conversion was not affected in supplemental vitamin E and SY during day 1 to 35. Selenium concentrations of breast muscle and liver tissue significantly increased (P<0.05) in supplemental combination of 1.2 ppm SY and vitamin E compared to the control and vitamin E 150 IU. TBARS of control and vitamin E 150 IU were significantly (P<0.05) higher in day 3 than day 1, but the combination of Se 1.2 ppm and vitamin E of TBARS had no difference during day 1 to 3. TBARS in day 3 was significantly (P<0.05) lower in supplemental combination of Se 1.2 ppm and vitamin E than control and vitamin E 150 IU.

Development of 4E&E Learning Cycle Model using Learning Motivation for School Science (과학 교과에서 학습 동기 전략을 활용한 4E&E 순환학습모형의 개발)

  • Ha, Tae-Kyoung;Shim, Kew-Cheol;Kim, Hyun-Sup;Park, Young-Chul
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.527-545
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    • 2008
  • This paper suggested a 4E&E Learning Cycle Model using learning motivation for students in science education. The model has been developed on the basis of motivational and instructional design. The 4E&E Learning Cycle Model has four phases such as engage, explore, explain and expand, and two subsidiary phases such as evaluate, and feedback provided with at each phase. The model has gone a process of instruction with learning effects evaluation and providing feedback in science classroom, which facilitate to increase the effectiveness of learning activities. Especially, the 4E&E Learning Cycle Model using motivational learning strategies makes the learners be attractive to and immersed in instruction. This model has potentials in educating students in science education.

THE DESIGN OF NETWORK MODEL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF e-VLBI (e-VLBI 구현을 위한 네트워크 모델 설계)

  • Song, Min-Gyu;Byun, Do-Young;Kim, Hyun-Goo;Oh, Se-Jin;Han, Seog-Tae;Roh, Duk-Gyoo;Lee, Bo-Ahn
    • Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2005
  • e-VLBI was invented to enhance the efficiency of VLBI (Very-Long-Baseline Interferometry) system by transmitting the data via high speed network. Korean VLBI Network (KVN) has a plan to construct e-VLBI system named e-KVN. High speed backbone network and efficient network model are essential to implement successful e-VLBI system. This paper introduces a network model based on PC cluster technology. The present status of high speed backbone network in Korea is overviewed. We suggest that the network link via Korea Advanced Research Network (KOREN) is one of feasible way for e-KVN. We also describe the principles of e-VLBI and protocol for network transmission such as VSI-E (VLBI Standard Interface - Electronic), RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol) and RTCP (Real-Time Transport Control protocol).

The Reason of High Prevalence of Vancomycin-Resistant (VR) E. faecium in Nosocomial Infection

  • Jo, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Hee-Jeong;Lee, Hyo-Jin;Park, Gyu-Nam;Kim, Min-Ju;An, Dong-Jun;Chang, Kyung-Soo
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.83-85
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    • 2012
  • Vancomycin-resistant (VR)-E. faecium and VR-E. faecalis were isolated simultaneously from a rectal swab of a patient diagnosed with pneumonia in an intensive care unit (ICU). The patient was treated with various antibiotics including vancomycin. Only VR-E. faecium was continually isolated from the rectal swab at one and two weeks of the treatment. Identical vanA, IS1216V, and IS1542 genes were detected in both VR-E. faecium and VR-E. faecalis isolates which showed equal resistance against vancomycin and teicoplanin, but IS1251 was not detected. VR-E. faecium showed stronger multi-drug resistance than VE-E. faecalis. This result supports the reason why VR-E. faecium is one of the major pathogens in nosocomial infections.

