• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dosimetry

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DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF A PHANTOM FOR MULTI-PURPOSE DOSIMETRY IN INTENSITY-MODULATED RADIATION THERAPY

  • Jeong, Hae-Sun;Han, Young-Yih;Kum, O-Yeon;Kim, Chan-Hyeong;Park, Joo-Hwan
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.399-404
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    • 2011
  • A LEGO-type multi-purpose dosimetry phantom was developed for intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), which requires various types of challenging dosimetry. Polystyrene, polyethylene, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), and polyurethane foam (PU-F) were selected to represent muscle, fat, bone, and lung tissue, respectively, after considering the relevant mass densities, elemental compositions, effective atomic numbers, and photon interaction coefficients. The phantom, which is composed of numerous small pieces that are similar to LEGO blocks, provides dose and dose distribution measurements in homogeneous and heterogeneous media. The phantom includes dosimeter holders for several types of dosimeters that are frequently used in IMRT dosimetry. An ion chamber and a diode detector were used to test dosimetry in heterogeneous media under radiation fields of various sizes. The data that were measured using these dosimeters were in disagreement when the field sizes were smaller than $1.5{\times}1.5\;cm^2$ for polystyrene and PTFE, or smaller than $3{\times}3\;cm^2$ for an air cavity. The discrepancy was as large as 41% for the air cavity when the field size was $0.7{\times}0.7\;cm^2$, highlighting one of the challenges of IMRT small field dosimetry. The LEGO-type phantom is also very useful for two-dimensional dosimetry analysis, which elucidates the electronic dis-equilibrium phenomena on or near the heterogeneity boundaries.

The Development and It′s Characteristics of New Film Dosimetry Algorithm for Personal Dosimetry (개인피폭 선량 측정을 위한 필름 배지 선량계의 새로운 알고리즘 개발 및 특성)

  • 이병용;장혜숙;봉정균;권수일
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 1995
  • Purpose: We have developed new film dosimetry algorithm for personal dosimetry and examined its characteristics. Materials and methods: Agfagaevart personal monitoring 2/10 films are used. Films which are in the film badges filtered with Cu 0.3mm, plastic 1.5mm, Aluminum 0.6mm and tin 0.8mm, were exposed by standard dosimetry laboratory. Irradiated energy categories are ANSI N13.1l Category III, and IV. Manual type film precessor and X-rite film densitometor was used. Filtered densities to energy relations and does to transformed densities relations can be obtained ofter transformation of H&D curves to linear shape by polynomal fitting. Reults : Personal dose be determined within 25% error for category m and 15% for category IV. And we are able to evaluate the exposed energy. Conclusion : New algorithm developed in this study is good for personal dosimetry within 30% error range for catergory III and IV. It is expectd to be complete personal dosimetry algorithm with further study for categrory, I, Dand II V.

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A new research program that aims to establish an external audit system to radiotherapy QA in Japan

  • Shimbo, Munefumi;Tabushi, Katsuyoshi;Endo, Masahiro;Ikeda, Hiroshi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Medical Physics Conference
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    • pp.17-18
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    • 2002
  • Last year, a three-year research program was started in order to establish an external audit system to radiotherapy QA in Japan. It consists of questionnaire surveys, mailed (off-site) dosimetry and visited (on-site) dosimetry at radiotherapy facilities in Japan. The first questionnaire was sent to all Japanese radiotherapy facilities in October 2001, surveying basic QA procedures at each facility. 628 answers were returned with the return rate of 87%. In February 2002, the second questionnaire was sent. Off-site and on-site dosimetry have been tested in several facilities, and will be started soon. We anticipates that this program will gradually grow to a radiotherapy quality control center similar to Radiological Physics Center at MD Anderson Hospital.

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Contribution of light in high-energy film dosimetry using water substitute phantoms

  • Fujisaki, Tatsuya;Saitoh, Hidetoshi;Hiraoka, Takeshi;Kuwabara, Akio;Abe, Shinji;Inada, Tetsuo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Medical Physics Conference
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    • pp.272-274
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    • 2002
  • The contribution of light in high-energy film dosimetry was examined using six commercially available solid water substitute phantoms. As six commercially available phantoms; RMI-451, Mix-DP, WE211, WE211-Black, PMMA and PMMA Black were evaluated in this study. It is difficult to evaluate the contribution of Cerenkov radiation and the optical permeability to the relative and/or absolute dosimetry using unpacked film in these phantoms. Therefore the contribution of Cerenkov radiation was estimated by the comparison between film densities in the shielded side (shutting off the light) and unshielded sides on a phantom. The effect of optical permeability was measured under ambient light by the time scale method. The results suggest that the use of black colored phantoms may improve the accuracy of dose measurement in film dosimetry.

