• Title, Summary, Keyword: Drop impact

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A Numerical Analysis of a Drop Impact on the Liquid Surface (액적의 액막 충돌에 대한 수치해석)

  • Lee, Sang-Hyuk;Hur, Nahm-Keon;Son, Gi-Hun
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.2568-2573
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    • 2008
  • A drop impact on the liquid film/pool generates several phenomena such as the drop floating, bouncing, formation of vortex ring, jetting, bubble entrapment and splashing. These phenomena depend on the impact velocity, the drop size, the drop properties and the liquid film/pool thickness. These parameters can be summarized by four main dimensionless parameters; Weber number, Ohnesorge number, Froude number and non-dimensional film/pool thickness. In the present study, the phenomena of the splashing and bubble entrapment due to the drop impact on the liquid film/pool were numerically investigated by using a Level Set method for the sharp interface tracking of two distinct phases. After the drop impact, the splashing phenomena with the crown formation and spreading were predicted. Under the specific conditions, the bubble entrapment at the base of the collapsing cavity due to the drop impact was also observed. The numerical results were compared to the available experimental data showing good agreements.

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Drop/Impact Simulation and Experimental Verification of Mobile Phone (휴대용 단말기의 낙하충격해석 및 실험적 검증)

  • Kim, Jin-Gon;Lee, Jun-Yeong;Lee, Sin-Yeong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.695-702
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, the drop/impact simulation for a mobile phone has been carried out with the explicit code LS-DYNA and its validation has been experimentally verified. The small size of this kind of electronics products makes it time-consuming, and difficult to conduct drop tests to detect the failure mechanism and identify their drop behaviors. Strict drop/impact performance criteria of such hand held electronic products as mobile phones play an important role in their design because these products must withstand both normal and unexpected shock. Usually, the product durability on drop impact depends on designers experience. The present reliable methodology of drop/impact simulation provides an efficient and powerful vehicle to improve the design quality and reduce the design period.

NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACTING AND SPREADING DYNAMICS OF THE ELLIPSOIDAL DROP ON THE PERFECT NON-WETTING SOLID SURFACE (완전 비습윤 고체 표면 위 타원형 액적의 충돌 및 퍼짐 거동에 대한 수치적 연구)

  • Yun, S.
    • Journal of computational fluids engineering
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.90-95
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    • 2016
  • Leidenfrost drops with ellipsoidal shaping can control the bouncing height by adjusting the aspect ratio(AR) of the shape at the moment of impact. In this work, we focus on the effect of the AR and the impact Weber number(We) on the non-axisymmetrical spreading dynamics of the drop, which plays an important role in the control of bouncing. To understand the impact dynamics, the numerical simulation is conducted for the ellipsoidal drop impact upon the perfect non-wetting solid surface by using volume of fluid method, which shows the characteristics of the spreading behavior in each principal axis. As the AR increases, the drop has a high degree of the alignment into one principal axis, which leads to the consequent suppression of bouncing height with shape oscillation. As the We increases, the maximum spreading diameters in the principal axes both increase whereas the contact time on the solid surface rarely depends on the impact velocity at the same AR. The comprehensive understanding of the ellipsoidal drop impact upon non-wetting surface will provide the way to control of drop deposition in applications, such as surface cleaning and spray cooling.