Hematological Aspects in A Endotoxemic Young Rabbit Model

  • Park, Seok-Cheol;Kwon, Heun-Young;Kim, Jai-Young;Hwang, Soo-Myung;Kim, Tae-Un;Seong, Hee-Kyung;Kim, Yang-Weon;Lee, Won-Jae
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.115-125
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    • 2002
  • Gram-negative septicemia, which continues to be a serious clinical problem, is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Endotoxin of gram-negative bacteria is a pivotal pathogen of sepsis. To understand the effect of endotoxin on hematological aspect and the time course in early childhood, this study was designed with experimental septic model of young rabbits (8 week-old). Rabbits were divided into control (n=7) and endotoxin group (0.50 mg/kg of endotoxin). The endotoxin group was subdivided into six groups by the sampling times: 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hr-group (E-G$_{3}$, E-G$_{6}$, E-G$_{12}$, E-G$_{24}$, E-G$_{48}$ and E-G$_{72hrs}$, each n=7). The evaluation of CBC, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen concentration, coagulation factors and D-dimer were taken from the bloods. The number of leukocytes was lower in E-G$_{3}$ and E-G$_{6hrs}$ (due to pantocytopenia), whereas it was higher in E-G$_{24}$ and E-G$_{48}$ (due to neutrophilia and/or lymphophilia) than in control group (P<0.05). Platelet counts in E-G$_{3}$, E-G$_{6}$, E-G$_{12}$, E-G$_{24}$ and E-G$_{48hrs}$ were lower than those of control group (P<0.05). Normoblast counts in E-G$_{3}$, E-G$_{6}$, E-G$_{12}$, E-G$_{24}$ and E-G$_{48hrs}$ were higher than those of control group (p<0.01). APTT in E-G$_{3}$, E-G$_{6}$, E-G$_{12}$, E-G$_{24}$ and E-G$_{72hrs}$ were longer while PT in E-G$_{3}$, E-G$_{6}$, E-G$_{48}$ and E-G$_{72hrs}$ were higher than those of control group (p<0.05). Fibrinogen concentrations were lower in E-G$_{3}$, E-G$_{6}$ and E-G$_{12}$ but higher in E-G$_{48}$ and E-G$_{72hrs}$ than those of control (p<0.05). Intrinsic coagulation factors (XII, XI, IX, VIII) in all endotoxin groups were significantly lower than those of control group (p<0.05). Extrinsic coagulation factor (X, VII, V, II) were lower in E-G$_{3}$, E-G$_{6}$, E-G$_{12}$ and E-G$_{24hrs}$ whereas they were higher in E-G$_{48}$ and E-G$_{72hrs}$ than in control group (p<0.05). D-dimer concentrations in E-G$_{48}$ and E-G$_{72hrs}$ were higher than those of control group (P<0.001). We concluded that endotoxin led to extensive hematological disturbances including disseminated intravascular coagulation in the young rabbits and that this pathologic condition in the infant and childhood groups will cause the grave results.

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ApoE Allele Test in Korean with Hair Root DNA (모근 DNA를 이용한 한국인의 ApoE 유전자형 검사)

  • Kim, Chong-Ho;Jung, Mi-Ra;Park, Sang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.179-183
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    • 2006
  • Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterised neuropathologically by the accumulation of neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles as well as by cerebrovascular amyloid deposition and neuronal cell loss. Current advances have shown the apolipoproteinE-epsilon 4 (ApoE4) allele to be highly associated with late-onset familial and sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) in Western populations. The association of ApoE allele frequencies and dementia remains unknown in populations from many countries. We recently initiated a project to examine ApoE frequencies in non-demented healthy Koreans. Genomic DNA in hair root from a thousand persons was collected and ApoE gene type was investigated with the methods of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism. A group of a thousand non-demented Koreans over the age of 40 years were found to be positive in 15.7% of the cases for ApoE4. AD and ApoE4 were closely related. ApoE epsilon 4 was a dangerous factor of AD and ApoE 4 allele made a contribution to the heterogenicity of AD.

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40.8 MHz coherent scatter ionospheric radar observations of E- and F-region field aligned irregularities over Korea

  • Yang, Tae-Yong;Kwak, Young-Sil;Lee, Jae-Jin;Choi, Seong-Hwan;Hwang, Jung-A;Park, Young-Deuk
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.81.1-81.1
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    • 2011
  • The new coherent scatter ionospheric radar has been operating at Gyerong city ($36.18^{\circ}N$, $127.14^{\circ}E$, dip lat $26.7^{\circ}N$), South Korea. This VHF radar is consisted of 24 Yagi antennas having 5 elements and observes the E- and F-region field-aligned irregularities (FAIs) in a single frequency of 40.8 MHz with a peak power of 24 kW. We present the first results of the E- and F-region FAIs over Korea by using the new VHF coherent scatter ionospheric radar. The morphological and echo characteristics are studied in terms of their echo strength, Doppler velocity and also by spectral width values. From the continuous observations from December 2009, we found ionospheric E- and F-region FAIs appeared frequently. The most interesting and striking observations for E region are occurrence of daytime E-region irregularities and strong Quasi-Periodic (QP) echoes at nighttime. And for F region, strong post-sunset and pre-sunrise FAIs appeared frequently. The VHF radar observations over Korea are discussed in the light of current understanding of mid-latitude E- and F-region FAIs.

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