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Internal Radiation Dosimetry in Radionuclide Therapy (방사성핵종을 이용한 치료에서 흡수선량의 평가)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Min;Lim, Sang-Moo
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.120-126
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    • 2006
  • Radionuclide therapy has been continued for treatment of incurable diseases for past decades. Relevant evaluation of absorbed dose in radionuclide therapy is important to predict treatment output and essential for making treatment planning to prevent unexpected radiation toxicity. Many scientists in the field related with nuclear medicine have made effort to evolve concept and technique for internal radiation dosimetry in this review, basic concept of internal radiation dosimetry is described and recent progress in method for dosimetry is introduced.

Dosimetry Application of Irradiated D-fructose using the Electron Paramagnetic Resonance

  • Son, Phil Kook;Choi, Suk-Won;Kim, Sung Soo;Gwag, Jin Seog
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.271-274
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    • 2012
  • We examine dosimetry application of irradiated D-fructose materials using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Consequently, we consider that fructose is one of best dosimetry materials. We found that fructose is one of best candidates for dosimetry due to high linearity tilt of EPR signal intensity as a function of dose, irrelevant to photon energy, constant fading value. Also, our results show that fructose materials can be applied as a radiation detector to very weak radiation doses of 0.001 Gray by using EPR at a low temperature (T = 220 K).

Evaluate the implementation of Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy QA in the radiation therapy treatment according to Various factors by using the Portal Dosimetry (용적변조회전 방사선치료에서 Portal Dosimetry를 이용한 선량평가의 재현성 분석)

  • Kim, Se Hyeon;Bae, Sun Myung;Seo, Dong Rin;Kang, Tae Young;Baek, Geum Mun
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2015
  • Purpose : The pre-treatment QA using Portal dosimetry for Volumetric Arc Therapy To analyze whether maintaining the reproducibility depending on various factors. Materials and Methods : Test was used for TrueBeam STx$^{TM}$ (Ver.1.5, Varian, USA). Varian Eclipse Treatment planning system(TPS) was used for planning with total of seven patients include head and neck cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and cervical cancer was established for a Portal dosimetry QA plan. In order to measure these plans, Portal Dosimetry application (Ver.10) (Varian) and Portal Vision aS1000 Imager was used. Each Points of QA was determined by dividing, before and after morning treatment, and the after afternoon treatment ended (after 4 hours). Calibration of EPID(Dark field correction, Flood field correction, Dose normalization) was implemented before Every QA measure points. MLC initialize was implemented after each QA points and QA was retried. Also before QA measurements, Beam Ouput at the each of QA points was measured using the Water Phantom and Ionization chamber(IBA dosimetry, Germany). Results : The mean values of the Gamma pass rate(GPR, 3%, 3mm) for every patients between morning, afternoon and evening was 97.3%, 96.1%, 95.4% and the patient's showing maximum difference was 95.7%, 94.2% 93.7%. The mean value of GPR before and after EPID calibration were 95.94%, 96.01%. The mean value of Beam Output were 100.45%, 100.46%, 100.59% at each QA points. The mean value of GPR before and after MLC initialization were 95.83%, 96.40%. Conclusion : Maintain the reproducibility of the Portal Dosimetry as a VMAT QA tool required management of the various factors that can affect the dosimetry.

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Gamma Evaluation with Portal Dosimetry for Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy and Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy

