• Title, Summary, Keyword: Donation attitude

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A Study on Adolescent Consumers' Donation Attitude and Donation Intention (청소년소비자의 기부태도 및 기부의도에 관한 연구)

  • Ryu, Mihyun
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.97-113
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to examine adolescent consumers' donation intention. To attain the goal, a survey was conducted to middle and high school students and undergraduates at the age of 25 or younger residing in Seoul and the capital area from June 1st to the 25th in 2015. A total of 450 questionnaire sheets were used for final analysis. This study investigated adolescent consumers' donation attitude and donation intention levels and also the effects of related variables on their donation intention with the mediation of their donation attitude. The implications of this study for consumer education and policy will be meaningfully used to increase their donation behavior afterwards. According to the major findings of this study, first, adolescent consumers' donation attitude was relatively positive, and their donation intention was relatively lower than their donation attitude. Second, comparing the total causal effects of variables on donation intention, interest in donation was found to the biggest, and the next were subjective norms, mother's participation in the donation experience (yes), personal citizenship, donation attitude, male students, the subjective level of financial status, face-saving behavior, and undergraduates in order.

The Effect of an Organ Donation Education on Undergraduate Students' Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Will to Organ Donation (장기기증 교육이 대학생의 장기기증에 대한 지식, 태도, 실천의지에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Jung Sook;Jang, In Sun
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.104-112
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of organ donation education on undergraduate students' knowledge, attitude and practice will to organ donation. Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental design. A total of 164 students from K university, Seoul, Korea were recruited; 74 in the experimental group and 90 in the control group. The experimental group received an education on organ donation developed by researchers. A structured questionnaire was used to measure the student's knowledge, attitude and practice will to organ donation before and after the education. Data were analyzed using t-test, ${\chi}^2$-test, and ANCOVA with SPSS WIN 21.0 program. Results: After the intervention, we found that the scores of knowledge, knowledge of the definition of brain death, donation attitude, total scores of attitude, emotional attitude, and behavioral attitude were significantly higher in the experimental group than the those of control group. Total knowledge scores were positively correlated with subscales of the knowledge scale and all subscales of attitude toward organ donation. Conclusion: The results indicate that organ donation education is effective to enhance knowledge and attitude to organ donation in undergraduate students.

A study on attitude toward cadaver donation and change of intention toward cadaver donation after participation in cadaver dissection among paramedical students (보건의료계열 대학생들의 시신기증에 대한 태도와 카데바 해부실습 참여 후 시신기증 의향의 변화)

  • Cho, Keun-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.91-100
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to assess the attitude toward cadaver donation and change of intention toward cadaver donation after participation in cadaver dissection among paramedical students, and then to provide basic data to extend wholesome culture toward cadaver donation. Methods: This study was conducted among 298 freshmen via questionnaire survey. The attitude toward the cadaver donation questionnaire consisted of 12 items on a 5 Likert scale. Data were collected before and after participation in cadaver dissection with the agreement of subjects. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 24.0. Results: This study showed that attitude toward cadaver donation was significantly different according to gender (p=.027) and major (p=.035). The attitude score toward cadaver donation was 3.45 points. The rate of positive intention toward cadaver donation before participation in cadaver dissection was 46.5%. The rate of change of intention toward cadaver donation after participation in cadaver dissection was 25.9%. Among 25.9% of subjects, the intention of 56.3% was changed from positive to negative, and the intentions of 42.1% changed from negative to positive. Conclusion: The results of this study the need to provide an educational program to improve the understanding and knowledge toward cadaver donation before participation in cadaver dissection among paramedical students.

Knowledge and Attitude about Organ Donation and Organ Transplantation among the Organ Donation Candidates (장기기증희망자의 장기기증과 장기이식에 대한 지식과 태도)

  • Seo, Young Sim;Lee, Young Hee
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.95-105
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the knowledge and attitude about organ donation and organ transplantation among the organ donation candidates. Methods: The subjects were 91 candidates who are enrolled in organ transplantation center in general hospitals for organ donation or transplantation. The knowledge and attitude instruments about organ donation and transplantation by Matten, et al. (1991) were utilized. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 14.0: descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: The mean score of knowledge was relatively low ($9.61{\pm}3.47$, out of 21.0). The mean score of attitude was relatively high ($4.24{\pm}0.97$, of max score 5). There was significant difference (p<.05) in knowledge according to academic career, registered period as a candidate, the intention to participate in an organ donation education. There was significant difference (p<.05) in attitude according to occupation, family's consent, and recommendation to family. The relationship between knowledge and attitude was not stylistically significant (r=.043, p=.683). Conclusion: These findings suggest that nurses should develop educational programs to increase knowledge and positive attitude toward the organ donation and transplantation.

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Mediating Effect of Donation Motivation between Self-esteem and Donation Attitude of Adolescents (청소년의 자아존중감과 기부태도 사이에서 기부동기의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Chang-Seek;Jang, Ha-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate mediating effect of donation motivation between self-esteem and donation attitude of adolescents. For this purpose, 879 adolescents were surveyed in 4 cities and counties in the northwestern part of Chungcheongnamdo. This research was carried out by T-test and ANOVA to identify the difference of donation attitude according to general characteristics and by correlation analysis of main variables. Also hierarchical regression analysis was performed to identify the mediating effect and it was verified by Sobel test. The main results are as follows. First, donation attitudes differed according to gender, school level, and religion. Second, correlation analysis revealed a positive correlation between self-esteem, donation motivation and donation attitude. Third, regression analysis showed that both intrinsic donation motivation and external donation motivation were partially mediated between self-esteem and donation attitude. Finally, policies to increase donation attitude and donation behavior were discussed.

