• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dose correction factor

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Measuring Absorbed Dose from Medical X-ray Equipment Using Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dots (광자극선량계의 저에너지 엑스선 특성비교)

  • Jung, Sook Jin;Jin, Gye Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.79-83
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we measured and analyzed the dose correction factor, absorbed dose linearity, peak voltage X-ray response, angular dependence. Exposure dose correction factor, absorbed dose linearity, and peak voltage linearity using the medical X-ray generator were all in accordance with IEC-62387-1 (2007). The reference to the dosimetry direction at 0, 30, and 60 degrees relative to baseline radiation exposure was -29% (${\pm}30^{\circ}$) and + 67% (${\pm}60^{\circ}$). The values measured at $30^{\circ}$ were -8% lower than the standard and -18% lower than the standard at $60^{\circ}$. Therefore, the effect of direction should be corrected when using OSL dot dosimeter.

Impact of testicular shielding in liposarcoma to scrotum by using radio-photoluminescence glass dosimeter (RPLGD): a case report

  • Oonsiri, Puntiwa;Saksornchai, Kitwadee;Suriyapee, Sivalee
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.248-253
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    • 2018
  • Radiation protection in the scrotum to reduce the risk of genetic effect in the future is very important. This study aimed to measure the scrotal dose outside the treatment fields by using the radio-photoluminescence glass dosimeter (RPLGD). The characteristics of RPLGD model GD-302M were studied. Scattered dose to scrotum was measured in one liposarcoma case with the prescribed dose of 60 Gy. RPLGDs were placed in three different locations: one RPLGD was positioned at the posterior area which closer to the scrotum, and the other two RPLGDs were placed between the penis and the scrotum. Three RPLGDs were employed in each location. The scattered doses were measured in every fraction during the whole course of treatment. The entire number of 100 RPLGDs showed the uniformity within ±2%. The signal from RPLGD demonstrated linear proportion to the radiation dose (r = 0.999). The relative energy response correction factor was 1.05. The average scrotal dose was 4.1 ± 0.9 cGy per fraction. The results presented a wide range since there was a high uncertainty during RPLGD placement. The total scrotal dose for the whole course of treatment was 101.9 cGy (1.7% of the prescribed dose). The RPLGD model GD-302M could be used to measure scattered dose after applying the relative energy correction factor.

Comparison of Radiation Dose in the Measurement of MDCT Radiation Dose according to Correction of Temperatures and Pressure, and Calibration of Ionization Chamber (MDCT 선량측정에서 온도와 압력에 따른 보정과 Ionization Chamber의 Calibration 전후 선량의 비교평가)

  • Lee, Chang-Lae;Kim, Hee-Joung;Jeon, Seong-Su;Cho, Hyo-Min;Nam, So-Ra;Jung, Ji-Young;Lee, Young-Jin;Lee, Seung-Jae;Dong, Kyung-Rae
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 2008
  • This study aims to conduct the comparative analysis of the radiation dose according to before and after the calibration of the ionization chamber used for measuring radiation dose in the MDCT, as well as of $CTDI_w$ according to temperature and pressure correction factors in the CT room. A comparative analysis was conducted based on the measured MDCT (GE light speed plus 4 slice, USA) data using head and body CT dosimetric phantom, and Model 2026C electrometer (RADICAL 2026C, USA) calibrated on March 21, 2007. As a result, the $CTDI_w$ value which reflected calibration factors, as well as correction factors of temperature and pressure, was found to be the range of $0.479{\sim}3.162mGy$ in effective radiation dose than the uncorrected values. Also, under the routine abdomen routine CT image acquisition conditions used in reference hospitals, patient effective dose was measured to indicate the difference of the maximum of 0.7 mSv between before and after the application of such factors. These results imply that the calibration of the ion chamber, and the correction of temperature and pressure of the CT room are crucial in measuring and calculating patient effective dose. Thus, to measure patient radiation dose accurately, the detailed information should be made available regarding not only the temperature and pressure of the CT room, but also the humidity and recombination factor, characteristics of X-ray beam quality, exposure conditions, scan region, and so forth.

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Dose Attenuation in the Mid-Cranial Fossa with 6 MV Photon Beam Irradiations (6 MV X-선 조사시 중두개와에서의 선량감쇠)

  • Park, Jeong-Ho;Choi, Tae-Jin;Kim, Ok-Bae
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 1990
  • In X-ray irradiation, dose distribution depends on multiple parameters, one of them being tissue inhomogeneity to change the dose significantly. considerable dose attenuation through the mid-cranial fossa is expected because of various bony structures in it. Dose distribution around the mid-cranial fossa, following irradiation with 6 MV photon beam, was measured with LiF TLD micro-rod, and compared with the expected dose inthe same sites. In our calculation with $C_f$(correction factor), the expected dose attenuation revealed about $3.74\%$ per 1 cm thickness of bone tissue. And the differences between the expected dose with correction for bone tissue and the measured dose by TLD was small, agreeing within an average variation of $\pm0.21\%$.

