• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Dysidea

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Six New Species of Two Genera Dysidea and Pleraplysilla (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Dysideidae) from Korea

  • Kang, Dong Won;Lee, Kyung Jin;Sim, Chung Ja
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.143-153
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    • 2020
  • Six new species of two genera Dysidea and Pleraplysilla (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Dysideidae) are described from Jejudo Island, Dokdo Island and Guryongpo, Korea. Among them, five new species of the genus Dysidea are compared with other reported species in fibres structure, cored detritus and fibres arrangement. Dysidea niveus n. sp. is characterized by thin collagenous plate-like fibres. Dysidea dokdoensis n. sp. is similar to D. geomunensis Kim et al., 2020 in skeletal structure, but differs in length of surface conules. Dysidea hydra n. sp. is similar to D. mureungensis Kim et al., 2020 at the surface, but differs in fibres cored with spicules. Dysidea sabulum n. sp. is similar to D. glavea Kim et al., 2020 in cored large sands in fibres, but differs in having numerous large sands cored in fibres throughout the sponge. Dysidea hirsuta n. sp. is unique, only surface fibres cored with large sands but not in choanosome. A new species of genus Pleraplysilla, P. flabellum n. sp. is compared with seven other reported species. This new species is not encrusting but has a thick flabellate shape.

Eight new species of two genera Dysidea and Euryspongia (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Dysideidae) from Korea

  • Kim, Young A;Lee, Kyung Jin;Sim, Chung Ja
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.56-67
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    • 2020
  • Eight new species of two genera Dysidea and Euryspongia (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Dysideidae) are described from Gageodo, Ulleungdo, Geomundo, and Jejudo Islands, Korea. Four new species of the genus Dysidea are differentiated by the fibre structure, cored detritus, and fibre arrangement. Dysidea mureungensis n. sp. is characterized by the honeycomb shape of surface and no distinction between primary and secondary fibres. Dysidea glavea n. sp. differs by large sands cored in fibres and that the membrane easily separates from fibres. Dysidea geomunensis n. sp. has fibres that are thinner than those of D. glavea n. sp.. Dysidea corallina n. sp. is characterized by folded fan shape and the arrangement of secondary fibres. Four new species of the genus Euryspongia are differentiated by the fibre structure, cored detritus, shape of sponge, and fibre arrangement. Euryspongia radicula n. sp. is very different from other species by having regularly arranged fibres. Euryspongia spina n. sp. has a fence-like skeletal structure. Bridged type secondary fibres are arranged near the surface and web types are at the base of fibres. Euryspongia flabellum n. sp. has a very unique wide, thin leaf-like shape. String-like primary fibres of E. linea n. sp. are very unique and cored with large sized sands.

Four New Species of Dictyoceratid Sponges (Demospongiae) from Korea

  • Lee, Kyung-Jin;Sim, Chung-Ja
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 2007
  • Four new species, Semitaspongia jejuensis, Scalarispongia regularis, S. nigra and Dysidea violata are described from Jejudo, Korea. They were collected from 15 m depth by SCUBA diving and from intertidal area by hand. Semitaspongia jejuensis n. sp. is easily distinguished from other Semitaspongia species in growth form, conules, colour, skeletal structure, diameter of fibre and habitat. Scalarispongia regularis n. sp. is very close to S. scalaris (Schmidt, 1862) in skeletal structure, but S. scalaris has longer conules, larger meshes, longer distance between primary fibres, and highly developed subdermal canal system. Scalarispongia nigra n. sp. is very close to S. regularis in skeletal structure but can be easily distinguished by its black colour of external surface and growth form. Dysidea violata n. sp. is similar with D. ethria (Laubenfels, 1936) in sponge appearance, but D. etheria is clearly defined by its blue colour and thickness of fibre.