DROP IMPACT ANALYSIS OF PLATE-TYPE FUEL ASSEMBLY IN RESEARCH REACTOR

  • Kim, Hyun-Jung;Yim, Jeong-Sik;Lee, Byung-Ho;Oh, Jae-Yong;Tahk, Young-Wook
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.529-540
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    • 2014
  • In this research, a drop impact analysis of a fuel assembly in a research reactor is carried out to determine whether the fuel plate integrity is maintained in a drop accident. A fuel assembly drop accident is classified based on where the accident occurs, i.e., inside or outside the reactor, since each occasion results in a different impact load on the fuel assembly. An analysis procedure suitable for each drop situation is systematically established. For an accident occurring outside the reactor, the direct impact of a fuel assembly on the pool bottom is analyzed using implicit and explicit approaches. The effects of the key parameters, such as the impact velocity and structural damping ratios, are also studied. For an accident occurring inside the reactor, the falling fuel assembly may first hit the fixing bar at the upper part of the standing fuel assembly. To confirm the fuel plate integrity, a fracture of the fixing bar should be investigated, since the fixing bar plays a role in protecting the fuel plate from the external impact force. Through such an analysis, the suitability of an impact analysis procedure associated with the drop situation in the research reactor is shown.

Estimation of Allowable Drop Height for Oriental Pears by Impact Tests (충격시험에 따른 배의 허용낙하높이 추정)

  • Kim, M. S.;Jung, H. M.;Seo, R.;Park, I. K.;Hwang, Y. S.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.461-468
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    • 2001
  • Impact between fruits and other materials is a major cause of product damage in harvesting and handling systems. The oriental pears are more susceptible to bruising than other fruits such as European pears and apples, and are required more careful handling. The interest in the handling of the pears for the processing systems has raised the question of the allowable drop height to which pears can be dropped without causing objectionable damage. Drop tests on pears were conducted using an impact device developed by authors to estimate the allowable drop height without bruising. The impact device was constructed to hold in a selected orientation and to release a fruit by vacuum for dropping on to a force transducer. The drop height was adjustable for zero to 60 cm to achieve the desired distance between the bottom of the fruits and the top of the impact force transducer. The transducer was secured to 150 kg$\sub$f/ concrete block. The transducer signal was sampled every 0.17 ms with a strain gage measurement board in the micro computer where it was digitaly stored for later analysis. The selected sample fruit was Niitaka cultivar of pears which is one of the most promising fruit for export in Korea. The pears were harvested during the 1998 harvest season from an orchard in Daejeon. The sample fruit was selected from two groups which were stored for 3 months and 5 months respectively by the method of current commercial practice. The pears were allowed to stabilize at environmental condition(18$^{\circ}C$, 65% rh) of the experimental room. One hundred fifty six pears were tested from the heights of 5, 7.5. 10 and 12.5 cm while measurement were made of impact peak force, contact time, time to peak force, dwell time, pear diameter and mass. The bioyield strength and modulus of elasticity were measured using UTM immediately after each drop test. The allowable drop height was estimated on the base of bioyield strength of the pears in two ways. One was assumed the peak force during impact test increasing linearly with time, and the other was based on the actual drop test results. The computer program was developed for measuring the impact characteristics of the pears and analyzing the data obtained in the study. The peak force increased while contact times decreased with increasing drop height and contact times of the sample from the hard tissue group. The allowable drop height increased with increasing bioyield strength and contact times, and also varied with Poisson\`s ratio, mass and equilibrium radius of the pears. The allowable drop height calculated by a theoretical method was in the range from 1 to 4 cm, meanwhile, the estimated drop height considering the result of the impact test was in the range from 1 to 6 cm. Since the physical properties of fruits affected significantly the allowable drop height, the physical properties of the fruits should be considered when estimating the allowable drop height.

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Drop/Impact Simulation and Experimental Verification of a Reciprocating Compressor Body (왕복동형 압축기의 낙하충격 시뮬레이션 및 실험적 검증)

  • Kim, Tae-Jong;Kim, Moon-Saeng;Koo, Ja-Ham
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.484-490
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    • 2007
  • A reciprocating compressor used in domestic refrigerators can be subjected to many different forms of shock. These shocks are usually experienced during transporting the products from a manufacturer to customers. The hermetic structure of this kind of compressor makes it difficult to conduct drop tests for identifying the failure mechanism and their drop behaviors. The drop/impact simulation for a reciprocating compressor has been carried out with the explicit code LS-DYNA and its validation has been experimentally verified. Simulation results are in good agreement with those of drop test. The present method of drop/impact simulation provides an efficient and powerful solution to improve the design quality and reduce the design period.