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Application of Generalized Batho Method to Arbitrary Shape of Heterogeneous Tissues (일반 Batho방법의 부정형 이질조직에의 적용)

  • Chai, Kyu-Young
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.165-168
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    • 1987
  • The generalized Bathe method, proposed by Webb and Fox, which is a method of calculation of dose correction factor for the purpose of heterogeneous tissue, is complex even for a few kind of tissues. The method was modified for the purpose of getting a simple method that divide the multilayer of heterogeneous tissues into some groups of adjacent-tissue pairs. This new method could reduce the number of exponential terms and the time for calculating the dose correction factors by manual and computer calculation.

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Correction Factor for the Eenergy Dependence of a Optically Stimulated Luminescent Dosimeter in Diagnostic Radiography (진단방사선촬영에서 광자극형광선량계의 에너지의존성에 대한 보정인자)

  • Kim, Jong-Eon;Im, In-Chul;Lee, Hyo-Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.261-265
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to calculate correction factors for energy dependence of a nanoDotdosimeter to measure patient's skin dose in diagnostic radiography. The correction factors were calculated by using the values of mean energy for the RQR standard radiation qualities of IEC publicated by Rosado et al. and the energy response graph of dosimeter relative X-ray on phantom calibration provided by landaur corporation. Results showed the correction factors of 1-1.33 over the tube voltage range of 40-50 kVp. Acquired correction factors are considered to be useful in the clinics for the measurement of accurate skin dose at each tube voltage.

Monte Carlo Study of MOSFET Dosimeter Dose Correction Factors Considering Energy Spectrum of Radiation Field in a Steam Generator Channel Head (원전 증기발생기 수실 내 에너지 스펙트럼을 고려한 MOSFET 방사선검출기 선량보정인자 결정에 관한 몬테칼로 전산모사 연구)

  • Cho, Sung-Koo;Choi, Sang-Hyoun;Kim, Chan-Hyeong
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 2006
  • In Korea, a real-time effective dose measurement system is in development. The system uses 32 high-sensitivity MOSFET dosimeters to measure radiation doses at various organ locations in an anthropomorphic physical phantom. The MOSFET dosimeters are, however, mainly made of silicon and shows some degree of energy and angular dependence especially for low energy photons. This study determines the correction factors to correct for these dependences of the MOSFET dosimeters for accurate measurement of radiation doses at organ locations in the phantom. For this, first, the dose correction factors of MOSFET dosimeters were determined for the energy spectrum in the steam generator channel of the Kori Nuclear Power Plant Unit #1 by Monte Carlo simulations. Then, the results were compared with the dose correction factors from 0.652 MeV and 1.25 MeV mono-energetic photons. The difference of the dose correction factors were found very negligible $(\leq1.5%)$, which in general shows that the dose corrections factors determined from 0.662 MeV and 1.25 MeV can be in a steam general channel head of a nuclear power plant. The measured effective dose was generally found to decrease bit $\sim7%$ when we apply the dose correction factors.

Estimation of Inhomogeneity Correction Factor in Small Field Dosimetry (소조사면에서의 불균질 물질 보정 계산의 평가)

  • Shin, Hun-Joo;Kang, Young-Nam;Jang, Ji-Sun;Seo, Jae-Hyuk;Jung, Ji-Young;Choi, Byung-Ock;Choi, Ihl-Bohng;Lee, Dong-Joon;Kwon, Soo-Il
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.260-268
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we estimated inhomogeneity correction factor in small field. And, we evaluated accuracy of treatment planning and measurement data which applied inhomogeneity correction factor or not. We developed the Inhomogeneity Correction Phantom (ICP) for insertion of inhomogeneity materials. The inhomogeneity materials were 12 types in each different electron density. This phantom is able to adapt the EBT film and 0.125 cc ion chamber for measurement of dose distribution and point dose. We evaluated comparison of planning and measurement data using ICP. When we applied to inhomogeneity correction factor or not, the average difference was 1.63% and 10.05% in each plan and film measurement data. And, the average difference of dose distribution was 10.09% in each measurement film. And the average difference of point dose was 0.43% and 2.09% in each plan and measurement data. In conclusion, if we did not apply the inhomogeneity correction factor in small field, it shows more great difference in measurement data. The planning system using this study shows good result for correction of inhomogeneity materials. In radiosurgery using small field, we should be correct the inhomogeneity correction factor, more exactly.

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Stem Effect Correction Factor of Ionization Chamber in Exposure Measurements of High Energy Photons (고 에너지 광자선의 조사선량 측정 시 전리함의 스템효과 보정계수)

  • Park, Cheol-Woo;Lee, Jae-Seung;Kweon, Dae-Chel;Cha, Dong-Soo;Kim, Jin-Soo;Kim, Kyoung-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Digital Imaging in Medicine
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2010
  • Ionization chambers often exhibit a stem effect, caused by interactions of radiation with air near the chamber end, or with dielectric in the chamber stem or cable. In this study measured stem effect correction factor for length of ionization chamber from medical linear accelerator recommend to with the use of stem correction method. For a model of the Farmer-type chamber, were used to calculate the beam quality correction factor. These interactions contribute to the apparent measured exposure. Additionally, it needs to consider ionization chamber use of small volume and stem effect of cable by a large field. Linear accelerator generated photons energy and increased dose repeatedly measured by using stem correction method. Stem effect was dependence of the energy and increases with photon energy conditions improved of beam quality. In conclusion, stem effect correction factor was measured within 0.4% calculated according to the exposures stem length and also supposed to determined below 1% of another stem correction method.

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