• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dongjinbyeo

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Physicochemical Properties of Rice Flour and Textural Characteristics of Cooked Rice from Chungmubyeo (청무벼 쌀가루의 이화학적 성질 및 쌀밥의 텍스쳐 특성)

  • 신말식;이상금;문세훈
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.1091-1095
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    • 1997
  • The physicochemical properties of rice flour and textural properties of cooked rices between Chungmubyeo and Dongjinbyeo were compared. The protein contents of Chungmubyeo and Dongjinbyeo were 7.9% and 8.8%, and the crude and total lipid were 0.82%, 0.65% and 2.34%, 1.66% respectively. The amylose content was 21.1% in Chungmubyeo and 20.2% in Dongjinbyeo. The hardness of rice grain was higher in Dongjinbyeo while water absorption was higher in Chungmubyeo. The sensory evaluation of cooked rice made from Chungnubyeo was significantly higher in shininess, roasted nutty flavor, hardness and overall eating quality than that from Dongjinbyeo. The hardness of cooked rices by rheometer was increased during storage and was lower in Chungmubyeo than Dongjinbyeo.

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Development of the Brown Planthopper, Nilaparvata lungens Sta$\{aa}$l, Biotypes and Their Hybrid Progenies Fed on Different Cultivars of Rice with Various Resistance Gene and Damage of Different Rice Cultivars (벼멸구 생태형의 교잡종별 발육 및 수도 품종별 피해)

  • 최주수;박영도
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.347-354
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    • 1997
  • Some attempts were made to investigate the gentic characteristics of the brown planthopper(BPH), Nilaparvata lugens Sta${\aa}$l, biotypes. In terms of egg and nymphal periods, egg hatcgability, emergence ratio, and population change of BPH and plant damage of rice cultivars by the infestation of BPH biotypes and their hybrid progenies in field conditions. The egg and nymphal periods of the three of BPH biotypes and their hybrid progenies on Dongjinbyeo with no resistance gene were shorter than on rice cultivars with resistance gene. But the periods of biotype-2(♀) X 2(♂) (E) on Samgangbyeo with Bph-1 gene and biotype-3(♀) X 3(♂)(I) on Mirying 63 with bph-2 gene were as short as on Dongjinbyeo. The egg hatchability and emergence ratio of the three Bph biotypes and their hybrid progenies on Dongjinbyeo were higher than on the other rice cultivars, and those of E on Samgangbyeo and I on Miryang 63 were as high as on Dongjinbyeo. In rice paddy field, biotype-1(♀) X 1(♂)(A)$\sim$I infested on Dongjinbyeo, E onSamgangbyeo, and I on Miryang 63 were increased their population densities remarkably in next generation. Dongjinbyeo infested by A$\sim$I, and Myryang 63 infested by I were hopperburned at 60 days after infestation and had a damage rating of 0.9. But Samgangbyeo infested by E was no hopperburn(damage rating: 7.3) though it showed high BPH population at 60 days after infestation.

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Factors Affecting the Expression of Durable Resistance of Rice Cultivars to Blast caused by Pyricularia grisea Sacc 2. Components of the Resistance of Durably Resistant Cultivars for Rice Blast (벼 도열병에 대한 품종의 지속저항성 발현요인에 관한 연구 2. 도열병에 대한 지속저항성 품종의 저항성 구성요소)

  • 라동수;오정행;김장규
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.85-89
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    • 1997
  • Etiological components of the rice cultivars possessing durable resistance to rice blast were evaluated. In the greenhouse test by artificial inoculation, number of leaf blast lesion in Dongjinbyeo was not increased by any race of the pathogen, while the lesion number on the resistant cultivar Palgongbyeo and susceptible cultivar Jinmibyeo was increased rapidly. Size of the lesion in Dongjinbyeo was smaller and progressed more slowly than the resistant cultivar Palgongbyeo until 11 days after inoculation. Latent period in Dongjinbyeo was intermediate. However, the period was significantly variable depending upon the races. Least amount of conidia was produced in Dongjinbyeo by race KJ-107 and the number of conidia was decreased rapidly from 11 days after inoculation.

