• Title, Summary, Keyword: Duchesnea indica

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Antioxidative Activity and Antiaging Effects of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke extract (뱀딸기추출물의 항산화 활성 및 항노화에 관한 연구)

  • Roh, Eon-Joo;Park, Si-Hyang;Hwang, Su-Mi;Ro, Hyeon-Su;Kim, Byung-Kwan
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.539-544
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    • 2010
  • In this study, we evaluated the anti-oxidative, anti-wrinkle and whitening effect of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke extract. Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke was extracted by two different solvents which were n-hexane and ethyl acetate. The anti-oxidant activity was measured by free radical scavenging activity using DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical). And the inhibitory activities of tyrosinase for whitening effect and collagenase for anti-wrinkle were investigated. For anti-oxidant activity and whitening activity, ethyl acetate fraction of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke extract showed more significant activity than n-hexane fraction of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke extract. For anti-wrinkle activity, ethyl acetate fraction of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke extract exhibited strong inhibition effects compared with reference. Therefore, Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke extract may be useful as a new antioxidant and anti-aging agent.

Studies on the antitumor activity of duchesnea indicae herba

  • Lee, In-Rhan;Kim, Young-Hee
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 1986
  • As a part of finding the biologically active components from Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke (Rosaceae), antitumor activities of its water soluble fractions have been studied. The fractions were examined for antitumor activity against sarcoma 180 implanted in mice. The anitumor inhibition ratios of the water soluble fractions from Duchesnea indica were 17.9, 37.1, 62.1, 62.4%, repectively.

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Effects of Duchesnea Indica of Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cells (사매가 대장암 세포에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Do-Hyoung;Kim, Jin-Sung;Yoon, Sang-Hyub;Ryu, Ki-Won;Ryu, Bong-Ha
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.310-319
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: The aim is to identify any anti-tumor effects of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke on colon cancer cells. Materials & Methods: Colo201 human adenocarcinoma cells were obtained from American Type Culture Collection. The boiled extract of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke was added (10 and 20 microliters) to cultures and observed at 0, 6, and 12 hours, and at 12-hour intervals thereafter. Morphological changes in colon cancer cells were observed through an inverted microscope, Destruction of colon cancer cells was measured through Trypan blue exclusion testing. Suppression of the viability of colon cancer cells were measured via MTT assay. Anti-cancer mechanisms in the cell cycle of colon cancer cells were analysed via flow cytometry. Results: After introduction of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke to cultures several changes were seen. Significant atrophy of the nucleus and cytoplasm of colon cancer cells was observed, indicating cell injury. Destruction of colon cancer cells was observed in direct proportion to dosage and duration. Suppression of viability of colon cancer cells for each test group was greater than that of the control group increasingly over time(36h, 48h, 60h, 72h), which was statistical significant (p<0.05). Cell numbers of the mitosis phase of the colon cancer cell cycle reduced. Conclusions: Statistcally significant anti-tumor effects of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke were observed in this in vitro experiment. Results support a role for Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke in treatment of colon cancer. though it will required progressive research to develop a practical treatment.

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Effects of Duchesnea indica on Human Stomach Cancer Cells(KATOIII) (사매의 KATOIII 위암세포(胃癌細胞)에 대(對)한 항암효능(抗癌效能))

  • Lim, Joong-Hwa;Kim, Jin-Sung;Yoon, Sang-Hyub;Ryu, Ki-Won;Ryu, Bong-Ha
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.302-309
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    • 2005
  • Background : Death by cancer, malignant tumor, is on the increase around the world. In South Korea, cancer is the number one cause of death, and, in South Korea, stomach cancer is the most common form of cancer. This may be due to genetic and enviornmental factors. Because stomach cancer is so prevalent here, this study was undertaken. Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the anti-cancer effects of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke. in human stomach cancer cells(KATOIII). Materials & Methods: For human stomach cancer cells KATO III cells were obtained from Korea Cell Line Bank. The water decoction of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke was added to cultures. First, morphological changes were examined under an inverted microscope. The destruction of stomach cancer cells was measured through Trypan blue exclusion testing, and suppression of viability of stomach cancer cells was measured via MTT assay. Anti-cancer mechanisms were assessed by analyzing the cell cycle. Results & Conclusions : In morphologic change, stomach cancer cells showed the withdrawn and floating appearance that is typical in cellular impairment. In each test group more stomach cancer cells were killed than in the control group to a statistically significant degree. Each test group showed more suppression of viability of stomach cancer cells than that of the control group to a statistically significant degree. Analysis of the cell cycle showed that Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke inhibited division of stomach cancer cells. This experiment yielded empirical evidence for Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke as a statistically significant anticarcinogen, specifically against stomach cancer.