A Study on the Side Drop Impact of a Nuclear Spent Fuel Shipping Cask (사용후 핵연료 수송용기의 수평낙하충격에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Sung-Hwan;Lee, Young-Shin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.457-469
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    • 1997
  • A nuclear spent fuel shipping cask is required by IAEA and domestic regulations to withstand a 9m free drop condition. In this paper, the structural analysis under the 9m side drop condition was performed to understand the dynamic impact behavior and to evaluate the safety of the cask for 7 PWR nuclear spent fuel assemblies. The analysis result was compared with the measured value of the 9m side drop test for the 1/3 scaled-down model and the accuracy of the 3D analysis was confirmed. Analysis in accordance with the diameter of impact limiters for the proto-type cask were performed. Through the analysis, the impact behaviors due to the side drop and the effects dependent on the diameter of impact limiters were grasped. Maximum stress intensities on each part of the cask were respectively calculated by using the stress evaluation program and the structural safety of the cask was finally evaluated in accordance with the regulations.

Prediction of Impact Life Time in Solder Balls of the Board Level Flip Chips by Drop Simulations (낙하해석을 통한 보드 레벨 플립칩에서의 솔더볼 충격수명에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Chong Min;Kim, Seong Keol
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2014
  • Recently much research are has been done into the compositions of lead-free solders. As a result, there has been a rapid increase in the number of new compositions. In the past, the properties of these new compositions were determined and verified through drop-impact tests. However, these drop tests were expensive and it took a long time to obtain a result. The main goal of this study was to establish an analytical method capable of predicting the impact life-time of a new solder composition for board-level flip chips though the application of drop simulations using LS-DYNA. Based on the reaction load obtain with LS-DYNA, the drop-impact fracture cycles were predicted. The study was performed using a Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu solder (305 composition). To verify the reliability of the proposed analytical method, the results of the drop-impact tests and life-time analysis were compared, and were found to be in good agreement. Thus, the new analytical method was shown to be very useful and effective.

Experimental Study of Impact Behaviors of the Membrane for LNG Storage Tank (LNG 저장탱크용 멤브레인의 충격거동에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Gyu;Kim, Chung-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 1995
  • This paper analyzes the behaviors of the membrane under drop impact loadings using the acoustic emission technique. The analysis is useful for evaluating the strength of the membrane as well as for studying its damping characterisics due to the corrugation and the ring knot. The membrane for LNG storage tank is basically composed linear and circular elements. Two membrane specimens have approximately same drop impact mass and same drop speed. Locan 320 system with piezoelectric sensor is used in the experimental measurement. Experimental results for the membranes indicated that AE siganls having higher energies were generated with increasing drop impact loadings. It was confirmed that the ring knot. membrane has high absorption of drop impact loadings in comparison with the flat membrane. These results are very important to reliable design and to improve the safey of the membrane components.

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Recent Progress of Spray-Wall Interaction Research

  • Lee Sang-Yong;Ryu Sung-Uk
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.1101-1117
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    • 2006
  • In the present article, recent progress of spray-wall interaction research has been reviewed. Studies on the spray-wall interaction phenomena can be categorized mainly into three groups: experiments on single drop impact and spray (multiple-drop) impingement, and development of comprehensive models. The criteria of wall-impingement regimes (i.e., stick, rebound, spread, splash, boiling induced breakup, breakup, and rebound with breakup) and the post-impingement characteristics (mostly for splash and rebound) are the main subjects of the single-drop impingement studies. Experimental studies on spray-wall impingement phenomena cover examination of the outline shape and internal structure of a spray after the wall impact. Various prediction models for the spray-wall impingement phenomena have been developed based on the experiments on the single drop impact and the spray impingement. In the present article, details on the wall-impingement criteria and post-impingement characteristics of single drops, external and internal structures of the spray after the wall impact, and their prediction models are reviewed.