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Yield Potential of Improved Tropical Japonica Rice under Temperate Environment in Korea

  • Lee, Kyu-Seong;Ko, Jae-Kwon;Kim, Jong-Seok;Lee, Jae-Kil;Shin, Hyun-Tak;Cho, Soo-Yeon
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.214-220
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    • 1999
  • Rice production in Korea has markedly increased during the last two decades due to newly developed high yielding varieties and improved production technology. This experiment was conducted to determine the potential of tropical japonica germplasm in enhancing the yield of temperate japonica. The yield performance of two tropical japonicas (IR 65597-29-3-2 and IR66154-52-1-2) and one temperate japonica (Dongjinbyeo) was compared at different plant densities and nitrogen levels under Korean environmental conditions. Although tropical japonicas showed low tillering habit and large panicles, they had similar leaf area index and dry weight at heading stage to Dongjinbyeo of the high tillering type indicating that there was not much difference between tropical and temperate japonica in terms of biomass production. The highest milled rice yield of 6.15 t/ha was obtained from Dongjinbyeo at a high nitrogen level with less planting density (220 kg N/ha and 30 $\times$ 15 cm). However, those of the two tropical japonicas were 5.36 t/ha at the condition of 165 kg N/ha and 30 x 10 cm planting density and 5.06 t/ha at the condition of 165kgN/ha and 15 x 15 cm planting density, respectively. Ripened grain of tropical japonicas ranged from 65 to 87%, while that Dongjinbyeo ranged from 82 to 97% under Korean conditions.

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Characteristics of Spikelets and Vascular Bundles in Panicle of Japonica Rice Cultivar, 'Iksan 435'

  • Park, Hong-Kyu;Kang, Si-Yong;Choi, Weon-Young;Kim, Sang-Su;Cho, Soo-Yeon;Choi, Won-Yul
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 1999
  • Spikelet and vascular bundle development in rice panicles is considered to be the important elements in determining the genotype's yield capacity and translocation ability of assimilates into grains, respectively. This study was conducted to clarify the varietal differences of the spikelet and vascular bundle formations among three rice cultivars; Iksan 435 (japonica), Dongjinbyeo (japonica) and Namcheonbyeo (Tongl-type). Iksan 435 had more primary rachis branches (PRBs), secondary rachis branches (SRBs) and spikelets per panicle than Dongjinbyeo, but less than Namcheonbyeo. Among three cultivars, Namcheonbyeo showed the highest spikelet number per panicle which were differentiated SRBs mainly on PRBs of lower rachis nodes. And Namchenbyeo showed the highest number of large vascular bundle (LVB) as well as small vascular bundle (SVB) and it displayed the largest diameter of LVB. Between the two japonica cultivars, the numbers of LVBs end SVBs were significantly higher in Iksan 435 than those in Dongjinbyeo. The PRBs to LVBs ratio of Namcheonbyeo was twice as large as those of Dongjinbyeo and Iksan 435. These results indicate that the newly bred cultivar, Iksan 435, has improved yield capacity by increasing the number of especially rachis branches and spikelets formation as well as 1,000 grain weight, compared to other former japonicas.

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Effects on Rice Growth of System of Rice Intensification under No-till Paddy in Korea

  • Meas, Vannak;Shon, Daniel;Lee, Young-Han
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 2011
  • The objectives of this research were to investigate the system of rice intensification (SRI) on early growth, grain yield, and yield components under Chinese milk vetch residue-mulched no-tillage cropping systems at silt loam soil. The field was prepared as a split-plot design with three replications, main plots consisted of Dongjinbyeo, and Sobibyeo as a cultivar, and subplots consisted of $10{\times}10$ cm, $20{\times}20$ cm, and $30{\times}30$ cm as a planting density. Weed infestation during rice growing season was more severe in wider planting density $30{\times}30$ at 35 days after transplanting (DAT), and $20{\times}20$ cm at 95 DAT in both Sobibyeo and Dongjinbyeo. The maximum plant height was recorded in Sobibyeo compared with Dongjinbyeo, $10{\times}10$ cm and $20{\times}20$ cm planting density compared with $30{\times}30$ cm from 20 DAT until 60 DAT. Among the three planting densities, SPAD values were significantly greater in planting density of $20{\times}20$ cm both in Sobibyeo and Dongjinbyeo followed by $30{\times}30$ cm compared with closer planting density of $10{\times}10$ cm. The lowest grain yield was observed in wider planting density of $30{\times}30$ in both Sobibyeo and Dongjinbyeo due to lower number of panicle per unit area. Our findings suggest that optimum planting density for SRI in no-tillage paddy was $20{\times}20$ cm and it should be useful the systems to small-scale rice farmers in Korea as a sustainable farming system.

Comparison of Volatile Flavor Components of Korean Aromatic Rice and Nonaromatic Rice (한국산 향미와 일반미와 휘발성 성분 비교)

  • 이종철;김영희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.299-304
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    • 1999
  • To compare the composition of volatile flavor components of two different types of rice, the volatile flavor concentrates isolated from brown rices Hyangnambyeo(aromatic cultivar) and Dongjinbyeo (normal cultivar) were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography mass spectrometry. A total of components, including 16 hydrocarbons, 16 aldehydes and ketones, 15 alcohols, 4 acids, and 10 miscellaneous components were identified positively or tentat ively. Among them, n pentanol was the most abundant component in both samples and Hyangnambyeo contained more aldehydes and alcohols than Dongjinbyeo. 2 Acetyl 1 pyrroline which is chiefly responsible for the character istic odor of aromatic type rice was high in Hyangnambyeo compare to Dongjinbyeo, but these were detected as minor component.