The Effects of Sense of Community and Trust in Charitable Organization on Donation Motive and Attitude of Adolescents (청소년의 공동체의식과 기부기관신뢰가 기부동기와 기부태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chang-Seek;Jang, Ha-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a sense of community and trust in charitable organization on donation motive and attitude. For this study, 901 adolescents were surveyed in four areas of Chungnam province. And data analysis was performed by frequency analysis, T-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and structural equation modeling. The major results were as follow. First, it was found out that donation attitude was higher in female adolescents than male adolescents, and in high school students than middle school students. Second, there were positively significant correlation among a sense of community, trust in charitable organization, donation motive, and donation attitude. Third, as a result of SEM, donation motive was fully mediated between trust in charitable organization and donation attitude as well as between a sense of community and donation attitude. Lastly, the limitations of this study and policy implication for the activation of donation were presented.

A study on Attitude and Knowledge to Blood Donation in College and University Students (대학생들의 헌혈에 관련된 태도 및 헌혈에 대한 지식 -부산.울산지역 대학을 중심으로-)

  • Hwang, Byung-Deog;Kim, Chang-Hwan;Cho, Kyoung-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.66-77
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to find out the of attitude and knowledge to blood donors in college and University students to provide basic data necessary for managing current blood donation system. The data were collected from 844 students from september 8 to 21, 2008 by using a self-administered questionnaire. The results were as follows: The major demographic characteristics were female 55.8% and the age group of 20-24s 60.5%, no religion 43.5%, blood type A 34.8% and so on. The major motivation for blood donation were to obtain a blood donation certificate to knowing necessary to blood donation 27.1%, take a voluntary service scored and souvenir 18.7%, and worthwhile and pride 9.9%. The experience the blood donation was 53.8%(male 69.2%, female 41.6%) of participants. Students who had more knowledge and desirable attitude about blood donation experienced more blood donations. It is important to clarify factors affecting blood donation practice and to encourage the public education and campaign which enable public has accurate knowledge and positive attitude about blood donation.

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Factors Affecting Organ Donation Intention of High School Students (고등학생의 장기기증 의사에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kim, Min Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify factors affecting the intention to donate organs among high school students. Methods: Data were collected using a questionnaire to measure the knowledge, attitudes, and intention regarding organ donation among 382 high school students in three high schools in one city in December 2018. Data analysis using SPSS 20.0 included a chi-squared test, the Mann-Whitney U test and a logistic regression model. Results: 69.9% of the subjects responded they had intention to donate organs. The factors influencing their organ donation intention were interest in organ donation (odds ratio: OR=3.49, p<.001), knowing the meaning of brain death (OR=7.79, p<.001), acceptive attitude (OR=4.35, p<.001), and exclusive attitude (OR=0.34, p<.001). Conclusion: Organ donation intention is an important factor in the interest in, knowledge of, and positive attitude towards organ donation. High school students should be educated to improve their knowledge and positive attitude regarding organ donation to increase their intention to donate organs.

Attitudes on Organ Donation in Brain Dead Donors of Staff Nurses (일 지역 간호사의 뇌사자 장기기증에 대한 태도 조사)

  • Song, Young-Shin;Lee, Mi-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.216-223
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to discover attitudes toward organ donation in brain dead donors and nursing ethical values of staff nurses. Method: The subjects were 196 nurses with direct patient care in a university hospital. Data collection was carried out for one month in September, 2008 using structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean and standards deviation, ANOVA and Pearson's Correlation with SPSS program. Result: The mean score of a positive attitude toward organ donation in brain dead donors was 3.59 points, and a negative attitude score was 3.02 points. The mean score of nursing ethical value was 3.05 points. The age and the length of career had a reverse correlation with a negative attitude toward organ donation. Nursing ethical values had a positive correlation with a negative attitude toward organ donation. Conclusion: It is necessary to increase understanding and recognition of brain death organs donation in the nurses who participate in direct patient care so as to help facilitate organ donation.

Association between Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Regarding Blood Donation in University Students (대학생의 헌혈에 대한 지식, 인식수준에 따른 헌혈행태)

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Yoon, Joong-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.316-326
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    • 2015
  • The present study aims to investigate the association between knowledge, attitude, and practice of blood donating in an effort to increase the participation rate of blood donation among university students. Data was obtained among 272 in theirs 20s health sciences students in two university of South Korea through self-reported questionnaires including Knowledge, attitude, and behavioral practice regarding blood donation during 8st December 2014 to 12st December 2014. Pearson correlation test, student's t-test or descriptive statistics were performed for the data analysis. The results were as follows: 1) There was positive significant relationship between Attitude and behavioral practice towards blood donation(P <.05). 2) There was significant difference in the knowledge(P<.01) and attitude(P<.05) regarding blood donation according to public health vs non-public health. 3) The participants with previous blood donation experiences showed a higher participation rate than those without such an experience(P<.01). It is important not only to improve the university student's attitude towards blood donation through media advertising but also to reinforce the compensation offered to donors.