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?Effects of Duchesnea indica on Several Kinds of Cancer Cells (사매가 수종(數種)의 암세포(癌細胞)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Yun-Kwan;Kim, Jin-Sung;Yoon, Sang-Hyub;Ryu, Ki-Won;Ryu, Bong-Ha
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.320-332
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: The aim of the experiment is to identify any anti-tumor effects of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke on stomach, liver, urinary bladder, prostate and kidney cancer cells. Materials & Methods: For cancer cells, AGS stomach, Hep3B and Hep3G2 liver, HT-1197, HT-1376 urinary bladder, PC3 prostate, and A-704 kidney cancer cells, all obtained from Korean Ce 11 Line Bank, were used. The boiled extract of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke (10 and 20 microliters) was injected into cultures, and the cultures were observed at 0, 6 and 12 hours, and from then on at 12 hours intervals up to 72 hours. The destruction of stomach, liver, urinary bladder, prostate and kidney cancer cells were measured through Trypan blue exclusion testing. The suppresion on viability of stomach, liver, urinary bladder, prostate and kidney cancer cells was measured via MTT assay. Anti-cancer mechanisms were assessed by analyzing the cell cycle. Results: In morphologic change, AGS, Hep3B, HepG2 showed the withdrawn and floating appearance that is typical in cellular impairment. The destruction of AGS, HT-1197, HT-1376, A-704, PC-3, Hep3B and HepG2 cancer cells in each test group was greater than that in the control group to a statistically significant degree. The suppression on viability of AGS, HT-1197 and Hep3G in each test group was greater than that in the control group to a statistically significant degree. Analysis of the cell cycle after injection of D... Focke showed inhibition of cell division in all test groups(AGS, Hep3B, HepG2, HT-1197, HT-1376, PC3, A-704). Conclusions: The results of this experiment suggest that Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke has statistically significant anti-tumor effects on stomach, urinary bladder, kidney, prostate and liver cancer, of which stomach and liver cancer are prominently significant. This in vitro experiment supports a role for Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke as a potential cancer treatment, but progressive research on Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke and its anti-tumor effects is needed to develop a practical application for it in cancer treatment.

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Studies on the Pharmacological Actions and Biologically Active Components of Korean Traditional Medicine (VI). -Tannins from Duchesnea indica- (한국 전통생약의 약리작용과 활성물질에 관한 연구(VI). -사매의 Tannin계 물질-)

  • Lee, Ihn-Rhan;Wee, Seung-Won;Han, Yong-Nam
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.110-116
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted to purify and characterize a polysaccharide fraction from whole parts of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke, which was previously reported to show an antitumor activity by us. The plant was extracted with 5% ethanol for 3 days in the room temperature. The extract was dialyzed by 5% ethanol, and then concentrated by extraction with $excess\;_N-butanol$, followed by gel filtration named Fr. a and b. Each was composed of gallic acid, hexose, pentose, uronic acid and protein, indicating that both fractions were tannic polysaccharide containing protein. Heat treatment of them yielded gallic acid less polysaccharides. They showed a colony stimulating factor activity.

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Studies on the Pharmacological Actions and Biologically Active Components of Korean Traditional Medicines(VII) -On the Anticancer Macromolecular Substances from Duchesnea indica Herba- (한국전통전통 생약의 약리작용과 활성물질에 관한 연구(VII) -사매의 항암성 고분자물질-)

  • Lee, Ihn-Rhan;Hahn, Seung-Hye;Han, Yong-Nam;Jeong, Ga-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.186-192
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    • 1990
  • This study was conducted to further purify and characterize a polysaccharide fraction from whole parts of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke, which was previously reported to show an antitumor activity by us. Mild acid-treatment of the fraction by 5% acetic acid yielded three subtractions (Fr. A,B and C) on a Sephadex G-25. Fr. A was composed of uronic acid, hexose, pentose and phenolic substance, Fr. C mainly phenolic substance, and Fr. B contained hexose. All three fractions exhibited colony stimulating factor activity.

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Free Radical Scavenging Activity and Protective Ability of Methanolic Extract from Duchesnea indica Against Protein Oxidation and DNA Damage

  • Hu, Weicheng;Shen, Wei;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.277-282
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    • 2009
  • The antioxidant potency of methanolic extract of Duchesnea indica (MDI; Indian strawberry) was investigated by employing various established in vitro systems, such as total phenolic content, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity, reducing power assay, metal chelating assay, superoxide radical scavenging activity and protective ability of DNA damage and protein oxidation. MDI inhibited metal chelating by 75.57% at 2 mg/mL, scavenged 50% DPPH free radical at 29.13 ${\mu}$g/mL, and eliminated approximately 46.21% superoxide radical at the concentration of 1 mg/mL. In addition, MDI showed strong ability on reducing power, DNA damage protection and protein oxidation protection. Overall, results suggested that MDI might be beneficial as a potent antioxidant and effectively employed as an ingredient in food applications.

Studies on the Pharmacological Actions and Biological Active Components of Kotean Trditional Medicine (한국전통생약의 약리작용과 활성물질에 관한 연구)

  • 이인란;김영희;정광자
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.230-235
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    • 1987
  • Antitumor and antimicrobial activities of water soluble fractions of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) and Focke (Rosaceae), have been studied. The contents of total polysaccharide were 22% and its composition was identified by G.C.: L-arabinose(Rt: 7.71), D-xylose (Rt. 9.91), D-glucuronic acid (Rt. 12.77), D-fructose (Rt. 13.63), D-galactose (Rt. 14.68), D-glucose (Rt. 15.42). The antimicrobial activity of Duchesnea indica against four bacterial species, S. aureus, S. paratyphi, S. dysenteriae and Ps. aeruginosa was observed.

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Studies on the Pharmacological Actions and Biological Active Components of Korean Traditional Medicine (V) -Isolation of an Antimicrobial Phenolic Compound from Duchesnea indica- (한국전통생약의 약리작용과 활성물질에 관한 연구(V) -사매(蛇?)의 항균성분획의 페놀성물질-)

  • Lee, Ihn-Rhan;Lee, Yun-Sil;Han, Yong-Nam
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.308-312
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    • 1988
  • A phenolic compound isolated from the ethylacetate extract of Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke (Rosaceae) showed antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella dysentriae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This compound was identified as ellagic acid by spectral analysis.

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