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Contents of Total Lipids and Their Composition in Colored and Aromatic Rices Cultivars (유색미와 향미 품종의 지방질함량 및 지방질의 조성)

  • 이종철;김영회;김창영;변종영;신철우
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.192-197
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    • 1999
  • The contents of total lipids and their components of brown rice grain were studied for 5 colored rice cultivars, 1 aromatic rice cultivar and 1 normal rice cultivar grown in Korea. The total lipid contents ranged 2.04 to 4.69% based on total dry weight. The Tohoku #149 showed the highest content which was followed by Hansanheukmi and Sanghaehyang-hyeolna. The lowest content were observed in three cultivars, Heuknambyeo, Hyangnambyo and Dongjinbyeo which showed no difference among cultivars. The main classes of the total lipid were triglyceride, diglyceride, free sterol, free fatty acid and sterol esters in all cultivars examined. The ratio of triglyceride in total lipid was high in colored rice and aromatic rice compared to Dongjinbyeo which is normal rice cultivars, but the ratio of diglyceride was high in Dongjinbyeo. The major fatty acid compositions in the cultivars examined were linoleic acid, oleic acid and palmitic acid. There was a varietal difference in fatty acid composition, for example, erucic acid was detected in aromatic and colored rices cultivars, while none of this compound was found in Dongjinbyeo.

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Factors Affecting the Expression of Durable Resistance of Rice Cultivars to Blast Caused by Pyricularia grisea Sacc (벼 도열병에 대한 품종의 지속저항성 발현요인에 관한 연구 3. 품종과 도열병균 레이스의 상호관계)

  • 라동수;오정행;한성숙
    • Korean Journal Plant Pathology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.90-94
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    • 1997
  • Interaction of races of rice blast fungus and cultivars has been evaluated. Dongjinbyeo was infected by four KJ races and two KI races, while other varieties were susceptible to four to six KJ or KI races. Among the single spores reisolated from the leaf blast lesion of Dongjinbyeo after mixed inoculation of 10 races, 63% was race KJ-301 which produced a small number and small size lesions, while 30% was race KI-313 which produced a large number of lesions. However, 93% of single spores reisolated from Palgongbyeo was a highly virulent race KJ-105. On the other hand, all the races were equally reisolated from the susceptible cultivar Jinmibyeo. Frequency of races isolated from the naturally infected leaf blast lesions in the field was similar to that of reisolated races from the cultivars inoculated with 10 mixed races in the greenhouse. However, 30% of single spores isolated from the naturally infected Dongjinbyeo was race KI-329 ut ace KI-313 was not detected. Genetic relationship of the isolates collected from leaf and neck blast fungus of Jinmibyeo and Nakdongbyeo showed specific bands on RFLP-P64, However, their genetic similarity was 80%.

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Volatile Flavor Components of Scent, Colored, and Common Rice Cultivars in Korea

  • Kim, Chang-Yung;Lee, Jong-Chul;Kim, Young-Hoi;Pyon, Jong-Yeong;Lee, Sun-Gye
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.181-185
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    • 1999
  • To compare the composition of volatile flavor components of three different cultivars of rice, Hyangnambyeo (aromatic cultivar), Heugjinjubyeo (pigmented cultivar) and Dongjinbyeo (normal cultivar), the volatile flavor components of brown rice were isolated by Likens-Nickerson simultaneous steam distillation and extraction apparatus. The flavor concentrates obtained were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. A total of 65 components, including 14 aliphatic aldehydes and ketones, 7 aliphatic alcohols, 8 aromatic alcohols, 13 hydrocarbons, 9 esters, 7 aliphatic acids, and 7 miscellaneous components were identified. The aliphatic aldehydes, which are known as contributors to the overall flavor of cooked rice, were present in larger amounts in Hyangnambyeo than in Heugjinjubyeo and Dongjinbyeo, while the difference in quantity of these components between Heugjinjubyeo and Dongjinbyeo was not remarkable. Hyangnambyeo and Heugjinjubeyo contained 562 ng and 259 ng of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline per gram of brown rice based on dry weight, respectively, which is a key compound contributing to the popcorn-like aroma in aromatic rice. Dongjinbeyo contained about 6 ng.

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