  • Kim, Jung-in;Choi, Chang Heon;Park, So-Yeon;An, HyunJoon;Wu, Hong-Gyun;Park, Jong Min
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.61-66
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the characteristics of portal dosimetry in comparison with the MapCHECK2 measurments. In this study, a total of 65 treatment plans including both volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) were retrospectively selected and analyzed (45 VMAT plans and 20 IMRT plans). A total of 4 types of linac models (VitalBeam, Trilogy, Clinac 21EXS, and Clianc iX) were used for the comparison between portal dosimetry and the MapCHECK2 measurements. The VMAT plans were delivered with two VitalBeam linacs (VitalBeam1 and VitalBeam2) and one Trilogy while the IMRT plans were delivered with one Clinac 21EXS and one Clinacl iX. The global gamma passing rates of portal dosimetry and the MapCHECK2 measurements were analyzed with a gamma criterion of 3%/3 mm for IMRT while those were analyzed with a gamma criterion of 2%/2 mm for VMAT. Spearman's correlation coefficients (r) were calculated between the gamma passing rates of portal dosimetry and those of the MapCHECK2 measurements. For VMAT, the gamma passing rates of portal dosimetry with the VitalBeam1, VitalBeam2, and Trilogy were $97.3%{\pm}3.5%$, $97.1%{\pm}3.4%$, and $97.5%{\pm}1.9%$, respectively. Those of the MapCHECK2 measurements were $96.8%{\pm}2.5%$, $96.3%{\pm}2.7%$, and $97.4%{\pm}1.3%$, respectively. For IMRT, the gamma passing rates of portal dosimetry with Clinac 21EXS and Clinac iX were $99.7%{\pm}0.3%$ and $99.8%{\pm}0.2%$, respectively. Those of the MapCHECK2 measurements were $96.5%{\pm}3.3%$ and $97.7%{\pm}3.2%$, respectively. Except for the result with the Trilogy, no correlations were observed between the gamma passing rates of portal dosimetry and those of the MapCHECK2 measurements. Therefore, both the MapCHECK2 measurements and portal dosimetry can be used as an alternative to each other for patient-specific QA for both IMRT and VMAT.

Current Status of Internal Dosimetry Methods and Radiological Regulations in Korea, Ukraine and European Community

  • Lee, Tae-Young;Lee, Jong-Il;Berkovski, Vladimir
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2003
  • The paper discusses results of recent international intercomparison exercises on internal dose assessments, status of up to date internal dosimetry methods and the radiological legislation developed and implemented in Korea, European Union and Ukraine. The system of radiation protection in Korea is based on the Korean Atomic Energy Regulatory Enforcement on Safety Standards (Ministry Notice No. 2001-2). The notice is based on the recommendations in ICRP Publication 60 (1990) and IAEA Basic Safety Standards (1996). But the full implementation of the notice by the end of the year 2002 is not required because of the socio-economic situation and inexperience in internal radiation dosimetry Regulatory framework for internal radiation dosimetry is under development toward the full implementation of the notice from January 1, 2003. The system of radiation protection in Ukraine is based on the National radiation protection regulatory code NRBU-97. The code was developed and adopted in 1998 and replaced the Regulations of Former Soviet Union. The document is based on the ICRP Publication 60, Euratom Directive 96/29 and IAEA Basic Safety Standards (1996). The transitional period of 5 years (effected till January 2003) is established for implementation of all requirements of this new regulation. The system of radiation protection in the European Community is based on the Council Directive 96/29/Euratom, adopted in 1996 and enforced from 13 May 2000. Directive 96/29/Euratom has the status of the European law.

ESR dosimetry and Dating toward $21^{st}$ Century

  • Ikeya, Motoji
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.84-88
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    • 2002
  • Dating and dosimetry using electron spin resonance (ESR) in 20th Century developed at both Yamaguchi University and Osaka University have been reviewed with emphasis on new prospects and strategies in 21th century. Natural radiation have been generating radicals that accumulated in archaeological and geological materials. ESR detects these radicals and the ESR signal intensity is proportional to the radiation dose and therefore the age. The assessment of the total dose of natural radiation and the annual dose rate give their ESR ages. The ESR dating of stalactites and stalagmites ant Akiyoshi cave in Yamaguchi prefecture in 1975 was extended to anthropological dating using bones and tooth enamel excavated in Greek Petralona cave. Fossils of shells and corals gave the ages of marine terraces and sea-level changes. Quartz grains gave the ages of geothermal alteration and fault movements. Future ESR dating of ices at outer planets anf their satellite are also investigated as basic studies for ices od $H_2O,\;CO_2,\;SO_2$ as well as terrestrial hydrates in laboratory. Atomic bomb radiation dosimetry at Hiroshima and Nagasaki using ESR lead to the dosimetry of personnel, Chemobyl and JCO criticality accidents. Monitoring of radiation dose with sensitive materials with tissue equivalence are being developed. finally a new scanning ESR imaging apparatus (a near field microwave microscope) developed in our laboratory gave ESR images of Radicals from fossils to Si-CVD and diamond films as summarized in my book in 2002.

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